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  • Print publication year: 2012
  • Online publication date: February 2013

10 - Writs and the Inquisitions Post Mortem: How the Crown Managed the System

Summary

This chapter is inspired by ten years of editing the inquisitions post mortem for the reign of Henry VI filed in the C 139 series at the National Archives. Accompanying the inquisitions are many hundreds of writs which the work also involved calendaring. The continuous processing of these somewhat formulaic little manuscripts did not put me off them, but made me become increasingly interested in their history, largely prompted by the scarcity of information about them. Identifying the writs and the sequence of their use is of obvious importance in understanding them, but discussion that contextualises the production, development, and use of these writs in the medieval period is rare. A promising beginning was made by Maxwell-Lyte in the introduction to the first calendar of medieval inquisitions post mortem, published in 1904, where he wrote of the writ diem clausit extremum, the earliest and most commonly used writ to develop, that it ‘cannot be traced beyond the 39th year of that king [Henry III: 1254–55]; and to the very end of the reign it is possible to note occasional variations from the regular course’. It was ninety-nine years before any further substantive observations were made, when Parkin noted irregularities in the expected use of the writ amotus. This chapter is therefore a first pass in understanding the medieval writs associated with the inquisitions post mortem and related documents, using some of the information and ideas put together during the calendaring project.