Skip to main content Accessibility help
Interpreting Suárez
  • Cited by 4
  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Buy the print book

Book description

Francisco Suárez is arguably the most important Neo-Scholastic philosopher and a vital link in the chain leading from medieval philosophy to that of the Renaissance and the Enlightenment. Long neglected by the Anglo-Saxon philosophical community, this sixteenth-century Jesuit theologian is now an object of intense scholarly attention. In this volume, Daniel Schwartz brings together essays by leading specialists which provide detailed treatment of some key themes of Francisco Suárez's philosophical work: God, metaphysics, meta-ethics, the human soul, action, ethics and law, justice and war. The authors assess the force of Suárez's arguments, set them within their wider argumentative context and single out influences and appraise competing interpretations. The book is a useful resource for scholars and students of philosophy, theology, philosophy of religion and history of political thought and provides a rich bibliography of secondary literature.

Refine List

Actions for selected content:

Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Save to Kindle
  • Save to Dropbox
  • Save to Google Drive

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.


  • Chapter 1 - Introduction
    pp 1-18
  • View abstract


    Francisco Suárez covered a considerable number of canonical philosophical problems. His exposition is always thoughtful and compendious. Without claiming to be exhaustive, the author simply selects a number of central themes such as metaphysics, God, mind, ethics, law, political power and war, within Suárez's work, and relates them to the chapters that compose this book. Suárez's most notorious metaphysical innovations comprise the definition of the subject matter of metaphysics, as 'being insofar as it is real being', his revision of Thomas Aquinas's position on the difference between essence and existence, and his rejection of Aquinas's account of individuation. In the Disputationes Metaphysicae Suárez also discussed, in typically thorough manner, transcendentals, causation, finite and infinite being, substance and accident, categories, God's existence and his nature, modality, quantity, relations and beings of reason.
  • Chapter 2 - Fundamentals in Suárez's metaphysics: transcendentals and categories
    pp 19-38
  • View abstract


    This chapter examines Francisco Suárez's view of transcendentals and categories as explored in his most significant work, Metaphysical Disputations. Even a glance into the contents of this work reveals that both transcendentals and categories lie at the center of Suárez's metaphysics. The chapter considers transcendentals, asking what they are and about their identity, number, and order. It then takes up categories, what they are and their identity, number, and relations. Like his scholastic predecessors, Suárez holds that categories are primarily diverse, which means that they share no property or genus. The aim of science from an Aristotelian-scholastic perspective is the possession of certain knowledge of truth, acquired by demonstration. For Suárez, metaphysics is the science of the transcendentals, which was a view first proposed by Scotus. In this Suárez's metaphysics manifests a fundamentally Scotistic character in spite of many real and apparent disagreements with Scotus on particular issues.
  • Chapter 3 - The reality of substantial form: Suárez, Metaphysical Disputations xv
    pp 39-61
  • View abstract


    This chapter traces two sets of arguments given by Suárez in Metaphysical Disputations xv. In the first set he confronts arguments intended to show that substantial forms do not, or indeed cannot, exist. Several of these arguments foreshadow in fairly obvious ways the arguments later deployed by Boyle, Locke, and others writing under their influence. Suárez has a clear if somewhat idiosyncratic conception of substantial form, one articulated, understandably enough, within the framework of his general Aristotelian hylomorphism. Suárez begins his consideration of the anti-substantial form position directly, even rather bluntly. It is important to bear in mind that Suárez's arguments on behalf of substantial form may be judged from two radically different vantage points. There are those who simply deny the phenomena, who think, for example, that there simply are no data of co-incidence, property subordination, or systemic equilibrium to be explained.
  • Chapter 4 - Suárez on the ontology of relations
    pp 62-88
  • View abstract


    Relations are a major topic in early modern philosophy, and not only on account of Leibniz. Following Aristotle, Suárez took some relations to be accidents constituting a category of their own. Like most scholastic philosophers and theologians, he considered such categorical relations to be ineliminable and real properties in their subjects, distinct from any other non-relational accidents. The term of a real categorical relation must be an actually existing entity, according to Suárez, and it must be really distinct from the foundation and the subject. Suárez argues against the view that there is a real distinction between foundation and relation on the grounds that it leads to unnecessary ontological profligacy. It could be argued further that if Suárez succeeds in avoiding the danger of undermining the reality of the relation, it is only at the cost of building an incoherent ineliminably relational reference to its term into the absolute foundation.
  • Chapter 5 - Suárez's cosmological argument for the existence of God
    pp 89-114
  • View abstract


    This chapter examines Francisco Suárez's cosmological argument for the existence of God, and offers a critical evaluation of the argument. It examines in detail Suárez's argument and its logical structure, as well as proposed objections and rebuttals to the objections. Traditional arguments for the existence of God can be divided into three categories: (1) ontological arguments, (2) teleological arguments, and (3) cosmological arguments. These categories are based on the kind of evidence an argument uses as premises in support of its conclusion. Suárez's argument for the existence of God begins with a metaphysical cosmological argument for the existence of an uncreated being. He then defines God as an uncreated being and the creator of all things. He deliberately avoids the version of the cosmological argument based on physical principles taken from natural philosophy.
  • Chapter 6 - Action and freedom in Suárez's ethics
    pp 115-141
  • View abstract


    Intentional action for Suárez occurs as the voluntarium, which consists in the occurrence of actions either of the will itself or of other capacities or faculties motivated by the will. Now Suárez's general conception of action is one he fully shares with such influential scholastic predecessors as Scotus and Aquinas. It is natural for many people nowadays to view freedom and law simply as phenomena that are opposed or that are at least in profound tension with each other. On this view, the function of law is to impose necessary constraints on freedom; and human freedom in turn imposes limits on the constraints that law can justifiably impose. For Suárez, the basic or foundational kind of freedom is freedom as a two-way metaphysical power. The distinctiveness of Suárez's view of freedom and the place he gives it in his moral theory can be appreciated by contrasting him with Hobbes.
  • Chapter 7 - Obligation, rightness, and natural law: Suárez and some critics
    pp 142-162
  • View abstract


    Suárez holds a voluntarist conception of obligation, in so far as he takes obligation to depend essentially on the will of a superior, and, in the case of the natural law, on the will of God. Suárez accepts a voluntarist thesis about law. In his view, the character of a law consists partly in a command, and the natural law is a genuine law, measured by this criterion. According to Finnis, Suárez's voluntarist conception of obligation does not fit everything that Suárez wants to say about obligation. Suárez recognizes duties without obligations, because he sees that the expression of will introduces a distinct type of moral relation that is not reducible to a simple duty. He marks this distinct type of moral relation by speaking of 'obligation'. Finnis draws his evidence for Suárez's view of obligation from the treatment of obligation.
  • Chapter 8 - Suárez on distributive justice
    pp 163-184
  • View abstract


    This chapter offers an exposition of Suárez's theory of distributive justice, which, until very recently, has not been the subject of scholarly attention. Suárez's immediate preoccupations were theological, there is a clear political dimension to his treatment. For Suárez politics provides the perfect platform for testing our intuitions about distributive justice. Suárez's discussion illuminates aspects of distributive justice too often overlooked by contemporary theorists. Suárez maintains that distributive justice is the sovereign's virtue, consisting in meeting and protecting the subjects' rights to acquire and remain in possession of portions of the common stock. These rights are created by a pact or conditional promise that specifies the personal qualities that ground the subject's rights to shares of the common stock. Distributive justice governs not only the fresh allocation of shares of the common stock, but also the conditions under which subjects can continue to own them.
  • Chapter 9 - Suárez on just war
    pp 185-204
  • View abstract


    In the pantheon of scholastic just war theorists, a trio stands out: Aquinas, Vitoria, and Francisco Suárez. Of the three, Suárez was by far the most systematic in his treatment of issues relating to war. Suárez approached the question of legitimate authority in terms that had been broadly defined by Aquinas. Suárez did recognize one notable exception to his general rejection of what today is termed 'holy war'. This was a case in which people, subject to a non-Christian prince, wished to accept Christianity against his will. He promoted a moderate Christian exceptionalism on matters relating to just war. An overview of Suárez's teaching on bellum iustum has sought to clarify how he approached the core issue of just cause, and by extension legitimate authority, in relation to the positions staked out by his predecessors, most especially Aquinas, Cajetan, and Vitoria.
Editions of Suárez's works
Suárez, Francisco. 1592 Commentariorum ac disputationum in tertiam partem Divi Thomae . . . Tomus SecundusMadridJuan Gracián
Suárez, Francisco. 1599 Opuscula theologicaMadridTypographia Regia
Suárez, Francisco. 1614 Metaphysicorum disputationumCologneHelvidius
Suárez, Francisco. 1630 Pars Secunda Summae Theologiae de Deo rerum onmium creatore: in tres praecipuos tractatus distributa: quorum primus De Angelis hoc volumine continenturLyonsI. Cardon
Suárez, Francisco. 1856 Opera omniaAndré, M.Berton, C.ParisLudovicus Vivès
Suárez, Francisco. 1948 Conselhos e pareceresCoimbraBiblioteca Geral da Universidade de Coimbra
Suárez, Francisco. 1965 Disputationes metaphysicaeHildesheimGeorg Olms
Suárez, Francisco. 1978 Commentaria una cum quaestionibus in libros Aristotelis ‘De Anima’Castellote Cubells, S.MadridSociedad de Estudios y Publicaciones
Translated works of Francisco Suárez
Suárez, Francisco. 1944 Selections from Three WorksWilliams, G. L.OxfordClarendon Press
Suárez, Francisco. 1960 Disputaciones metafísicasRábade Romeo, S.Caballero Sánchez, S.Puigcerver Zanón, A.MadridGredos
Suárez, Francisco. 1971 Tractatus de Legibus ac Deo legislatorePereña, L.MadridConsejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas
Suárez, Francisco. 2000 On the Formal Cause of Substance: Metaphysical Disputation XVKronen, J.Reedy, J.Milwaukee, WIMarquette University Press
Suárez, Francisco. 2004 The Metaphysical Demonstration of the Existence of GodJ. P. Doyle. South Bend, INSt Augustine Press
Suárez, Francisco. 2006 On Real Relation (Disputatio Metaphysica XLVII)Doyle, J. P.Milwaukee, WIMarquette University Press
Pre-twentieth-century authors
Amico, Francesco. 1650 Cursus theologici . . . Tomus SecundusAntwerpGuilielmum Lesteenium
Anselm of Canterbury 1931 Liber Proslogion accedunt Gaunilonis monachi objectio necnon Anselmi responsioSchmitt, F. S.OSB. BonnPetri Hanstein
Aquinas, Thomas. 1882 Sancti Thomae Aquinatis doctoris angelici, opera omnia iussu Leonis XIII PM edita, cura et studio fratrum praedicatorumRomeTypographia Polyglotta
Aquinas, Thomas. 1975 Summa contra GentilesPegis, Anton C.University of Notre Dame Press
Aquinas, Thomas. 1981 The Summa Theologica of St. Thomas AquinasWestminster, MDChristian Classics
Aristotle 1941 The Basic Works of AristotleMcKeon, R.New YorkRandom House
Becanus(Van der Beeck), Martin. 1634 Theologiae scholasticae: pars secunda, tomus tertius de iustitia et iureParisIoannem Iost
Bellarmino, Roberto. 1870 Roberti Belermini politiani s.j. Opera omniaParisLudovicus Vivès
Cajetan, Tommaso de Vio 1581 Summula CaietaniLyonsA. de Harsy
Cajetan, Tommaso de Vio 1895 Sancti Thomae Aquinatis Doctoris Angelici, Opera omnia iussum pensaque Leonis XIII, cum commentariis Thomae de Vio Caietani ordinis praedicatorumRomeTypographia Polyglotta
Palao, CastroFernando, de. 1651 Operis moralis de virtutibus & vitiis contrariis . . . Pars Septima. De iustitia et iureLyonsLaurentii Arnauld and Claudii Rigaud
Culverwell, Nathanael. 1867 Of the Light of NatureBrown, J.EdinburghConstable
Descartes, René. 1984 The Philosophical Writings of DescartesCottingham, J.Stoothoff, R.Kenny, A.Murdoch, D.Cambridge University Press
Descartes, René. 1996 Œuvres de DescartesAdam, C.Tannery, P.ParisJ. Vrin
Dicastillo, Juan. 1641 De iustitia et iure ceterisque virtutibus cardinalibus libri duoAntwerpCaesarem I. Trognaesium
Duns Scotus, John. 1968 Opera omniaWadding, L.HildesheimGeorg Olms
Duns Scotus, John. 1986 Duns Scotus on the Will and MoralityWolter, Allan B.Washington DCCatholic University of America Press
Fulgosius, Raphaël. 1554 In primam Pandectarum partem CommentariaLyonsClaudius Servanius
Hobbes, Thomas. 1656 The Questions Concerning Liberty, Necessity and Chance, clearly stated between Dr Bramhall Bishop of Derry, and Thomas Hobbes of MalmesburyLondonAndrew Crook
Hobbes, Thomas. 1996 LeviathanTuck, R.Cambridge University Press
Huebner, Rudolf. 1818 A History of Germanic Private LawBostonLittle, Brown and Company
Hume, David. 1975 A Treatise of Human NatureOxford University Press
Kant, Immanuel. 1998 Critique of Pure ReasonGuyer, P.Wood, A. W.Cambridge University Press
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm. 1965 Die philosophischen SchriftenGerhardt, C. I.HildesheimGeorge Olms1875
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm. 1982 New Essays on Human UnderstandingRemnant, P.Bennett, J.Cambridge University Press
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm. 1989 Philosophical EssaysAriew, R.Garber, D.Indianapolis, INHackett
Lessius, Leonardus. 1617 De iustitia et iure ceterisque virtutibus cardinalibus libri quatuorVeniceAndrea Baba
Locke, John. 1975 An Essay Concerning Human UnderstandingNidditch, P.OxfordClarendon Press
Lugo, Juan de. 1652 De iustitia et iureLyonsLaurentii Arnauld and Claudii Rigaud
Mairat, Louis de. 1633 Disputationes in Summam theologicam S. ThomaeParisS. Cramoisy
Malderus, Johannes. 1616 De virtutibus theologicis et iustitiae et religione commentaria ad secundam secundae D. ThomaeAntwerpB. & J. Moretos Fratres
Mastri de Meldola, Bartholomeo. 1675 Disputationes theologicaeVenicePaulum Balleonium
Molina, Luis de. 1733 De iustitia et iure opera omniaGenevaM. M. Bousquet
Molina, Luis de. 1759 De iustitia et iureGenevaFratrum de Tournes
Oldenburg, Henry. 1965 CorrespondenceHall, A. R.Hall, M. B.MadisonUniversity of Wisconsin Press
Pérez, Antonio. 1668 Tractatus de iustitia et iure, de restitutione & de poenitentia: opus posthumumRomeVaresis
Ponce(Punch, Pontius), John. 1659 Philosophiae ad Mentem ScotiLyonsIoannis A. Huguetan & Marci A. Ravaud
Rebello, Fernando. 1608 Opus de obligationibus iustitiaeLyonsCardon
Rubio, Antonio. 1605 Commentarii in Universam Aristotelis DialecticamCologneArnold Birckman
Society of Jesus 1558 Constitutiones Societate IesuRomeSocietatis Iesu
Society of Jesus 1710 Litterae annuae provinciae Paraguariae Societates IesuBuenos AiresSocietatis Iesu
Torres, Luis de. 1621 Disputationum in secundam secundae D. ThomaeLyonsCardon & Cavellat
Vattel, Emer de. 1758 Le droit des gens: ou Principes de la loi naturelle, appliqués à la conduite et aux affaires des nations et des souverainsNeuchâtelSociété Typographique
Vázquez, Gabriel. 1593 De cultu adoratione libri tresAlcalá de HenaresWidow of Juan Gracián
Vázquez, Gabriel. 1609 Commentariorum, ac disputationum in Primam partem S. Thomae: tomus primusIngolstadtAndreas Angermarius, Inheritors of Martini Nutii and Ioannis Hertsroy
Vázquez, Gabriel. 1612 Commentarium ac disputationum in Primam secundae Sancti ThomaeIngolstadtAndreas Angermarius, Inheritors of Martini Nutii and Ioannis Hertsroy
Vitoria, Francisco de. 1981 Relectio de iure belli; o, Paz DinámicaPereña, L.Abril, V.Baciero, C.García, A.Maseda, F.MadridConsejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas
Zapata y Sandoval, Juan. 1994 Disceptación [sic] sobre justicia distributiva y sobre la acepción de personas a ella opuestaMexico CityUNAM
Modern authors
Aho, Tuomo. 2007 ‘Suarez on Cognitive Intentions’Mind Cognition and Representation: The Tradition of Commentaries on Aristotle's Paul, J. J. M. BakkerJohannes, M. M. H.Thijssen. AldershotAshgate180
Alexander, David. 2008 ‘The Recent Revival of Cosmological Arguments’Philosophy Compass 3 541
Alvarez Gómez, Mariano. 2000 ‘La omnipotencia de Dios y el principio de contradicción en Francisco Suárez’Potentia Dei: L'onnipotenza divina nel pensiero dei secoli XVI e XVIICanziani, G.Granada, M.A.Zarka, Y.C.MilanAngeli173
Armstrong, David. 1997 A World of States of AffairsCambridge University Press
Ashworth, Jennifer E. 1995 ‘Suarez on the Analogy of Being: Some Historical Background’Vivarium 33 50
Austin, John. 1869 Lectures on JurisprudenceLondonMurray
Ayer, Alfred Jules. 1952 Language, Truth and LogicNew YorkDover
Barnes, Gordon P. 2003 ‘The Paradoxes of Hylomorphism’Review of Metaphysics 56 501
Bennett, Jonathan. 2001 Learning from Six PhilosophersOxfordClarendon Press
Brandão, Mario. 1974 ‘Nota ao etudo “A livraria do Padre Francisco Suárez”’Brandão, M.Etudos variosCoimbraUniversidade de Coimbra
Castellote Cubells, Salvador.
Courtenay, William. 1974 ‘Nominalism and Late Medieval Religion’The Pursuit of Holiness in Late Medieval and Renaissance ReligionTrinkaus, C.Oberman, H. A.LeidenBrill26
Cover, JanO'Leary Hawthorne, John 1999 Substance and Individuation in LeibnizCambridge University Press
Craig, William L. 1979 The Kalam Cosmological ArgumentLondonMacmillan
Craig, William L. 1980 The Cosmological Argument from Plato to LeibnizLondonMacmillan
Darge, Rolf. 2004 Suárez' Transzendentale Seinsauslegung und die Metaphysik-TraditionLeidenBrill
Dennis, Des Chene 1996 Physiologia: Natural Philosophy in Late Aristotelian and Cartesian ThoughtIthaca, NYCornell University Press
Doyle, John P. 1984 ‘Prolegomena to a Study of Extrinsic Denomination in the Work of Francis Suarez, S.J.’Vivarium 22 121
Doyle, John P. 1998 ‘Suárez, Francisco’Routledge Encyclopedia of PhilosophyCraig, E.LondonRoutledge189
Englard, Izhak. 2009 Corrective and Distributive Justice: From Aristotle to Modern TimesOxford University Press
Feenstra, Robert. 1999 ‘Expropriation et Dominium Eminens chez Grotius’L'Expropriation, collection Recueils de la Société Jean Bodin pour l'histoire comparative des institutionsWaelkens, L.BrusselsDe Boeck133
Fichter, Joseph H. 1940 Man of Spain: Francis SuárezNew YorkMacmillan
Finnis, John. M. 1980 Natural Law and Natural RightsOxfordClarendon Press
Fleischacker, Samuel. 2004 A Short History of Distributive JusticeCambridge, MAHarvard University Press
Freddoso, Alfred J. 2002 ‘Introduction’ On Creation, Conservation and ConcurrenceFreddoso, Alfred J.South Bend, INSt Augustine Pressxix
Furlong, Guillermo. 1952 Nacimiento de la filosofía en el Río de la PlataBuenos AiresKraft and Publicaciones de la Fundación Vitoria y Suárez
Gale, Richard M.Pruss, Alexander R. 1999 ‘A New Cosmological Argument’Religious Studies 35 461
Mora, García de laManuel, José 1996 ‘Francisco Suárez: Interpretaciones y Críticas’Convivium 9 23
Gilson, Étienne. 1948 L'être et l'essenceParisJ. Vrin
Gómez-Rojo, María Encarnación. 1999 ‘Teorías medievales sobre el “ius ad rem”’Anuario de Estudios Medievales 29 351
Gordley, James. 1991 Philosophical Origins of Modern Contract DoctrineOxfordClarendon Press
Gracia, Jorge J. E. 1974 ‘A Supremely Great Being’New Scholasticism 48 371
Gracia, Jorge J. E. 1991 ‘Francisco Suárez: The Man in History’American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 65 262
Gracia, Jorge J. E. 1991 ‘Suárez's Conception of Metaphysics: A Step in the Direction of Mentalism?’American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 65 287
Gracia, Jorge J. E. 1992 ‘The Transcendentals in the Middle Ages: An Introduction’Topoi 11 113
Gracia, Jorge J. E. 1992 ‘Suárez and the Doctrine of the Transcendentals’Topoi 11 121
Gracia, Jorge J. E. 1994 Individuation in Scholasticism: The Later Middle Ages and the Counter Reformation (1150–1650)Albany, NYState University of New York Press
Gracia, Jorge J. E. 1999 Metaphysics and its Task: The Search for the Categorial Foundation of KnowledgeAlbany, NYState University of New York Press
Gracia, Jorge J. E. 2003 ‘Francisco Suárez: Metaphysical Disputations (1597): From the Middle Ages to Modernity’The Classics of Western Philosophy: A ReaderGracia, Jorge J. E.Reichberg, Gregory M.Schumacher, Bernard N.OxfordBlackwell204
Gracia, Jorge J. E.Newton, Lloyd 2008
Haggenmacher, Peter. 1983 Grotius et la doctrine de la guerre justeParisPresses Universitaires de France
Haggenmacher, Peter. 1988 ‘La place de Francisco de Vitoria parmi les fondateurs du droit international’Actualité de la pensée juridique de Francisco de VitoriaTruyol Serra, A.BrusselsBruylant27
Haggenmacher, Peter. 1992 ‘Just War and Regular War in Sixteenth Century Spanish Doctrine’International Review of the Red Cross 290 434
Hart, H. L. A. 1958 ‘Legal and Moral Obligation’Essays in Moral PhilosophyMelden, A. I.SeattleUniversity of Washington Press82
Heidegger, Martin. 1982 The Basic Problems of PhenomenologyHofstadter, AlbertBloomingtonIndiana University Press
Heider, Daniel. 2009 ‘The Nature of Suárez's Metaphysics: and its Main Systematic Strains’Studia Neoaristotelica 6 99
Henninger, Mark G. 1989 Relations: Medieval Theories 1250–1325OxfordClarendon Press
Hill, Benjamin. 2007 ‘Substantial Forms and the Rise of Modern Science’Saint Anselm Journal 5 1
Irwin, Terence H. 2007 The Development of EthicsOxford University Press
Kalmanovitz, Pablo. 2010 ‘Justice in Post-war Reconstruction: Theories from Vitoria to Vattel’Columbia University
Kelsen, Hans. 1945 General Theory of Law and StateWedberg, A.New YorkRussell and Russell
Kessler, Eckhard. 1988 ‘The Intellective Soul’The Cambridge History of Renaissance PhilosophySchmitt, Charles B.Skinner, QuentinKessler, EckhardCambridge University Press
Knight, David M. 1962 ‘Suarez's Approach to Substantial Form’Modern Schoolman 39 219
Koons, Robert. 1997 ‘A New Look at the Cosmological Argument’American Philosophical Quarterly 34 192
Koons, Robert. 2001 ‘Defeasible Reasoning, Special Pleading and the Cosmological Argument: A Reply to Oppy’Faith and Philosophy 18 192
Korsgaard, Christine M. 1996 The Sources of NormativityCambridge University Press
Ladyman, JamesRoss, Don 2007 Everything Must Go: Metaphysics NaturalizedOxford University Press
Leijenhorst, Cees. 2007 ‘Cajetan and Suárez on the Agent Sense: Metaphysics and Epistemology in Late Aristotelian Thought’Forming the MindLagerlund, HenrikDordrechtSpringer237
McCord Adams, Marilyn. 1987 William of OckhamUniversity of Notre Dame Press
Alasdair, MacIntyre 1990 Three Rival Versions of Moral EnquiryLondonDuckworth
Maryks, Robert A. 2010 The Jesuit Order as a Synagogue of JewsLeidenBrill
Miller, Richard B. 2002 ‘Aquinas and the Presumption against Killing and War’Journal of Religion 82 173
Miner, Robert C. 2001 ‘Suarez as Founder of Modernity: Reflections on a “Topos” in Recent Historiography’History of Philosophy Quarterly 18 17
Novotný, Daniel D. 2008 ‘Forty-Two Years after Suárez: Mastri and Belluto's Development of the “Classical” Theory of entia rationis’Quaestio: The Yearbook of the History of Metaphysics 8 473
Novotný, Daniel D. 2009 ‘In Defence of Baroque Scholasticism’Studia Neoaristotelica 6 209
Novotný, Daniel D. 2010 ‘Rubio and Suárez: A Comparative Study on the Nature of entia rationis’Bohemia JesuiticaČemus, PetronillaPragueKarolinum447
Novotný, Daniel D.Ens rationis between Suárez and Caramuel: A Study in Scholasticism of the Baroque EraNew YorkFordham University Press
O'Connor, Timothy. 1993 ‘Scotus on the Existence of a First Efficient Cause’Philosophy of Religion 33 17
O'Malley, John W. 1994 The First JesuitsCambridge, MAHarvard University Press
Oakley, Francis. 2002 Omnipotence and Promise: The Legacy of the Scholastic Distinction of PowersTorontoPontifical Institute of Medieval Studies
Oppy, Graham. 1999 ‘Koon's Cosmological Argument’Faith and Philosophy 16 378
Oppy, Graham. 2004 ‘Faulty reasoning about Default Principles in Cosmological Arguments’Faith and Philosophy 21 242
Oppy, Graham. 2009 ‘Cosmological Arguments’NOÛS 43 31
Owens, Joseph. 1952 ‘The Conclusion of Prima Via’Modern Schoolman 30 116
Pasnau, Robert. 1997 Theories of Cognition in the Late Middle AgesCambridge University Press
Pasnau, Robert. 2004 ‘Form, Substance, and Mechanism’Philosophical Review 113 31
Pereira, José. 2007 Suárez: Between Scholasticism and ModernityMilwaukee, WIMarquette University Press
Pink, Thomas. 2005 ‘Action, Will, and Law in Late Scholasticism’Moral Philosophy on the Threshold of ModernityKraye, J.Saarinen, R.DordrechtSpringer
Prichard, Harold. 1968 Moral Obligation and Duty and InterestOxford University Press
Quine, Willard Van Orman. 1950 Methods of LogicNew YorkHenry Holt
Quine, Willard Van Orman. 1966 Selected Logic PapersNew YorkRandom House
Quine, Willard Van Orman. 1987 QuidditiesCambridge, MAHarvard University Press
Rawls, John. 1971 A Theory of JusticeCambridge, MABelknap
Reichberg, Gregory M. 2002 ‘Just War or Perpetual Peace?’Journal of Military Ethics 1 16
Reichberg, Gregory M. 2008 ‘Just War and Regular War: Competing Paradigms’Just and Unjust Warriors: Moral Equality on the BattlefieldRodin, D.Shue, H.Oxford University Press193
Reichberg, Gregory M. 2008 War: Essays in Political PhilosophyMay, LarryCambridge University Press11
Reichberg, Gregory M. 2009 ‘Norms of War in Roman Catholic Christianity’World Religions and Norms of WarPopovski, V.Reichberg, G. M.Turner, N.TokyoUnited Nations University Press142
Reichberg, Gregory M. 2010 ‘Thomas Aquinas between Just War and Pacifism’Journal of Religious Ethics 38 219
Reichberg, Gregory M. 2011 ‘Aquinas's Typology of Peace and War’Review of Metaphysics 64 467
Reichberg, Gregory M.Syse, HenrikBegby, Endre 2006 The Ethics of War: Classic and Contemporary ReadingsOxfordBlackwell
Puerto, RodíguezJesús, Manuel 2004 ‘Derechos subjetivos y sistema en la primera modernidad’Revista de Estudios Historico-Jurídicos 26 301
Rorty, Richard. 1967 ‘Relations, Internal and External’The Encyclopedia of PhilosophyEdwards, P.New YorkMacmillan125
Rowe, William. 1975 The Cosmological ArgumentPrinceton University Press
Scanlon, Thomas M. 1997 What We Owe to Each OtherCambridge, MAHarvard University Press
Schwartz, Daniel. 2008 ‘Francisco Suárez on Consent and Political Obligation’Vivarium 48 59
Scorraille, Raoul de. 2005 Francisco Suárez de la Compañía de Jesús, según sus cartas, sus demás escritos inéditos y crecido número de documentos nuevosPamplonaAnalecta
Secada, Jorge. 2000 ‘Berkeley, Descartes, y el orígen del idealismo’La filosofía del siglo xx. Balance y perspectivasGiusti, MiguelLimaFondo Editorial de la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú241
Secada, Jorge. 2000 Cartesian MetaphysicsCambridge University Press
Secada, Jorge.‘Suárez's Nominalist Master Argument: Metaphysical Disputations V, 1’Proceedings of the Conference on Suárez's Metaphysics: Disputationes Metaphysicae in their Historical and Systematic ContextPrague 2008
Shields, Christopher. 2009 ‘The Priority of Soul in Aristotle's : Mistaking Categories?’Body and Soul in Ancient PhilosophyFrede, D.Reis, B.BerlinDe Gruyter156
Shields, Christopher.‘The Unity of Soul in Suárez’De Anima ActaFriedman, R.Stone, M.LeidenBrill
Simmons, Allison. 1994 ‘Explaining Sense Perception: A Scholastic Challenge’Philosophical Studies 73 257
Simons, Peter. 2000 ‘Identity Through Time and Trope Bundles’Topoi 19 147
Spruit, Leen. 1995 Species Intelligibilis – From Perception to KnowledgeLeidenBrill
Thiel, Udo. 1998 ‘Individuation’The Cambridge History of Seventeenth Century PhilosophyGarber, DanielAyers, MichaelCambridge University Press
Van Cleve, James. 2001 ‘Three Versions of the Bundle Theory’Metaphysics: Contemporary ReadingsLoux, M.RoutledgeNew York121
Wells, Norman. 1967 ‘Objective Beings: Descartes and his Sources’The Modern Schoolman 45 49
Williams, Bernard 1985 Ethics and the Limits of PhilosophyLondonFontana
Wolter, Allan B. 1986 Duns Scotus on the Will and MoralityWashington DCCatholic University of America Press


Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Book summary page views

Total views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between #date#. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.