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  • Print publication year: 2019
  • Online publication date: August 2019

Part I - Basic Components of Chemical Nonequilibrium Models


Combustion processes (that is, conversion of chemical energy of propellant components into thermal energy of combustion products) are typical for various engineering systems. Working volumes wherein these processes can occur may be represented by combustion chambers of liquid-propellant rocket engines (LPRE), solid-propellant rocket engines (SPRE), air-breathing engines (ABE) steam-gas generators, magnetohydrodynamic generators (MHD generators), boiler furnaces of thermal electric power stations, and cylinders of internal combustion engines (ICEs) [1]. Besides, further conversion of combustion products with chemical conversions can proceed also in aircraft and rocket engine nozzles, ICE exhaust systems, LPRE gas ducts, etc.