Skip to main content Accessibility help
Flanders and the Anglo-Norman World, 1066–1216
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 2
  • Cited by
    This book has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Oksanen, Eljas 2018. The Encyclopedia of Diplomacy. p. 1.

    Guyot-Bachy, Isabelle 2017. La Flandre et les Flamands au miroir des historiens du royaume (xe-xve siècle). p. 351.

  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Recommend this book

    Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

    Flanders and the Anglo-Norman World, 1066–1216
    • Online ISBN: 9781139032322
    • Book DOI:
    Please enter your name
    Please enter a valid email address
    Who would you like to send this to *
  • Buy the print book

Book description

The union of Normandy and England in 1066 recast the political map of western Europe and marked the beginning of a new era in the region's international history. This book is a groundbreaking investigation of the relations and exchanges between the county of Flanders and the Anglo-Norman realm. Among other important themes, it examines Anglo-Flemish diplomatic treaties and fiefs, international aristocratic culture, the growth of overseas commerce, immigration into England and the construction of new social and national identities. The century and a half between the conquest of England by the duke of Normandy and the conquest of Normandy by the king of France witnessed major revolutions in European society, politics and culture. This study explores the history of England, northern France and southern Low Countries in relation to each other during this period, giving fresh perspectives to the historical development of north-western Europe in the Central Middle Ages.


'Specialists in medieval Flemish, English and French history should welcome Eljas Oksanen's book … sheds valuable new light on a topic that has not received focused attention in recent scholarship.'

David Defries Source: The Medieval Review

Refine List
Actions for selected content:
Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive
  • Send content to

    To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to .

    To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

    Note you can select to send to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

    Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

    Please be advised that item(s) you selected are not available.
    You are about to send

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.



Public Records Office, Exchequer, Treasury of the Receipt, Diplomatic Documents nos 1–5 (E. 30).

Rijksarchief Bergen, Trésorerie, Box I (1176–1249), no. 10.

Published sources

Actes des comtes de Flandre, 1071–1128, ed. F. Vercauteren (Chroniques belges inédites, Brussels, 1938).
Aelred of Rievaulx, ‘Relation de Standardo’, Chronicles of the Reigns of Stephen, Henry II, and Richard I, vol. 3, ed. R. Howlett (RS 82, London, 1889), pp. 181–99.
Alecto County Edition of Great Domesday Book, ed. A. Williams, G. Martin and R. Erskine, 31 vols. (London, 1987–92).
Alecto Edition of Little Domesday Book, ed. A. Williams and G. Martin, 31 vols. (London, 1987–92).
Alecto Edition of Little Domesday Book, ed. G. Martin and A. Williams, 6 vols. (London, 2001).
Alexandri III Romani Pontificius, Opera Omnia, ed. J.-P. Migne (Patrologia Latina 200, Paris, 1855).
Alfred of Beverley, Aluredi Beverlacensis Annales, sive Historia de Gestis Regum Britanniae, ed. T. Hearne (Oxford, 1716).
Andreas of Marchiennes, ‘Historia Succincta de Gestis et Successione Regum Francorum’, ed. G. Waitz, MGH Scriptores 26 (Hannover, 1882), pp. 205–12.
The Anglo-Flemish Treaty of 1101’, trans. E. van Houts, ANS 21 (1999), 169–174.
Anglo-Norman Royal Acta, ed. R. Sharpe et al. (forthcoming).
The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle: A Revised Translation, ed. and trans. D. Whitelock et al. (London, 1961).
Anna Komnene, Alexiad, trans. E. Sewter (Harmondsworth, 1969).
Annales Blandiniensis’, Les Annales de Saint-Pierre de Gand et de Saint-Amand, ed. P. Grierson (Brussels, 1937), pp. 1–73.
Annales Cambriae, ed. J. Williams ab Ithel (RS 20, London, repr. 1965).
Annales Monastici de Waverleia’, ed. H. Luard, Annales Monastici, vol. 2 (RS 36, London, 1865), pp. 129–411.
Annals of the Kingdom of Ireland, by the Four Masters, ed. J. O’Donovan, 2nd edn, 7 vols. (Dublin, 1856).
The Book of the Foundation of Walden Monastery, ed. and trans. D. Greenway and L. Watkiss (OMT, Oxford, 1999).
British Borough Charters 1042–1216, ed. A. Ballard (Cambridge, 1913).
Brut y Tywysogyon or the Chronicle of the Prince: Peniart MS. 20 Version, ed. T. Jones (Cardiff, 1952).
Calendar of Documents Preserved in France, Illustrative of the History of Great Britain and Ireland, vol. 1, A.D. 918–1206, ed. J. Round (London, 1899).
Cartae Miscellanea, ed. J. Caley (Augmentation Office Miscellaneous Books, 24 vols., London, 1804–9).
Cartulaire de l'abbaye de Saint-Bertin, ed. B. Guérard (Paris, 1840).
Cartulaire de l'abbaye de Saint-Pierre de Loo de l'ordre de Saint Augustin, 1093–1794, ed. L. van Hollebecke (Brussels, 1870).
Cartulaire de l'ancienne estaple de Bruges: Recueil de documents concernant le commerce intérieur et maritime, les relations internationales et l'histoire économique de cette ville, ed. L. Gilliodts-van Severen, 6 vols. (Bruges, 1904–9).
Cartulaire de Saint-Trond, ed. C. Piot, 2 vols. (Brussels, 1870–4).
Cartularium abbathiae de Rievalle: Ordinis Cisterciensis fundate anno MCXXXII, ed. J. Atkinson (Durham, 1889).
Cartularium Monasterii de Rameseia, ed. W. Hart and P. Lyons, 3 vols. (RS 79, London, 1884–93).
Cartularium Prioratus S. Johannis Baptiste de Caermarthen, ed. T. Phillips (Cheltenham, 1865).
The Cartulary of Worcester Cathedral Priory (Register I), ed. R. Darlington (Pipe Roll Society, New Series 38, London, 1969).
The Chancellor's Rolls for the Eighth Year of the Reign of King Richard the First: Michaelmas 1196, ed. D. Stenton (Pipe Roll Society 42, London, 1930).
Charta Pacis Valenciennes’, ed. G. Pertz, MGH Scriptores 21 (Hannover, 1869), pp. 605–10.
Chrétien de Troyes, Le Roman de Perceval ou Conte du Graal, ed. W. Roach (Geneva and Lille, 1956).
The Chronicle of the Battle Abbey, ed. and trans. E. Searle (OMT, Oxford, 1980)
Chronicon Monasterii de Hyda iuxta Wintoniam’, Liber Monesterii de Hyda, ed. E. Edwards (RS 45, London, 1866), pp. 283–321.
Chronicon Turonense Magnum’, Recueil de Chroniques de Touraine, ed. A. Salmon (Tours, 1854), pp. 64–161.
Chronique de l'abbaye de Ter Doest, ed. F. van de Putte and C. Carton (Bruges, 1845).
Chronique et cartulaire de l'abbaye de Bergues-Saint-Winoc de l'ordre de Saint-Benoît, ed. A. Pruvost, 2 vols. (Bruges, 1875–8).
Le Compte Général de 1187, connu sous le nom de ‘Gros Brief’, et les institutions financières du comté de Flandre au XIIe siècle, ed. A. Verhulst and M. Gysseling (Brussels, 1962).
The Correspondence of Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury 1162–1170, ed. and trans. A. Duggan, 2 vols. (OMT, Oxford, 2000).
‘Les Coutumes de la Gilde Marchande de Saint-Omer’, ed. G. Espinas and H. Pirenne, Le moyen age 2nd Series 5 (1901), 189–96.
Cronica et Cartularium Monasterii de Dunis, ed. F. van de Putte, 2 vols. (Bruges, 1864).
Decrees of the Ecumenical Councils, ed. N. Tanner, 2 vols. (Georgetown, 1990).
Diplomatic Documents Preserved in the Public Records Office, ed. P. Chaplais (London, 1964).
Documents concernant l’Angleterre et l’Écosse anciennement conservés à la Chambre des Comptes de Lille (XIIe–XVe siècles)’, in Essays in Medieval Diplomacy and Administration, ed. P. Chaplais (London, 1981), pp. 185–210.
Domesday Book: A Complete Translation, ed. A. Williams and G. Martin (London, 2002).
Eadmer, Historia Novorum in Anglia et Opuscula Duo De Vita Sancti Anselmi et Quibusdam Miraculis Ejus, ed. M. Rule (RS 81, London, 1884).
Early Yorkshire Charters, ed. W. Farrer and C. Clay, 12 vols. (Edinburgh, 1914–65).
Elenchus Fontium Historiae Urbanae, vol. 1, ed. B. Diestelkamp et al. (Leiden, 1967).
Elias of Evesham et al., ‘Incipit Vita Beati Thomae Martyris ae Archiepsicopo Canturiensis (Quadrilogus)’, Materials for the History of Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, vol. 4, ed. J. Robertson (RS 67, London, 1879), pp. 226–408.
Encomium Emmae Reginae, ed. and trans. A. Campbell, rev. S. Keynes, 2nd edn (Cambridge, 1998).
Ex Chronico Turonensi,’ Recueil des historiens des Gaules et de la France 12, ed. M. Bouquet (reprint, Farnborough, 1968), pp. 461–478.
Facsimiles of Royal & Other Charters in the British Museum, vol. 1, ed. G. Warner and H. Ellis (London, 1903).
Flandria Generosa’, ed. L. Bethmann, MGH Scriptores 9 (Hannover, 1851), pp. 313–34.
Foedera, ed. T. Rymer, 7 vols. (reprint, Farnborough, 1967).
Galbert of Bruges, De Multro, Traditione, et Occasione Gloriosi Karoli Comitis Flandriarum, ed. J. Rider (Corpus Christianorum Continuatio Mediaevalis 131, Turnhout, 1994).
Galbert of Bruges, The Murder of Charles the Good, J. Ross (reprint, Toronto, 1998).
Geoffrey Gaimar, Lestoire des Engles/History of the English, ed. and trans. I. Short (OMT, Oxford, 2009).
Geoffrey of Malaterra, De rebus gestis Rogerii Calabriae et Siciliae comitis et Roberti Guiscardi ducis fratris eius, ed. E. Pontier (Rerum Italicarum Scriptores. Raccolta degli Storici Italiani dal cinquecento al millecinquencento, vol. 5.1, Bologna, 1927).
Geoffrey of Monmouth, The Historia Regum Britannie of Geoffrey of Monmouth, ed. N. Wright (Woodbridge, 1985).
Gerald of Wales, Giraldus Cambriensis: Itinerary through Wales, trans. B. Roberts (Newtown, 1989).
Gerald of Wales, Giraldus de Barri, Itinerary of Archbishop Baldwin through Wales, A.D. MCLXXXVIII, trans. R. Hoare, 2 vols. (London, 1806).
Gerald of Wales, ‘Itinerarium Kambriae’, Giraldus Cambriensis Opera, vol. 6, ed. J. Dimock (RS 21, London, 1868), pp. 3–152.
Gerald of Wales, Speculum Duorum or a Mirror of Two Men, ed. Y. Lefèvre and R. Huygens, trans. B. Dawson (Cardiff, 1974).
Gerald of Wales, ‘V. Galfridi Archiepiscopi Eboracensis’, Giraldi Cambriensis Opera, vol. 4, ed. J. Brewer (RS 21, London, 1873).
Gervase of Canterbury, The Chronicle of the Reigns of Stephen, Henry II, and Richard I, of Gervase, the Monk of Canterbury: The Historical Works of Gervase of Canterbury, vol. 1, ed. W. Stubbs (RS 73, London, 1879).
Gervase of Canterbury, ‘Gesta Regum’, The Historical Works of Gervase of Canterbury, vol. 2, ed. W. Stubbs (RS 73, London, 1880), pp. 3–106.
Gesta Abbatum S. Bertini Continuatio’, ed. O. Holder-Egger, MGH Scriptores 13 (Hannover, 1881), pp. 663–73.
Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium. Continuatio. Gesta Lieitberti et Gerardi’, ed. L. Bethmann, MGH Scriptores 7 (Hannover, 1846), pp. 326–550.
Gesta Herewardi incliti exculis et militis’, Lestoire des Engles solum la translacion maistre Geffrei Gaimar, vol. 1, ed. T. Hardy and C. Martin (RS 91, London, 1888), pp. 339–404.
Gesta Stephani, ed. K. Potter and R. Davis (Oxford, 1976).
Gilbert of Mons, Chronicle of Hainaut, trans. L. Napran (Woodbridge, 2005).
Gilbert of Mons, La chronique de Gislebert de Mons, ed. L. Vanderkindere (Brussels, 1904).
The Great Rolls of the Pipe, ed. Pipe Roll Society (London, 1884–ongoing).
Guy of Amiens, The Carmen de Hastingae Proelio of Guy Bishop of Amiens, ed. F. Barlow (OMT, Oxford, 1999).
Hariulf, Chronique de l’Abbaye de Saint-Riquier, ed. F. Lot (Paris, 1894).
Henry of Huntingdon, Historia Anglorum: The History of the English People, ed. and trans. D. Greenway (OMT, Oxford, 1996).
Herbert of Bosham, ‘Vita Sancti Thomae’, Materials for the Study of Becket, vol. 3, ed. J. Robertson (RS 67, London, 1877), pp. 155–534.
Herman the Monk, ‘De Miraculis S. Mariae Laudunensis’, ed. J. Migne, Patrologia Latina 156 (Paris, 1853), cols. 961–1018.
Herman of Tournai, ‘Liber de Restauratione Ecclesie Sancti Martini Torniacensis’, ed. G. Waitz, MGH Scriptores 14 (Hannover, 1883), pp. 266–352.
Histoire des ducs de Normandie et des rois d’Angleterre, ed. F. Michel (Paris, 1840).
Historia et cartularium monasterii Sancti Petri Gloucestriæ, ed. W. Hart, 3 vols. (London, 1863).
History of William Marshal, ed. A. Holden and D. Crouch, trans. S. Gregory, 3 vols. (London, 2002–6).
Hugh Candidus, The Chronicle of Hugh Candidus. A Monk of Peterborough, ed. W. Mellows (Oxford, 1949).
Jocelin of Brakelond, The Chronicle of Jocelin of Brakelond, ed. and trans. H. Butler (London, 1949).
John of Hexham, ‘Historia XXV Annorum’, Simonis Monachi Opera Omnia, vol. 2, ed. T. Arnold (RS 75, London, 1885), pp. 284–332.
John of Marmoutier, ‘Historia Gaufredi Ducis Normannorum et Comitis Andegavorum’, in Chroniques des comtes d’Anjou et des seigneurs d’Amboise, ed. L. Halphen and R. Poupardin (Paris, 1913), pp. 172–231.
John of Worcester, The Chronicle of John of Worcester, ed. R. Darlington and P. McGurk, trans. J. Bray and P. McGurk, 3 vols. (OMT, Oxford, 1995–8).
John of Ypres, ‘Chronica Monasterii Sancti Bertini’, ed. O. Holder-Egger, MGH Scriptores 25 (Hannover, 1880), pp. 736–866.
Jordan Fantosme, Jordan of Fantosme's Chronicle, ed. and trans. R. Johnston (Oxford, 1981).
Lambert of Ardres, The History of the Counts of Guines and the Lords of Ardres, trans. L. Shopkow (Philadelphia, 2001).
Lambert of Ardres, ‘Lamberti Ardensis Historia Comitum Ghisnensium’, ed. J. Heller, MGH Scriptores 24 (Hannover, 1879), pp. 550–642.
Lambert of Waterlos, ‘Annales Cameracenses’, ed. G. Pertz, MGH Scriptores 16 (Hannover, 1859), pp. 509–554.
The Laws of the Kings of England from Edmund to Henry I, ed. and trans. A. Robertson (Cambridge, 1925).
Leges Henrici Primi, ed. L. Downer (Oxford, 1972).
The Letters and Charters of Gilbert Foliot, ed. Z. Brooke, D. Morey and C. Brooke (Cambridge, 1967).
The Letters and Poems of Fulbert of Chartres, ed. and trans. F. Behrends (Oxford, 1976).
The Letters of John of Salisbury, ed. W. Millor and C. Brooke, 2 vols. (OMT, Oxford, 1955–79).
Liber Niger Scaccarii, ed. T. Hearne, 2 vols. (London, 1774).
The Life of King Edward, ed. and trans. F. Barlow, 2nd edn (OMT, Oxford, 1992).
A London Municipal Collection of the Reign of John’, ed. and trans. M. Bateson, EHR 17 (1902), 495–502.
Materials for the History of Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, ed. J. Robertson, 7 vols. (RS 67, London, 1875–85).
Matthew Paris, Chronica Majora, ed. H. Luard, 7 vols. (Rolls Series, London, 1872–83).
Monasticon Anglicanum, ed. W. Dugdale (6 vols. in 8, London, 1817–30).
Monumenta Germaniae Historica: Constitutiones et Acta Publica Imperatorum et Regum, ed. L. Weiland et al., 11 vols. (Hannover, 1893–1992).
Monumenta Germaniae Historica: Diplomata Regum et Imperatorum Germaniae, ed. H. Appelt et al., 17 vols. (Hannover, 1872–ongoing).
Monumenta Germaniae Historica: Scriptores, ed. G. Pertz et al., 38 vols. (Hannover, 1826–ongoing).
Monumenta Gregoriana, ed. P. Jaffe (Berlin, 1865).
The Northamptonshire Survey’, ed. and trans. J. Round, Victoria County History Northamptonshire, vol. 1 (London, 1902), pp. 357–89.
De oorkonden der graven van Vlaanderen (juli 1128–september 1191), ed. T. de Hemptinne, L. de Mey and A. Verhulst (Recueil des actes des princes belges, 3 vols., Brussels, 1988–2009).
De oorkonden der graven van Vlaanderen (1191–aanvang 1206), ed. W. Prevenier (Recueil des actes des princes belges, 3 vols., Brussels, 1964–71).
Orderic Vitalis, The Ecclesiastical History of Orderic Vitalis, ed. and trans. M. Chibnall, 6 vols. (OMT, Oxford, 1969–80).
Patent Rolls of the Reign of Henry III Preserved in the Public Record Office, 2 vols. (Public Record Office, London, 1901–3).
Peter of Blois, Petri Blesensis Bathoniensis in Anglia Archidiaconi: Opera Omnia, ed. J. Migne (Patrologia Latina 207, Paris, 1853).
Petrus Blesensis Bathoniensis in Anglia Archidiaconus, ed. J. Migne (Patrologiae Cursus Completus 208, Paris, 1904).
Philip of Remy, La Manekine, ed. H. Suchier (Paris, 1884).
Pipe Rolls of the Exchequer of Normandy for the Reign of Henry II, 1180 and 1184, ed. V. Moss (Loughborough, 2004).
Ralph of Coggeshall, Radulphi de Goggeshall Chronicon Anglicanum, ed. J. Stevenson (RS 66, London, 1875).
Ralph of Diceto, ‘Ymagines Historiarum’, The Historical Works of Master Ralph de Diceto, ed. W. Stubbs (in 2 vols., RS 68, London, 1876).
Recueil des actes de Henry II: Roi de l’Angleterre et duc de Normandie, ed. L. Delisle, 3 vols. (Paris, 1916–28).
Recueil des actes de Philippe Auguste, ed. H.-F. Delaborde et al., 6 vols. (Paris, 1916–2005).
Recueil des historiens de Gaules et de la France, ed. M. Bouquet (repr., 24 vols., Farnborough, 1968).
The Red Book of the Exchequer, ed. H. Hall, 3 vols. (RS 99, London, 1896).
Regesta Regum Anglo-Normannorum 1066–1154, vol. 2, Regesta Henrici Primi 1100–1135, ed. C. Johnson and H. Cronne (Oxford, 1966).
Regesta Regum Anglo-Normannorum 1066–1154, vol. 3, Regesta Stephani ac Matildis Imperatricis ac Gaufridi et Henrici Ducum Normannorum 1135–1154, ed. H. Cronne and R. Davis (Oxford, 1968).
Regesta Regum Anglo-Normannorum: The Acta of William I (1066–1087), ed. D. Bates (Oxford, 1998).
Reginald of Durham, Goderici Heremitae de Fincale Auctore Reginaldo Monacho Dunelmensi, ed. J. Raine (London, 1847).
Richard of Devizes, The Chronicle of Richard of Devizes, ed. and trans. J. Appelby (London, 1963).
Richard fitz Nigel, Dialogus de Scaccario: The Dialogue of the Exchequer, ed. and trans. E. Amt (OMT, Oxford, 2007).
Richard of Hexham, ‘De Gestis Regis Stephani et de Bello Standardii’, Chronicles of the Reigns of Stephen, Henry II, and Richard I, vol. 3, ed. R. Howlett (RS 82, London, 1886), pp. 139–78.
Rigord, Histoire de Philippe Auguste, ed. and trans. E. Carpentier, G. Pon and Y. Chauvin (Sources d'histoire médiévale 33, Paris, 2006).
Robert of Courçon, Le traité ‘De usura’ de Robert de Courçon, ed. and trans. G. Lefèvre (Lille, 1902).
Robert of Torigni, The Chronicle of Robert of Torigni: Chronicles of the Reigns of Stephen, Henry II, and Richard I, vol. 4, ed. R. Howlett (RS 82, London, 1889).
Rodulfus Glaber, ‘The Five Books of the Histories’, ed. and trans. J. France, Rodulfus Glaber Opera (OMT, Oxford, 1989), pp. 1–253.
Roger of Howden, The Annals of Roger de Hoveden, trans. H. Riley (repr., 4 vols., Felinfach, 1997).
Roger of Howden, Chronica, ed. W. Stubbs, 4 vols. (RS 51, London, 1868–71).
Roger of Howden, Gesta Regis Henrici Secundi Benedicti Abbatis, ed. W. Stubbs (RS 49, 2 vols., London, 1867).
Roger of Pontigny (attr.), ‘Vita Sancti Thomae, Canturiensis Archiepiscopo et Martyris’, Materials for the History of Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, vol. 4, ed. J. Robertson (RS 67, London, 1879), pp. 1–79.
Roger of Wendover, Flores Historiarum, ed. H. Howlett, 3 vols. (RS 84, London, 1886–9).
Rotuli Chartarum in Turri Londinensi Asservati, ed. T. Hardy (London, 1837).
Rotuli Curiae Regis, ed. F. Palgrave, 2 vols. (London, 1835).
Rotuli de Dominabus et Pueris et Puellis, ed. J. Round (Pipe Roll Society 35, London, 1913).
Rotuli de Liberate ac de Misis et Praestitis, ed. T. Hardy (London, 1844).
Rotuli Litterarum Patentium in Turri Londinensi Asservati, ed. T. Hardy (London, 1835).
Sacrorum Conciliorum Nova et Amplissima Collectio, ed. J. Mansi et al. (Florence, Leipzig, Paris, Venice, 1759–1927).
Sarrazin, ‘Le Roman de Ham’, in Histoire des ducs de Normandie et des rois d’Angleterre, ed. F. Michel (Paris, 1840), pp. 213–384.
Select Charters, ed. W. Stubbs, revised H. Davis (9th edn, revised, Oxford, 1921).
Sigebert of Gembloux et al., ‘Sigeberti Gemblacensis Chronica cum Continuationibus’, ed. L. Bethmann, MGH Scriptores 6 (Hannover, 1844), pp. 268–535.
Simeon of Durham, Historia Ecclesiae Dunhelmensis. Symeonis Monachi Opera Omnia, vol. 2, ed. T. Arnold (RS 75, London, 1882).
Simeon of Durham, Historia Regum: Symeonis Monachi Opera Omnia, vol. 2, ed. T. Arnold (RS 75, London, 1885).
Simon of Lobbes, ‘Simonis Gesta Abbatum S. Bertini Sithiensium’, ed. O. Holder-Egger MGH Scriptores 13 (Hannover, 1881), pp. 635–63.
The Song of Dermot and the Earl: An Old French Poem, ed. G. Orpen (Oxford, 1892).
Snorri Sturluson, ‘Sigurd the Crusader and his Brothers Eystein and Olav’, Heimskringla, or The Lives of the Norse Kings, trans. A. Smith (New York, 1990), pp. 606–43.
Stephen of Rouen, ‘Draco Normannicus’, Chronicles of the Reigns of Stephen, Henry II, and Richard I, vol. 2, ed. R. Howlett (RS 82, London, 1885), pp. 589–781.
Suger, Vie de Louis le Gros, ed. H. Waquet (Paris, 1964).
Thesaurus Novus Anecdotorum, ed. E. Martene and U. Durand, 5 vols. (repr., Farnborough, 1969).
Thomas Burton, Chronica Monasterii de Melsa, ed. E. Bond, 3 vols. (RS 43, London, 1866–8).
The Treatise on the Laws and Customs of the Realm of England Commonly Called Glanvill, ed. and trans. G. Hall (OMT, Oxford, 1993).
Triumphus Sancti Lamberti de Castro Bullonio’, MGH Scriptores 20, ed. G. Pertz (Hannover, 1868), pp. 497–511.
Vita et Miracula S. Waldevi’, Chroniques anglo-normandes, vol. 2, ed. F. Michel (Rouen, 1836), pp. 99–142.
Wace, Le Roman de Rou, ed. A. Holden, 3 vols. (Paris, 1970–3).
Walter Map, De Nugis Curialium: Courtiers’ Trifles, ed. and trans. M. James et al. (OMT, Oxford, 1983).
Walter of Therouanne, ‘Vita Karoli Comitis Flandriae’, ed. R. Köpke, MGH Scriptores 22 (Hannover, 1856), pp. 537–61.
The Waltham Chronicle, ed. and trans. M. Chibnall and L. Watkiss (OMT, Oxford, 1994).
The Warenne Chronicle (formerly known as the Hyde Chronicle), ed. and trans. E. van Houts (OMT, Oxford, forthcoming).
William of Ardres, ‘Willelmi Chronica Andrensis’, ed. J. Heller, MGH Scriptores 24 (Hannover, 1879), pp. 684–773.
William the Breton, ‘Chronique de Guillaume le Breton’, Oeuvres de Rigord et de Guillaume le Breton: Historiens de Philippe-Auguste, vol. 1, ed. H. Delaborde (Paris, 1882), pp. 168–333.
William of Canterbury, Vita S. Thomae Auctore Willelm Monacho Cantuariensi, Materials for the History of Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, vol. 1, ed. J. Robertson (RS 67, London, 1875).
William fitz Stephen, ‘Vita Sancti Thomae, Canturiensis Archiepiscopi et Martyris’, Materials for the History of Thomas Becket, vol. 3, ed. J. Robertson (RS 67, London, 1877), pp. 1–154.
William of Malmesbury, Gesta Pontificum Anglorum, ed. and trans. M. Winterbottom (OMT, Oxford, 2007).
William of Malmesbury, Gesta Regum Anglorum: The History of the English Kings, ed. and trans. R. Thomson et al. (OMT, Oxford, 1998).
William of Malmesbury, Historia Novella, ed. E. King, trans. R. Potter (OMT, Oxford, 1998).
William of Newburgh, Historia Rerum Anglicarum, ed. R. Howlett (RS 82, London, 1885). Containing books 1–4.
William of Newburgh, ‘The Historia Rerum Anglorum, Liber V’, Chronicles of the Reigns of Stephen, Henry II, and Richard I, vol. 2, ed. R. Howlett (RS 82, London, 1885), pp. 415–500. Containing book 5.
William of Newburgh, William of Newburgh: The History of English Affairs, ed. and trans. P. Walsh and M. Kennedy (Warminster, 1988).
William of Poitiers, The Gesta Guillelmi of William of Poitiers, ed. and trans. R. Davis and M. Chibnall (OMT, Oxford, 1998).
Winchombe Annals’, ed. R. Darlington, Medieval Miscellany for Doris Mary Stenton (Pipe Roll Society 74, London, 1962), pp. 115–37.

Electronic resources

Henry III Fine Rolls Project:
Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England (PASE):

Secondary literature

Abrams, L., ‘England, Normandy and Scandinavia’, in A Companion to the Anglo-Norman World, ed. C. Harper-Bill and E. van Houts (Woodbridge, 2003), pp. 43–62.
Aird, W., ‘Frustrated Masculinity: The Relationship between William the Conqueror and His Eldest Son’, in Masculinity in Medieval Europe, ed. D. Hadley (London and New York, 1999), pp. 39–55.
Althoff, G., ‘Amicitia [friendship] as Relationships between States and People’, in Debating the Middle Ages: Issues and Readings, ed. L. Little and B. Rosenwein (Oxford, 1998), pp. 191–210.
Althoff, G., Family, Friends and Followers: Political and Social Bonds in Early Medieval Europe, trans. C. Carroll (Cambridge, 2004).
Althoff, G., ‘Friendship and Political Order’, in Friendship in Medieval Europe, ed. J. Haseldine (Stroud, 1999), pp. 91–105.
Althoff, G., ‘The Variability of Rituals in the Middle Ages’, in Medieval Concepts of the Past: Ritual, Memory, Historiography, ed. G. Althoff, J. Fried and P. Geary (Cambridge, 2002), pp. 71–87.
Amt, E., The Accession of Henry II in England: Royal Government Restored 1149–1159 (Woodbridge, 1993).
Anderson, F., ‘“Uxor Mea”: The First Wife of the First William of Warenne’, Sussex Archaeological Collection 130 (1992), 107–29.
Anonymous contributor, ‘The Flemings in Pembrokeshire’, Archaeologia Cambrensis, 2nd Series 1 (1850), 138–42.
Ashe, L., Fiction and History in England, 1066–1200 (Cambridge, 2007).
Ashe, L., ‘William Marshal, Lancelot, and Arthur: Chivalry and Kingship’, ANS 30 (2008), 19–40.
Austin, D., ‘Little England beyond Wales: Re-defining the Myth’, Landscapes 6, 2 (2005), 30–62.
Bachrach, B., ‘The Milites and the Millennium’, HSJ 6 (1994), 85–95.
Bachrach, B., ‘Some Observations on the Military Administration of the Norman Conquest’, ANS 8 (1985), 1–25.
Bairoch, P. et al., La population des villes européennes: Banque de données et analyse sommaire des résultants, 800–1850. The Population of European Cities: Data Bank and Short Summary of Results (Geneva, 1988).
Baldwin, J., The Government of Philip Augustus: Foundations of French Royal Power in the Middle Ages (Berkeley, 1986).
Baluze, E., Histoire généalogique de la maison d’Auvergne, 2 vols. (Paris, 1708).
Barber, R., The Knight and Chivalry, rev. edn (Woodbridge, 1995).
Barber, R. and Barker, J., Tournaments: Jousts, Chivalry and Pageants in the Middle Ages (Woodbridge, 1989).
Barker, J., The Tournament in England 1100–1400 (Woodbridge, 1986).
Barker, J. and Keen, M., ‘The Medieval English Kings and the Tournament’, in Das Ritterliche Turnier im Mittelalter, ed. J. Fleckenstein (Göttingen, 1985), pp. 212–28.
Barlow, F., Edward the Confessor, 2nd edn (London, 1997).
Barlow, F., Thomas Becket (London, 1986).
Barlow, F., William Rufus (London, 1983).
Barratt, N., ‘The English Revenue of Richard I’, EHR 116 (2001), 635–56.
Barratt, N., ‘The Revenue of King John’, EHR 111 (1996), 835–55.
Barratt, N., ‘The Revenues of John and Philip Augustus Revisited’, in King John: New Interpretations, ed. S. Church (Woodbridge, 1999), 75–99.
Barthélemy, D., La chevalerie: De la Germanie antique à la France du XIIe siècle (Paris, 2007).
Barthélemy, D., ‘La chevalerie en perspective historique’, Revue des langues romanes 110, 1 (2006), 1–16.
Barthélemy, D., ‘The Chivalric Transformation and the Origins of Tournament as Seen through Norman Chroniclers’, HSJ 20 (2008), 141–60.
Bartlett, R., England under the Norman and Angevin Kings 1075–1225 (Oxford, 2000).
Bartlett, R., The Making of Europe: Conquest, Colonization and Cultural Change 950–1350 (London, 1993).
Bates, D., ‘Normandy and England after 1066’, EHR 104 (1989), 857–80.
Bates, D., ‘West Frankia: The Northern Principalities,’ in The New Cambridge Medieval History, vol. 3, c. 900–c. 1024, ed. T. Reuter (Cambridge, 1999), pp. 398–419.
Bates, D., William the Conqueror (London, 1989).
Baxter, S., Earls of Mercia: Lordship and Power in Late Anglo-Saxon England (Oxford, 2007).
Baxter, S., ‘The Making of Domesday Book and the Languages of Lordship in Conquered England’, in Conceptualizing Multilingualism in England, c.800–c.1250, ed. E. Tyler (Turnhout, 2012), pp. 271–310.
Beeler, J., Warfare in England 1066–1189 (New York, 1966).
Benham, J., ‘Anglo-French Peace Conferences in the Twelfth Century’, ANS 27 (2004), 52–67.
Benham, J., Peacemaking in the Middle Ages: Principle and Practice (Manchester 2011).
Bennett, M., ‘The Impact of “Foreign” Troops in the Civil Wars of King Stephen's Reign’, in War and Society in Medieval and Early Modern Britain, ed. D. Dunn (Liverpool, 2000), pp. 96–113.
Bennett, M., ‘Military Masculinity in England and Northern France, c.1050–c.1225’, in Masculinity in Medieval Europe, ed. D. Hadley (London and New York, 1999), pp. 71–88.
Bennet, P., ‘La chronique de Jordan Fantosme’, Cahiers de civilisation médiéval 40 (1997), 35–56.
Bloch, M., Feudal Society, trans. L. Manyon (London, 1965).
Bolton, J., ‘English Economy in the Early Thirteenth Century’, in King John: New Interpretations, ed. S. Church (Woodbridge, 1999), pp. 27–40.
Bolton, J., The Medieval English Economy, 1150–1500 (London and Melbourne, 1980).
Bolton, J., ‘What Is Money? What Is a Money Economy? When Did a Money Economy Emerge in Medieval England?’, in Medieval Money Matters, ed. D. Wood (Oxford, 2004), pp. 1–15.
Boon, G., Coins of the Anarchy 1135–54 (Cardiff, 1988).
The Borough and Liberties of Beverley. Victoria County History York, vol. 6, East Riding, ed. K. Allison (London, 1989).
Bouchard, C., Strong of Body, Brave and Noble: Chivalric Society in Medieval France (Ithaca and London, 1998).
Bournazel, E., ‘La familia regis Francorum’, in A l'ombre du pouvoir: Les entourages princiers au moyen age, ed. A. Marchandisse and J.-L. Kupper (Liege, 2003), pp. 115–33.
Boussard, J., ‘Henri II Plantagenêt et les origines de l'armée de métier’, Bibliothèque de l’École des Chartes 106 (1945–6), 189–224.
Britnell, R., The Commercialisation of English Society, 1000–1500, 2nd edn (Manchester, 1996).
Britnell, R., ‘Uses of Money in Medieval England’, in Medieval Money Matters, ed. D. Wood (Oxford, 2004), pp. 16–30.
Brooke, C. and Keir, G., London 800–1216: The Shaping of a City (London, 1975).
Brooks, F., ‘The Cinque Ports’, Mariner's Mirror 15 (1929), 142–92.
Brooks, F., ‘The King's Ships and Galleys Mainly under John and Henry III’, Mariner's Mirror 15 (1929), 15–48.
Brown, E., ‘Reflections on Feudalism: Thomas Madox and the Origins of the Feudal System in England’, in Feud, Violence and Practice, ed. B. Tuten and T. Billado (Farnham, 2010), pp. 135–55.
Brown, E., ‘Tyranny of a Construct: Feudalism and Historians in Medieval Europe,’ American Historical Review 79 (1974), 1063–88.
Brown, S., ‘The Bayeux Tapestry: Why Eustace, Odo and William?’, ANS 12 (1990), 7–28.
Brown, S., ‘Military Service and Monetary Reward in the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries’, in Medieval Warfare 1000–1300, ed. J. France (Aldershot, 2006), pp. 33–51.
Burton, J., Monastic and Religious Orders in Britain, 1000–1300 (Cambridge, 1994).
Canning, J., A History of Medieval Political Thought 300–1450 (London and New York, 1996).
Carpenter, D., The Minority of Henry III (London 1990).
Carpenter, D., The Struggle for Mastery: Britain 1066–1284 (London, 2003).
Carr, A., Medieval Wales (New York, 1995).
Cartellieri, A., Philip II August König von Frankreich, 4 vols. (Leipzig and Paris, 1899–1922).
Carus-Wilson, E., ‘The Effects of the Acquisition and of the Loss of Gascony on the English Wine Trade’, Medieval Merchant Venturers, 2nd edn (London, 1967), pp. 265–70.
Carus-Wilson, E., ‘The English Cloth Industry in the Late Twelfth and Early Thirteenth Centuries’, in Medieval Merchants Venturers, ed. E. Carus-Wilson, 2nd edn (London, 1967), pp. 211–38.
Carus-Wilson, E., ‘An Industrial Revolution of the Thirteenth Century’, Medieval Merchant Venturers, 2nd edn (London, 1967), pp. 183–210.
Chaplais, P., ‘English Diplomatic Documents to the end of Edwards III's Reign’, in The Study of Medieval Records: Essays in Honour of Kathleen Major, ed. D. Bullough and R. Storey (Oxford, 1971), pp. 22–56.
Chaplais, P., English Diplomatic Practice in the Middle Ages (Hambledon and London, 2002).
Cheyette, F., ‘“Feudalism”: A Memoir and an Assessment’, in Feud, Violence and Practice, ed. B. Tuten and T. Billado (Farnham, 2010), pp. 119–33.
Chibnall, M., ‘Anglo-French Relations in the Works of Orderic Vitalis’, in Documenting the Past: Essays in Medieval History Presented to George Peddy Cuttino, ed. J. Hamilton and P. Bradley (Woodbridge, 1989), pp. 5–19.
Chibnall, M., The Empress Matilda: Queen Consort, Queen Mother and Lady of the English (Oxford, 1991).
Chibnall, M.Mercenaries and the Familia Regis under Henry I’, in Anglo-Norman Warfare, ed. M. Strickland (Woodbridge, 1992), pp. 84–92.
Chorley, P., ‘The Cloth Exports of Flanders and Northern France during the Thirteenth Century: A Luxury Trade?’, Economic History Review 40 (1987), 349–79.
Church, S., ‘The Earliest English Muster Roll, 18/19 December 1215’, Historical Research 67 (1994), 1–17.
Church, S., The Household Knights of King John (Cambridge, 1999).
Ciggaar, K., ‘L’émigration anglaise à Byzance après 1066: Un nouveau texte en latin sur les Varangues à Constantinople’, Revue des études byzantines 32 (1974), 301–42.
Clanchy, M., England and Its Rulers, 3rd edn (Oxford, 2006).
Clanchy, M., From Memory to Written Record: England 1066–1307, 2nd edn (Oxford and Cambridge MA, 1993).
Cokayne, G., The Complete Peerage, 14 vols. (London, 1910–45).
Contamine, P., War in the Middle Ages, trans. M. Jones (Oxford, 1984).
Coornaert, E., ‘Les ghildes médiévales (Ve–XVIe siècles): Définition – Évolution’, Revue historique 199 (1948), 208–43.
Corbett, W., ‘The Development of the Duchy of Normandy and the Norman Conquest of England’, in Cambridge Medieval History, vol. 5, ed. J. Tanner et al. (Cambridge, 1926), pp. 481–520.
Cox, J., ‘Religious Houses’, Victoria County History of Northampton, vol. 2, ed. R. Serjeantson and W. Adkins (London, 1906), pp. 79–185.
Craeybeck, J., Un grand commerce d'importation: Les vins de France aux anciens Pays-Bas (XIIIe–XVIe siècle) (Paris, 1958).
Crick, J., The ‘Historia Regum Britannie’ of Geoffrey of Monmouth IV: Dissemination and Reception in the Later Middle Ages (Cambridge, 1991).
Cronne, H., The Reign of Stephen, 1135–54: Anarchy in England (London, 1970).
Crouch, D., ‘Biography as Propaganda in the “History of William Marshal”’, in Convaincre et persuader: communication et propagande aux XIIe et XIIIe siècles, ed. M. Aurell (Poitiers, 2007).
Crouch, D., The Birth of Nobility: Constructing Aristocracy in England and France 900–1300 (Harlow, 2005).
Crouch, D., ‘Normans and Anglo-Normans: A Divided Aristocracy?’, in England and Normandy in the Middle Ages, ed. D. Bates and A. Curry (London, 1994), pp. 51–67.
Crouch, D., The Reign of King Stephen, 1135–54 (Harlow, 2000).
Crouch, D., Tournament (Hambledon and London, 2005).
Crouch, D., William Marshal: Court, Career and Chivalry in the Angevin Empire (London and New York, 1990).
Crouch, D., ‘William Marshal and the Mercenariat’, in Mercenaries and Paid Men: The Mercenary Identity in the Middle Ages, ed. J. France (Boston and Leiden, 2008), pp. 15–32.
Crouch, D., ‘Writing a Biography in the Thirteenth Century: The Construction and Composition of the “History of William Marshal”’, in Writing Medieval Biography: Essays in Honour of Frank Barlow, ed. D. Bates, J. Crick and S. Hamilton (Woodbridge, 2006), pp. 221–35.
Crouch, D. and de Trafford, C., ‘The Forgotten Family in Twelfth-Century England’, HSJ 13 (1999), 41–63.
Cunningham, W., Alien Migrants to England, 2nd edn (London, 1969).
Cunningham, W., The Growth of English Industry and Commerce during the Early and Middle Ages, 5th edn (Cambridge, 1910).
Cuttino, G., English Medieval Diplomacy (Bloomington, 1985).
Dalton, P., ‘Sites and Occasions of Peace Making in England and Normandy, c.900–c.1150’, HSJ 16 (2006), 12–26.
Damian-Grint, P., The New Historians of the Twelfth-Century Renaissance (Woodbridge, 1990).
Damian-Grint, P., ‘Truth, Trust and Evidence in the Anglo-Norman estoire’, ANS 18 (1995), 63–78.
Darby, H., Domesday England (Cambridge, 1977).
David, C., Robert Curthose: Duke of Normandy (Cambridge, 1920).
Davies, R., Conquest, Coexistence and Change: Wales 1063–1415 (Oxford, 1987).
Davies, R., ‘The Peoples of Britain and Ireland 1100–1400, I. Identities’, TRHS, 6th Series (1994), 1–20.
Davis, R., ‘Geoffrey de Mandeville Reconsidered’, EHR 79 (1964), 299–307.
Davis, R., King Stephen (London, 1990).
Davis, R., The Medieval Warhorse (London, 1989)
Davis, R., The Normans and Their Myth (London, 1976).
Davis, R., ‘Treaty between William Earl of Gloucester and Roger Earl of Hereford’, in A Medieval Miscellany for Doris Mary Stenton, ed. P. Barnes and C. Slade (Pipe Rolls Society 34, London, 1962), pp. 139–46.
Davis, R., ‘Warhorses of the Normans’, ANS 10 (1987), 67–82.
Davis, R., ‘What Happened in Stephen's Reign, 1135–54’, in Davis, From Alfred the Great to Stephen (London and Rio Grande, 1991), pp. 191–202.
De Hemptinne, T., ‘Clementia van Bourgondie, gravin van Vlaanderen’, in Nationaal Biografisch Woordenboek, vol. 9, ed. E. Dhanes (Brussels, 1981), pp. 149–50.
De Hemptinne, T., ‘Diederik van de Elzas, graaf van Vlaanderen’, in Nationaal Biografisch Woordenboek, vol. 13, ed. J. Maton (Brussels, 1990), pp. 224–42.
De Hemptinne, T., ‘Vlaanderen en Henegouwen onder de erfgenamen van de Boudewijns 1070–1214’, Algemene Geschiedenis der Nederlanden, 2nd Series 2 (Harlem, 1982), pp. 372–98.
Denholm-Young, N., ‘The Tournament in the Thirteenth Century’, in Studies in Medieval History: Presented to Frederick Maurice Powicke, ed. R. Hunt et al. (Oxford, 1948), pp. 240–68.
Dept, G., Les influences anglaises et françaises dans le comté de Flandre au début du XIIIe siècle (Ghent and Paris, 1928).
Dept, G., ‘Les marchands flamands et le roi d’Angleterre (1154–1216)’, Revue du nord 12 (1926), 303–24.
Dept, G., ‘Een Vlaamsk Kolonie in Wales (1107)’, Annales de la Société d’émulation de Bruges 74 (1931), 16–31.
Derville, A., ‘Les draperies flamandes et artésiennes vers 1250–1350’, Revue du nord 54 (1972), 353–70.
Derville, A., ‘Les élites urbaines en Flandre et en Artois’, in Les élites urbaines au moyen age (Série histoire ancienne et médiévale 46, Paris, 1997), pp. 119–35.
Derville, A., ‘Le grenier des Pays-Bas médiévaux’, Revue du Nord 69 (1987), 267–90.
Derville, A., ‘De Godric de Finchale à Guillaume Cade, l'espace d'une révolutionActes de congrès de la Société des historiens de l'enseignement supérieur public, 19e congrès (Rheims, 1988), pp. 35–47.
Des Marez, G., La lettre de foire à Ypres de XIII siècle: Contribution à l’étude des papiers de credit (Brussels, 1900).
De Smet, J.-J., ‘Notice sur Guillaume d’Ypres ou de Loo’, Nouveaux mémoires de l’Académie royale des sciences et belles lettres de Bruxelles 15 (Brussels, 1842), pp. 3–30.
Dhondt, J., ‘Développement urbain et initiative comtale en Flandre au XIe siècle’, Revue de nord 30 (1948), 133–56.
Dhondt, J., Les origines de Flandre et de l’Artois (Arras, 1944).
Dhondt, J., ‘Les “Solidarités” médiévales. Une société en transition: La Flandre en 1127–1128’, Annales: Économies, sociétés, civilisations 12 (1957), 529–60.
Douglas, D., William the Conqueror: The Norman Impact upon England (London, 1977).
Dronke, P., ‘Latin and Vernacular Love-lyrics; Rochester and St. Augustine's, Canterbury’, Revue Bénédictine 115 (2005), 400–10.
Duby, G., ‘Au XIIe siècle: Les “jeunes” dans la société aristocratique’, Annales: Économies, sociétés, civilisations 19, 2 (1964), 835–46.
Duby, G., The Legend of Bouvines: War, Religion, and Culture in the Middle Ages, trans. C. Tihany (Berkeley, 1990).
Duby, G., The Three Orders, trans. A. Goldhammer (Chicago, 1980).
Duby, G., ‘The Transformation of the Aristocracy: France at the Beginnings of the Thirteenth Century’, in Duby, The Chivalrous Society, trans. C. Postan (London, 1977), pp. 178–85.
Duggan, A., ‘Roman, Canon and Common Law in Twelfth-Century England: The Council of Northampton (1164) Re-examined’, Historical Research 83 (2010), 379–408.
Duggan, A., Thomas Becket (London, 2004).
Dunbabin, J., France in the Making, 843–1180 (Oxford, 1985).
Dunbabin, J., ‘Geoffrey of Chaumont, Thibaud of Blois and William the Conqueror’, ANS 16 (1994), 101–12.
Duncan, A., Scotland: The Making of the Kingdom (Edinburgh, 1975).
Eales, R., ‘Local Loyalties in Norman England: Kent in Stephen's reign’, ANS 8 (1985), 88–108.
Eales, R., ‘William of Ypres’, ODNB.
Early Yorkshire Familes, ed. C. Gray and D. Greenway (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. 135, Leeds, 1973).
English, B., ‘Hawisa’, ODNB.
English, B., The Lords of Holderness 1086–1260 (Oxford, 1979).
Eriksen, T., Ethnicity and Nationalism: Anthropological Perspectives (London, 1993).
Espinas, G., La draperie dans la Flandre française au moyen age, 2 vols. (Paris, 1923).
Everard, J., Brittany and the Angevins: Province and Empire 1158–1203 (Cambridge, 2000).
Eyton, R., Court, Household, and Itinerary of King Henry II: Instancing also the Chief Agents and Adversaries of the King in His Government, Diplomacy, and Strategy (London, 1878).
Farmer, D., ‘Prices and Wages,’ in Agrarian History of England and Wales, vol. 2, ed. H. Finberg and J. Thirsk (Cambridge, 1988), pp. 716–817.
Farrer, W., Honors and Knight's Fees, 3 vols. (Manchester, 1923).
Fawtier, R., The Capetian Kings of France, trans. L. Butler and R. Adam (Toronto and New York, 1960).
Fenton, K., Gender, Nation and Conquest in the Works of William of Malmesbury (Woodbridge, 2008).
Fleming, R., Kings and Lords in Conquest England (Cambridge, 2004).
Flori, J., ‘Knightly Society’, in The New Cambridge Medieval History, vol. 4.2, c.1024–c.1198, ed. D. Luscombe and J. Riley-Smith (Cambridge, 2004), pp. 148–84.
Fossier, R., La terre et les hommes en Picardie jusqu’à la fin du XIIIe siècle, 2 vols. (Paris, 1968).
Frame, R., The Political Development of the British Isles 1100−1400 (Oxford, 1990).
France, J., ‘Property, Warfare, and the Renaissance of the Twelfth Century’, HSJ 11 (1998), 73–84.
France, J., ‘Recent Writing on Medieval Warfare: From the Fall of Rome to c.1300’, Journal of Military History 65 (2001), 441–73.
France, J., Victory in the East: A Military History of the First Crusade (Cambridge, 1994).
France, J. , Western Warfare in the Age of the Crusades, 1000–1300 (London, 1999).
Galbraith, V., The Making of Domesday Book (Oxford, 1961).
Gameson, R., ‘L’Angleterre et la Flandre aux Xe et XIe siècles Le témoignage des manuscrits’, in Les échanges culturels au moyen âge: XXXIIe Congrès de la SHMES (Publications de la Sorbonne: Histoire ancienne et médiévale, Paris, 2002), pp. 165–206.
Ganshof, F.-L., Feudalism, transl. P. Grierson, 3rd edn (Toronto, 1996).
Ganshof, F.-L., ‘La Flandre’, Histoire des institutions françaises au moyen age (Paris, 1957), pp. 343–426.
Ganshof, F.-L., La Flandre sous les premiers comtes (Brussels, 1949).
Ganshof, F.-L., The Middle Ages: A History of International Relations, trans. R. Hall (New York, 1971).
Ganshof, F.-L., ‘Robert le Frison et Alexis Comnène’, Byzantion 31 (1961), 57–74.
Ganshof, F.-L., with van Caenegem, R. and Verhulst, A., ‘Note sur le premier traité Anglo-Flamand de Douvres’, Revue de nord 40 (1958), 245–57.
Gardiner, M., ‘Shipping and Trade between England and the Continent during the Eleventh Century’, ANS 22 (1999), 71–93.
Garnett, G., Conquered England: Kingship, Succession, and Tenure, 1066–1166 (Oxford, 2007).
Geary, P., The Myth of Nations: The Medieval Origins of Europe (Princeton, NJ, 2002).
George, R., ‘The Contribution of Flanders to the Conquest of England’, Revue belge de philologie et d'histoire 5 (1926), 81–99.
Géraud, H., ‘Les routiers au XIIe siècle’, Bibliothèque de l’École des Chartes 3 (1841–2), pp. 125–47.
Gillingham, J., The Angevin Empire, 2nd edn (London, 2001).
Gillingham, J., ‘The Anonymous of Béthune, King John and Magna Carta’, in Magna Carta and the England of King John, ed. J. Loengard (Woodbridge, 2010), pp. 27–44.
Gillingham, J., ‘The Beginnings of English Imperialism’, in Gillingham, The English in the Twelfth Century: Imperialism, National Identity and Political Values (Woodbridge, 2000), pp. 3–18.
Gillingham, J., ‘Chronicles and Coins as Evidence for the Levels of Tribute and Taxation in Late Tenth- and Early Eleventh-Century England’, EHR 105 (1990), 939–50.
Gillingham, J., ‘Civilizing the English? The English histories of William of Malmesbury and David Hume’, Historical Research 74 (2001), 17–43.
Gillingham, J., ‘Conquering the Barbarians: War and Chivalry in Twelfth-Century Britain’, HSJ 4 (1992), 67–84.
Gillingham, J., ‘The Context and Purposes of Geoffrey of Monmouth's History of the Kings of Britain’, in Gillingham, The English in the Twelfth Century: Imperialism, National Identity and Political Values (Woodbridge, 2000), pp. 19–39.
Gillingham, J., ‘The Cultivation of History, Legend and Courtesy at the Court of Henry II’, in Writers of the Reign of Henry II: Twelve Essays, ed. R. Kennedy and S. Meecham-Jones (New York, 2006), pp. 25–52.
Gillingham, J., ‘Doing Homage to the King of France’, in Henry II: New Interpretations, ed. C. Harper-Bill and N. Vincent (Woodbridge, 2007), pp. 63–84.
Gillingham, J., ‘Fontenoy and After: Pursuing Enemies to Death in France between the Ninth and the Eleventh Centuries’, in Frankland: The Franks and the World of the Early Middle Ages: Essays in Honour of Dame Jinty Nelson, ed. P. Fouracre and D. Gantz (Manchester, 2008), pp. 242–65.
Gillingham, J., ‘The Historian as a Judge: William of Newburgh and Hubert Walter’, EHR 119 (2004), 275–87.
Gillingham, J., ‘Holding to the Rules of War (Bellica Iura Tenentes): Right Conduct before, during and after Battle in North-Western Europe in the Eleventh Century’, ANS 29 (2006), 1–15.
Gillingham, J., ‘The Meetings of the Kings of France and England 1066–1204’, in Normandy and Its Neighbours, 900–1250, ed. D. Crouch and K. Thompson (Turnhout, 2012), pp. 17–42.
Gillingham, J., ‘“The Most Precious Jewel in the English Crown”: Levels of Danegeld and Heregeld in the Early Eleventh Century’, EHR 104 (1989), 373–84.
Gillingham, J., Richard I (New Haven, 1999).
Gillingham, J., ‘Richard I and the Science of War in the Middle Ages’, in Medieval Warfare 1000–1300, ed. J. France (Aldershot, 2006), pp. 299–312.
Giry, A., Histoire de la ville de Saint-Omer et de ses institutions jusqu'au XIVe siècle (Bibliothèque de l´École des hautes études 27, Paris, 1876).
Gransden, A., Historical Writing in England c.550 to c.1307 (London, 1974).
Gras, N., The Early English Customs System (Cambridge, MA, 1918).
Green, J., The Aristocracy of Norman England (Cambridge, 1997).
Green, J., The Government of England under Henry I (Cambridge, 1986).
Green, J., ‘“Praeclarum et magnificum antiquitatis monumentum”: the Earliest Surviving Pipe Roll’, Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research 55 (1982), 1–17.
Green, J., ‘Unity and Disunity in the Anglo-Norman State’, Historical Research 62 (1989), 115–34.
Greenhill, B., ‘The Mysterious Hulk’, Mariner's Mirror 86 (2000), 3–18.
Grierson, P., ‘Grimbald of St. Bertin's’, EHR 40 (1940), 529–61.
Grierson, P., ‘The Relations between England and Flanders before the Norman Conquest’, TRHS, 4th Series 23 (1941), 71–112.
Grierson, P., ‘A Visit of Earl Harold to Flanders in 1056’, EHR 51 (1936), 90–7.
Grundmann, H., ‘Rotten und Brabanzonen: Söldner-Heere im 12. Jahrhundert’, Deutsches Archiv für Geschichte des Mittelalters 5 (1941–2), 419–92.
Hadley, D., ‘Ethnicity and Acculturation’, in A Social History of England 900–1200, ed. J. Crick and E. van Houts (Cambridge, 2011), pp. 235–46.
Hagedorn, B., Die Entwicklung der wichtigsten Schiffstypen bis in 19. Jahrhundert (Berlin, 1914).
Hagger, M., ‘A Pipe Roll for 25 Henry I’, EHR 122 (2007), 133–40.
Hallam, E., ‘Henry the Young King’, ODNB.
Hallam, E. and Everard, J., Capetian France 987–1328, 2nd edn (Harlow, 2001).
Hart, C., ‘William Malet and His Family’, ANS 10 (1996), 123–66.
Harvey, B., Westminster Abbey and Its Estates in the Middle Ages (Oxford, 1977).
Harvey, P., ‘The English Inflation of 1180–1220’, Past and Present 61 (1973), 3–30.
Harvey, P., ‘The English Trade in Wool and Cloth,1150–1250: Some Problems and Suggestions’, in Prodizione, commercio e consumo dei panni di lana nei secoli XII–XVII, ed. M. Spallanzani (Florence, 1976), pp. 369–75.
Harwood, H., ‘Faramus of Boulogne’, The Genealogist 12 (London, 1896), pp. 145–151.
Haskins, C., ‘William Cade’, EHR 28 (1913), 730–1.
Heather, P., Empires and Barbarians: Migration, Development and the Birth of Europe (London, 2009).
Hegel, G., Phenomenology of Spirit, trans A. Miller with analysis by J. Findlay (Oxford, 1977).
Heirbaut, D., ‘The fief-rente: A New Evaluation, Based on Flemish Sources (1000–1305)’, Legal History Review 67 (1999), 1–37.
Heiser, R., ‘The Households of the Justiciars of Richard I: An Inquiry into the Second Level of Medieval English Government’, HSJ 2 (1990), 223–35.
Herlihy, D., Medieval Households (London, 1985).
Heslop, T., ‘Seals as Evidence for Metal Working in the Later Twelfth Century’, in Art and Patronage in the English Romanesque, ed. S. Macready and F. Thompson (Society of Antiquaries of London Occasional Papers, New Series 8, 1986), pp. 50–60.
Hibbert, A., ‘The origins of the medieval town patriciate’, in Towns and Societies: Essays in Economic History and Historical Sociology, ed. P. Abrams and E. Wrigley (Cambridge, 1978), pp. 91–104.
Hicks, S., ‘The Impact of William Clito upon the Continental Policies of Henry I of England’, Viator 10 (1979), 1–21.
Hohenberg, P. and Lees, L., The Making of Urban Europe, 1000–1950 (Cambridge, MA, 1985).
Hollister, C., ‘The Annual Term of Military Service in England’, Medievalia et Humanistica 13 (1960), 40–7.
Hollister, C., Henry I (New Haven and London, 2001).
Hollister, C., The Military Organisation of Norman England (Oxford, 1965).
Hollister, C., ‘The Misfortunes of the Mandevilles’, History 58 (1973), 18–28.
Hollister, C., Monarchy, Magnates and Institutions in the Anglo-Norman World (London, 1986).
Hollister, C., ‘Normandy, France and the Anglo-Norman regnum’, Speculum 51 (1976), 202–42.
Holt, J. (ed.), Domesday Studies: Papers at the Novocentenary Conference of the Royal Historical Society and the Institute of British Geographers, Winchester, 1986 (Woodbridge, 1987).
Holt, J., ‘The End of the Anglo-Norman Realm’, Magna Carta and Medieval Government (London, 1985), pp. 23–65.
Holt, J., ‘The Introduction of Knight Service in England’, ANS 6 (1984), 53–64.
Holt, J., ‘The Loss of Normandy and Royal Finance’, in War and Government in the Middle Ages: Essays in Honour of J. O. Prestwich, ed. J. Gillingham and J. Holt (Woodbridge, 1984), pp. 92–105.
Holt, J., Magna Carta, 2nd edn (Cambridge, 1992).
Holt, J., The Northeners: A Study in the Reign of King John (Oxford, 1961).
Holt, J., ‘Politics and Property in Early Medieval England’, Past & Present 57 (1972), 3–52.
Holt, J., ‘Politics and Property in Early Medieval England: A Rejoinder’, Past & Present 65 (1974), 127–35.
Holt, R., ‘Society and Population 600–1300’, in The Cambridge Urban History of Britain, vol. 1, 60–1540, ed. D. Palliser (Cambridge, 2000), pp. 79–104.
Hooper, N., ‘Some Observations of the Navy in Late Anglo-Saxon England’, in Studies in Medieval History presented to R. Allen Brown, ed. C. Harper-Bill, C. Holdsworth and J. Nelson (Woodbridge, 1989), pp. 203–213.
Hosler, J., Henry II: A Medieval Soldier at War (Leiden, 2007).
Hosler, J., ‘Revisiting Mercenaries under Henry Fitz Empress,1167–1188’, in Mercenaries and Paid Men: The Mercenary Identity in the Middle Ages, ed. J. France (Boston and Leiden, 2008), pp. 33–42.
Hoyt, R., The Royal Demesne in English Constitutional History: 1066–1272 (Ithaca and New York, 1950).
Huffman, J., Family, Commerce and Religion in London and Cologne: Anglo-German Immigrants, c.1000–c.1300 (Cambridge, 1998).
Huffman, J., The Social Politics of Medieval Diplomacy: Anglo-German Relations (1066–1307) (Ann Abor, 2000).
Hutchinson, G., Medieval Ships and Shipping (London, 1994).
Huyghebaert, N., ‘Une comtesse de Flandre à Béthanie’, Les cahiers de Saint-André 21, 2 (Bruges, 1964), pp. 5–15.
Hybel, N., ‘The Grain Trade in Northern Europe before 1350’, Economic History Review, 2nd Series 55 (2002), 219–47.
Jansen, H., ‘Handel en Nijverheid 1000–1300’, Algemene Geschiedenis der Nederlanden, 2nd Series (Utrecht, 1982), pp. 148–86.
Jayakumar, S., ‘Some Reflections on the “Foreign Policies” of Edgar “the Peaceable”’, HSJ 10 (2001), 17–37.
Jenkinson, H., ‘A Money-Lender's Bonds of the Twelfth Century’, in Essays in History Presented to Reginald Lane Poole, ed. H. Davis (Oxford, 1927), pp. 190–210.
Jenkinson, H., ‘William Cade, a Financier of the Twelfth Century’, EHR 28 (1913), 209–27.
John, E., ‘The Age of Edgar’, in The Anglo-Saxons, ed. J. Campbell (London, 1991), pp. 160–91.
Johns, S., Noblewomen, Aristocracy and Power in the Twelfth-Century Anglo-Norman Realm (Manchester, 2003).
Johnston, R., ‘The Historicity of Jordan Fantosme's Chronicle’, Journal of Medieval History 2 (1976), 159–69.
Kapelle, W., The Norman Conquest of the North: The Region and Its Transformation 1000–1135 (Chapel Hill, 1979).
Keats-Rohan, K., ‘The Bretons and Normans of England 1066–1154: The Family, the Fief and the Feudal Monarchy’, Nottingham Medieval Studies 36 (1992), 42–78.
Keats-Rohan, K., Domesday Descendants: A Prosopography of Persons Occurring in English Documents 1066–1166, vol. 2, Pipe Rolls to Cartae Baronum (Woodbridge, 2002).
Keats-Rohan, K., Domesday People: A Prosopography of Persons Occurring in English Documents 1066–1166, vol. 1, Domesday Book (Woodbridge, 1999).
Keats-Rohan, K., ‘The Portrait of a People: Norman Barons Revisited’, in Domesday Book, ed. E. Hallam and D. Bates (Stroud, 2001), pp. 121–40.
Keats-Rohan, K., ‘Le rôle des Bretons dans la politique de colonization de l’Angleterre (vers 1042–1135)’, Mémoires de la Société d'histoire et d'archéologie de Bretagne 74 (1996), 181–215.
Keats-Rohan, K., ‘William I and the Breton Contingent in the Non-Norman Conquest 1060–1087’, ANS 13 (1991), 157–72.
Keefe, T., ‘Mandeville, William de’, ODNB.
Keen, M., Chivalry (New Haven and London, 1984).
Keene, D., ‘Medieval London and Its Region’, London Journal 14 (1989), 99–111.
Keene, D., ‘Towns and Growth of Trade’, in The New Cambridge Medieval History, vol. 4.1, c.1024–c.1198, ed. D. Luscombe and J. Riley-Smith (Cambridge, 2004), pp. 47–84.
Keynes, S., ‘The Æthelings in Normandy’, ANS 13 (1990), 173–205.
Keynes, S., ‘The Historical Context of the Battle of Maldon’, in The Battle of Maldon A.D. 991, ed. D. Scragg (Cambridge, MA, 1991), pp. 81–113.
King, E., ‘Cade, William’, ODNB.
King, E., King Stephen (New Haven and London, 2010).
King, E., ‘The Origins of the Wake Family: The Early History of the Honour of Bourne in Lincolnshire’, Northamptonshire Past and Present 5 (Northampton, 1975), pp. 166–76.
King, E., ‘Politics and Property in Early Medieval England: The Tenurial Crisis of the Early Twelfth Century’, Past & Present 65 (1974), 110–17.
King, E., ‘Stephen of Blois, Count of Mortain and Boulogne’, EHR 115 (2000), 271–96.
Koch, A., De rechterlijke Organisatie van het graafschap Vlandeeren tot in de 13e eeuw (Antwerp and Amsterdam, 1951).
Koch, A., ‘Het graafschap Vlaanderen van de eeuw tot 1070’, Algemene Geschiedenis der Nederlanden, 2nd Series 1 (Harlem, 1981), pp. 354–83.
Koller, F., ‘Bruges and the Medieval English–Flemish Trade in Geographic Perspective’, Ymer 94 (1974), 97–105.
Kosto, A., Making Agreements in Medieval Catalonia: Power, Order and the Written Word, 1000–1200 (Cambridge, 2001).
Koziol, G., ‘Monks, Feuds and the Making of Peace in Eleventh-Century Flanders’, Historical Reflections 14 (1987), 531–49.
Krueger, H., ‘The Genoese Exportation of Northern Cloths to Mediterranean Ports, Twelfth Century’, Revue belge de philologie et d'histoire 65 (1987), 722–50.
Langdon, J., Horses, Oxen and Technological Innovation: The Use of Draught Animals in English Farming from 1066–1500 (Cambridge, 2002).
Latimer, P., ‘Early Thirteenth-Century Prices’, in King John: New Interpretations, ed. S. Church (Woodbridge, 1999), pp. 41–73.
Latimer, P., ‘Wages in Late Twelfth- and Early Thirteenth-Century England’, HSJ 9 (1997), 185–205.
Lawson, M., ‘The Collection of Danegeld and Heregeld in the Reigns of Aethelred II and Cnut’, EHR 99 (1984), 712–28.
Lawson, M., ‘Danegeld and Heregeld Once More’, EHR 105 (1990), 951–61.
Lawson, M., ‘“Those Stories Look True”: Levels of Taxation in the Reigns of Aethelred II and Cnut’, EHR 104 (1989), 385–406.
Legge, M., ‘La précosité de la littérature anglo-normande’, Cahiers de civilisation médiévale 8 (1965), 327–49.
Le Goff, J., ‘The Symbolic Ritual of Vassalage’, in Le Goff, Time, Work and Culture in the Middle Ages, trans. A. Goldhammer (Chicago, 1980), pp. 237–87.
Lemarignier, J.-F., Recherches sur l'hommage en marche et les frontières féodales (Lille, 1945).
Lennard, R., Rural England 1086–1135: A Study of Social and Agrarian Conditions (Oxford, 1959).
Le Patourel, J., The Norman Empire (Oxford, 1976).
Lestocquoy, J., Les dynasties bourgeoises d’Arras (Arras, 1945).
Lestocquoy, J., Patriciens du moyen-âge: Les dynasties bourgeoises d’Arras du XIe au XVe siècle (Arras, 1945).
Lestocquoy, J., ‘The Tenth Century’, in Lestocquoy, Études d'histoire urbaine: Villes et abbayes: Arras au moyen-age (Arras, 1966), pp. 38–50.
Lestocquoy, J., ‘Les usuriers du début de moyen age’, in Lestocquoy, Études d'histoire urbaine: Villes et abbayes: Arras au moyen-age (Arras, 1966), pp. 155–62.
Lewis, C., ‘Waltheof, Earl of Northumbria’, ODNB.
Leyser, K., ‘The Anglo-Norman Succession 1120–25’, ANS 13 (1991), 225–41.
Lloyd, T., Alien Merchants in England in the Middle Ages (New York, 1982).
Lloyd, T., The English Wool Trade in the Middle Ages (Cambridge, 1977).
Lodge, A., ‘Literature and History in the Chronicle of Jordan Fantosme’, French Studies 44 (1990), 257–70.
Lot, F., Fidèles ou vassaux? Essai sur la nature jurisdique du lien qui unissait les grandes vassaux à la royauté depuis le milieu du XIe jusqu’à la fin du XIIe siècle (Paris, 1904).
Loud, G., ‘The Gens Normannorum – Myth or Reality’, ANS 4 (1981), 104–116.
Lunt, W., Financial Relations of the Papacy with England to 1327 (Cambridge, MA, 1939).
Lyon, B., From Fief to Indenture: The Transition from Feudal to Non-feudal Contract in Western Europe (Cambridge, MA, 1954).
Lyon, B., ‘The Money Fief under the English Kings, 1066–1485’, EHR 66 (1951), 161–93.
Lyon, B. and Verhulst, A., Medieval Finance: A Comparison of Financial Institutions in Northwestern Europe (Bruges, 1967).
McKitterick, R., The Frankish Kingdoms under the Carolingians (London and New York, 1983).
Maisonneuve, H., Études sur les origines de l'inquisition (Paris, 1960).
Maitland, F., Township and Borough (Cambridge, 1898).
Martindale, J., ‘Aimeri of Thouars and the Poitevin Connection’, ANS 7 (1985), 224–45.
Martindale, J., ‘“An Unfinished Business”: Angevin Politics and the Siege of Toulouse, 1159’, ANS 23 (2000), 115–54.
Masschaele, J., Peasants, Merchants and Markets: Inland Trade in Medieval England 1150–1350 (New York, 1997).
Matthew, D., Britain and the Continent 1000–1300: The Impact of the Norman Conquest (London, 2005).
Matthew, D., King Stephen (Hambledon and London, 2002).
Mayhew, N., ‘Coinage and Money in England, 1086–c.1500’, in Medieval Money Matters, ed. D. Wood (Oxford, 2004), pp. 72–86.
Metcalf, D., ‘Coinage and the Rise of the Flemish Towns’, in Coinage in the Low Countries (880–1500): The Third Oxford Symposium on Coinage and Monetary History, ed. J. Mayhew (British Archaeological Reports, International Series 54, 1979), pp. 1–23.
Middleton, N., ‘Early Medieval Port Customs, Tolls and Controls on Foreign Trade’, Early Medieval Europe 13, 4 (2005), 313–58.
Milis, L., ‘The French Low Countries: Cradle of Dutch Culture?’, in Milis, Religion, Culture, and Mentalities in the Medieval Low Countries (Turnhout, 2005), pp. 327–51.
Milis, L., ‘The Linguistic Boundary in the County of Guines’, in Milis, Religion, Culture, and Mentalities in Medieval Low Countries (Turnhout, 2005), pp. 354–68.
Miller, E. and Hatcher, J., Medieval England: Towns, Commerce and Crafts 1086–1346 (London and New York, 1995).
Mitchell, S., Studies in Taxation under John and Henry II (New Haven and London, 1914).
Monier, R., Les institutions judiciaires des villes de Flandre des origines à la rédaction des coutumes (Lille, 1924).
Monier, R., Les institutions centrales du comté de Flandre de la fin du IXe siècle à 1384 (Paris, 1944).
Moore, E., The Fairs of Medieval England: An Introductory Story (Toronto, 1985).
Moore, O., The Young King Henry Plantagenet, 1155–1183, in History, Literature, and Tradition (Columbus, 1925).
Morillo, S., ‘Mercenaries, Mamluks and Militia: Towards a Cross-Cultural Typology of Military Service’, in Mercenaries and Paid Men: The Mercenary Identity in the Middle Ages, ed. J. France (Leiden, 2008), pp. 243–261.
Morillo, S., Warfare under the Anglo-Norman Kings (Woodbridge, 1994).
Moss, V., ‘Normandy and England in 1180: The Pipe Roll Evidence’, in England and Normandy in the Middle Ages, ed. D. Bates and A. Curry (London, 1994), pp. 185–95.
Munro, J., ‘Medieval Woollens: Textiles, Textile Technology and Industrial Organisation, c.800–1500’, in The Cambridge History of Western Textiles, vol. 1, ed. D. Jenkins (Cambridge, 2003), pp. 181–227.
Munro, J., ‘Medieval Woollens: The West European Woollen Industries and their Struggles for International Markets, c.1000–1500’, in The Cambridge History of Western Textiles, vol. 1, ed. D. Jenkins (Cambridge, 2003), pp. 228–324.
Napran, L., ‘Mercenaries and Paid Men in Gilbert of Mons’, in Mercenaries and Paid Men: The Mercenary Identity in the Middle Ages, ed. J. France (Boston and Leiden, 2008), pp. 287–99.
Nelson, J., ‘Æthelwulf’, ODNB.
Nicholas, D., ‘Commercial Credit and Central Place Function in Thirteenth-Century Ypres’, in Money, Markets and Trade in Late Medieval Europe: Essays in Honour of John H. A. Munro, ed. L. Armstrong, I. Elbl and M. Elbl (Leiden, 2007), pp. 310–48.
Nicholas, D., The Growth of the Medieval City: From Late Antiquity to the Early Fourteenth Century (London, 1997).
Nicholas, D., Medieval Flanders (London and New York, 1992).
Nicholas, D., ‘Of Poverty and Primacy: Demand, Liquidity and the Flemish Economic Miracle, 1050–1200’, American Historical Review 98 (1991), 17–41.
Nicholas, D., ‘Settlement Patterns, Urban Functions, and Capital Formation in Medieval Flanders’, in Nicholas, Trade, Urbanisation and the Family (Aldershot, 1996), IV, pp. 1–30.
Nicholas, K., ‘Countesses as Rulers in Flanders’, in Aristocratic Women in Medieval France, ed. T. Evergates (Philadelphia, 1999), pp. 111–37.
Nieus, J.-F., Un pouvoir comtal entre la Flandre la et France: Saint-Pol, 1000–1300 (Brussels, 2005).
Nightingale, P., ‘The Evolution of Weight-Standards and the Creation of New Monetary and Commercial Links in Northern Europe from the Tenth to the Twelfth Century’, Economic History Review, 2nd Series 38 (1985), 192–209.
Nightingale, P., ‘The Growth of London in the Medieval English Economy’, in Progress and Problems in Medieval England: Essays in Honour of Edward Miller, ed. R. Britnell and J. Hatcher (Cambridge, 1996), pp. 89–106.
Nip, R., ‘Ida of Lorraine, Countess of Boulogne (ca. 1040–1113)’ (forthcoming).
Nip, R., ‘The Political Relations between England and Flanders (1066–1128)’, ANS 21 (1998), 145–67.
O’Brien, B., ‘From Morðor to Murdrum: The Preconquest Origin and Norman Revival of the Murder Fine’, Speculum 71 (1996), 321–57.
Oksanen, E., ‘The Anglo-Flemish Treaties and Flemish Soldiers in England 1101–1163’, in Mercenaries and Paid Men: The Mercenary Identity in the Middle Ages, ed. J. France (Leiden and Boston, 2008), pp. 261–73.
Oliver, G., The History and Antiquities of the Town and Minster of Beverley in the County of York (Beverley, 1829).
Ortenberg, V., The English Church and the Continent in the Tenth and Eleventh Centuries: Cultural, Spiritual and Artistic Exchanges (Oxford, 1992).
Owen, D., Eleanor of Aquitaine: Queen of England (Oxford, 1993).
Owen, H., ‘Flemings in Pembrokeshire’, Archaeologia Cambrensis, 5th Series 12 (1895), 96–106.
Oxford English Dictionary, ed. J. Simposon and E. Weiner, 2nd edn (20 vols., Oxford, 1989).
Painter, S., William Marshal: Knight-Errant, Baron and Regent of England (Baltimore, 1933).
Palmer, J., ‘The Landowning Community and the Norman Conquest’, ANS 22 (2000), 279–91.
Parisse, M., ‘Le tournoi en France, des origines à la fin du XIIIe siècle’, in Das Ritterliche Turnier im Mittelalter, ed. J. Fleckenstein (Gottingen, 1985), pp. 175–211.
Percy, S., Mercenaries: The History of a Norm in International Relations (Oxford, 2007).
The Pipe Roll Society, Introduction to the Study of the Pipe Rolls (Pipe Roll Society 3, London, 1884).
Pirenne, H., ‘Draps d’Ypres à Novgorod au commencement du XIIe siècle’, Revue belge de philologie et d'histoire 9 (1930), 563–6.
Pirenne, H., ‘Un grand commerce d'exportation au moyen âge: Les vins de France’, Annales: Économies, sociétés, civilisations 5 (1933), 225–43.
Pirenne, H., ‘Philippe d’Alsace’, Biographie Nationale 17 (Brussels, 1903), pp. 163–76.
Pirenne, H., Les villes du moyen âge: Essai d'histoire économique et sociale (Brussels, 1927); trans. F. Halsey as Medieval Cities: Their Origins and the Revival of Trade (Princeton, 1969).
Platelle, H., ‘La violence et ses remèdes en Flandre au XIe siècle’, Sacris Erudiri 20 (1971), 101–73.
Poole, A., ‘Richard the First's Alliances with the German Princes in 1194’, in Studies in Medieval History Presented to Frederick Maurice Powicke, ed. R. Hunt et al. (Oxford, 1948), pp. 90–9.
Postan, M., The Medieval Economy and Society: An Economic History of Britain in the Middle Ages (London, 1972).
Postan, M., ‘The Trade of Medieval Europe: The North’, in The Cambridge Economic History of Europe, vol. 2, Trade and Industry in the Middle Ages, ed. M. Postan and E. Miller, 2nd edn (Cambridge, 1987), pp. 168–305.
Power, D., The Norman Frontier in the Twelfth and Early Thirteenth Centuries (Cambridge, 2004).
Power, E., The Wool Trade in English Medieval History (Oxford, 1941).
Prestwich, J., ‘War and Finance in the Anglo-Norman State’, TRHS, 5th Series 4 (1954), 19–43.
Prestwich, J., ‘The Military Household of the Norman Kings’, EHR 96 (1981), 1–35.
Prestwich, M., ‘Money and Mercenaries in English Medieval Armies’, in England and Germany in the High Middle Ages, ed. A. Haverkamp and H. Vollrath (Oxford, 1996), pp. 129–50.
Pryor, J., ‘Transportation of Horses by Sea during the Era of the Crusades: Eighth Century to 1285 A.D.’, in Medieval Warfare 1000–1300, ed. J. France (Aldershot, 2006), pp. 523–68.
Queller, D., ‘Diplomatic Personnel Employed by the Counts of Flanders in the Thirteenth Century’, Revue belge de philologie et d'histoire 34 (1956), 68–98, 385–422.
Queller, D., The Office of Ambassador in the Middle Ages (Princeton, 1967).
Ramsey, J., A History of the Revenues of the Kings of England, 1066–1399, 2 vols. (Oxford, 1925).
Reynolds, S., ‘Afterthoughts on Fiefs and Vassals’, HSJ 9 (1997), 1–15.
Reynolds, S., Fiefs and Vassals: The Medieval Evidence Reinterpreted (Oxford, 1994).
Round, J., ‘The Debtors of William Cade’, EHR 28 (1913), 522–7.
Round, J., ‘Domesday Survey’, in Victoria County History of Northampton, vol. 1, ed. H. Doubleday (London, 1902), pp. 257–98.
Round, J., ‘Domesday Survey’, in Victoria County History of Bedfordshire, vol. 1, ed. H. Doubleday and W. Page (London, 1904), pp. 191–218.
Round, J., Geoffrey of Mandeville: A Study of the Anarchy (London, 1892).
Round, J., Studies in Peerage and Family History (Westminster, 1901).
Rowlands, I., ‘The Making of the March: Aspects of the Norman Settlement in Dyfed’, ANS 3 (1980), 142–57.
Rubin, E., Synsoplevede Figurer (Copenhagen, 1915).
Ryder, M., Sheep & Man (Duckworth, 1983).
Said, E., Orientalism: Western Conceptions of the Orient (London, 1995).
Saltman, A., Theobald Archbishop of Canterbury (London, 1956).
Sanders, I., English Baronies: A Study of their Origin and Descent, 1086–1327 (Oxford, 1960).
Sawyer, P., ‘The Wealth of England in the Eleventh Century’, TRHS, 5th Series 15 (1965), 145–64.
Sawyer, P. and Wood, I., Early Medieval Kingship (Leeds, 1977).
Scott, F., ‘Earl Waltheof of Northumbria’, Archaeologia Aliana, 4th Series 30 (1952), 149–215.
Shepard, J., ‘The English in Byzantium: A Study of their Role in the Byzantine Army in the Later Eleventh Century’, Traditio 29 (1973), 53–92.
Shepard, J., ‘Another New England? Anglo-Saxon Settlement on the Black Sea’, Byzantine Studies/Études byzantines 1 (1974), 18–39.
Sherman, R., ‘The Continental Origins of the Ghent Family in Lincolnshire’, Nottingham Medieval Studies 21 (1977), 23–35.
Sherman, R., ‘Robert de Gant (c.1085–c.1158): Dean of York and King's Chancellor’, HSJ 13 (1999), 99–110.
Short, I., ‘Patrons and Polyglots: French Literature in Twelfth-Century England’, ANS 14 (1991), 229–49.
Short, I., ‘Tam Angli quam Franci: Self-definition in Anglo-Norman England’, ANS 18 (1995), 153–75.
Sivery, G., ‘Histoire économique et sociale’, in Histoire de Lille, vol. 1, ed. G. Fourquin (Lille, 1970), pp. 111–270.
Slitt, R., ‘Acting out Friendship: Signs and Gestures of Aristocratic Male Friendship in the Twelfth Century’, HSJ 21 (2009), 147–64.
Snooks, G., ‘The Dynamic Role of the Market in the Anglo-Norman Economy and Beyond, 1086–1300’, in A Commercialising Economy: England 1086 to c.1300, ed. R. Britnell and B. Campbell (Manchester, 1995), pp. 27–54.
Southern, R., ‘Aspects of the European Tradition of Historical Writing: 4, the Sense of the Past’, TRHS, 5th Series 23 (1973), 243–63.
Spiegel, G., Romancing the Past: The Rise of Vernacular Prose Historiography in Thirteenth-Century France (Berkeley, 1993).
Sproemberg, H., ‘Judith, Königin von England, Gräfin von Flandern’, Revue belge de philologie et d'histoire 15 (1936), 915–50.
Spufford, P., Handbook of Medieval Exchange (London, 1986).
Spufford, P., Money and Its Uses in Medieval Europe (Cambridge, 1988).
Spufford, P., Power and Profit: The Merchant in Medieval Europe (London, 2002).
Stacey, R., ‘Jewish Lending and the Medieval Economy’, in A Commercialising Economy: England 1086 to c.1300, ed. R. Britnell and B. Campbell (Manchester, 1995), pp. 78–101.
Stafford, P., ‘Charles the Bald, Judith and England,’ in Charles the Bald, Court and Kingdom, ed. M. Gibson and J. Nelson (British Archaeological Reports, International Series 101, Oxford, 1981), pp. 137–151.
Stenton, F., The First Century of English Feudalism 1066–1166, 2nd edn (Oxford, 1961).
Strevett, N., ‘The Anglo-Norman Civil War of 1101 Reconsidered’, ANS 26 (2003), 159–75.
Strickland, M., ‘Arms and the Men: War, Loyalty and Lordship in Jordan Fantosme's Chronicle’, Medieval Knighthood IV (1990), 187–220.
Strickland, M., ‘Securing the North: Invasion and the Strategy of Defense in Twelfth-Century Anglo-Scottish Warfare’, in Anglo-Norman Warfare, ed. M. Strickland (Woodbridge, 1992), pp. 208–29.
Strickland, M., War and Chivalry in England and Normandy, 1066–1217 (Cambridge, 1996).
Stringer, K., Earl David of Huntingdon 1152–1219: A Study in Anglo-Scottish History (Edinburgh, 1985).
Tanner, H., ‘The Expansion of the Power and Influence of the Counts of Boulogne under Eustace II’, ANS 14 (1991), 251–86.
Tanner, H., Families, Friends and Allies: Boulogne and Politics in Northern France and England c.879–1160 (Leiden and Boston, 2004).
Tatlock, J., ‘The English Journey of the Laon Canons’, Speculum 8 (1933), 454–65.
Taylor, P., ‘Ingelric, Count Eustace and the Foundation of St Martin-le-Grand’, ANS 24 (2001), 215–33.
Thomas, H., ‘The Significance and Fate of the Native English Landholders of 1086’, EHR 118 (2003), 303–33.
Thomas, H., The English and the Normans: Ethnic Hostility, Assimilation, and Identity 1066–c.1220 (Oxford, 2003).
Tipping, C., ‘Cargo Handling and the Medieval Cog’, Mariner's Mirror 80 (1994), 3–15.
Toorians, L., ‘Wizo Flandriensis and the Flemish Settlement in Pembrokeshire’, Cambridge Medieval Celtic Studies 20 (1990), 99–118.
Unger, R., The Ship in the Medieval Economy 600–1600 (London, 1980).
Urry, W., Canterbury under the Angevin Kings (London, 1967).
Van Bavel, B., Manors and Markets: Economy and Society in the Low Countries, 500–1600 (Oxford, 2010).
Van Caenegem, R., ‘Criminal Law in England and in Flanders under King Henry II and Count Philip of Alsace’, in Van Caenegem, Legal History: A European Perspective (London, 1991), pp. 37–60.
Vanderputten, S., ‘Canterbury and Flanders in the Late Tenth Century’, Anglo-Saxon England 35 (2006), 219–44.
Van Eickels, K., ‘Homagium and amicitia: Rituals of Peace and Their Significance in the Anglo-French Negotiations of the Twelfth Century’, Francia 24 (1997), 133–40.
Van Eickels, K., Vom inszenierten Konsens zum systematisierten Konflikt (Stuttgart, 2002).
Van Houts, E., ‘The Flemish Contribution to Biographical Writing in England in the Eleventh Century’, in Writing Medieval Biography 750–1250, ed. D. Bates et al. (Woodbridge, 2006), pp. 111–27.
Van Houts, E., ‘Hereward and Flanders,’ Anglo-Saxon England 28 (1999), 201–23.
Van Houts, E., ‘Historical Writing’, in A Companion to the Anglo-Norman World, ed. C. Harper-Bill and E. van Houts (Woodbridge, 2002), pp. 103–21.
Van Houts, E., ‘Intermarriage in Eleventh-Century England’, in Normandy and Its Neighbours: Essays Presented to David Bates, ed. D. Crouch and K. Thompson (Turnhout, 2011), 237–70.
Van Houts, E., ‘Invasion and Migration’, in A Social History of England 900–1200, ed. J. Crick and E. van Houts (Cambridge, 2011), pp. 208–34.
Van Houts, E., ‘Matilda of Flanders’, ODNB.
Van Houts, E., Memory and Gender in Medieval Europe, 900–1200 (Basingstoke, 1999).
Van Houts, E., ‘The Norman Conquest through European Eyes’, EHR 110, 2 (1995), 832–53.
Van Houts, E., ‘The Ship List of William the Conqueror’, ANS 10 (1987), 159–83.
Van Houts, E., ‘The Warenne View of the Past 1066–1203’, ANS 26 (2003), 103–21.
Van Nerom, C., ‘The Grant of Eastchurch to the Abbey of Dunes by Richard I’, Archaelogia Cantiana 101 (1984), 23–39.
Van Werveke, H., Thomas Becket Filips van de Elzas en Robrecht van Aire (Mededelingen Koninklike Vlaamse Akademie voor Wetenschappen, Letteren en schone Kunsten van België 32.1, Brussels, 1970), pp. 1–22.
Varenbergh, E., Histoire des relations diplomatiques entre le comté de Flandre et l’Angleterre au moyen age (Brussels, 1874).
Verberckmoes, J., ‘Flemish Tenants-in-Chief in Domesday England’, Revue Belge de Philologie et d’Histoire 66 (1988), 725–56.
Verbruggen, J., The Art of Warfare in Western Europe during the Middle Ages: From the Eighth Century to 1340, 2nd edn (Woodbridge, 1997).
Verbruggen, J., ‘Military Service in the County of Flanders,’ trans. K. DeVries, Journal of Military History 2 (2004), 17–37.
Vercauteren-Desmet, L., ‘Étude sur les rapports politiques de l’Angleterre et de la Flandre sous le règne du comte Robert II (1093–1111)’, in Études d'histoire dédiées à la mémoire de Henri Pirenne, ed. E. Ciaceri (Brussels, 1937), pp. 425–49.
Verhulst, A., ‘The Alleged Poverty of the Flemish Rural Economy as Reflected in the Oldest Account of the Comital Domain Known as “Gros Brief” (A.D. 1187)’, Studia historica œconomica: Liber amicorum Herman van der Wee (Louvain, 1993), pp. 369–82.
Verhulst, A., ‘L’intensification et la commercialisation de l'agriculture dans les Pays-Bas mérionaux au XIIIe siècle’, La Belgique rurale du moyen âge à nos jours: Mélanges offerts à Jean-Jacques Hoebanx (Université libre de Bruxelles, Faculté de philosophie et lettres 95, Brussels, 1985), pp. 89–100.
Verhulst, A., ‘La laine indigène dans les Pays-Bas entre le XIIe et le XVIIe siècle: Mise en œuvre industrielle production et commerce’, Revue historique 248 (1972), 281–322.
Verhulst, A., ‘The Origin of Towns in the Low Countries and the Pirenne Thesis’, Past and Present 122 (1989), 3–35.
Verhulst, A., Précis d'histoire rurale de la Belgique (Brussels, 1990).
Verhulst, A., The Rise of Cities in North-Western Europe (Cambridge, 1999).
Verhulst, A., ‘Sheep-breeding and Wool Production in Pre-thirteenth Century Flanders and their Contribution to the Rise of Ypres, Ghent and Bruges as Centres of the Textile Industry’, in Ypres and the Medieval Cloth Industry in Flanders: Archaeological and Historical Contributions: Good Yarn! Archaeological and Historical Research into the Medieval Cloth Industry of Flanders – Ypres, November 29–30, 1996, ed. M. Dewilde et al. (Zellik, 1998), pp. 33–42.
Verlinden, C., Robert Ier le Frison: Comte de Flandre (Paris, 1935).
Verlinden, O., ‘Markets and Fairs’, in The Cambridge Economic History of Europe, vol. 3, Economic Organization and Policies in the Middle Ages, ed. M. Postan, E. Reich and E. Miller (Cambridge, 1967), pp. 126–37.
Warlop, E., The Flemish Nobility before 1300, 4 vols. (Kortrijk, 1975–6).
Warlop, E., ‘Willem van Ieper, een Vlaams condottiere (vóór 1104–1164)’, De Leiegouw 6 (1964), 167–92.
Warlop, E., ‘Willem van Ieper, een Vlaams condottiere (vóór 1104–1164)’, De Leiegouw 7 (1965), 197–218.
Warren, W., Henry II (London, 1977).
Warren, W., King John, 2nd edn (New Haven and London, 1997).
Weiler, B., ‘Knighting, Homage and the Meaning of Ritual: The Kings of England and Their Neighbours in the Thirteenth Century’, Viator 37 (2006), 275–99.
Wertheimer, L., ‘Adeliza of Louvain and Anglo-Norman Queenship’, HSJ 7 (1995), 101–15.
Wheeler, E., ‘The Battle of Hastings: Math, Myth and Melee’, Military Affairs 52, 3 (1988), 128–34.
White, G., Restoration and Reform, 1153–65 (Cambridge, 2000).
White, S., ‘Succession to Fiefs in Early Medieval England’, Past & Present 65 (1974), 118–27.
Williams, A., The English and the Norman Conquest (Woodbridge, 1997).
Wilson, D., The Bayeux Tapestry (London, 1985).
Wormald, P., ‘The Ninth Century’, in The Anglo-Saxons, ed. J. Campbell (London, 1991), pp. 132–59.
Yamada, M., ‘Le mouvement des foires en Flandre avant 1200’, in Villes et campagnes au Moyen Âge: Mélanges Georges Despy, ed. J.-M. Duvosquel and A. Dierkens (Liège, 1991), pp. 773–89.
Yoshitake, K., ‘The Exchequer in the Reign of Stephen’, EHR 103 (1988), 950–9.

Unpublished PhD theses

Abbot, M., ‘The Gant Family in England 1066–1191’ (University of Cambridge, 1973).
Napran, L., ‘Marriage Contracts in the Southern Low Countries and the North of France in the Twelfth Century’ (University of Cambridge, 2001).