Cardiac rhythm management devices (part I): perioperative management. Anesthesiology 2001; 95(5):1265–1280.
Cardiac rhythm management devices (part II): indications, device selection, and function. Anesthesiology 2001; 95(6):1492–1506.
Practice advisory for the perioperative management of patients with cardiac rhythm management devices: pacemakers and implantable cardioverter-defibrillators: a report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Perioperative Management of Patients with Cardiac Rhythm Management Devices. Anesthesiology 2005; 103(1):186–198.