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  • Print publication year: 2019
  • Online publication date: July 2019

8 - Creativity and Culture


looks at why and how emoji encourage creative expression and documents the many playful ways in which they’re used. It asks why people translate works of literature into them and how swearing in emoji is more to do with language play than actual verbal abuse. It considers these questions within the context of the way that social media is itself encouraging a boom in creativity and user-made content and how emoji culture is very much part of this - and particularly its relation to meme culture. The chapter also looks at how emoji both reflect different aspects of modern culture in their design and are being incorporated within modern culture itself.