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  • Print publication year: 2006
  • Online publication date: July 2009

5 - Peace and Security: Reinventing the United Nations

Summary

“We are led by events and common sense to one conclusion: The survival of liberty in our land increasingly depends on the success of liberty in other lands. So it is the policy of the United States to seek and support the growth of democratic movements and institutions in every nation and culture, with the ultimate goal of ending tyranny in our world.”

President George W. Bush, Second Inaugural Address, January 22, 2005

“The stark reality is that the United States does not have the right structural capacity to stabilize and rebuild nations. … The United States needs an effective United Nations.”

Samuel R. Berger and Brent Scowcroft, National Security Advisors to Presidents William Clinton and George H. W. Bush, respectively, July 27, 2005

THE OPPORTUNITY FOR A NEW BEGINNING

The present generation of world leaders has an opportunity that comes exceedingly seldom in historical terms: They are being called upon to restructure the global architecture that is responsible for world peace and security. To grasp the importance of this opportunity, consider this: The last time this opportunity was possible was in 1945 (the end of World War II); before that it was in 1918 (the end of the First World War) and before that it was in 1815 (after the wars against Napoleon).

The task presented is to thoroughly reform and update all aspects of the United Nations.

FURTHER READINGS
Roberts, Adam and Kingsbury, Benedict (eds.), United Nations, Divided World: The UN's Role in International Relations (1996).
Meisler, Stanley, The United Nations: The First Fifty Years (1995).
Report of the U.N. High Level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change, A More Secure World: Our Shared Responsibility (2004).
Report of the U.N. Secretary-General, In Larger Freedom: Towards Development, Security, and Human Rights for All (2005).
Gray, Christine, International Law and the Use of Force (2000).
Nye, Joseph, The Paradox of American Power (2002).
Perle, Richard and Frum, David, An End to Evil (2004).
Judis, John B., The Folly of Empire (2004).
Halper, Stephen and Clarke, Jonathan, America Alone (2004).
Brzezinski, Zbigniew, The Choice (2004).
Bennis, Phyllis, Before and After: U. S. Foreign Policy and the September 11th Crisis (2003).
Cooper, Robert, The Breaking of Nations: Order and Chaos in the Twenty-First Century (2003).
Kagan, Donald, On the Origins of War and the Preservation of Peace (1995).
Bennett, William, Why We Fight: Moral Clarity and the War on Terrorism (2003).
Johnson, Chalmers, The Sorrows of Empire (2004).
Taylor, Yolanda, ed., Battling HIV/AIDS (The World Bank, 2004).
Agius, E. and Busuattil, S., eds., Future Generations and International Law (1997).
U.N. Millennium Development Project Report, Investing in Development: A Practical Plan to Achieve the Millennium Development Goals (2005).
U. S. National Intelligence Council Report, Mapping the Global Future Out to 2020 (2005).
Sachs, Jeffrey D., The End of Poverty: Economic Possibilities for Our Time (2005).