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  • Print publication year: 2017
  • Online publication date: May 2017

Chapter 11 - Variceal Haemorrhage

1.Garcia-Pagan, JC, Caca, K, Bureau, C et al. Early use of TIPS in patients with cirrhosis and variceal bleeding. N Engl J Med. 2010;362:2370–9.
2.Krige, JE, Kotze, UK, Bornman, PC et al. Variceal recurrence, rebleeding, and survival after endoscopic injection sclerotherapy in 287 alcoholic cirrhotic patients with bleeding esophageal varices. Ann Surg 2006;244:764–70.
3.Chavez-Tapia, NC, Barrientos-Gutierrez, T, Tellez-Avila, F et al. Meta-analysis: antibiotic prophylaxis for cirrhotic patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding - an updated Cochrane review. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2011;34:509–18.
4.Ioannou, G, Doust, J, Rockey, D C. Terlipressin for acute esophageal variceal hemorrhage. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2003.
5.Gotzsche, PC. Somatostatin or octreotide for acute bleeding oesophageal varices. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2000.
6.Laine, L, Cook, D. Endoscopic ligation compared with sclerotherapy for treatment of esophageal variceal bleeding. A meta-analysis. Ann Intern Med. 1995;123:280–7.
7.Lo, GH, Lai, KH, Cheng, JS et al. A prospective, randomized trial of butyl cyanoacrylate injection versus band ligation in the management of bleeding gastric varices. Hepatology 2001;33:1060–4.
8.Rikkers, LF, Jin, G. Emergency shunt. Role in the present management of variceal bleeding. Arch Surg. 1995;130:472–7. Franchis, R. Revising consensus in portal hypertension: report of the Baveno V consensus workshop on methodology of diagnosis and therapy in portal hypertension. J Hepatol. 2010;53:762–8.
10.Moreau, R, Jalan, R, Gines, P et al. Acute-on-chronic liver failure is a distinct syndrome that develops in patients with acute decompensation of cirrhosis. Gastroenterology. 2013;144:1426–37.
11.Pugh, RN, Murray-Lyon, IM, Dawson, JL, Pietroni, MC, Williams, R. Transection of the oesophagus for bleeding oesophageal varices. The British Journal of Surgery 1973; 60(8):646–9.