Aist, J. R. and Berns, M. W. (1981). “Mechanics of chromosome separation during mitosis in Fusarium (Fungi imperfecti): new evidence from ultrastructural and laser microbeam experiments.” J Cell Biol 91: 446–458.
Aist, J. R., Liang, H. and Berns, M. W. (1993). “Astral and spindle forces in PtK2 cells during anaphase B: a laser microbeam study.” J Cell Sci 104(4): 1207–1216.
Aliee, M., Roper, J. C., Landsberg, K. P., Pentzold, C., Widmann, T. J., Julicher, F. and Dahmann, C. (2012). “Physical mechanisms shaping the Drosophila dorsoventral compartment boundary.” Curr Biol 22: 967–976.
Bambardekar, K., Clement, R., Blanc, O., Chardes, C. and Lenne, P. F. (2015). “Direct laser manipulation reveals the mechanics of cell contacts in vivo.” Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 112(5): 1416–1421.
Behrndt, M., Salbreux, G., Campinho, P., Hauschild, R., Oswald, F., Roensch, J., Grill, S. W., et al. (2012). “Forces driving epithelial spreading in zebrafish gastrulation.” Science 338: 257–260.
Bertet, C., Sulak, L. and Lecuit, T. (2004). “Myosin-dependent junction remodelling controls planar cell intercalation and axis elongation.” Nature 10: 667–671.
Blanchard, G. B., Murugesu, S., Adams, R. J., Martinez-Arias, A. and Gorfinkiel, N. (2010). “Cytoskeletal dynamics and supracellular organisation of cell shape fluctuations during dorsal closure.” Development 137: 2743–2752.
Blankenship, J. T., Backovic, S. T., Sanny, J. S. P., Weitz, O. and Zallen, J. A. (2006). “Multicellular rosette formation links planar cell polarity to tissue morphogenesis.” Dev Cell 11: 459–470.
Bonnet, I., Marcq, P., Bosveld, F., Fetler, L., Bellaiche, Y. and Graner, F. (2012). “Mechanical state, material properties and continuous description of an epithelial tissue.” J R Soc Interface 9: 2614–2623.
Brugues, J., Nuzzo, V., Mazur, E. and Needleman, D. J. (2012). “Nucleation and transport organize microtubules in metaphase spindles.” Cell 149: 554–564.
Campas, O., Mammoto, T., Hasso, S., Sperling, R. A., O’Connell, D., Bischof, A. G., Maas, R., et al. (2014). “Quantifying cell-generated mechanical forces within living embryonic tissues.” Nat Methods 11: 183–189.
Campinho, P., Behrndt, M., Ranft, J., Risler, T., Minc, N. and Heisenberg, C. P. (2013). “Tension-oriented cell divisions limit anisotropic tissue tension in epithelial spreading during zebrafish epiboly.” Nat Cell Biol 15: 1405–1414.
Classen, A. K., Anderson, K. I., Marois, E. and Eaton, S. (2005). “Hexagonal packing of Drosophila wing epithelial cells by the planar cell polarity pathway.” Dev Cell 9: 805–817.
Daniels, B. R., Masi, B. C. and Wirtz, D. (2006). “Probing single-cell micromechanics in vivo: the microrheology of C. elegans developing embryos.” Biophys J 90: 4712–4719.
David, D. J., Tishkina, A. and Harris, T. J. (2010). “The PAR complex regulates pulsed actomyosin contractions during amnioserosa apical constriction in Drosophila.” Development 137: 1645–1655.
del Alamo, J. C., Norwich, G. N., Li, Y. S., Lasheras, J. C. and Chien, S. (2008). “Anisotropic rheology and directional mechanotransduction in vascular endothelial cells.” Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 105: 15411–15416.
Farhadifar, R., Röper, J.-C., Aigouy, B., Eaton, S. and Jülicher, F. (2007). “The influence of cell mechanics, cell-cell interactions, and proliferation on epithelial packing.” Curr Biol 17(24): 2095–2104.
Fernandez-Gonzalez, R., Simoes Sde, M., Roper, J. C., Eaton, S. and Zallen, J. A. (2009). “Myosin II dynamics are regulated by tension in intercalating cells.” Dev Cell 17: 736–743.
Fernandez-Gonzalez, R. and Zallen, J. A. (2013). “Wounded cells drive rapid epidermal repair in the early Drosophila embryo.” Mol Biol Cell 24: 3227–3237.
Fischer, S. C., Blanchard, G. B., Duque, J., Adams, R. J., Arias, A. M., Guest, S. D. and Gorfinkiel, N. (2014). “Contractile and mechanical properties of epithelia with perturbed actomyosin dynamics.” PLoS One 9: e95695.
Forgacs, G., Foty, R. A., Shafrir, Y. and Steinberg, M. S. (1998). “Viscoelastic properties of living embryonic tissues: a quantitative study.” Biophys J 74: 2227–2234.
Grill, S. W., Gonczy, P., Stelzer, E. H. and Hyman, A. A. (2001). “Polarity controls forces governing asymmetric spindle positioning in the Caenorhabditis elegans embryo.” Nature 409: 630–633.
Grill, S. W., Howard, J., Schaffer, E., Stelzer, E. H. and Hyman, A. A. (2003). “The distribution of active force generators controls mitotic spindle position.” Science 301: 518–521.
Heisterkamp, A., Maxwell, I. Z., Mazur, E., Underwood, J. M., Nickerson, J. A., Kumar, S. and Ingber, D. E. (2005). “Pulse energy dependence of subcellular dissection by femtosecond laser pulses.” Opt Express 13: 3690–3696.
Heller, E., Kumar, K. V., Grill, S. W. and Fuchs, E. (2014). “Forces generated by cell intercalation tow epidermal sheets in mammalian tissue morphogenesis.” Dev Cell 28: 617–632.
Herszterg, S., Leibfried, A., Bosveld, F., Martin, C. and Bellaiche, Y. (2013). “Interplay between the dividing cell and its neighbors regulates adherens junction formation during cytokinesis in epithelial tissue.” Dev Cell 24: 256–270.
Hunter, G. L., Crawford, J. M., Genkins, J. Z. and Kiehart, D. P. (2014). “Ion channels contribute to the regulation of cell sheet forces during Drosophila dorsal closure.” Development 141: 325–334.
Hutson, M. S. and Ma, X. (2007). “Plasma and cavitation dynamics during pulsed laser microsurgery in vivo.” Phys Rev Lett 99: 158104.
Hutson, M. S., Tokutake, Y., Chang, M.-S., Bloor, J. W., Venakides, S., Kiehart, D. P. and Edwards, G. S. (2003). “Forces for morphogenesis investigated with laser microsurgery and quantitative modeling.” Science 300: 145–149.
Irvine, K. D. and Wieschaus, E. (1994). “Cell intercalation during Drosophila germband extension and its regulation by pair-rule segmentation genes.” Development 120: 827–841.
Kasza, K. E., Farrell, D. L. and Zallen, J. A. (2014). “Spatiotemporal control of epithelial remodeling by regulated myosin phosphorylation.” Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 111: 11732–11737.
Kiehart, D. P., Galbraith, C. G., Edwards, K. A., Rickoll, W. L. and Montague, R. A. (2000). “Multiple forces contribute to cell sheet morphogenesisfor dorsal closure in Drosophila.” J Cell Biol 149: 471–490.
Kumar, S., Maxwell, I. Z., Heisterkamp, A., Polte, T. R., Lele, T. P., Salanga, M., Mazur, E., et al. (2006). “Viscoelastic retraction of single living stress fibers and its impact on cell shape, cytoskeletal organization, and extracellular matrix mechanics.” Biophys J 90: 3762–3773.
Landsberg, K. P., Farhadifar, R., Ranft, J., Umetsu, D., Widmann, T. J., Bittig, T., Said, A., et al. (2009). “Increased cell bond tension governs cell sorting at the Drosophila anteroposterior compartment boundary.” Curr Biol 19: 1950–1955.
Lau, K., Tao, H., Liu, H., Wen, J., Sturgeon, K., Sorfazlian, N., Lazic, S., et al. (2015). “Anisotropic stress orients remodelling of mammalian limb bud ectoderm.” Nat Cell Biol 17: 569–579.
Ma, X., Lynch, H. E., Scully, P. C. and Hutson, M. S. (2009). “Probing embryonic tissue mechanics with laser hole drilling.” Phys Biol 6: 036004.
Mainardi, F. and Spada, G. (2011). “Creep, relaxation and viscosity properties for basic fractional models in rheology.” EPJ-Special Topics 193: 133–160.
Major, R. J. and Irvine, K. D. (2005). “Influence of Notch on dorsoventral compartmentalization and actin organization in the Drosophila wing.” Development 132: 3823–3833.
Major, R. J. and Irvine, K. D. (2006). “Localization and requirement for Myosin II at the dorsal-ventral compartment boundary of the Drosophila wing.” Dev Dyn 235: 3051–3058.
Marinari, E., Mehonic, A., Curran, S., Gale, J., Duke, T. and Baum, B. (2012). “Live-cell delamination counterbalances epithelial growth to limit tissue overcrowding.” Nature 484(7395): 542–545.
Martin, A. C., Gelbart, M., Fernandez-Gonzalez, R., Kaschube, M. and Wieschaus, E. F. (2010). “Integration of contractile forces during tissue invagination.” J Cell Biol 188: 735–749.
Martin, A. C., Kaschube, M. and Wieschaus, E. F. (2009). “Pulsed contractions of an actin-myosin network drive apical constriction.” Nature 457: 495–499.
Martin, P. and Lewis, J. (1992). “Actin cables and epidermal movement in embryonic wound healing.” Nature 360: 179–183.
Mayer, M., Depken, M., Bois, J. S., Julicher, F. and Grill, S. W. (2010). “Anisotropies in cortical tension reveal the physical basis of polarizing cortical flows.” Nature 467: 617–621.
McNeill, H. (2000). “Sticking together and sorting things out: adhesion as a force in development.” Nat Rev Genet 1: 100–108.
Niemz, M. H. (2004). Laser-Tissue Interactions: Fundamentals of Microscopy. Berlin: Springer.
Purcell, E. M. (1977). “Life at low Reynolds number.” Am J Phys 45: 3–11.
Quinto-Su, P. A. and Venugopalan, V. (2007). “Mechanisms of laser cellular microsurgery.” Methods Cell Biol 82: 113–151.
Raffel, M., Willert, C. E. and Kompenhans, J. (1998). Particle Image Velocimetry: a Practical Guide. Berlin and New York: Springer.
Rauzi, M. and Lenne, P. F. (2011). “Cortical forces in cell shape changes and tissue morphogenesis.” Curr Top Dev Biol 95: 93–144.
Rauzi, M., Verant, P., Lecuit, T. and Lenne, P. F. (2008). “Nature and anisotropy of cortical forces orienting Drosophila tissue morphogenesis.” Nat Cell Biol 10: 1401–1410.
Schaffer, C. B., Brodeur, A. and Mazur, E. (2001). “Laser-induced breakdown and damage in bulk transparent materials induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses.” Meas Sci Technol 12: 1784–1794.
Schotz, E. M., Burdine, R. D., Julicher, F., Steinberg, M. S., Heisenberg, C. P. and Foty, R. A. (2008). “Quantitative differences in tissue surface tension influence zebrafish germ layer positioning.” HFSP J 2: 42–56.
Shindo, A. and Wallingford, J. B. (2014). “PCP and septins compartmentalize cortical actomyosin to direct collective cell movement.” Science 343: 649–652.
Simoes, S., Mainieri, A. and Zallen, J. A. (2014). “Rho GTPase and Shroom direct planar polarized actomyosin contractility during convergent extension.” J Cell Biol 204: 575–589.
Sokolow, A., Toyama, Y., Kiehart, D. P. and Edwards, G. S. (2012). “Cell ingression and apical shape oscillations during dorsal closure in Drosophila.” Biophys J 102: 969–979.
Solon, J., Kaya-Copur, A., Colombelli, J. and Brunner, D. (2009). “Pulsed forces timed by a ratchet-like mechanism drive directed tissue movement during dorsal closure.” Cell 137: 1331–1342.
Stephens, R. E. (1965). “Analysis of muscle contraction by ultraviolet microbeam disruption of sarcomere structure.” J Cell Biol 25: 129–139.
Tepass, U., Godt, D. and Winklbauer, R. (2002). “Cell sorting in animal development: signalling and adhesive mechanisms in the formation of tissue boundaries.” Curr Opin Genet Dev 12: 572–582.
Tseng, Y., Kole, T. P. and Wirtz, D. (2002). “Micromechanical mapping of live cells by multiple-particle-tracking microrheology.” Biophys J 83(6): 3162–3176:
Umetsu, D., Aigouy, B., Aliee, M., Sui, L., Eaton, S., Julicher, F. and Dahmann, C. (2014). “Local increases in mechanical tension shape compartment boundaries by biasing cell intercalations.” Curr Biol 24: 1798–1805.
Vogel, A. and Venugopalan, V. (2003). “Mechanisms of pulsed laser ablation of biological tissues.” Chem Rev 103: 577–644.
Zallen, J. A. and Wieschaus, E. (2004). “Patterned gene expression directs bipolar planar polarity in Drosophila.” Dev Cell 6: 343–355.