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  • Print publication year: 2016
  • Online publication date: June 2016

Chapter 19 - Spinal anesthesia

from Section 4 - The clinical setting
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19.Karinen, J, Rasanen, J, Alahuhta, S, Jouppila, R, Jouppila, P. Maternal and uteroplacental haemodynamic state in pre-eclamptic patients during spinal anaesthesia for Caesarean section. Br J Anaesth 1996; 76: 616–20.
20.Chanimov, M, Gershfeld, S, Cohen, ML, Sherman, D, Bahar, M. Fluid preload before spinal anaesthesia in Caesarean section: the effect on neonatal acid–base status. Eur J Anaesthesiol 2006; 23: 676–9.
21.Marciniak, A, Wujtewicz, M, Owczuk, R. The impact of colloid infusion prior to spinal anaesthesia for caesarean section on the condition of a newborn – a comparison of balanced and unbalanced hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4. Anaesthesiol Intensive Ther 2013; 45: 1419.
22.Pouta, AM, Karinen, J, Vuolteenaho, OJ, Laatikainen, TJ. Effect of intravenous fluid preload on vasoactive peptide secretion during Caesarean section under spinal anaesthesia. Anaesthesia 1996; 51: 128–32.
23.Pouta, A, Karinen, J, Vuolteenaho, O, Laatikainen, T. Pre-eclampsia: the effect of intravenous fluid preload on atrial natriuretic peptide secretion during caesarean section under spinal anaesthesia. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 1996; 40: 1203–9.
24.Faydaci, F, Gunaydin, B. Different preloading protocols with constant ephedrine infusion in the prevention of hypotension for elective cesarean section under spinal anesthesia. Acta Anaesthesiol Belg 2011; 62: 510.
25.Banerjee, A, Stocche, RM, Angle, P, Halpern, SH. Preload or coload for spinal anesthesia for elective Cesarean delivery: a meta-analysis. Can J Anaesth 2010; 57: 2431.
26.Hahn, RG. Volume kinetics for infusion fluids. Anesthesiology 2010; 113: 470–81.
27.Siddik-Sayyid, SM, Nasr, VG, Taha, SK, et al. A randomized trial comparing colloid preload to coload during spinal anesthesia for elective cesarean delivery. Anesth Analg 2009; 109: 1219–24.
28.Ueyama, H, He, YL, Tanigami, H, Mashimo, T, Yoshiya, I. Effects of crystalloid and colloid preload on blood volume in the parturient undergoing spinal anesthesia for elective Cesarean section [see comments]. Anesthesiology 1999; 91: 1571–6.
29.Riley, ET, Cohen, SE, Rubenstein, AJ, Flanagan, B. Prevention of hypotension after spinal anesthesia for cesarean section: six percent hetastarch versus lactated Ringer's solution. Anesth Analg 1995; 81: 838–42.
30.Buggy, D, Higgins, P, Moran, C, et al. Prevention of spinal anesthesia-induced hypotension in the elderly: comparison between preanesthetic administration of crystalloids, colloids, and no prehydration. Anesth Analg 1997; 84: 106–10.
31.Buggy, D, Fitzpatrick, G. Intravascular volume optimisation during repair of proximal femoral fracture. Regional anaesthesia is usually technique of choice. BMJ 1998; 316: 1090.
32.Ngan, Kee WD, Khaw, KS, Lee, BB, Ng, FF, Wong, MM. Randomized controlled study of colloid preload before spinal anaesthesia for caesarean section. Br J Anaesth 2001; 87: 772–4.
33.Morgan, PJ, Halpern, SH, Tarshis, J. The effects of an increase of central blood volume before spinal anesthesia for cesarean delivery: a qualitative systematic review. Anesth Analg 2001; 92: 9971005.
34.Dahlgren, G, Granath, F, Pregner, K, et al. Colloid vs. crystalloid preloading to prevent maternal hypotension during spinal anesthesia for elective cesarean section. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2005; 49: 1200–6.
35.Dahlgren, G, Granath, F, Wessel, H, Irestedt, L. Prediction of hypotension during spinal anesthesia for Cesarean section and its relation to the effect of crystalloid or colloid preload. Int J Obstet Anesth 2007; 16: 128–34.
36.Davies, P, French, GW. A randomised trial comparing 5 mL/kg and 10 mL/kg of pentastarch as a volume preload before spinal anaesthesia for elective Caesarean section. Int J Obstet Anesth 2006; 15: 279–83.
37.Vercauteren, MP, Hoffmann, V, Coppejans, HC, Van Steenberge, AL, Adriaensen, HA. Hydroxyethylstarch compared with modified gelatin as volume preload before spinal anaesthesia for Caesarean section. Br J Anaesth 1996; 76: 731–3.
38.Cyna, AM, Andrew, M, Emmett, RS, Middleton, P, Simmons, SW. Techniques for preventing hypotension during spinal anaesthesia for Caesarean section. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2006: CD002251.
39.McDonald, S, Fernando, R, Ashpole, K, Columb, M. Maternal cardiac output changes after crystalloid or colloid coload following spinal anesthesia for elective Cesarean delivery: a randomized controlled trial. Anesth Analg 2011; 113: 803–10.
40.Li, L, Zhang, Y, Tan, Y, Xu, S. Colloid or crystalloid solution on maternal and neonatal hemodynamics for Cesarean section: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2013; 39: 932–41.
41.Mercier, FJ, Diemunsch, P, Ducloy-Bouthors, AS, et al. 6% Hydroxyethyl starch (130/0.4) vs. Ringer's lactate preloading before spinal anaesthesia for Caesarean delivery: the randomized, double-blind, multicentre CAESAR trial. Br J Anaesth 2014; 113: 459–67.
42.Mitra, JK, Roy, J, Bhattacharyya, P, Yunus, M, Lyngdoh, NM. Changing trends in the management of hypotension following spinal anesthesia in Cesarean section. J Postgrad Med 2013; 59: 121–6.
43.Sharwood-Smith, G, Drummond, GB. Hypotension in obstetric spinal anaesthesia: a lesson from pre-eclampsia. Br J Anaesth 2009; 102: 291–4.
44.Dyer, RA, Reed, AR, van Dyk, D, et al. Hemodynamic effects of ephedrine, phenylephrine, and the coadministration of phenylephrine with oxytocin during spinal anesthesia for elective Cesarean delivery. Anesthesiology 2009; 111: 753–65.
45.Ngan, Kee WD. Phenylephrine infusions for maintaining blood pressure during spinal anesthesia for Cesarean delivery: finding the shoe that fits. Anesth Analg 2014; 118: 496–8.