Abbott, K. W. and Snidal, D. 2009. The Governance Triangle: Regulatory Standards Institutions and the Shadow of the State. In The Politics of Global Regulation, edited by W. Mattli and N. Woods. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Andresen, S. and Hey, E. 2005. The Effectiveness and Legitimacy of International Environmental Institutions. International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics 5(3), 211–226.
Bäckstrand, K. 2008. Accountability of Networked Climate Governance: The Rise of Transnational Climate Partnerships. Global Environmental Politics 8(3), 74–102.
Bäckstrand, K., Kuyper, J. W., Linnér, B.-O., and Lövbrand, E. 2017. Non-State Actors in Global Climate Governance: From Copenhagen to Paris and Beyond. Environmental Politics 26(4), 561–579.
Bäckstrand, K., Zelli, F., and Schleifer, P. 2018. Legitimacy and Accountability in Polycentric Climate. In Governance Governing Climate Change: Polycentricity in Action? edited by A. Jordan, D. Huitema, H. van Asselt, and J. Foster. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Barnsley, I. and Ahn, S.-J. 2014. Mapping Multilateral Collaboration on Low-Carbon Energy Technologies. Paris: International Energy Agency.
Bazilian, M., Hobbs, B. F., Blyth, W., MacGill, I., and Howells, M. 2011. Interactions between Energy Security and Climate Change: A Focus on Developing Countries. Energy Policy 39(6), 3750–3756.
Biermann, F., Pattberg, P., van Asselt, H., and Zelli, F. 2009. The Fragmentation of Global Governance Architectures: A Framework for Analysis. Global Environmental Politics 9(4), 14–40.
Boas, L., Biermann, F., and Kanie, N. 2016. Cross-Sectoral Strategies in Global Sustainability Governance: Towards a Nexus Approach. International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law, and Economics 16(3), 449–464.
Bradshaw, M. J. 2014. Global Energy Dilemmas: Energy Security, Globalization, and Climate Change. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Buchanan, A. and Keohane, R. 2006. The Legitimacy of Global Governance Institutions. Ethics and International Affairs 20(4), 405–437.
Bulkeley, H., Andonova, L. B., Betsill, M. M., Compagnon, D., Hale, T., Hoffmann, M. J., Newell, P., Paterson, M., Roger, C., and VanDeveer, S. D. 2014. Transnational Climate Change Governance. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Chambers, W. B. 2008. Interlinkages and the Effectiveness of Multilateral Environmental Agreements. Tokyo: United Nations University Press.
Charnovitz, S. 2003. World Trade Organization and Law Enforcement. Journal of World Trade 37(5), 817–837.
Cherp, A., Jewell, J., and Goldthau, A. 2011. Governing Global Energy: Systems, Transitions, Complexity. Global Policy 2(1), 75–88.
Clancy, J., Skutsch, M., and Batchelor, S. 2002. The Gender-Energy-Poverty Nexus: Finding the Energy to Address Gender Concerns in Development. DFID Project CNTR998521.
Dubash, N. K. and Florini, A. 2011. Mapping Global Energy Governance. Global Policy 2(1), 6–18.
Dyer, H. C. 2014. Climate Anarchy: Creative Disorder in World Politics. International Political Sociology 8(2), 182–200.
Eberlein, B., Abbott, K. W., Black, J., Meidinger, E., and Wood, S. 2014. Transnational Business Governance Interactions: Conceptualization and Framework for Analysis. Regulation & Governance 8(1), 1–21.
Falkner, R. 2014. Global Environmental Politics and Energy: Mapping the Research Agenda. Energy Research and Social Science 1, 188–197.
Falkner, R. 2018. Climate Change, International Political Economy and Global Energy Policy. In Handbook of the International Political Economy of Energy and Natural Resources, edited by A. Goldthau, M. F. Keating, and C. Kuzemko. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. 2014. The Water-Energy-Food Nexus: A New Approach in Support of Food Security and Sustainable Agriculture. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Gehring, T. and Oberthur, S. 2009. The Causal Mechanisms of Interaction between International Institutions. European Journal of International Relations 15(1), 125–156.
Goldthau, A., Keating, M. F., and Kuzemko, C. 2018. Handbook of the International Political Economy of Energy and Natural Resources. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing.
Goldthau, A. and Witte, J. M. 2010. Global Energy Governance: The New Rules of the Game. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.
Heubaum, H. and Biermann, F. 2015. Integrating Global Energy and Climate Governance: The Changing Role of the International Energy Agency. Energy Policy 87, 229–239.
Hjerpe, M. and Nasiritousi, N. 2015. Views on Alternative Forums for Effectively Tackling Climate Change. Nature Climate Change 5(9), 864–867.
Hoff, H. 2011. Understanding the Nexus. Background Paper for the Bonn 2011 Conference: The Water, Energy and Food Security Nexus. Stockholm: Stockholm Environment Institute.
Hoffmann, M. J. 2011. Climate Governance at the Crossroads. A Global Response after Kyoto. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
IEA (International Energy Agency). 2018. World Energy Outlook 2018. Paris: IEA.
Iguchi, M., Ehara, T., Yamazaki, E., Tasaki, T., and Abe, N. 2014. Ending the Double Burden of Malnutrition: Addressing the Food and Health Nexus in the Sustainable Development Goals. POST2015/UNU-IAS Policy Brief #8.
Jacquemont, F. and Caparrós, A. 2002. The Convention on Biological Diversity and the Climate Change Convention 10 Years after Rio: Towards a Synergy of the Two Regimes? Review of European Community and International Environmental Law 11(2), 169–180.
Jewell, J., McCollum, D., Emmerling, J., Bertram, C., Gernaat, D. E. H. J., Krey, V., Paroussos, L., Berger, L., Fragkiadakis, K., Keppo, I., Saadi, N., Tavoni, M., van Vuuren, D., Vinichenko, V. and Riahi, K. 2018. Limited Emission Reductions from Fuel Subsidy Removal Except in Energy-Exporting Regions. Nature 554, 229–233.
Jordan, A. J., Huitema, D., Hildén, M., van Asselt, H., Rayner, T. J., Schoenefeld, J. J., and Boasson, E. L. 2015. Emergence of Polycentric Climate Governance and Its Future Prospects. Nature Climate Change 5(11), 977–982.
Karlsson-Vinkhuyzen, S. I. 2010. The United Nations and Global Energy Governance: Past Challenges, Future Choices. Global Change, Peace & Security 22(2), 175–195.
Karlsson-Vinkhuyzen, S. I. and McGee, J. 2013. Legitimacy in an Era of Fragmentation: The Case of Global Climate Governance. Global Environmental Politics 13(3), 56–78.
Keohane, R. O. and Victor, D. G. 2011. The Regime Complex for Climate Change. Perspectives on Politics 9(1), 7–23.
Lesage, D. and Van de Graaf, T. 2016. Global Energy Governance in a Multipolar World. New York: Routledge.
Métivier, C., Postic, S., Alberola, E., and Vinnakota, M. 2018. Global Carbon Account 2018. Paris: Institute for Climate Economics, I4CE.
Moncel, R. and van Asselt, H. 2012. All Hands on Deck! Mobilizing Climate Change Action beyond the UNFCCC. Review of European Community and International Environmental Law 21(3), 163–176.
Munaretto, S. and Witmer, M. 2017. Water-Land-Energy-Food-Climate Nexus: Policies and Policy Coherence at European and International Scale. Hague: Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency.
Nasiritousi, N. 2017. Fossil Fuel Emitters and Climate Change: Unpacking the Governance Activities of Large Oil and Gas Companies. Environmental Politics 26(4), 621–647.
Oberthür, S. 2009. Interplay Management: Enhancing Environmental Policy Integration Among International Institutions. International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics 9(4), 371.
Oberthür, S. and Gehring, T. (Eds.). 2006. Institutional Interaction in Global Environmental Governance: Synergy and Conflict among International and EU Policies. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Oberthür, S. and Stokke, O. S. (Eds.). 2011. Managing Institutional Complexity: Regime Interplay and Global Environmental Change. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Ostrom, E. 2010. Polycentric Systems for Coping with Collective Action and Global Environmental Change. Global Environmental Change 20(4), 550–557.
Pattberg, P. and Widerberg, O. 2015. Theorising Global Environmental Governance: Key Findings and Future Questions. Millennium 43(2), 684–705.
Postic, S. and Métivier, C. 2019. Global Carbon Account 2018. Paris: Institute for Climate Economics, I4CE.
Röhrkasten, S. 2018. Are We on the Cusp of a Global Renewable Energy Transition? In Oxford Handbook of Energy and Society, edited by D. J. Davidson and M. Gross. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Sanderink, L., Widerberg, O., Kristensen, K., and Pattberg, P. 2017. Mapping the Institutional Architecture of the Climate-Energy Nexus IVM Report (R-17/04). Amsterdam: Institute for Environmental Studies, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Sovacool, B. K. 2011. An International Comparison of Four Polycentric Approaches to Climate and Energy Governance. Energy Policy 39(6), 3832–3844.
Sovacool, B. K. 2013. Energy Policy and Climate Change. In The Handbook of Global Climate and Environment Policy, edited by R. Falkner. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
Sovacool, B. K. and Florini, A. 2012. Examining the Complications of Global Energy Governance. Journal of Energy & Natural Resources Law 30(3), 235–263.
Sovacool, B. K. and Van de Graaf, T. 2018. Building or Stumbling Blocks? Assessing the Performance of Polycentric Energy and Climate Governance Networks. Energy Policy 118, 317–324.
Stefanski, R. 2016. Into the Mire: A Closer Look at Fossil Fuel Subsidies. SPP Research Papers 9(10).
Terton, A., Gass, P., Merrill, L., Wagner, A., and Meyer, E. 2015. Fiscal Instruments in INDCs: How Countries are Looking to Fiscal Policies to Support INDC Implementation. Geneva: International Institute for Sustainable Development.
UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme) 2018. Emissions Gap Report 2018. Nairobi: UNEP.
van Asselt, H. 2014. The Fragmentation of Global Climate Governance: Consequences and Management of Regime Interactions. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.
van Asselt, H. and Zelli, F. 2014. Connect the Dots: Managing the Fragmentation of Global Climate Governance. Environmental Economics and Policy Studies 16(2), 137–155.
van Asselt, H. and Zelli, F. 2018. Polycentric Governing by and beyond the UNFCCC. In Governance Governing Climate Change: Polycentricity in Action? edited by A. Jordan, D. Huitema, H. van Asselt and J. Foster. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Van de Graaf, T. 2013. The Politics and Institutions of Global Energy Governance: Houndmills. Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan.
Van de Graaf, T. and Blondeel, M. 2018. Fossil Fuel Subsidy Reform: An International Norm Perspective. In The Politics of Fossil Fuel Subsidies and Their Reform, edited by J. Skovgaard and H. van Asselt. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Van de Graaf, T. and Colgan, J. 2016. Global Energy Governance: A Review and Research Agenda. Palgrave Communications, 2.
Van de Graaf, T. and Zelli, F. 2016. Actors, Institutions and Frames in Global Energy Politics. In Palgrave Handbook of the International Political Economy of Energy, edited by T. Van de Graaf, B. K. Sovacool, F. Kern, A. Ghosh, and M. T. Klar. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
Vogler. 2018. Energy, Climate Change, and Global Governance: The 2015 Paris Agreement in Perspective. In Oxford Handbook of Energy and Society, edited by D. J. Davidson and M. Gross. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Widerberg, O. and Pattberg, P. 2015. International Cooperative Initiatives in Global Climate Governance: Raising the Ambition Level or Delegitimizing the UNFCCC? Global Policy 6(1), 45–56.
Widerberg, O. and Stenson, D. E. 2013. Climate Clubs and the UNFCCC. Fores Study 3, Stockholm: Fores.
Wilson, J. D. 2015. Multilateral Organizations and the Limits to International Energy Cooperation. New Political Economy 20(1), 85–106.
Young, O. R. 1996. Institutional Linkages in International Society: Polar Perspectives. Global Governance 1(2), 1–24.
Young, O. R., Chambers W. B., Kim, J. A., and ten Have, C. (Eds.). 2008. Institutional Interplay: Biosafety and Trade. Tokyo: United Nations University Press.
Zelli, F. 2011. The Fragmentation of the Global Climate Governance Architecture. WIREs: Climate Change 2(2), 255–270.
Zelli, F. and van Asselt, H. 2013. The Institutional Fragmentation of Global Environmental Governance: Causes, Consequences, and Responses. Global Environmental Politics 13(3), 1–13.
Zelli, F., Pattberg, P., Stephan, H., and van Asselt, H. 2013. Global Climate Governance and Energy Choices. In The Handbook of Global Energy Policy, edited by A. Goldthau. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.