Skip to main content Accessibility help
  • Print publication year: 2009
  • Online publication date: January 2010

Chapter 12 - Multimodality monitoring in head injury


1. Ungerstedt U. Microdialysis – principles and applications for studies in animals and man. J Intern Med 1991; 230(4): 365–73.
2. Hutchinson PJ, O’Connell MT, Nortje J et al. Cerebral microdialysis methodology – evaluation of 20 kDa and 100 kDa catheters. Physiol Meas 2005; 26(4): 423–8.
3. Persson L, Valtysson J, Enblad P et al. Neurochemical monitoring using intracerebral microdialysis in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage. J Neurosurg 1996; 84(4): 606–16.
4. Hillered L, Valtysson J, Enblad P, Persson L. Interstitial glycerol as a marker for membrane phospholipid degradation in the acutely injured human brain. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1998; 64(4): 486–91.
5. Hutchinson PJ, Hutchinson DB, Barr RH, Burgess F, Kirkpatrick PJ, Pickard JD. A new cranial access device for cerebral monitoring. Br J Neurosurg 2000; 14(1): 46–8.
6. Winter CD, Ianotti F, Pringle A, Trikkas C, Clough GF, Church MK. A microdialysis method for the recovery of IL-1beta, IL-6 and nerve growth factor from human brain in vivo. J Neurosci Methods 2002; 119(1): 45–50.
7. Coles JP, Fryer TD, Smielewski P et al. Incidence and mechanisms of cerebral ischemia in early clinical head injury. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 2004; 24(2): 202–11.
8. Stocchetti N, Canavesi K, Magnoni S et al. Arterio-jugular difference of oxygen content and outcome after head injury. Anesth Analg 2004; 99(1): 230–4.
9. Artru F, Dailler F, Burel E et al. Assessment of jugular blood oxygen and lactate indices for detection of cerebral ischemia and prognosis. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol 2004; 16(3): 226–31.
10. Coles, JP, Regional ischemia after head injury. Curr Opin Crit Care 2004; 10(2): 120–5.
11. Gupta AK, Hutchinson PJ et al. Measurement of brain tissue oxygenation compared with jugular venous oxygen saturation for monitoring cerebral oxygenation after traumatic brain injury: Anesth Analg 1999; 88(3): 549–53.
12. Gupta AK, Hutchinson PJ, Fryer T et al. Measurement of brain tissue oxygenation performed using positron emission tomography scanning to validate a novel monitoring method. J Neurosurg 2002; 96(2): 263–8.
13. Kety SS, Schmidt CF. The determination of cerebral blood flow in man by the use of nitrous oxide in low concentrations. Am J Physiol 1945; 143: 53–66.
14. Steiner LA, Coles JP, Johnston AJ et al. Predicting the response of intracranial pressure to moderate hyperventilation. Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2005; 147: 477–83
15. Brauer P, Kochs E, Werner C et al. Correlation of transcranial Doppler sonography mean flow velocity with cerebral blood flow in patients with intracranial pathology. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol 1998; 10: 80–5.
16. Sloan MA, Alexandrov AV, Tegeler CH et al. Assessment: transcranial Doppler ultrasonography: report of the Therapeutics and Technology Assessment Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. Neurology 2004; 62(9): 1468–81.
17. Alexandrov AV, Joseph M. Transcranial Doppler: an overview of its clinical applications. Internet J Emerg Intens Care Med 2000; 4(1).
18. Lindegaard KF, Nornes H, Bakke SJ, Sorteberg W, Nakstad P. Cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid haemorrhage investigated by means of transcranial Doppler ultrasound. Acta Neurochir Suppl (Wien) 1988; 42: 81–4.
19. Bonner RF, Nossal R. Principles of laser-Doppler flowmetry. In: Shepherd AP, Oberg P, eds. Laser-Doppler Blood Flowmetry. Boston, Kluwer Academic Publishers; 1990: 17–46.
20. Riva CE, Cranstoun SD, Grunwald JE, Petrig BL. Choroidal blood flow in the foveal region of the human ocular fundus. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 1994; 35: 4273–81.
21. Wårdell K, Blomstedt P, Richter J et al. Intracerebral microvascular measurements during deep brain stimulation implantation using laser Doppler perfusion monitoring. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg 2007; 85(6): 279–86.
22. Steiner LA, Andrews PJ. Monitoring the injured brain: ICP and CBF. Br J Anaesth 2006; 97(1): 26–38.
23. Vajkoczy P, Roth H, Horn P et al. Continuous monitoring of regional cerebral blood flow: experimental and clinical validation of a novel thermal diffusion microprobe. J Neurosurg 2000; 93: 265–74.
24. Delhomme G, Newman WH, Roussel B et al. Thermal diffusion probe and instrument system for tissue blood flow measurements: validation in phantoms and in vivo organs. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 1994; 41(7): 656–62.