Skip to main content Accessibility help
  • Print publication year: 2017
  • Online publication date: May 2017

Chapter 35 - Ventilator Associated Pneumonia

Related content

Powered by UNSILO
1.American Thoracic Society, Infectious Diseases Society of America. Guidelines for the management of adults with hospital-acquired, ventilator-associated, and healthcare-associated pneumonia. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2005;171:388416.
2.Vincent, JL, Bihari, DJ, Suter, PM, et al. The prevalence of nosocomial infection in intensive care units in Europe. JAMA 1995;274:639–44.
3.Melsen, WG, Rovers, MM, Koeman, M, et al. Estimating the attributable mortality of ventilator-associated pneumonia from randomized prevention studies. Crit Care Med 2011;39:17.
4.Johanson, WG, Pierce, AK, Sandford, JP, et al. Nosocomial respiratory infections with gram-negative bacilli. The significance of colonization of the respiratory tract. Ann Intern Med 1972;77:701–6.
5.Fabregas, N, Ewig, S, Torres, A, et al. Clinical diagnosis of ventilator-associated pneumonia revisited: comparative validation using immediate post-mortem lung biopsies. Thorax 1999;54:867–73.
6.Shan, J, Chen, HL, Zhu, JH. Diagnostic accuracy of clinical pulmonary infection score for ventilator-associated pneumonia: a meta-analysis. Respir Care 2011;56:1087–94.
7.Horan, T, Gaynes, R. Surveillance of nosocomial infections. In: Mayhall, C, ed. Hospital Epidemiology and Infection Control, 3rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2004:16591702.
8.Berton, DC, Kalil, AC, Cavalcanti, M, et al. Quantitative versus qualitative cultures of respiratory secretions for clinical outcomes in patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2012;CD006482.
9.Masterton, RG, Galloway, A, French, G, et al. Guidelines for the management of hospital-acquired pneumonia in the UK: report of the working party of hospital-acquired pneumonia of the British Society of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. J Antimicrob Chemother 2008;62:534.
10.Liberati, A, D’Amico, R, Pifferi, S, et al. Antibiotic prophylaxis to reduce respiratory tract infections and mortality in adults receiving intensive care. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2009;CD000022.
11.Campbell, F, Cooper, K, Czoski-Murray, C, et al. Technical patient safety solutions for prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia in adults. Health Services Research Unit. April 2008.
12.Klompas, M, Speck, K, Howell, D, et al. Reappraisal of routine oral care with chlorhexidine gluconate for patients receiving mechanical ventilation. JAMA Intern Med 2014;174:751–61.
13.Kollef, MH, Afessa, B, Anzueto, A, et al. Silver-coated endotracheal tubes and incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia: the NASCENT randomized trial. JAMA 2008;300:805–13.
14.Muscedere, J, Rewa, O, McKechnie, K, et al. Subglottic secretion drainage for the prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Crit Care Med 2011;39:1985–91.