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  • Print publication year: 2014
  • Online publication date: November 2014

Chapter 34 - Thermoregulation in pediatric anesthesia


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27. HornEP, SchroederF, WilhelmS, et al. Postoperative pain facilitates nonthermoregulatory tremor. Anesthesiology. Oct 1999; 91(4): 979–84.
28. FritzHG, HolzmayrM, WalterB, et al. The effect of mild hypothermia on plasma fentanyl concentration and biotransformation in juvenile pigs. Anesthesia and Analgesia. Apr 2005; 100(4): 996–1002.
29. CaldwellJE, HeierT, WrightPM, et al. Temperature-dependent pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of vecuronium. Anesthesiology. Jan 2000; 92(1): 84–93.
30. HeierT, CloughD, WrightPM, et al. The influence of mild hypothermia on the pharmacokinetics and time course of action of neostigmine in anesthetized volunteers. Anesthesiology. Jul 2002; 97(1): 90–5.
31. SmeulersNJ, WierdaJM, van den BroekL, Gallandat HuetRC, HennisPJ. Effects of hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass on the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of rocuronium. Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia. Dec 1995; 9(6): 700–5.
32. SchmiedH, KurzA, SesslerDI, KozekS, ReiterA. Mild hypothermia increases blood loss and transfusion requirements during total hip arthroplasty. Lancet. Feb 3 1996; 347(8997): 289–92.
33. RajagopalanS, MaschaE, NaJ, SesslerDI. The effects of mild perioperative hypothermia on blood loss and transfusion requirement. Anesthesiology. Jan 2008; 108(1): 71–7.
34. GreifR, AkcaO, HornEP, et al. Supplemental perioperative oxygen to reduce the incidence of surgical-wound infection. New England Journal of Medicine. Jan 20 2000; 342(3): 161–7.
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36. LiuM, HuX, LiuJ. The effect of hypothermia on isoflurane MAC in children. Anesthesiology. Mar 2001; 94(3): 429–32.
37. AntogniniJF, LewisBK, ReitanJA. Hypothermia minimally decreases nitrous oxide anesthetic requirements. Anesthesia and Analgesia. Nov 1994; 79(5): 980–2.
38. BissonnetteB, SesslerDI. Mild hypothermia does not impair postanesthetic recovery in infants and children. Anesthesia and Analgesia. Jan 1993; 76(1): 168–72.
39. LopezM, OzakiM, SesslerDI, ValdesM. Physiologic responses to hyperthermia during epidural anesthesia and combined epidural/enflurane anesthesia in women. Anesthesiology. Jun 1993; 78(6): 1046–54.
40. MatsukawaT, SesslerDI, SesslerAM, et al. Heat flow and distribution during induction of general anesthesia. Anesthesiology. Mar 1995; 82(3): 662–73.
41. BennettLA, JohnsonJM, StephensDP, SaadAR, KelloggDL, Jr.Evidence for a role for vasoactive intestinal peptide in active vasodilatation in the cutaneous vasculature of humans. The Journal of Physiology. Oct 1 2003; 552(Pt 1): 223–32.
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43. VialeJP, AnnatG, BertrandO, et al. Continuous measurement of pulmonary gas exchange during general anaesthesia in man. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica. Nov 1988; 32(8): 691–7.
44. HynsonJM, SesslerDI, GlostenB, McGuireJ. Thermal balance and tremor patterns during epidural anesthesia. Anesthesiology. Apr 1991; 74(4): 680–90.
45. KurzA. Physiology of thermoregulation. Best practice and research. Clinical Anaesthesiology. Dec 2008; 22(4): 627–44.
46. SesslerDI. Perioperative heat balance. Anesthesiology. Feb 2000; 92(2): 578–96.
47. BissonnetteB. Thermoregulation and paediatric anaesthesia. Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology. 1993; 6: 537–42.
48. KurzA, XiongJ, SesslerDI, et al. Desflurane reduces the gain of thermoregulatory arteriovenous shunt vasoconstriction in humans. Anesthesiology. Dec 1995; 83(6): 1212–19.
49. CheungSS, MekjavicIB. Human temperature regulation during subanesthetic levels of nitrous oxide-induced narcosis. Journal of Applied Physiology (1985). Jun 1995; 78(6): 2301–8.
50. KurzA, GoJC, SesslerDI, et al. Alfentanil slightly increases the sweating threshold and markedly reduces the vasoconstriction and shivering thresholds. Anesthesiology. Aug 1995; 83(2): 293–9.
51. IkedaT, KurzA, SesslerDI, et al. The effect of opioids on thermoregulatory responses in humans and the special antishivering action of meperidine. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. Mar 15 1997; 813: 792–8.
52. KurzA, SesslerDI, AnnadataR, et al. Midazolam minimally impairs thermoregulatory control. Anesthesia and Analgesia. Aug 1995; 81(2): 393–8.
53. LeslieK, SesslerDI, BjorkstenAR, et al. Propofol causes a dose-dependent decrease in the thermoregulatory threshold for vasoconstriction but has little effect on sweating. Anesthesiology. Aug 1994; 81(2): 353–60.
54. TalkeP, TayefehF, SesslerDI, et al. Dexmedetomidine does not alter the sweating threshold, but comparably and linearly decreases the vasoconstriction and shivering thresholds. Anesthesiology. Oct 1997; 87(4): 835–41.
55. EasleyRB, TobiasJD. Pro: dexmedetomidine should be used for infants and children undergoing cardiac surgery. Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia. Feb 2008; 22(1): 147–51.
56. FraserJG. Iatrogenic benign hyperthermia in children. Anesthesiology. May 1978; 48(5): 375.
57. MatsukawaT, SesslerDI, ChristensenR, OzakiM, SchroederM. Heat flow and distribution during epidural anesthesia. Anesthesiology. Nov 1995; 83(5): 961–7.
58. OzakiM, KurzA, SesslerDI, et al. Thermoregulatory thresholds during epidural and spinal anesthesia. Anesthesiology. Aug 1994; 81(2): 282–8.
59. LeslieK, SesslerDI. Reduction in the shivering threshold is proportional to spinal block height. Anesthesiology. Jun 1996; 84(6): 1327–31.
60. FrankSM, El-RahmanyHK, CattaneoCG, BarnesRA. Predictors of hypothermia during spinal anesthesia. Anesthesiology. May 2000; 92(5): 1330–4.
61. BissonnetteB, SesslerDI. Thermoregulatory thresholds for vasoconstriction in pediatric patients anesthetized with halothane or halothane and caudal bupivacaine. Anesthesiology. Mar 1992; 76(3): 387–92.
62. CorkRC, VaughanRW, HumphreyLS. Precision and accuracy of intraoperative temperature monitoring. Anesthesia and Analgesia. Feb 1983; 62(2): 211–14.