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  • Print publication year: 2019
  • Online publication date: September 2019

13 - Bosnia-Herzegovina since 1991

from Part Four - Yugoslav Successor States

Summary

Bosnia-Herzegovina experienced a traumatic war that led to the death of over 100,000 citizens and the displacement of half the population. The Dayton Peace Accords have regulated post-war reconstruction and politics since 1995, resulting in a complex power-sharing system that relied heavily on extensive international intervention in the first post-war decade. Subsequent international disengagement and the persistence of nationalist and clientalist political parties has led to stagnation characterized by high levels of political polarization and limited progress in terms of economic development or Euro-Atlantic integration. The narratives of the war remain present and mutually exclusive.