Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
  • Print publication year: 2014
  • Online publication date: December 2014

Chapter 10 - Cytopathology of the salivary glands

References

Sialadenosis (sialosis, asymptomatic parotid hypertrophy)
Ascoli V, Albedi FM, De Blasiis R, Nardi F. Sialadenosis of the parotid gland: report of four cases diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration cytology. Diagn Cytopathol 1993; 9: 151–5.
Donath K, Seifert G. Ultrastructural studies of the parotid glands in sialadenosis. Virchows Arch A Pathol Anat Histol 1975; 365: 119–35.
Gupta S, Sodhani P. Sialadenosis of parotid gland: a cytomorphologic and morphometric study of four cases. Anat Quant Cytol Histol 1998; 20: 225–8.
Henry-Stanley MJ, Beneke J, Bardales RH, Stanley MW. Fine-needle aspiration of normal tissue from enlarged salivary glands: sialosis or missed target? Diagn Cytopathol 1995; 13: 300–3.
Klijanienko J, Vielh P. Fine-needle sampling of salivary gland lesions. V. Cytology of 22 cases of acinic cell carcinoma with histologic correlation. Diagn Cytopathol 1997; 17: 347–52.
Layfield LJ. Cytopathology of Head and Neck, Chicago, IL: ASCP Theory and Practice of Cytopathology Series, 1997.
Palma O, Torri AM, de Cristofaro JA, Fiaccavento S. Fine needle aspiration cytology in two cases of well-differentiated acinic-cell carcinoma of the parotid gland. Discussion of diagnostic criteria. Acta Cytol 1985; 29: 516–21.
Sialolithiasis
Nasuti JF, Gupta PK, Fleisher SR, LiVolsi VA. Nontyrosine crystalloids in salivary gland lesions: report of seven cases with fine-needle aspiration cytology and follow-up surgical pathology. Diagn Cytopathol 2000; 22: 167–71.
Stanley MW, Bardales RH, Beneke J, Korourian S, Stern SJ. Sialolithiasis. Differential diagnostic problems in fine-needle aspiration cytology. Am J Clin Pathol 1996; 106: 229–33.
Zajicek J, Eneroth CM, Jakobsson P. Aspiration biopsy of salivary gland tumors. VI. Morphologic studies on smears and histologic sections from mucoepidermoid carcinoma. Acta Cytol 1976; 20: 35–41.
Acute sialadenitis
Chiu CH, Lin TY. Clinical and microbiological analysis of six children with acute suppurative parotitis. Acta Paediatr 1996; 85: 106–8.
Johnson FB, Oertel YC, Ammann K. Sialadenitis with crystalloid formation: a report of six cases diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration. Diagn Cytopathol 1995; 12: 76–80.
Reyes CV, Jensen JD. Parotid abscess due to Salmonella enteritidis: A case report. Acta Cytol 2006; 50: 677–9.
Wax TD, Layfield LJ, Zaleski S, et al. Cytomegalovirus sialadenitis in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: a potential diagnostic pitfall with fine-needle aspiration cytology. Diagn Cytopathol 1994; 10: 169–72.
Chronic sclerosing sialadenitis (Kuttner’s tumor, sialolithiasis of the submandibular salivary gland)
Cheuk W, Chan JK. Kuttner tumor of the submandibular gland: fine-needle aspiration cytologic findings of seven cases. Am J Clin Pathol 2002; 117: 103–8.
Kaba S, Kojima M, Matsuda H, et al. Kuttner’s tumor of the submandibular glands: report of five cases with fine-needle aspiration cytology. Diagn Cytopathol 2006; 34: 631–5.
Kojima M, Nakamura S, Itoh H, et al. Kuttner’s tumor of salivary glands resembling marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of the MALT type: a histopathologic and immunohistochemical study of 7 cases. Int J Surg Pathol 2004; 12: 389–93.
Kojima M, Nakamura S, Itoh H, Yamane Y, Tanaka H. Sclerosing variant of follicular lymphoma arising from submandibular glands and resembling “Kuttner tumor”: a report of 3 patients. Int J Surg Pathol 2003; 11: 303–7.
Granulomatous sialadenitis
Abendroth CS, Frauenhoffer EE. Nodular fasciitis of the parotid gland. Report of a case with presentation in an unusual location and cytologic differential diagnosis. Acta Cytol 1995; 39: 530–4.
Aggarwal AP, Jayaram G, Mandal AK. Sarcoidosis diagnosed on fine-needle aspiration cytology of salivary glands: a report of three cases. Diagn Cytopathol 1989; 5: 289–92.
Chhieng DC, Cohen JM, Cangiarella JF. Fine-needle aspiration of spindle cell and mesenchymal lesions of the salivary glands. Diagn Cytopathol 2000; 23: 253–9.
Frable MA, Frable WJ. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy: efficacy in the diagnosis of head and neck sarcoidosis. Laryngoscope 1984; 94: 1281–3.
Hughes JH, Volk EE, Wilbur DC, et al. Pitfalls in salivary gland fine-needle aspiration cytology: lessons from the College of American Pathologists Interlaboratory Comparison Program in Nongynecologic Cytology. Archives Path Lab Med 2005; 129: 26–31.
Mair S, Leiman G, Levinsohn D. Fine needle aspiration cytology of parotid sarcoidosis. Acta Cytol 1989; 33: 169–72.
Perez-Guillermo M, Perez JS, Parr FJE. Asteroid bodies and calcium oxalate crystals: two infrequent findings in fine-needle aspirates of parotid sarcoidosis. Diagn Cytopathol 1992; 8: 248–52.
Saad RS, Takei H, Lipscomb J, Ruiz B. Nodular fasciitis of parotid region: a pitfall in the diagnosis of pleomorphic adenomas on fine-needle aspiration cytology. Diagn Cytopathol 2005; 33: 191–4.
Zhang S, Bao R, Bagby J, Abreo F. Fine needle aspiration of salivary glands: 5-year experience form a single academic center. Acta Cytol 2009; 53: 375–82.
Benign lymphoepithelial cyst (cystic BLL)
Benharrats I, Jacob L, Taulera O. Parotitis due to mycobacterium and HIV infection. Rev Med Interne 1998; 19: 676–7.
Chhieng DC, Argosino R, McKenna BJ, Cangiarella JF, Cohen JM. Utility of fine-needle aspiration in the diagnosis of salivary gland lesions in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus. Diagn Cytopathol 1999; 21: 260–4.
Finfer MD, Gallo L, Perchick A, Schinella RA, Burstein DE. Fine needle aspiration biopsy of cystic benign lymphoepithelial lesion of the parotid gland in patients at risk for the acquired immune deficiency syndrome. Acta Cytol 1990; 34: 821–6.
Michelow P, Dezube BJ, Pantanowitz L. Fine needle aspiration of salivary gland masses in HIV-infected patients. Diagn Cytopathol 2012; 40: 684–90.
Weidner N, Geisinger KR, Sterling RT, Miller TR, Yen TS. Benign lymphoepithelial cysts of the parotid gland. A histologic, cytologic, and ultrastructural study. Am J Clin Pathol 1986; 85: 395–401.
Sjögren’s disease/benign lymphoepithelial lesions (BLL)/myoepithelial sialadenitis (MESA)/lymphoepithelial sialadenitis (LESA)
Brauneis J, Schroder M, Laskawi R, Droese M. The significance and limits of cytologic diagnosis in myoepithelial sialadenitis. Laryngorhinootologie 1989; 68: 209–11.
Chai C, Dodd LG, Glasgow BJ, Layfield LJ. Salivary gland lesions with a prominent lymphoid component: cytologic findings and differential diagnosis by fine-needle aspiration biopsy. Diagn Cytopathol 1997; 17: 183–90.
Fox RI. Sjogren’s syndrome. Lancet 2005; 366: 321–31.
Ruschenburg I, Kneitz S, Brinck U, et al. Myoepithelial sialadenitis versus low-grade non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma of the salivary gland in FNAB: is discrimination by means of an image processing system possible? In Vivo 1999; 13: 515–18.
Benign intraparotid lymph node
Allen EA, Syed ZA, Mathew S. Lymphoid lesions of the parotid. Diagn Cytopathol 1999; 21: 170–3.
Chhieng DC, Cangiarella JF, Cohen JM. Fine-needle aspiration cytology of lymphoproliferative lesions involving the major salivary glands. Am J Clin Pathol 2000; 113: 563–71.
Layfield LJ, Gopez E, Hirschowitz S. Cost efficiency analysis for fine-needle aspiration in the workup of parotid and submandibular gland nodules. Diagn Cytopathol 2006; 34: 734–8.
Mucocele
Carson HJ, Raslan WF, Castelli MJ, Gattuso P. Tyrosine crystals in benign parotid gland cysts: report of two cases diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration biopsy with ultrastructural and histochemical evaluation. Am J Clin Pathol 1994; 102: 699–702.
Oliveira DT, Consolaro A, Freitas FJ. Histopathological spectrum of 112 cases of mucocele. Braz Dent J 1993; 4: 29–36.
Seifert G, Donath K, von Gumberz C. Mucoceles of the minor salivary glands. Extravasation mucoceles (mucus granulomas) and retention mucoceles (mucus retention cysts). HNO 1981; 29: 179–91.
Benign mixed tumor (BMT)/pleomorphic adenoma (PA)
Eneroth CM, Zajicek J. Aspiration biopsy of salivary gland tumors. III. Morphologic studies on smears and histologic sections from 368 mixed tumors. Acta Cytol 1966; 10: 440–54.
Klijanienko J, Vielh P. Fine-needle sampling of salivary gland lesions. I. Cytology and histology correlation of 412 cases of pleomorphic adenoma. Diagn Cytopathol 1996; 14: 195–200.
Lee SS, Cho KJ, Jang JJ, Ham EK. Differential diagnosis of adenoid cystic carcinoma from pleomorphic adenoma of the salivary gland on fine needle aspiration cytology. Acta Cytol 1996; 40: 1246–52.
Matsuyama A, Hisaoka M, Nagao Y, Hashimoto H. Aberrant PLAG1 expression in pleomorphic adenomas of the salivary gland: a molecular, genetic and immunohistochemical study. Virchows Arch 2011; 458: 583–92.
Nagel H, Hotze HJ, Laskawi R, Chilla R, Droese M. Cytologic diagnosis of adenoid cystic carcinoma of salivary glands. Diagn Cytopathol 1999; 20: 358–66.
Stanley MW, Horwitz CA, Rollins SD, et al. Basal cell (monomorphic) and minimally pleomorphic adenomas of the salivary glands. Distinction from the solid (anaplastic) type of adenoid cystic carcinoma in fine-needle aspiration. Am J Clin Pathol 1996; 106: 35–41.
Stanley MW, Lowhagen T. Mucin production by pleomorphic adenomas of the parotid gland: a cytologic spectrum. Diagn Cytopathol 1990; 6: 49–52.
Swanson PE, Pettinato G, Lillemoe TJ, Wick MR. Gross cystic disease fluid protein-15 in salivary gland tumors. Arch Pathol Lab Med 1991; 115: 158–63.
Viguer JM, Vicandi B, Jimenez-Heffernan JA, Lopez-Ferrer P, Limeres MA. Fine needle aspiration cytology of pleomorphic adenoma. An analysis of 212 cases. Acta Cytol 1997; 41: 786–94.
Yang GC, Waisman J. Distinguishing adenoid cystic carcinoma from cylindromatous adenomas in salivary fine-needle aspirates: the cytologic clues and their ultrastructural basis. Diagn Cytopathol 2006; 34: 284–8.
Basal cell adenoma (tubular, trabecular, basaloid, monomorphic)
Chhieng DC, Paulino A. Basaloid tumors of the salivary glands. Ann Diagn Pathol 2002; 6: 363–72.
Hara H, Oyama T, Saku T. Fine needle aspiration cytology of basal adenoma of the salivary gland. Acta Cytol 2007; 51: 685–91.
Hood IC, Qizilbash AH, Salama SS, Alexopoulou I. Basal cell adenoma of parotid. Difficulty of differentiation from adenoid cystic carcinoma on aspiration biopsy. Acta Cytol 1983; 27: 515–20.
Klijanienko J, El-Naggar AK, Vielh P. Comparative cytologic and histologic study of fifteen basal cell tumors: differential diagnostic considerations. Diagn Cytopathol 1999; 21: 30–4.
Stanley MW, Horwitz CA, Henry MJ, Burton LG, Lowhagen T. Basal cell adenoma of the salivary gland: a benign adenoma that cytologically mimics adenoid cystic carcinoma. Diagn Cytopathol 1988; 4: 342–6.
Myoepithelioma
Chhieng DC, Paulino A. Cytology of myoepithelial carcinoma of the salivary gland. A study of 4 cases. Cancer 2002; 96: 32–6.
Darvishian F, Lin O. Myoepithelial cell-rich neoplasms. Cytologic features of benign and malignant lesions. Cancer 2004; 102: 355–61.
Das DK, Haji BE, Ahmed MS, Hossain MN. Myoepithelioma of the parotid gland initially diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology and immunocytochemistry: a case report. Acta Cytol 2005; 49: 65–70.
DiPalma S, Alasio L, Pilotti S. Fine needle aspiration (FNA) appearances of malignant myoepithelioma of the parotid gland. Cytopathology 1996; 7: 357–65.
Dodd LG, Caraway NP, Luna MA, Byers RM. Myoepithelioma of the parotid. Report of a case initially examined by fine needle aspiration biopsy. Acta Cytol 1994; 38: 417–21.
Kumar PV, Sobhani SA, Monabati A, et al. Myoepithelioma of the salivary glands, fine-needle aspiration findings. Acta Cytol 2004; 48: 302–8.
Miliauskas JR, Orell SV. Fine-needle aspiration cytological findings in five cases of epithelial myoepithelial carcinoma of salivary glands. Diagn Cytopathol 2003; 28: 163–7.
Nagao T, Sugano I, Ishida Y, et al. Basal cell adenocarcinoma of the salivary glands: comparison with basal cell adenoma through assessement of cell proliferation, apoptosis, and expression of p53 and bcl-2. Cancer 1998; 82; 439–47.
Ramdall RB, Cai G, Levine P, et al. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy findings in epithelioid myoepithelioma of the parotid gland: a case report. Diagn Cytopathol 2006; 34: 776–9.
Siddaraju N, Badhe BA, Gonneppanavar M, Mishra MM. Preoperative fine needle aspiration cytologic diagnosis of spindle cell myoepithelioma of the parotid gland: a case report. Acta Cytol 2008; 52: 495–9.
Oncocytoma
Eneroth CM, Zajicek J. Aspiration biopsy of salivary gland tumors II. Morphologic studies on smears and histologic sections from oncocytic tumors (45 cases of papillary cystadenoma lymphomatosum and 4 cases of oncocytoma). Acta Cytol 1965; 9: 355–61.
Layfield LJ. Cytopathology of Head and Neck. Chicago, IL: ASCP Theory and Practice of Cytopathology Series, 1997.
Warthin’s tumor (papillary cystadenoma lymphomatosum)
Ballo MS, Shin HJC, Sneige N. Sources of diagnostic error in fine-needle aspiration diagnosis of Warthin’s tumor and clues to a correct diagnosis. Diagn Cytopathol 1997; 17: 230–4.
Kim JY, Yoo YS, Kwon JE, Kim HJ, Park K. Fine-needle aspiration cytology with c-kit immunocytochemical staining in the diagnosis of Warthin’s tumor. Acta Cytol 2012; 56: 474–80.
Klijanienko J, Vielh P. Fine-needle sampling of salivary gland lesions. II. Cytology and histology correlation of 71 cases of Warthin’s tumor. Diagn Cytopathol 1997; 16: 221–5.
Laucirica R, Farnum JB, Leopold SK, Kalin GB, Youngberg GA. False-positive diagnosis in fine-needle aspiration of an atypical Warthin’s tumor: histochemical differential stains for cytodiagnosis. Diagn Cytopathol 1989; 5: 412–15.
Mandel L, Tomkoria A. Differentiating HIV-1 parotid cysts from papillary cystadenoma lymphomatosum. J Am Dent Assoc 2000; 131: 772–6.
Verma K, Kapila K. Salivary gland tumors with a prominent oncocytic component. Cytologic findings and differential diagnosis of oncocytomas and Warthin’s tumor on fine needle aspirates. Acta Cytol 2003; 47: 221–6.
Mucoepidermoid carcinoma
Clauditz TS, Gontarewicz A, Wang CJ, et al. 11q21 rearrangement is a frequent and highly specific genetic alteration in mucoepidermoid carcinoma. Diagn Mol Pathol 2012; 21: 134–7.
Cohen MB, Fisher PE, Holly EA, et al. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy of mucoepidermoid carcinoma. Statistical analysis. Acta Cytol 1990; 34: 43–9.
Goode RK, Auclair PL, Ellis GL. Mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the major salivary glands. Clinical and histopathologic analysis of 234 cases with evaluation of grading criteria. Cancer 1998; 82: 1217–24.
Klijanienko J, Vielh P. Fine-needle sampling of salivary gland lesions. IV. Review of 50 cases of mucoepidermoid carcinoma with histologic correlation. Diagn Cytopathol 1997; 17: 92–8.
Nordvist A, Gustafsson H, Juberg-Ode M, et al. Recurrent rearrangements of 11q14–22 in mucoepidermoid carcinoma. Cancer Genet Cytogenet 1994; 74: 77–83.
Zajicek J, Eneroth CM, Jakobsson P. Aspiration biopsy of salivary gland tumors. VI. Morphologic studies on smears and histologic sections from mucoepidermoid carcinoma. Acta Cytol 1976; 20: 35–41.
Adenoid cystic carcinoma
Eneroth CM, Zajicek J. Aspiration biopsy of salivary gland tumors. IV. Morphologic studies on smears and histologic sections from 45 cases of adenoid cystic carcinoma. Acta Cytol 1969; 19: 59–63.
Klijanienko J, Vielh P. Fine-needle aspiration sampling of salivary gland lesions. III. Cytologic and histologic correlations of 75 cases of adenoid cystic carcinoma: review and experience at the Institut Curie with emphasis on cytologic pitfalls. Diagn Cytopathol 1997; 17: 36–41.
Layfield LJ, Glasgow BJ. Diagnosis of salivary gland tumors by fine-needle aspiration cytology: a review of clinical utility and pitfalls. Diagn Cytopathol 1991; 7: 267–72.
Layfield LJ, Tan P, Glasgow BJ. Fine-needle aspiration of salivary gland lesions. Comparison with frozen sections and histologic findings. Arch Pathol Lab Med 1987; 111: 346–53.
Lee SS, Cho KJ, Jang JJ, Ham EK. Differential diagnosis of adenoid cystic carcinoma from pleomorphic adenoma of the salivary gland on fine needle aspiration cytology. Acta Cytol 1996; 40: 1246–52.
Nagel H, Hotze HJ, Laskawi R, Chilla R, Droese M. Cytologic diagnosis of adenoid cystic carcinoma of salivary glands. Diagn Cytopathol 1999; 20: 358–66.
Persson M, Andren Y, Mark J, et al. Recurrent fusion of MYB and NFIB transcription factor genes in carcinomas of the breast and head and neck. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 2009; 106: 18740–4.
Stallmach I, Zenklusen P, Komminoth P, et al. Loss of heterozygosity at chromosome 6q23–35 correlates with clinical and histologic parameters in salivary gland adenoid cystic carcinoma. Virchows Archiv 2002; 440: 77–84.
Stanley MW, Horwitz CA, Rollins SD, et al. Basal cell (monomorphic) and minimally pleomorphic adenomas of the salivary glands. Distinction from the solid (anaplastic) type of adenoid cystic carcinoma in fine-needle aspiration. Am J Clin Pathol 1996; 106: 35–41.
West RB, Kong C, Clarke N, et al. MYB expression and translocation in adenoid cystic carcinomas and other salivary gland tumors with clinicopathologic correlation. Am J Surg Path 2011; 35: 92–9.
Yang GC, Waisman J. Distinguishing adenoid cystic carcinoma from cylindromatous adenomas in salivary fine-needle aspirates: the cytologic clues and their ultrastructural basis. Diagn Cytopathol 2006; 34: 284–8.
Acinic cell carcinoma
Klijanienko J, Vielh P. Fine-needle sampling of salivary gland lesions. V. Cytology of 22 cases of acinic cell carcinoma with histologic correlation. Diagn Cytopathol 1997; 17: 347–52.
Nagel H, Laskawi R, Buter JJ, et al. Cytologic diagnosis of acinic cell carcinoma of salivary glands. Diagn Cytopathol 1997; 16: 402–12.
Palma O, Torri AM, de Cristofaro JA, Fiaccavento S. Fine-needle aspiration of two cases of well differentiated acinic cell carcinoma of the parotid gland. Discussion of diagnostic criteria. Acta Cytol 1985; 29: 516–21.
Takahashi H, Fujita S, Okabe H, Tsuda N, Tezuka F. Distribution of tissue markers in acinic cell carcinomas of salivary gland. Pathol Res Pract 1992; 188: 692–700.
Mammary analog secretory carcinoma (MASC)
Bishop JA, Yonescu R, Batista DA, Westra WH, Ali SZ. Cytopathologic features of mammary analogue secretory carcinoma. Cancer Cytopathol 2013; 121: 228–33.
Griffith CC, Stelow EB, Saqi A, et al. The cytological features of mammary analogue secretory carcinoma. Cancer Cytopathol 2013; 121: 234–41.
Levine P, Fried K, Krevitt LD, Wang B, Wenig BM. Aspiration biopsy of mammary analogue secretory carcinoma of accessory parotid gland: another diagnostic dilemma in matrix-containing tumors of the salivary glands. Diagn Cytopathol 2014; 42: 49–53.
Skálová A, Vanecek T, Sima R, et al. Mammary analogue secretory carcinoma of salivary glands, containing the ETV6 NTRK3 fusion gene: a hitherto undescribed salivary gland tumor entity. Am J Surg Pathol 2010; 34: 599–608.
Polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma
Beltran D, Faquin WC, Gallagher G, August M. Selective immunohistochemical comparison of polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma and adenoid cystic carcinoma. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2006; 64: 415–23.
Frierson HF, Covell JL, Mills SE. Fine-needle aspiration cytology of terminal duct carcinoma of minor salivary gland. Diagn Cytopathol 1987; 3: 159–62.
Gibbons D, Saboorian MH, Vuitch F, Gokaslan ST, Ashfaq R. Fine-needle aspiration findings in patients with polymorphous low grade adenocarcinoma of the salivary glands. Cancer 1999; 87: 31–6.
Klijanienko J, Viehl P. Salivary carcinomas with papillae: cytology and histology analysis of polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma and papillary cystadenocarcinoma. Diagn Cytopathol 1998; 19: 244–9.
Epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma
Carillo R, Poblet E, Rocanora E, Rodriguez-Peralto JL. Epithelial myoepithelial cell carcinoma of the salivary glands: fine-needle aspiration cytologic findings. Acta Cytol 1990; 34: 243–7.
Kawahara A, Harada H, Yokoyama T, Kage M. p63 expression of clear myoepithelial cells in epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma of the salivary gland: a useful marker for naked myoepithelial cells in cytology. Cancer 2005; 105: 240–5.
Klijanienko J, Vielh P. Fine needle sampling of salivary gland lesions. VII. Cytology and histology correlation of 5 cases of epithelial myopeithelial carcinoma. Diagn Cytopathol 1998; 19: 405–9.
Kocjan G, Milroy C, Fisher EW, Eveson JW. Cytologic features of epithelial myoepithelial cell carcinoma of the salivary gland: potential pitfalls in diagnosis. Cytopathology 1993; 4: 173–80.
Miliauskas JR, Orell SR. Fine-needle aspiration cytologic findings in 5 cases of epithelial myoepithelial carcinoma of salivary glands. Diagn Cytopathol 2003; 28: 163–7.
Wax T, Layfield LJ. Epithelial myoepithelial cell carcinoma of the parotid gland. A case report and comparison of cytologic features with other stromal, epithelial, and myoepithelial cell containing lesions of the salivary glands. Diagn Cytopathol 1996; 14: 298–304.
Squamous cell carcinoma
Bonneau H, Sommer D. L’orientation du diagnostic des tumeurs salivaires par la ponction a l’aiguille fine. Pathol Biol 1959; 7: 785–91.
Klijanienko J, Vielh P. Fine needle sampling of salivary gland lesions. VI. Cytologic review of 44 cases of primary salivary squamous cell carcinoma with histological correlation. Diagn Cytopathol 1998; 18: 174–8.
Lee S, Kim GE, Park CS, et al. Primary squamous cell carcinoma of the parotid gland. Am J Otolaryngol 2001; 22: 400–6.
Malignant mixed tumor (carcinoma ex-pleomorphic adenoma)
El-Naggar AK, Callender D, Coombes MM, et al. Molecular genetic alterations in carcinoma ex-pleomorphic adenoma: a putative progression model? Genes Chromosomes Cancer 2000; 27: 162–8.
Eneroth CM, Franzen S, Zajicek J. Cytologic diagnosis on aspirate from 1000 salivary gland tumours. Acta Otolaryngol 1967; 24: 168–71.
Klijanienko J, El-Naggar AK, Vielh P. Fine-needle sampling findings in 26 carcinoma ex-pleomorphic adenomas: diagnostic pitfalls and clinical considerations. Diagn Cytopathol 1999; 21: 163–6.
Klitz B, Pitman MB. Carcinoma ex-pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland: pitfalls in fine-needle aspiration biopsy diagnosis. Acta Cytol 1994; 38: 855.
Layfield LJ, Glasgow BJ. Diagnosis of salivary gland tumors by fine-needle aspiration cytology: a review of clinical utility and pitfalls. Diagn Cytopathol 1991; 7: 267–72.
Matsuyama A, Hisaoka M, Nagao Y, Hashimoto H. Aberrant PLAG1 expression in pleomorphic adenomas of the salivary gland: a molecular genetic and immunohistochemical study. Virchows Arch 2011; 458: 583–92.
Orell SR. Diagnostic difficulties in the interpretation of fine needle aspirates of salivary gland lesions: the problem revisited. Cytopathology 1995; 6: 285–300.
Stanley MW, Bardales RH, Farmer CE, et al. Primary and metastatic high grade carcinomas of the salivary glands. A cytologic-histologic correlation study of 20 cases. Diagn Cytopathol 1995; 13: 37–43.
Lymphoma
Brauneis J, Schroder M, Laskawi R, Droese M. The significance and limits of cytologic diagnosis in myoepithelial sialadenitis. Laryngorhinootologie 1989; 68: 209–11.
Chai C, Dodd LG, Glasgow BJ, Layfield LJ. Salivary gland lesions with a prominent lymphoid component: cytologic findings and differential diagnosis by fine-needle aspiration biopsy. Diagn Cytopathol 1997; 17: 183–90.
Kojima M, Nakamura S, Ichimura K, et al. Follicular lymphoma of the salivary gland: a clinicopathological and molecular study of six cases. Int J Surg Pathol 2001; 9: 287–93.
Kojima M, Nakamura S, Itoh H, et al. Kuttner’s tumor of salivary glands resembling marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of the MALT type: a histopathologic and immunohistochemical study of 7 cases. Int J Surg Pathol 2004; 12: 389–93.
Kojima M, Nakamura S, Itoh H, Yamane Y, Tanaka H. Sclerosing variant of follicular lymphoma arising from submandibular glands and resembling “Kuttner tumor”: a report of 3 patients. Int J Surg Pathol 2003; 11: 303–7.
Nakamura S, Ichimura K, Sato Y, et al. Follicular lymphoma frequently originates in the salivary gland. Pathol Int 2006; 56: 576–83.
Ochoa ER, Harris NL, Pilch BZ. Marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of the salivary gland arising in chronic sclerosing sialadenitis (Kuttner’s tumor). Am J Surg Pathol 2001; 25: 1546–50.
Ruschenburg I, Kneitz S, Brinck U, et al. Myoepithelial sialadenitis versus low-grade non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma of the salivary gland in FNAB: is discrimination by means of an image processing system possible? In Vivo 1999; 13: 515–18.
Wolvius EB, van der Valk P, van der Wal JE, et al. Primary non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma of the salivary glands. An analysis of 22 cases. J Oral Pathol Med 1996; 25: 177–81.
Secondary malignancies
Eishenawy Y, Youngberg G, Al-Abbadi MA. Unusual clinical presentation of cutaneous malignant melanoma metastatic to the parotid gland; initially discovered by fine needle aspiration: case report and review of literature. Diagn Cytopathol 2011; 39: 373–6.
Lussier C, Klijanienko J, Vielh P. Fine-needle aspiration of metastatic nonlymphomatous tumors to the major salivary glands. A clinicopathologic study of 40 cases cytologically diagnosed and histologically correlated. Cancer 2000; 90: 350–6.
Moore JG, Bocklage T. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy of large-cell undifferentiated carcinoma of the salivary glands: presentation of two cases, literature review, and differential cytodiagnosis of high-grade salivary gland malignancies. Diagn Cytopathol 1998; 19: 44–50.
Stanley MW, Bardales RH, Farmer CE, et al. Primary and metastatic high-grade carcinomas of the salivary glands: a cytologic-histologic correlation study of twenty cases. Diagn Cytopathol 1995; 13: 37–43.
Zhang C, Cohen JM, Cangiarella JF, et al. Fine-needle aspiration of secondary neoplasms involving the salivary glands. A report of 36 cases. Am J Clin Pathol 2000; 113: 21–8.

Sialadenosis (sialosis, asymptomatic parotid hypertrophy)

Ascoli V, Albedi FM, De Blasiis R, Nardi F. Sialadenosis of the parotid gland: report of four cases diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration cytology. Diagn Cytopathol 1993; 9: 151–5.
Donath K, Seifert G. Ultrastructural studies of the parotid glands in sialadenosis. Virchows Arch A Pathol Anat Histol 1975; 365: 119–35.
Gupta S, Sodhani P. Sialadenosis of parotid gland: a cytomorphologic and morphometric study of four cases. Anat Quant Cytol Histol 1998; 20: 225–8.
Henry-Stanley MJ, Beneke J, Bardales RH, Stanley MW. Fine-needle aspiration of normal tissue from enlarged salivary glands: sialosis or missed target? Diagn Cytopathol 1995; 13: 300–3.
Klijanienko J, Vielh P. Fine-needle sampling of salivary gland lesions. V. Cytology of 22 cases of acinic cell carcinoma with histologic correlation. Diagn Cytopathol 1997; 17: 347–52.
Layfield LJ. Cytopathology of Head and Neck, Chicago, IL: ASCP Theory and Practice of Cytopathology Series, 1997.
Palma O, Torri AM, de Cristofaro JA, Fiaccavento S. Fine needle aspiration cytology in two cases of well-differentiated acinic-cell carcinoma of the parotid gland. Discussion of diagnostic criteria. Acta Cytol 1985; 29: 516–21.

Sialolithiasis

Nasuti JF, Gupta PK, Fleisher SR, LiVolsi VA. Nontyrosine crystalloids in salivary gland lesions: report of seven cases with fine-needle aspiration cytology and follow-up surgical pathology. Diagn Cytopathol 2000; 22: 167–71.
Stanley MW, Bardales RH, Beneke J, Korourian S, Stern SJ. Sialolithiasis. Differential diagnostic problems in fine-needle aspiration cytology. Am J Clin Pathol 1996; 106: 229–33.
Zajicek J, Eneroth CM, Jakobsson P. Aspiration biopsy of salivary gland tumors. VI. Morphologic studies on smears and histologic sections from mucoepidermoid carcinoma. Acta Cytol 1976; 20: 35–41.

Acute sialadenitis

Chiu CH, Lin TY. Clinical and microbiological analysis of six children with acute suppurative parotitis. Acta Paediatr 1996; 85: 106–8.
Johnson FB, Oertel YC, Ammann K. Sialadenitis with crystalloid formation: a report of six cases diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration. Diagn Cytopathol 1995; 12: 76–80.
Reyes CV, Jensen JD. Parotid abscess due to Salmonella enteritidis: A case report. Acta Cytol 2006; 50: 677–9.
Wax TD, Layfield LJ, Zaleski S, et al. Cytomegalovirus sialadenitis in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: a potential diagnostic pitfall with fine-needle aspiration cytology. Diagn Cytopathol 1994; 10: 169–72.

Chronic sclerosing sialadenitis (Kuttner’s tumor, sialolithiasis of the submandibular salivary gland)

Cheuk W, Chan JK. Kuttner tumor of the submandibular gland: fine-needle aspiration cytologic findings of seven cases. Am J Clin Pathol 2002; 117: 103–8.
Kaba S, Kojima M, Matsuda H, et al. Kuttner’s tumor of the submandibular glands: report of five cases with fine-needle aspiration cytology. Diagn Cytopathol 2006; 34: 631–5.
Kojima M, Nakamura S, Itoh H, et al. Kuttner’s tumor of salivary glands resembling marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of the MALT type: a histopathologic and immunohistochemical study of 7 cases. Int J Surg Pathol 2004; 12: 389–93.
Kojima M, Nakamura S, Itoh H, Yamane Y, Tanaka H. Sclerosing variant of follicular lymphoma arising from submandibular glands and resembling “Kuttner tumor”: a report of 3 patients. Int J Surg Pathol 2003; 11: 303–7.

Granulomatous sialadenitis

Abendroth CS, Frauenhoffer EE. Nodular fasciitis of the parotid gland. Report of a case with presentation in an unusual location and cytologic differential diagnosis. Acta Cytol 1995; 39: 530–4.
Aggarwal AP, Jayaram G, Mandal AK. Sarcoidosis diagnosed on fine-needle aspiration cytology of salivary glands: a report of three cases. Diagn Cytopathol 1989; 5: 289–92.
Chhieng DC, Cohen JM, Cangiarella JF. Fine-needle aspiration of spindle cell and mesenchymal lesions of the salivary glands. Diagn Cytopathol 2000; 23: 253–9.
Frable MA, Frable WJ. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy: efficacy in the diagnosis of head and neck sarcoidosis. Laryngoscope 1984; 94: 1281–3.
Hughes JH, Volk EE, Wilbur DC, et al. Pitfalls in salivary gland fine-needle aspiration cytology: lessons from the College of American Pathologists Interlaboratory Comparison Program in Nongynecologic Cytology. Archives Path Lab Med 2005; 129: 26–31.
Mair S, Leiman G, Levinsohn D. Fine needle aspiration cytology of parotid sarcoidosis. Acta Cytol 1989; 33: 169–72.
Perez-Guillermo M, Perez JS, Parr FJE. Asteroid bodies and calcium oxalate crystals: two infrequent findings in fine-needle aspirates of parotid sarcoidosis. Diagn Cytopathol 1992; 8: 248–52.
Saad RS, Takei H, Lipscomb J, Ruiz B. Nodular fasciitis of parotid region: a pitfall in the diagnosis of pleomorphic adenomas on fine-needle aspiration cytology. Diagn Cytopathol 2005; 33: 191–4.
Zhang S, Bao R, Bagby J, Abreo F. Fine needle aspiration of salivary glands: 5-year experience form a single academic center. Acta Cytol 2009; 53: 375–82.

Benign lymphoepithelial cyst (cystic BLL)

Benharrats I, Jacob L, Taulera O. Parotitis due to mycobacterium and HIV infection. Rev Med Interne 1998; 19: 676–7.
Chhieng DC, Argosino R, McKenna BJ, Cangiarella JF, Cohen JM. Utility of fine-needle aspiration in the diagnosis of salivary gland lesions in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus. Diagn Cytopathol 1999; 21: 260–4.
Finfer MD, Gallo L, Perchick A, Schinella RA, Burstein DE. Fine needle aspiration biopsy of cystic benign lymphoepithelial lesion of the parotid gland in patients at risk for the acquired immune deficiency syndrome. Acta Cytol 1990; 34: 821–6.
Michelow P, Dezube BJ, Pantanowitz L. Fine needle aspiration of salivary gland masses in HIV-infected patients. Diagn Cytopathol 2012; 40: 684–90.
Weidner N, Geisinger KR, Sterling RT, Miller TR, Yen TS. Benign lymphoepithelial cysts of the parotid gland. A histologic, cytologic, and ultrastructural study. Am J Clin Pathol 1986; 85: 395–401.

Sjögren’s disease/benign lymphoepithelial lesions (BLL)/myoepithelial sialadenitis (MESA)/lymphoepithelial sialadenitis (LESA)

Brauneis J, Schroder M, Laskawi R, Droese M. The significance and limits of cytologic diagnosis in myoepithelial sialadenitis. Laryngorhinootologie 1989; 68: 209–11.
Chai C, Dodd LG, Glasgow BJ, Layfield LJ. Salivary gland lesions with a prominent lymphoid component: cytologic findings and differential diagnosis by fine-needle aspiration biopsy. Diagn Cytopathol 1997; 17: 183–90.
Fox RI. Sjogren’s syndrome. Lancet 2005; 366: 321–31.
Ruschenburg I, Kneitz S, Brinck U, et al. Myoepithelial sialadenitis versus low-grade non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma of the salivary gland in FNAB: is discrimination by means of an image processing system possible? In Vivo 1999; 13: 515–18.

Benign intraparotid lymph node

Allen EA, Syed ZA, Mathew S. Lymphoid lesions of the parotid. Diagn Cytopathol 1999; 21: 170–3.
Chhieng DC, Cangiarella JF, Cohen JM. Fine-needle aspiration cytology of lymphoproliferative lesions involving the major salivary glands. Am J Clin Pathol 2000; 113: 563–71.
Layfield LJ, Gopez E, Hirschowitz S. Cost efficiency analysis for fine-needle aspiration in the workup of parotid and submandibular gland nodules. Diagn Cytopathol 2006; 34: 734–8.

Mucocele

Carson HJ, Raslan WF, Castelli MJ, Gattuso P. Tyrosine crystals in benign parotid gland cysts: report of two cases diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration biopsy with ultrastructural and histochemical evaluation. Am J Clin Pathol 1994; 102: 699–702.
Oliveira DT, Consolaro A, Freitas FJ. Histopathological spectrum of 112 cases of mucocele. Braz Dent J 1993; 4: 29–36.
Seifert G, Donath K, von Gumberz C. Mucoceles of the minor salivary glands. Extravasation mucoceles (mucus granulomas) and retention mucoceles (mucus retention cysts). HNO 1981; 29: 179–91.

Benign mixed tumor (BMT)/pleomorphic adenoma (PA)

Eneroth CM, Zajicek J. Aspiration biopsy of salivary gland tumors. III. Morphologic studies on smears and histologic sections from 368 mixed tumors. Acta Cytol 1966; 10: 440–54.
Klijanienko J, Vielh P. Fine-needle sampling of salivary gland lesions. I. Cytology and histology correlation of 412 cases of pleomorphic adenoma. Diagn Cytopathol 1996; 14: 195–200.
Lee SS, Cho KJ, Jang JJ, Ham EK. Differential diagnosis of adenoid cystic carcinoma from pleomorphic adenoma of the salivary gland on fine needle aspiration cytology. Acta Cytol 1996; 40: 1246–52.
Matsuyama A, Hisaoka M, Nagao Y, Hashimoto H. Aberrant PLAG1 expression in pleomorphic adenomas of the salivary gland: a molecular, genetic and immunohistochemical study. Virchows Arch 2011; 458: 583–92.
Nagel H, Hotze HJ, Laskawi R, Chilla R, Droese M. Cytologic diagnosis of adenoid cystic carcinoma of salivary glands. Diagn Cytopathol 1999; 20: 358–66.
Stanley MW, Horwitz CA, Rollins SD, et al. Basal cell (monomorphic) and minimally pleomorphic adenomas of the salivary glands. Distinction from the solid (anaplastic) type of adenoid cystic carcinoma in fine-needle aspiration. Am J Clin Pathol 1996; 106: 35–41.
Stanley MW, Lowhagen T. Mucin production by pleomorphic adenomas of the parotid gland: a cytologic spectrum. Diagn Cytopathol 1990; 6: 49–52.
Swanson PE, Pettinato G, Lillemoe TJ, Wick MR. Gross cystic disease fluid protein-15 in salivary gland tumors. Arch Pathol Lab Med 1991; 115: 158–63.
Viguer JM, Vicandi B, Jimenez-Heffernan JA, Lopez-Ferrer P, Limeres MA. Fine needle aspiration cytology of pleomorphic adenoma. An analysis of 212 cases. Acta Cytol 1997; 41: 786–94.
Yang GC, Waisman J. Distinguishing adenoid cystic carcinoma from cylindromatous adenomas in salivary fine-needle aspirates: the cytologic clues and their ultrastructural basis. Diagn Cytopathol 2006; 34: 284–8.

Basal cell adenoma (tubular, trabecular, basaloid, monomorphic)

Chhieng DC, Paulino A. Basaloid tumors of the salivary glands. Ann Diagn Pathol 2002; 6: 363–72.
Hara H, Oyama T, Saku T. Fine needle aspiration cytology of basal adenoma of the salivary gland. Acta Cytol 2007; 51: 685–91.
Hood IC, Qizilbash AH, Salama SS, Alexopoulou I. Basal cell adenoma of parotid. Difficulty of differentiation from adenoid cystic carcinoma on aspiration biopsy. Acta Cytol 1983; 27: 515–20.
Klijanienko J, El-Naggar AK, Vielh P. Comparative cytologic and histologic study of fifteen basal cell tumors: differential diagnostic considerations. Diagn Cytopathol 1999; 21: 30–4.
Stanley MW, Horwitz CA, Henry MJ, Burton LG, Lowhagen T. Basal cell adenoma of the salivary gland: a benign adenoma that cytologically mimics adenoid cystic carcinoma. Diagn Cytopathol 1988; 4: 342–6.

Myoepithelioma

Chhieng DC, Paulino A. Cytology of myoepithelial carcinoma of the salivary gland. A study of 4 cases. Cancer 2002; 96: 32–6.
Darvishian F, Lin O. Myoepithelial cell-rich neoplasms. Cytologic features of benign and malignant lesions. Cancer 2004; 102: 355–61.
Das DK, Haji BE, Ahmed MS, Hossain MN. Myoepithelioma of the parotid gland initially diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology and immunocytochemistry: a case report. Acta Cytol 2005; 49: 65–70.
DiPalma S, Alasio L, Pilotti S. Fine needle aspiration (FNA) appearances of malignant myoepithelioma of the parotid gland. Cytopathology 1996; 7: 357–65.
Dodd LG, Caraway NP, Luna MA, Byers RM. Myoepithelioma of the parotid. Report of a case initially examined by fine needle aspiration biopsy. Acta Cytol 1994; 38: 417–21.
Kumar PV, Sobhani SA, Monabati A, et al. Myoepithelioma of the salivary glands, fine-needle aspiration findings. Acta Cytol 2004; 48: 302–8.
Miliauskas JR, Orell SV. Fine-needle aspiration cytological findings in five cases of epithelial myoepithelial carcinoma of salivary glands. Diagn Cytopathol 2003; 28: 163–7.
Nagao T, Sugano I, Ishida Y, et al. Basal cell adenocarcinoma of the salivary glands: comparison with basal cell adenoma through assessement of cell proliferation, apoptosis, and expression of p53 and bcl-2. Cancer 1998; 82; 439–47.
Ramdall RB, Cai G, Levine P, et al. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy findings in epithelioid myoepithelioma of the parotid gland: a case report. Diagn Cytopathol 2006; 34: 776–9.
Siddaraju N, Badhe BA, Gonneppanavar M, Mishra MM. Preoperative fine needle aspiration cytologic diagnosis of spindle cell myoepithelioma of the parotid gland: a case report. Acta Cytol 2008; 52: 495–9.

Oncocytoma

Eneroth CM, Zajicek J. Aspiration biopsy of salivary gland tumors II. Morphologic studies on smears and histologic sections from oncocytic tumors (45 cases of papillary cystadenoma lymphomatosum and 4 cases of oncocytoma). Acta Cytol 1965; 9: 355–61.
Layfield LJ. Cytopathology of Head and Neck. Chicago, IL: ASCP Theory and Practice of Cytopathology Series, 1997.

Warthin’s tumor (papillary cystadenoma lymphomatosum)

Ballo MS, Shin HJC, Sneige N. Sources of diagnostic error in fine-needle aspiration diagnosis of Warthin’s tumor and clues to a correct diagnosis. Diagn Cytopathol 1997; 17: 230–4.
Kim JY, Yoo YS, Kwon JE, Kim HJ, Park K. Fine-needle aspiration cytology with c-kit immunocytochemical staining in the diagnosis of Warthin’s tumor. Acta Cytol 2012; 56: 474–80.
Klijanienko J, Vielh P. Fine-needle sampling of salivary gland lesions. II. Cytology and histology correlation of 71 cases of Warthin’s tumor. Diagn Cytopathol 1997; 16: 221–5.
Laucirica R, Farnum JB, Leopold SK, Kalin GB, Youngberg GA. False-positive diagnosis in fine-needle aspiration of an atypical Warthin’s tumor: histochemical differential stains for cytodiagnosis. Diagn Cytopathol 1989; 5: 412–15.
Mandel L, Tomkoria A. Differentiating HIV-1 parotid cysts from papillary cystadenoma lymphomatosum. J Am Dent Assoc 2000; 131: 772–6.
Verma K, Kapila K. Salivary gland tumors with a prominent oncocytic component. Cytologic findings and differential diagnosis of oncocytomas and Warthin’s tumor on fine needle aspirates. Acta Cytol 2003; 47: 221–6.

Mucoepidermoid carcinoma

Clauditz TS, Gontarewicz A, Wang CJ, et al. 11q21 rearrangement is a frequent and highly specific genetic alteration in mucoepidermoid carcinoma. Diagn Mol Pathol 2012; 21: 134–7.
Cohen MB, Fisher PE, Holly EA, et al. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy of mucoepidermoid carcinoma. Statistical analysis. Acta Cytol 1990; 34: 43–9.
Goode RK, Auclair PL, Ellis GL. Mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the major salivary glands. Clinical and histopathologic analysis of 234 cases with evaluation of grading criteria. Cancer 1998; 82: 1217–24.
Klijanienko J, Vielh P. Fine-needle sampling of salivary gland lesions. IV. Review of 50 cases of mucoepidermoid carcinoma with histologic correlation. Diagn Cytopathol 1997; 17: 92–8.
Nordvist A, Gustafsson H, Juberg-Ode M, et al. Recurrent rearrangements of 11q14–22 in mucoepidermoid carcinoma. Cancer Genet Cytogenet 1994; 74: 77–83.
Zajicek J, Eneroth CM, Jakobsson P. Aspiration biopsy of salivary gland tumors. VI. Morphologic studies on smears and histologic sections from mucoepidermoid carcinoma. Acta Cytol 1976; 20: 35–41.

Adenoid cystic carcinoma

Eneroth CM, Zajicek J. Aspiration biopsy of salivary gland tumors. IV. Morphologic studies on smears and histologic sections from 45 cases of adenoid cystic carcinoma. Acta Cytol 1969; 19: 59–63.
Klijanienko J, Vielh P. Fine-needle aspiration sampling of salivary gland lesions. III. Cytologic and histologic correlations of 75 cases of adenoid cystic carcinoma: review and experience at the Institut Curie with emphasis on cytologic pitfalls. Diagn Cytopathol 1997; 17: 36–41.
Layfield LJ, Glasgow BJ. Diagnosis of salivary gland tumors by fine-needle aspiration cytology: a review of clinical utility and pitfalls. Diagn Cytopathol 1991; 7: 267–72.
Layfield LJ, Tan P, Glasgow BJ. Fine-needle aspiration of salivary gland lesions. Comparison with frozen sections and histologic findings. Arch Pathol Lab Med 1987; 111: 346–53.
Lee SS, Cho KJ, Jang JJ, Ham EK. Differential diagnosis of adenoid cystic carcinoma from pleomorphic adenoma of the salivary gland on fine needle aspiration cytology. Acta Cytol 1996; 40: 1246–52.
Nagel H, Hotze HJ, Laskawi R, Chilla R, Droese M. Cytologic diagnosis of adenoid cystic carcinoma of salivary glands. Diagn Cytopathol 1999; 20: 358–66.
Persson M, Andren Y, Mark J, et al. Recurrent fusion of MYB and NFIB transcription factor genes in carcinomas of the breast and head and neck. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 2009; 106: 18740–4.
Stallmach I, Zenklusen P, Komminoth P, et al. Loss of heterozygosity at chromosome 6q23–35 correlates with clinical and histologic parameters in salivary gland adenoid cystic carcinoma. Virchows Archiv 2002; 440: 77–84.
Stanley MW, Horwitz CA, Rollins SD, et al. Basal cell (monomorphic) and minimally pleomorphic adenomas of the salivary glands. Distinction from the solid (anaplastic) type of adenoid cystic carcinoma in fine-needle aspiration. Am J Clin Pathol 1996; 106: 35–41.
West RB, Kong C, Clarke N, et al. MYB expression and translocation in adenoid cystic carcinomas and other salivary gland tumors with clinicopathologic correlation. Am J Surg Path 2011; 35: 92–9.
Yang GC, Waisman J. Distinguishing adenoid cystic carcinoma from cylindromatous adenomas in salivary fine-needle aspirates: the cytologic clues and their ultrastructural basis. Diagn Cytopathol 2006; 34: 284–8.

Acinic cell carcinoma

Klijanienko J, Vielh P. Fine-needle sampling of salivary gland lesions. V. Cytology of 22 cases of acinic cell carcinoma with histologic correlation. Diagn Cytopathol 1997; 17: 347–52.
Nagel H, Laskawi R, Buter JJ, et al. Cytologic diagnosis of acinic cell carcinoma of salivary glands. Diagn Cytopathol 1997; 16: 402–12.
Palma O, Torri AM, de Cristofaro JA, Fiaccavento S. Fine-needle aspiration of two cases of well differentiated acinic cell carcinoma of the parotid gland. Discussion of diagnostic criteria. Acta Cytol 1985; 29: 516–21.
Takahashi H, Fujita S, Okabe H, Tsuda N, Tezuka F. Distribution of tissue markers in acinic cell carcinomas of salivary gland. Pathol Res Pract 1992; 188: 692–700.

Mammary analog secretory carcinoma (MASC)

Bishop JA, Yonescu R, Batista DA, Westra WH, Ali SZ. Cytopathologic features of mammary analogue secretory carcinoma. Cancer Cytopathol 2013; 121: 228–33.
Griffith CC, Stelow EB, Saqi A, et al. The cytological features of mammary analogue secretory carcinoma. Cancer Cytopathol 2013; 121: 234–41.
Levine P, Fried K, Krevitt LD, Wang B, Wenig BM. Aspiration biopsy of mammary analogue secretory carcinoma of accessory parotid gland: another diagnostic dilemma in matrix-containing tumors of the salivary glands. Diagn Cytopathol 2014; 42: 49–53.
Skálová A, Vanecek T, Sima R, et al. Mammary analogue secretory carcinoma of salivary glands, containing the ETV6 NTRK3 fusion gene: a hitherto undescribed salivary gland tumor entity. Am J Surg Pathol 2010; 34: 599–608.

Polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma

Beltran D, Faquin WC, Gallagher G, August M. Selective immunohistochemical comparison of polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma and adenoid cystic carcinoma. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2006; 64: 415–23.
Frierson HF, Covell JL, Mills SE. Fine-needle aspiration cytology of terminal duct carcinoma of minor salivary gland. Diagn Cytopathol 1987; 3: 159–62.
Gibbons D, Saboorian MH, Vuitch F, Gokaslan ST, Ashfaq R. Fine-needle aspiration findings in patients with polymorphous low grade adenocarcinoma of the salivary glands. Cancer 1999; 87: 31–6.
Klijanienko J, Viehl P. Salivary carcinomas with papillae: cytology and histology analysis of polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma and papillary cystadenocarcinoma. Diagn Cytopathol 1998; 19: 244–9.

Epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma

Carillo R, Poblet E, Rocanora E, Rodriguez-Peralto JL. Epithelial myoepithelial cell carcinoma of the salivary glands: fine-needle aspiration cytologic findings. Acta Cytol 1990; 34: 243–7.
Kawahara A, Harada H, Yokoyama T, Kage M. p63 expression of clear myoepithelial cells in epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma of the salivary gland: a useful marker for naked myoepithelial cells in cytology. Cancer 2005; 105: 240–5.
Klijanienko J, Vielh P. Fine needle sampling of salivary gland lesions. VII. Cytology and histology correlation of 5 cases of epithelial myopeithelial carcinoma. Diagn Cytopathol 1998; 19: 405–9.
Kocjan G, Milroy C, Fisher EW, Eveson JW. Cytologic features of epithelial myoepithelial cell carcinoma of the salivary gland: potential pitfalls in diagnosis. Cytopathology 1993; 4: 173–80.
Miliauskas JR, Orell SR. Fine-needle aspiration cytologic findings in 5 cases of epithelial myoepithelial carcinoma of salivary glands. Diagn Cytopathol 2003; 28: 163–7.
Wax T, Layfield LJ. Epithelial myoepithelial cell carcinoma of the parotid gland. A case report and comparison of cytologic features with other stromal, epithelial, and myoepithelial cell containing lesions of the salivary glands. Diagn Cytopathol 1996; 14: 298–304.

Squamous cell carcinoma

Bonneau H, Sommer D. L’orientation du diagnostic des tumeurs salivaires par la ponction a l’aiguille fine. Pathol Biol 1959; 7: 785–91.
Klijanienko J, Vielh P. Fine needle sampling of salivary gland lesions. VI. Cytologic review of 44 cases of primary salivary squamous cell carcinoma with histological correlation. Diagn Cytopathol 1998; 18: 174–8.
Lee S, Kim GE, Park CS, et al. Primary squamous cell carcinoma of the parotid gland. Am J Otolaryngol 2001; 22: 400–6.

Malignant mixed tumor (carcinoma ex-pleomorphic adenoma)

El-Naggar AK, Callender D, Coombes MM, et al. Molecular genetic alterations in carcinoma ex-pleomorphic adenoma: a putative progression model? Genes Chromosomes Cancer 2000; 27: 162–8.
Eneroth CM, Franzen S, Zajicek J. Cytologic diagnosis on aspirate from 1000 salivary gland tumours. Acta Otolaryngol 1967; 24: 168–71.
Klijanienko J, El-Naggar AK, Vielh P. Fine-needle sampling findings in 26 carcinoma ex-pleomorphic adenomas: diagnostic pitfalls and clinical considerations. Diagn Cytopathol 1999; 21: 163–6.
Klitz B, Pitman MB. Carcinoma ex-pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland: pitfalls in fine-needle aspiration biopsy diagnosis. Acta Cytol 1994; 38: 855.
Layfield LJ, Glasgow BJ. Diagnosis of salivary gland tumors by fine-needle aspiration cytology: a review of clinical utility and pitfalls. Diagn Cytopathol 1991; 7: 267–72.
Matsuyama A, Hisaoka M, Nagao Y, Hashimoto H. Aberrant PLAG1 expression in pleomorphic adenomas of the salivary gland: a molecular genetic and immunohistochemical study. Virchows Arch 2011; 458: 583–92.
Orell SR. Diagnostic difficulties in the interpretation of fine needle aspirates of salivary gland lesions: the problem revisited. Cytopathology 1995; 6: 285–300.
Stanley MW, Bardales RH, Farmer CE, et al. Primary and metastatic high grade carcinomas of the salivary glands. A cytologic-histologic correlation study of 20 cases. Diagn Cytopathol 1995; 13: 37–43.

Lymphoma

Brauneis J, Schroder M, Laskawi R, Droese M. The significance and limits of cytologic diagnosis in myoepithelial sialadenitis. Laryngorhinootologie 1989; 68: 209–11.
Chai C, Dodd LG, Glasgow BJ, Layfield LJ. Salivary gland lesions with a prominent lymphoid component: cytologic findings and differential diagnosis by fine-needle aspiration biopsy. Diagn Cytopathol 1997; 17: 183–90.
Kojima M, Nakamura S, Ichimura K, et al. Follicular lymphoma of the salivary gland: a clinicopathological and molecular study of six cases. Int J Surg Pathol 2001; 9: 287–93.
Kojima M, Nakamura S, Itoh H, et al. Kuttner’s tumor of salivary glands resembling marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of the MALT type: a histopathologic and immunohistochemical study of 7 cases. Int J Surg Pathol 2004; 12: 389–93.
Kojima M, Nakamura S, Itoh H, Yamane Y, Tanaka H. Sclerosing variant of follicular lymphoma arising from submandibular glands and resembling “Kuttner tumor”: a report of 3 patients. Int J Surg Pathol 2003; 11: 303–7.
Nakamura S, Ichimura K, Sato Y, et al. Follicular lymphoma frequently originates in the salivary gland. Pathol Int 2006; 56: 576–83.
Ochoa ER, Harris NL, Pilch BZ. Marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of the salivary gland arising in chronic sclerosing sialadenitis (Kuttner’s tumor). Am J Surg Pathol 2001; 25: 1546–50.
Ruschenburg I, Kneitz S, Brinck U, et al. Myoepithelial sialadenitis versus low-grade non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma of the salivary gland in FNAB: is discrimination by means of an image processing system possible? In Vivo 1999; 13: 515–18.
Wolvius EB, van der Valk P, van der Wal JE, et al. Primary non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma of the salivary glands. An analysis of 22 cases. J Oral Pathol Med 1996; 25: 177–81.

Secondary malignancies

Eishenawy Y, Youngberg G, Al-Abbadi MA. Unusual clinical presentation of cutaneous malignant melanoma metastatic to the parotid gland; initially discovered by fine needle aspiration: case report and review of literature. Diagn Cytopathol 2011; 39: 373–6.
Lussier C, Klijanienko J, Vielh P. Fine-needle aspiration of metastatic nonlymphomatous tumors to the major salivary glands. A clinicopathologic study of 40 cases cytologically diagnosed and histologically correlated. Cancer 2000; 90: 350–6.
Moore JG, Bocklage T. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy of large-cell undifferentiated carcinoma of the salivary glands: presentation of two cases, literature review, and differential cytodiagnosis of high-grade salivary gland malignancies. Diagn Cytopathol 1998; 19: 44–50.
Stanley MW, Bardales RH, Farmer CE, et al. Primary and metastatic high-grade carcinomas of the salivary glands: a cytologic-histologic correlation study of twenty cases. Diagn Cytopathol 1995; 13: 37–43.
Zhang C, Cohen JM, Cangiarella JF, et al. Fine-needle aspiration of secondary neoplasms involving the salivary glands. A report of 36 cases. Am J Clin Pathol 2000; 113: 21–8.