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  • Print publication year: 2010
  • Online publication date: May 2011
  • First published in: 1896



As we can trace very primitive elements in the worship of Artemis, so in her earliest monuments we find the very ancient type of the religious emblem, the rude stock or the shaped stone without any human semblance. The Artemis of Icaria was represented by a piece of unhewn wood according to Arnobius, and Pausanias describes the emblem of the Artemis Patroa of Sicyon as a pillar of stone. A cone-shaped stone, decorated below with metal bands and surmounted with a human head, was the form under which she was worshipped in her temple at Perge, which is represented with the idol inside on coins of the city, and we see an Artemis-idol of similar shape on a Neapolitan vase. The temple-statue of the Ephesian goddess of many breasts also preserves in the treatment of the lower limbs much of the aniconic form; and it is not unlikely that the statue of Artemis Μονογισήνη, which the legend ascribed to Daedalus, was of the same type, showing the transition from the pillar to the human likeness. It is an interesting fact that the most primitive representation of the human form which has come down to us from the beginnings of Greek sculpture, and which illustrates that transition, is an image of Artemis found in Delos, and now in Athens, and dedicated according to the inscription by Nicandra of Naxos ‘to the far-darting one, the lover of the bow’ (Pl. XXVIII).

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