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  • Print publication year: 2014
  • Online publication date: November 2014

Chapter 18 - Otolaryngology


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2. ShenX, HuCB, YeM, ChenYZ. Propofol–remifentanil intravenous anesthesia and spontaneous ventilation for airway foreign body removal in children with preoperative respiratory impairment. Paediatric Anaesthesia. 2012; 22(12): 1166–70.
3. MalherbeS, WhyteS, SinghP, et al. Total intravenous anesthesia and spontaneous respiration for airway endoscopy in children– a prospective evaluation. Paediatric Anaesthesia. 2010; 20(5): 434–8.
4. CaiY, LiW, ChenK. Efficacy and safety of spontaneous ventilation technique using dexmedetomidine for rigid bronchoscopic airway foreign body removal in children. Paediatric Anaesthesia. 2013; 23(11): 1048–53.
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12. RaviR, HowellT. Anaesthesia for paediatric ear, nose, and throat surgery. Continuing Education in Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain. 2007; 7(2): 33–7.
13. RigginL, RamakrishnaJ, SommerDD, KorenG. A 2013 updated systematic review & meta-analysis of 36 randomized controlled trials; no apparent effects of non steroidal anti-inflammatory agents on the risk of bleeding after tonsillectomy. Clinical Otolaryngology. 2013; 38(2): 115–29.
14. FDA Drug Safety Communication. Safety review update of codeine use in children; new Boxed Warning and Contraindication on use after tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy. 2013. (Accessed September 1, 2013). Epub 02/20/2013.
15. KellyLE, RiederM, van den AnkerJ, et al. More codeine fatalities after tonsillectomy in North American children. Pediatrics. 2012; 129(5): e1343–7.
16. VoelkerR. Children’s deaths linked with postsurgical codeine. JAMA. 2012; 308(10): 963.
17. HeXY, CaoJP, ShiXY, ZhangH. Dexmedetomidine versus morphine or fentanyl in the management of children after tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology. 2013; 122(2): 114–20.
18. StewardDL, GriselJ, Meinzen-DerrJ. Steroids for improving recovery following tonsillectomy in children. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2011 (8): CD003997.
19. BissonnetteB. Pediatric Anesthesia: Basic Principles, State of the Art, Future. Shelton, CT: People’s Medical Publishing House, 2011.
20. DeutschES. Tracheostomy: pediatric considerations. Respiratory Care. 2010; 55(8): 1082–90.
21. WrightsonF, SomaM, SmithJH. Anesthetic experience of 100 pediatric tracheostomies. Paediatric Anaesthesia. 2009; 19(7): 659–66.
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26. RemzM, LuriaI, GravensteinM, et al. Prevention of airway fires: do not overlook the expired oxygen concentration. Anesthesia and Analgesia. 2014; 58(2): 87–8.
27. KilenyPR, NiparkoJK, ShepardNT, KeminkJL. Neurophysiologic intraoperative monitoring: I. Auditory function. American Journal of Otology. 1988; 9: Suppl: 17–24.
28. TooleyMA, StapletonCL, GreensladeGL, Prys-RobertsC. Mid-latency auditory evoked response during propofol and alfentanil anaesthesia. British Journal of Anaesthesia. 2004; 92(1): 25–32.
29. AkinA, EsmaogluA, TosunZ, et al. Comparison of propofol with propofol–ketamine combination in pediatric patients undergoing auditory brainstem response testing. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology. 2005; 69(11): 1541–5.
30. SureshS, BarcelonaSL, YoungNM, et al. Postoperative pain relief in children undergoing tympanomastoid surgery: is a regional block better than opioids? Anesthesia and Analgesia. 2002; 94(4): 859–62.