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    This chapter has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Tsutsui, Kiyoteru Whitlinger, Claire and Lim, Alwyn 2012. International Human Rights Law and Social Movements: States' Resistance and Civil Society's Insistence. Annual Review of Law and Social Science, Vol. 8, Issue. 1, p. 367.

  • Print publication year: 2011
  • Online publication date: November 2011

1 - Introduction


The court's own practice and procedures must be Convention compliant. Whether, and in what circumstances, the court's section 6 obligation extends more widely than this, and affects the substantive law to be applied by the court when adjudicating upon disputes between private parties, still awaits authoritative decision.

Lord Nicholls of Birkenhead, Kay v. Lambeth LBC (2006)

The Human Rights Act 1998

The scope of inquiry of this volume is the impact of the Human Rights Act 1998 (‘the HRA’) on the private law of England and Wales. The HRA gave effect in UK domestic law to the rights guaranteed by the European Convention on Human Rights 1950 (‘the Convention’, ‘Convention rights’), to which the United Kingdom has been a party since its inception. Prior to the HRA, the Convention had only a limited role to play in English law through the principles of English law which influenced its drafting; through the duty on the courts to interpret the law in accordance with the Crown's international treaty obligations where possible; and through the possibility of a case before the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg (‘the Strasbourg court’), albeit that these have in practice been complied with by the UK Government although on occasions with significant delay. One further indirect influence was through membership of the European Communities and Union since the Court of Justice of the European Union has accepted that general principles of European Community law include protection of fundamental rights derived from the common traditions of the laws of Member States.

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The Impact of the UK Human Rights Act on Private Law
  • Online ISBN: 9780511920844
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Simpson, A. W. B.Human Rights and the End of Empire: Britain and the Genesis of the European ConventionOxford University Press 2004
Hoffman, D.Rowe, J.Human Rights in the UKLondonPearson 2009
Phillipson, G.The Human Rights Act, “Horizontal Effect” and the Common Law: a Bang or a Whimper’Modern Law Review 62 1999
Phillipson, G.Clarity Postponed: Horizontal Effect after Fenwick, H.Phillipson, G.Masterman, R.Judicial Reasoning under the UK Human Rights ActCambridge University Press 2007 143