Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
  • Access
  • Open access
  • Print publication year: 2020
  • Online publication date: June 2020

8 - The Performance of the Climate-Energy Nexus

from Part III - Legitimacy and Effectiveness in the Climate-Energy Nexus
  • View HTML
    • Send chapter to Kindle

      To send this chapter to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Available formats
      ×

      Send chapter to Dropbox

      To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Available formats
      ×

      Send chapter to Google Drive

      To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Available formats
      ×

Summary

How does institutional complexity affect effectiveness? This chapter addresses this question for the three policy fields studied in this book: renewable energy, fossil fuel subsidy reform, and carbon markets. The chapter takes a comprehensive perspective across the three case studies by examining three dimensions of effectiveness: output (generating regulations and intrastructure), outcome (changing behaviour), and impact (solving the problem). The study relies on a two-track approach, integrating assessments by researchers and interviews with key stakeholders. The results show how the considerable institutional complexity in the climate-energy nexus has consequences for effectiveness. Notwithstanding the methodical challenges for evaluating effectiveness under conditions of institutional complexity, these insights demonstrate that such an assessment is of high importance and should be continued for other contexts of global governance. In particular, the findings of this chapter help to identify suitable management options – i.e. options for formally regulating the linkage between institutions – for the climate-energy nexus. With these suggestions and its conceptual and empirical novelty, the chapter contributes to a variety of literatures – on climate and energy governance, on institutional complexity, and on effectiveness – while being of interest to different stakeholders operating in the climate-energy nexus.

8.7
Aklin, M. J. and Urpelainen, J. 2018. Renewables: The Politics of a Global Energy Transition. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Alcamo, J. 2017 Evaluating the Impacts of Global Environmental Assessments. Environmental Science & Policy 77, 268272.
Alter, K. and Meunier, S. 2009. The Politics of International Regime Complexity. Perspectives on Politics 7(1), 1324.
APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation) Energy Working Group 2013. Guidelines on a Voluntary Peer Review for Reform of Inefficient Fossil Fuel Subsidies that Encourage Wasteful Consumption. Available at www.ewg.apec.org/documents/FINAL_VPR-IFFSR_Guidelines.pdf.
Asmelash, H. B. 2016. Falling Oil Prices and Sustainable Energy Transition. Towards a Multilateral Agreement on Fossil-Fuel Subsidies. United Nations University World Institute for Development Economics Research (WIDER) Working Paper. Available at www.wider.unu.edu/sites/default/files/wp2016-13.pdf.
Bang, G., Victor, D. G., and Andresen, S. 2017. California’s Cap-and-Trade System: Diffusion and Lessons. Global Environmental Politics 17 3, 1230.
Benes, K., Cheon, A., Urpelainen, J., and Yang, J. 2015. Low Oil Prices: An Opportunity for Fuel Subsidy Reform. New York: Columbia University Center on Global Energy Policy.
Biermann, F., Pattberg, P., van Asselt, H., and Zelli, F. 2009. The Fragmentation of Global Governance Architectures: A Framework for Analysis. Global Environmental Politics 9(4), 1440.
Bosello, F., Davide, M., and Alloisio, I. 2016. Economic Implications of EU Mitigation Policies: Domestic and International Effects. Venice: Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
Burton, J., Lott, T., and Rennkamp, B. 2018. Sustaining Carbon Lock-In: Fossil Fuel Subsidies in South Africa. In Fossil Fuel Subsidies and Their Reform: The Politics of a Global Problem, edited by Skovgaard, J. and van Asselt, H.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Chan, S., Falkner, R., Goldberg, M., et al. 2018 Effective and Geographically Balanced? An Output-Based Assessment of Non-State Climate Actions. Climate Policy 18(1), 2435.
China, 2016. G20 Voluntary Peer Review by China and the United States on Inefficient Fossil Fuel Subsidies that Encourage Wasteful Consumption: China Self-Review Report. Available at www.oecd.org/site/tadffss/publication/G20%20China%20Self%20Review%20on%20Fossil%20Fuel%20Subsidies-China%20Self-report-20160902_English.pdf.
Coady, D., Parry, I., Sears, L., and Shang, B. 2017. How Large Are Global Fossil Fuel Subsidies? World Development, 91(C), 1127.
Easton, D. 1965. A Systems Analysis of Political Life. New York: Wiley.
G20 (Group of 20) Energy Sustainability Working Group. 2013. Methodology for G-20 Voluntary Peer Reviews on Inefficient Fossil Fuel Subsidies That Encourage Wasteful Consumption. Available at ru.g20russia.ru/load/783530379.
Gutner, T. and Thompson, A. 2010. The Politics of IO Performance: A Framework. The Review of International Organizations 5(3), 227248.
High-Level Commission on Carbon Prices. 2017. Report of the High-Level Commission on Carbon Prices. Washington, DC: World Bank.
Hu, J., Crijns-Graus, W., Lam, L., and Gilbert, A. 2015. Ex-Ante Evaluation of EU ETS during 2013–2030: EU-Internal Abatement. Energy Policy 77, 152163.
IEA (International Energy Agency). 2018. World Energy Outlook 2018. Paris: IEA/OECD. Available at www.worldenergyoutlook.org/weo2018/.
IRENA (International Renewable Energy Agency). 2018. Global Energy Transformation: A Roadmap to 2050. Abu Dhabi: IRENA. Available at www.irena.org/publications/2018/Apr/Global-Energy-Transition-A-Roadmap-to-2050.
Karlsson-Vinkhuyzen, S. I., Jollands, N., and Staudt, L. 2012. Global Governance for Sustainable Energy: The Contribution of a Global Public Goods Approach. Ecological Economics 83, 11-18. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2012.08.009
Keohane, R. O. and Victor, D. G. 2011. The Regime Complex for Climate Change. Perspectives on Politics 9(1) 723.
Koplow, D. 2018. Defining and Measuring Fossil Fuel Subsidies. In Fossil Fuel Subsidies and Their Reform: The Politics of a Global Problem, edited by Skovgaard, J. and van Asselt, H.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Meckling, J. 2011. Carbon Coalitions: Business, Climate Politics, and the Rise of Emissions Trading. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Meckling, J. 2019. Governing Renewables: Policy Feedback in a Global Energy Transition. Environment and Planning C: Politics and Space 37(2), 317338.
Merrill, L., Gerasimchuk, I., and Sanchez, L. 2018. Fossil Fuel Subsidy Reform and Taxation, Stories for Success for the Talanoa Dialogue. IISD Global Subsidies Initiative submission to the UNFCCC Talanoa Dialogue, available at https://unfccc.int/sites/default/files/resource/61_GSI-IISD%20Fossil%20Fuel%20Subsidy%20Reform%20and%20Taxation%20Stories%20for%20Success.pdf.
Newell, P., Phillips, D., and Mulvaney, D. 2011. Pursuing Clean Energy Equitably Human Development Research Paper 2011/03. New York: UNDP.
Nordhaus, W. D. 2008. A Question of Balance – Weighing the Options on Global Warming Policies. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
ODI (Overseas Development Institute) 2017. Germany Ignoring Majority of Fossil Fuel Subsidies in G20 Review – ODI Experts. Available at www.odi.org/news/840-germany-ignoring-majority-fossil-fuel-subsidies-g20-review-odi-experts.
OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development) 2018a. OECD-IEA Analysis of Fossil Fuels and Other Support. Available at www.oecd.org/site/tadffss/.
OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development) 2018b. OECD Companion to the Inventory of Support Measures for Fossil Fuels. Paris: OECD.
Paterson, M. 2012. Who and What Are Carbon Markets for? Politics and the Development of Climate Policy. Climate Policy (Earthscan) 12(1), 8297.
Paterson, M., Hoffmann, M., et al. 2014. The Micro Foundations of Policy Diffusion toward Complex Global Governance: An Analysis of the Transnational Carbon Emission Trading Network. Comparative Political Studies 47(3), 420449.
Pattberg, P., Biermann, F., Chan, S., and Mert, A. (Eds.). 2012. Public Private Partnerships for Sustainable Development: Emergence, Influence and Legitimacy. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.
Rabe, B. G. 2018. Can We Price Carbon? Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
REN21. 2018. Renewables 2018 Global Status Report. Available at www.ren21.net/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/17-8652_GSR2018_FullReport_web_final_.pdf.
Röhrkasten, S. 2015. Global Governance on Renewable Energy - Contrasting the Ideas of the German and Brazilian Governments. Wiesbaden: Springer VS.
Röhrkasten, S. and Westphal, K. 2013. IRENA and Germany’s Foreign Renewable Energy Policy - Aiming at Multilevel Governance and an Internationalization of the Energiewende? Berlin: SWP.
Skovgaard, J. and van Asselt, H. 2018. The Politics of Fossil Fuel Subsidies and Their Reform: An Introduction. In Fossil Fuel Subsidies and Their Reform: The Politics of a Global Problem, edited by Skovgaard, J. and van Asselt, H.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 320.
Szulecki, K., Pattberg, P., and Biermann, F. 2011. Explaining Variation in the Effectiveness of Transnational Energy Partnerships. Governance 23(7), 713736.
Tallberg, J., Sommerer, T., Squatrito, T., and Lundgren, M. 2016. The Performance of International Organizations: An Output-Based Approach. Journal of European Public Policy 23(7), 10771096.
Tol, R. S. J. 2011. The Social Cost of Carbon. Annual Review of Resource Economics 3, 419443.
Underdal, A. 2002. One Question, Two Answers. In Environmental Regime Effectiveness: Confronting Theory with Evidence, edited by Miles, E. L., Underdal, A., Andresen, S., Wettestad, J., Skjærseth, J. B., and Carlin, E. M.. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme), OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development), and IISD (International Institute for Sustainable Development). 2019. Measuring Fossil Fuel Subsidies in the Context of the Sustainable Development Goals. Nairobi: UNEP.
UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change). 2015. The Paris Agreement.
United Nations. 2018. The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2018. New York. https://doi.org/10.18356/3405d09f-en.
Urpelainen, J. and Van de Graaf, T. 2015. The International Renewable Energy Agency: A Success Story in Institutional Innovation? International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics 15(2), 159177. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10784-013-9226-1.
Van de Graaf, T. and Blondeel, M. 2018. Fossil Fuel Subsidy Reform: An International Norm Perspective. In Fossil Fuel Subsidies and Their Reform: The Politics of a Global Problem, edited by Skovgaard, J. and van Asselt, H.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Van de Graaf, T. and Zelli, F. 2016. Actors, Institutions and Frames in Global Energy Politics. In The Palgrave Handbook of the International Political Economy of Energy, edited by Van de Graaf, T., Sovacool, B. K., Ghosh, A., Kern, F., and Klare, M. T.. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
Verkuijl, C., van Asselt, H., Moerenhout, T., Casier, L., and Wooders, P. 2019. Tackling Fossil Fuel Subsidies through International Trade Agreements: Taking Stock, Looking Forward. Virginia Journal of International Law 58(2), 309368.
World Bank and Ecofys. 2018. State and Trends of Carbon Pricing 2018. Washington, DC: World Bank.
Young, O. R. 2002. The Institutional Dimensions of Environmental Change: Fit, Interplay, and Scale. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Zelli, F. and van Asselt, H. 2015. Fragmentation. In Research Handbook on Climate Governance, edited by Bäckstrand, K. and Lövbrand, E.. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.