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  • Print publication year: 2019
  • Online publication date: October 2019

4 - The Battles of the Trans-Mississippi, 1861–1863

from Part I - Major Battles and Campaigns


Several important military operations took place in Missouri, Kansas, Arkansas, and the Indian Territory (Oklahoma) during the first two years of the Civil War. Historians sometimes dismiss the struggle in the trans-Mississippi as a sideshow having little to do with the “real war” east of the Mississippi River, but in fact it was an integral and often significant part of the larger conflict. Operations in the trans-Mississippi usually were smaller in scale than those in other theaters, but they shaped the course of events on both sides of the Great River.