Skip to main content Accessibility help
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 9
  • Cited by
    This chapter has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Moses, Julianne I. 1997. Dust ablation during the Shoemaker-Levy 9 impacts. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, Vol. 102, Issue. E9, p. 21619.

    Weaver, H. A. 1997. The impact of comet D/Shoemaker-Levy 9 with Jupiter. Symposium - International Astronomical Union, Vol. 178, Issue. , p. 205.

    Wolven, Brian C. Feldman, Paul D. Strobel, Darrell F. and McGrath, Melissa A. 1997. Lyα–induced Fluorescence of H2and Co inHubble Space TelescopeSpectra of a Comet Shoemaker‐Levy 9 Impact Site on Jupiter. The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 475, Issue. 2, p. 835.

    Heymann, Dieter Cataldo, Franco Thiemens, Mark h. Fokkens, Roelof Nibbering, Nico m. m. and Vis, Ronald d. 2000. Formation of CmSncompounds by photopolymerization of CS2in the atmosphere of Jupiter. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, Vol. 35, Issue. 2, p. 355.

    Bézard, Bruno Lellouch, Emmanuel Strobel, Darrell Maillard, Jean-Pierre and Drossart, Pierre 2002. Carbon Monoxide on Jupiter: Evidence for Both Internal and External Sources. Icarus, Vol. 159, Issue. 1, p. 95.

    Lellouch, E. Bézard, B. Moses, J.I. Davis, G.R. Drossart, P. Feuchtgruber, H. Bergin, E.A. Moreno, R. and Encrenaz, T. 2002. The Origin of Water Vapor and Carbon Dioxide in Jupiter's Stratosphere. Icarus, Vol. 159, Issue. 1, p. 112.

    Encrenaz, Therese 2008. Remote sensing analysis of solar-system objects. Physica Scripta, Vol. T130, Issue. , p. 014037.

    Irwin, Patrick G. J. Toledo, Daniel Garland, Ryan Teanby, Nicholas A. Fletcher, Leigh N. Orton, Glenn A. and Bézard, Bruno 2018. Detection of hydrogen sulfide above the clouds in Uranus’s atmosphere. Nature Astronomy, Vol. 2, Issue. 5, p. 420.

    Plane, John M. C. Flynn, George J. Määttänen, Anni Moores, John E. Poppe, Andrew R. Carrillo-Sanchez, Juan Diego and Listowski, Constantino 2018. Impacts of Cosmic Dust on Planetary Atmospheres and Surfaces. Space Science Reviews, Vol. 214, Issue. 1,

  • Print publication year: 1996
  • Online publication date: September 2009

Chemistry induced by the impacts: Observations


This paper reviews spectroscopic measurements relevant to the chemical modifications of Jupiter's atmosphere induced by the Shoemaker-Levy 9 impacts. Such observations have been successful at all wavelength ranges from the UV to the centimeter. At the date this paper is written, newly detected or enhanced molecular species resulting from the impacts include H2O, CO, S2, CS2, CS, OCS, NH3, HCN and C2H4. There is also a tentative detection of enhanced PH3 and a controversial detection of H2S. All new and enhanced species were detected in Jupiter's stratosphere. With the exception of NH3 (and perhaps H2S and PH3), apparently present down to the 10–50 mbar level, the minor species are seen at pressures lower than 1 mbar or less, consistent with a formation during the plume splashback at 1–100 microbar. NH3 may result from upwelling associated with vertical mixing generated by the impacts. The main oxygen species is apparently CO, with a total mass of a few 1014 g for the largest impacts, consistent with that available in 400–700 m radius fragments. The observed O/S ratio is reasonably consistent with cometary abundances, but the O/N ratio (inferred from CO/HCN) is much larger, suggesting that another N species was formed but remained undetected, presumably N2. The time evolution of NH3, S2, CS2 shows evidence for photochemical activity taking place during and after the impact week.

Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

The Collision of Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 and Jupiter
  • Online ISBN: 9780511525056
  • Book DOI:
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to *