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  • Print publication year: 2019
  • Online publication date: November 2019

Chapter 3 - Anesthetic Neurotoxicity in Children


This chapter, provides an overview on the concerns centered on neurotoxicity from anesthetics in children following the FDA warning from 2016 and 2017. The authors provide a background for both clinical and basic science evidence on the effects of commonly used anesthetics on neural development. After review of the landmark studies in both animals and humans, the chapter provides suggestions for reducing exposure as well as addressing parental concerns.