Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
  • Print publication year: 2010
  • Online publication date: May 2010

4 - Dreaming during anesthesia

References

1. Nielsen T. A review of mentation in REM and NREM sleep: “covert” REM sleep as a possible reconciliation of two opposing models. Behavioural Brain Sciences 2000;23:851–66.
2. Schredl M, Wittman L, Ciric P, Gotz S. Factors of home dream recall: a structural equation model. J Sleep Res 2003;12:133–41.
3. Rechschaffen A, Kales A. The Manual of Standardized Terminology, Techniques, and Snoring System for Sleep Stage of Human Subjects. Washington, DC: Public Health Service, US Government Printing Office, 1968.
4. Hobson J. Dreaming: An Introduction to the Science of Sleep. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.
5. Siegel J, Manger P, Nienhuis R, Fahringer H, Shalita T, Pettigrew J. Sleep in the platypus. Neuroscience 1999;91:391–400.
6. Revonsuo A. The reinterpretation of dreams: an evolutionary hypothesis of the function of dreaming. Behavioural and Brain Sciences 2000;23:877–901.
7. Stickgold R, Scott L, Rittenhouse C, Hobson J. Sleep induced changes in associative memory. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 1999;11:182–93.
8. Harris T, Brice D, Hetherington R, Utting J. Dreaming associated with anaesthesia: the influence of morphine premedication and two volatile adjuvants. Br J Anaesth 1971;43:172–8.
9. Padmanabhan U, Leslie K. Anaesthetists' practice of sedation for colonoscopy. Anaesth Intensive Care 2008;36:436–41.
10. Finkel KJ, Burnside BA, Zhang L, Searleman AC, Avidan MS. Dreaming in patients in the B-Unaware Trial. Anesth 2007, A727(abstract).
11. Stait M, Leslie K, Bailey R. Dreaming and recall during sedation for colonoscopy. Anaesth Intensive Care 2008;36:685–90.
12. Errando C, Sigl J, Robles M, Calabuig E, Garcia J, Arocas F, Higueras R, del Rosario E, Lopez D, Peiro C, Soriano J, Chaves S, Gil F, Garcia-Aguado R. Awareness with recall during general anaesthesia: a prospective observational evaluation of 4001 patients. Br J Anaesth 2008;101:178–85.
13. Samuelsson P, Brudin L, Sandin R. Intraoperative dreams reported after general anaesthesia are not early interpretations of delayed awareness. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2008;52:805–9.
14. Samuelsson P, Brudin L, Sandin R. BIS does not predict dreams reported after anaesthesia. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2008;52:810–14.
15. Paech M, Scott K, Clavisi O, Chua S, McDonnell N, Group AT. A prospective survey of awareness and recall associated with general anaesthesia for caesarean section. Int J Obstet Anesth 2008; 17:298–303.
16. Aceto P, Congedo E, Lai C, Valente A, Gualtieri E. Dreams recall and auditory evoked potentials during propofol anaesthesia. NeuroReport 2007;18:823–6.
17. Toscano A, Pancaro C, Peduto V. Scopolamine prevents dreams during general anesthesia. Anesthesiology 2007;106:952–5.
18. Leslie K, Skrzypek H, Paech M, Kurowski I, Whybrow T. Dreaming during anesthesia and anesthetic depth in elective surgery patients: a prospective cohort study. Anesthesiology 2007;106:33–42.
19. Huang G, Davidson A, Stargatt R. Dreaming during anaesthesia in children: incidence, nature and associations. Anaesthesia 2005;60:854–61.
20. Leslie K, Myles P, Forbes A, Chan M, Swallow S, Short T. Dreaming during anaesthesia in patients at high risk of awareness. Anaesthesia 2005;60:239–44.
21. Myles P, Leslie K, McNeil J, Forbes A, Chan M, Group B-AT. A randomised controlled trial of BIS monitoring to prevent awareness during anaesthesia: the B-Aware Trial. Lancet 2004;363:1757–63.
22. Sebel P, Bowdle T, Ghoneim M, Rampil I, Padilla R, Gan T, Domino K. The incidence of awareness during anesthesia: a multicenter United States study. Anesth Analg 2004;99: 833–9.
23. Hellwagner K, Holzer A, Gustorff B, Schroegendorfer K, Greher M, Weindlmayr-Goettel M, Saletu B, Lackner F. Recollection of dreams after short general anaesthesia: influence on patient anxiety and satisfaction. Eur J Anaesthesiol 2003;20:282–8.
24. Grace R. The effect of variable-dose diazepam on dreaming and emergence phenomena in 400 cases of ketamine-fentanyl anaesthesia. Anaesthesia 2003;58:904–10.
25. Aceto P, Valente A, Gorgoglione M, Adducci E, De Cosmo G. Relationship between awareness and middle latency auditory evoked responses during surgical anaesthesia. Br J Anaesth 2003;90:630–5.
26. Ghoneim M, Block R, Dhanaraj V, Todd M, Choi W, Brown C. Auditory evoked responses and learning and awareness during general anaesthesia. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2000;44:133–43.
27. Ranta S, Laurila R, Saario J, Ali-Melkkila T, Hynynen M. Awareness with recall during general anesthesia: incidence and risk factors. Anesth Analg 1998;86:1084–9.
28. Nordstrom O, Engstrom A, Persson S, Sandin R. Incidence of awareness in total i.v. Anaesthesia based on propofol, alfentanil and neuromuscular blockade. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 1997;41:978–84.
29. Brandner B, Blagrove M, McCallum G, Bromley L. Dreams, images and emotions associated with propofol anaesthesia. Anaesthesia 1997;52:750–5.
30. Oxorn D, Ferris L, Harrington E, Orser B. The effects of midazolam on propofol-induced anesthesia: propofol dose requirements, mood profiles, and perioperative dreams. Anesth Analg 1997;85:553–9.
31. Kasmacher H, Petermeyer M, Decker C. Incidence and quality of dreaming during anaesthesia with propofol compared with enflurane. Anaesthetist 1996;45:146–53.
32. Marsch S, Schaefer H, Tschan C, Meier B. Dreaming and anaesthesia: total iv anaesthesia with propofol vs. balanced volatile anaesthesia with enflurane. Eur J Anaesthesiol 1992;9:331–3.
33. Liu W, Thorp T, Graham S, Aitkenhead A. Incidence of awareness with recall during general anaesthesia. Anaesthesia 1991;46.
34. Bogod D, Orton J, Oh T. Detecting awareness during general anaesthetic caesarean section. Anaesthesia 1990;45:279–84.
35. Gunawardene R. Propofol and dreaming. Anaesthesia 1989;44:266–7.
36. Galletly D, Short T, Forrest P. Patient-administered anxiolysis – a pilot study. Anaesth Intens Care 1989;17:144–50.
37. Hobbs A, Bush G, Downham D. Perioperative dreaming and awareness in children. Anaesthesia 1988;43:560–2.
38. O'Sullivan E, Childs D, Bush G. Perioperative dreaming in paediatric patients who receive suxamethonium. Anaesthesia 1988;43:104–6.
39. Schaer H. Propofol infusion technique for maintenance of anesthesia for short procedures. Anaesthetist 1988;37:187–92.
40. Schultetus R, Hill C, Dharamraj C, Banner T, Berman L. Wakefulness during cesarean section after anesthesia induction with ketamine, thiopental or ketamine and thiopental combinations. Anesth Analg 1986;65:723–8.
41. Crawford J. Awareness during operative obstetrics under general anaesthesia. Br J Anaesth 1971;43:179–82.
42. Abouleish E, Taylor FH. Effect of morphine-diazepam on signs of anesthesia, awareness and dreams of patients under N2 O for cesarean section. Anesth Analg 1976;55:702–6.
43. Wilson S, Vaughan R, Stephen C. Awareness, dreams, and hallucinations associated with general anesthesia. Anesth Analg 1975;54:609–17.
44. McKie B, Thorpe E. Awareness and dreaming during anaesthesia in a paediatric hospital. Anaesth Intensive Care 1973;1:407–14.
45. Brice D, Hetherington R, Utting J. A simple study of awareness and dreaming during anaesthesia. Br J Anaesth 1970;42:535–42.
46. Hutchinson A, Maltby J, Reid C. Gastric fluid volume and pH in elective inpatients. Part I. Coffee or orange juice versus overnight fast. Can J Anaesth 1988;35:12–15.
47. Hutchinson R. Awareness during surgery. Br J Anaesth 1960;33:463–9.
48. Schredl M. Dream recall frequency, attitude towards dreams and openness to experience. Dreaming 2003;13:143–53.
49. Myles P, Hunt J, Fletcher H. Sex differences in speed of emergence and quality of recovery after anaesthesia: A cohort study. BMJ 2001;322:710–11.
50. Giron M, Forsell Y, Bernsten C, Thorslund M, Winblad B, Fastbom J. Sleep problems in a very old population: drug use and clinical correlates J GerontolA Biol Sci Med Sci 2002 57:M236–40.
51. Foley D, Monjan A, Brown S, Simonsick E, Wallace R, Blazer D. Sleep complaints among elderly persons – an epidemiologic study of 3 communities. Sleep and Biological Rhythms 1995;18:425–32.
52. Young P. Hallucinations after propofol (letter). Anaesthesia 1988;43:170.
53. Hunter D, Thornily A, Whitburn R. Arousal from propofol. Anaesthesia 1987;42:1128–9.
54. Schaefer H, Marsch S. An ususual emergence after total intravenous anaesthesia. Anaesthesia 1989;44:928–9.
55. Schmid R, Sandler A, Katz J. Use and efficacy of low dose ketamine in the management of acute postoperative pain: a review of current techniques and outcomes. Pain 1999;82:111–25.
56. Wilson S, Argyropoulos S. Antidepressants and sleep: a qualitative review of the literature. Drugs 2005;65:927–47.
57. Pace-Schott E, Gersh T, Silverstri R, Stickgold R, Salzman C, Hobson J. SSRI treatment suppresses dream recall frequency but increases subjective dream intensity in normal subjects. J Sleep Res 2001;10:129–42.
58. Galletly DC, Short TG. Total intravenous anaesthesia using propofol infusion – 50 consecutive cases. Anaesth Intensive Care 1988;16:150–7.
59. Crawford J, Lewis M, Davies P. Maternal and neonatal responses related to volatile agent used to maintain anaesthesia at caesarean section. Br J Anaesth 1985;57:482–7.
60. Thompson K, Knight A. Hallucinations after propofol (letter). Anaesthesia 1988;43:170–1.
61. Leslie K, Skrzypek H. Dreaming during anaesthesia in adult patients. Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol 2007;21:403–14.
62. Plourde G, Belin P, Chartrand D, Fiset P, Backman S, Xie G, Zatorre R. Cortical processing of complex auditory stimuli during alterations of consciousness with the general anesthetic propofol. Anesthesiology 2006;104:448–57.
63. Nieuwenhuijs D, Coleman E, Douglas N, Drummond G, Dahan A. Bispectral index values and spectral edge frequency at different stages of physiologic sleep. Anesth Analg 2002;94:125–9.
64. Sleigh J, Andrzejowski J, Steyn-Ross A, Steyn-Ross M. The Bispectral Index: a measure of depth of sleep? Anesth Analg 1999;88:659–61.
65. Keifer J, Baghdoyan H, Becker L, Lydic R. Halothane anaesthesia causes decreased acetylcholine release in the pontine reticular formation and increased EEG spindles. NeuroReport 1994;5:577–80.
66. Lydic R, Biebuyck J. Sleep neurobiology: relevance for mechanistic studies of anaesthesia. Br J Anaesth 1994;72:506–8.
67. Tung A, Bergmann B, Herrera S, Cao D, Mendelson W. Recovery from sleep deprivation occurs during propofol anaesthesia. Anesthesiology 2004;100:1419–26.
68. Davidson A, Huang G, Czarnecki C, Gibson M, Stewart S, Jamsen K, Starrgat R. Awareness during anesthesia in children: a prospective cohort study. Anesth Analg 2005;100:653–61.