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  • Cited by 5
  • Print publication year: 2012
  • Online publication date: May 2012

Chapter 2 - Which ‘key to all mythologies’ about the self ? A note on where the illusions of transcendence come from and how to resist them


There is a deeper reason why immunity to error through misidentification cannot easily be discarded while trying to account for the illusions of transcendence. Although it has been widely remarked that self ascriptions based on somatic proprioception, perception and first personal memories are also immune to error through misidentification, it has somehow been overlooked. The logical immunity to error through misidentification characterises only psychological self-ascriptions based on introspective awareness. The logical immunity to error ultimately depends on the fact that in introspection one is presented to oneself as the subject of psychological properties only. Thus, it can be acknowledged that the de facto/logical distinction is totally compatible with holding that the relevant judgments are about a living human being with physical and psychological properties, who can be presented to himself either through his physical attributes or through his psychological ones.