Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
  • Print publication year: 2010
  • Online publication date: August 2010

4 - Pharmacology

References

1. EinarssonSG, CerneA, BengtssonA, et al. Respiration during emergence from anaesthesia with desflurane/N2O vs. desflurane/air for gynaecological laparoscopy. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 1998;42:1192–8.
2. KatohT, IkedaK. The effects of fentanyl on sevoflurane requirements for loss of consciousness and skin incision. Anesthesiology 1998;88:18–24.
3. AlbertinA, DedolaE, BergonziPC, et al. The effect of adding two target-controlled concentrations (1–3 ng ml−1) of remifentanil on MAC BAR of desflurane. Eur J Anaesthesiol 2006;23:510–16.
4. InagakiY, SumikawaK, YoshiyaI. Anesthetic interaction between midazolam and halothane in humans. Anesth Analg 1993;76:613–17.
5. MintoCF, SchniderTW, EganTD, et al. Influence of age and gender on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of remifentanil. I. Model development. Anesthesiology 1997;86:10–23.
6. HoymorkSC, RaederJ. Why do women wake up faster than men from propofol anaesthesia? Br J Anaesth 2005;95:627–33.
7. KazamaT, IkedaK, MoritaK, et al. Comparison of the effect-site k(eO)s of propofol for blood pressure and EEG bispectral index in elderly and younger patients. Anesthesiology 1999;90:1517–27.
8. AbsalomAR, StruysMRF. An overview of TCI and TIVA, Ghent: Academia Press, 2005.
9. HoymorkSC, RaederJ, GrimsmoB, SteenPA. Bispectral index, predicted and measured drug levels of target-controlled infusions of remifentanil and propofol during laparoscopic cholecystectomy and emergence. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2000;44:1138–44.
10. MintoCF, SchniderTW, ShaferSL. Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of remifentanil. II. Model application. Anesthesiology 1997;86:24–33.
11. KennyGN, WhiteM. A portable computerised infusion system for propofol. Anaesthesia 1990;45:692–3.
12. VereeckeHE, VasquezPM, JensenEW, et al. New composite index based on midlatency auditory evoked potential and electroencephalographic parameters to optimize correlation with propofol effect site concentration: comparison with bispectral index and solitary used fast extracting auditory evoked potential index. Anesthesiology 2005;103:500–7.
13. MintoCF, SchniderTW, GreggKM, et al. Using the time of maximum effect site concentration to combine pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. Anesthesiology 2003;99:324–33.
14. MjalandO, RaederJ, AasboeV, et al. Outpatient laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Br J Surg 1997;84:958–61.
15. SeitsonenER, Yli-HankalaAM, KorttilaKT. Similar recovery from bispectral index-titrated isoflurane and sevoflurane anesthesia after outpatient gynecological surgery. J Clin Anesth 2006;18:272–9.
16. RaederJC, MisvaerG. Comparison of propofol induction with thiopentone or methohexitone in short outpatient general anaesthesia. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 1988;32:607–13.
17. LeeJS, GonzalezML, ChuangSK, PerrottDH. Comparison of methohexital and propofol use in ambulatory procedures in oral and maxillofacial surgery. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2008;66:1996–2003.
18. CarolloDS, NossamanBD, RamadhyaniU. Dexmedetomidine: a review of clinical applications. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2008;21:457–61.
19. SandersRD, MazeM. Alpha2-adrenoceptor agonists. Curr Opin Investig Drugs 2007;8:25–33.
20. LenzH, RaederJ, HoymorkSC. Administration of fentanyl before remifentanil-based anaesthesia has no influence on post-operative pain or analgesic consumption. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2008;52:149–54.
21. RaederJC, HoleA. Alfentanil anaesthesia in gall-bladder surgery. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 1986;30:35–40.
22. RaederJ. Remifentanil, a new age in anaesthesia? In: VuykJ, EngbersF, Groen-MulderS, eds. On the Study and Practice of Intravenous Anaesthesia, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic, 2000: 249–60.
23. RaederJC, StensethLB. Ketamine: a new look at an old drug. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2000;13:463–8.
24. LenzH, SandvikL, QvigstadE, et al. A comparison of intravenous oxycodone and intravenous morphine in patient-controlled postoperative analgesia after laparoscopic hysterectomy. Anesth Analg 2009;109:1279–83.
25. SandinRH, EnlundG, SamuelssonP, LennmarkenC. Awareness during anaesthesia: a prospective case study. Lancet 2000;355:707–11.
26. McNeilIA, CulbertB, RussellI. Comparison of intubating conditions following propofol and succinylcholine with propofol and remifentanil 2 μg kg−1 or 4 μg kg−1. Br J Anaesth 2000;85:623–5.
27. MenckeT, EchternachM, KleinschmidtS, et al. Laryngeal morbidity and quality of tracheal intubation: a randomized controlled trial. Anesthesiology 2003;98:1049–56.
28. StevensJB, WheatleyL. Tracheal intubation in ambulatory surgery patients: using remifentanil and propofol without muscle relaxants. Anesth Analg 1998;86:45–9.
29. HarboeT, GuttormsenAB, IrgensA, et al. Anaphylaxis during anesthesia in Norway: a 6-year single-center follow-up study. Anesthesiology 2005;102:897–903.
30. BergH, RoedJ, Viby-MogensenJ, et al. Residual neuromuscular block is a risk factor for postoperative pulmonary complications. A prospective, randomised, and blinded study of postoperative pulmonary complications after atracurium, vecuronium and pancuronium. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 1997;41:1095–103.
31. ErikssonLI, SundmanE, OlssonR, et al. Functional assessment of the pharynx at rest and during swallowing in partially paralyzed humans: simultaneous videomanometry and mechanomyography of awake human volunteers. Anesthesiology 1997;87:1035–43.
32. KirkegaardH, HeierT, CaldwellJE. Efficacy of tactile-guided reversal from cisatracurium-induced neuromuscular block. Anesthesiology 2002;96:45–50.
33. LovstadRZ, ThagaardKS, BernerNS, RaederJC. Neostigmine 50 μg kg−1 with glycopyrrolate increases postoperative nausea in women after laparoscopic gynaecological surgery. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2001;45:495–500.
34. StrayerRJ, NelsonLS. Adverse events associated with ketamine for procedural sedation in adults. Am J Emerg Med 2008;26:985–1028.
35. FriedbergBL. Propofol-ketamine technique. Aesthetic Plast Surg 1993;17:297–300.
36. FriedbergBL. Propofol ketamine anesthesia for cosmetic surgery in the office suite. Int Anesthesiol Clin 2003;41:39–50.
37. MessengerDW, MurrayHE, DungeyPE, et al. Subdissociative-dose ketamine versus fentanyl for analgesia during propofol procedural sedation: a randomized clinical trial. Acad Emerg Med 2008;15:877–86.
38. AouadMT, MoussaAR, DagherCM, et al. Addition of ketamine to propofol for initiation of procedural anesthesia in children reduces propofol consumption and preserves hemodynamic stability. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2008;52:561–5.
39. AouadMT, MoussaAR, DagherCM, et al. Addition of ketamine to propofol for initiation of procedural anesthesia in children reduces propofol consumption and preserves hemodynamic stability. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2008;52:561–5.
40. GoelS, BhardwajN, JainK. Efficacy of ketamine and midazolam as co-induction agents with propofol for laryngeal mask insertion in children. Paediatr Anaesth 2008;18:628–34.
41. SlavikVC, ZedPJ. Combination ketamine and propofol for procedural sedation and analgesia. Pharmacotherapy 2007;27:1588–98.
42. De KockMF, Lavand’hommePM. The clinical role of NMDA receptor antagonists for the treatment of postoperative pain. Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol 2007;21:85–98.
43. StubhaugA, BreivikH, EidePK, et al. Mapping of punctuate hyperalgesia around a surgical incision demonstrates that ketamine is a powerful suppressor of central sensitization to pain following surgery. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 1997;41:1124–32.
44. BellRF, DahlJB, MooreRA, KalsoE. Peri-operative ketamine for acute post-operative pain: a quantitative and qualitative systematic review (Cochrane review). Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2005;49:1405–28.
45. EliaN, TramèrMR. Ketamine and postoperative pain – a quantitative systematic review of randomised trials. Pain 2005;113:61–70.
46. KwokRF, LimJ, ChanMT, et al. Preoperative ketamine improves postoperative analgesia after gynecologic laparoscopic surgery. Anesth Analg 2004;98:1044–9, table.
47. RoytblatL, KorotkoruchkoA, KatzJ, et al. Postoperative pain: the effect of low-dose ketamine in addition to general anesthesia. Anesth Analg 1993;77:1161–5.
48. MathisenLC, AasboV, RaederJ. Lack of pre-emptive analgesic effect of (R)-ketamine in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 1999;43:220–4.
49. CollardV, MistralettiG, TaqiA, et al. Intraoperative esmolol infusion in the absence of opioids spares postoperative fentanyl in patients undergoing ambulatory laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Anesth Analg 2007;105:1255–62, table.