Allport, G. W. (1937). Personality: A psychological interpretation. New York: Holt.
Aquino, K., Douglas, S., & Martinko, M. J. (2004). Overt anger in response to victimization: Attributional style and organizational norms as moderators. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 9, 152–164.
Arnold, M. B. (1960). Emotion and personality (Vols. 1, 2). New York: Columbia University Press.
Aunger, R., & Curtis, V. (2013). The anatomy of motivation: An evolutionary-ecological approach. Biological Theory, 14, 49–63.
Averill, J. R. (1982). Anger and aggression: An essay on emotion. New York: Springer.
Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. New York: Freeman.
Barford, K. A., & Smilie, L. (2016). Mixed emotions, Big Five, openness, extraversion, neuroticism. Personality and Individual Differences, 102, 118–122.
Bar-On, R. (1997). Emotional Quotient Inventory: Technical manual. Toronto, Canada: Multi-Health Systems.
Barr, L. K., Kahn, J. H., & Schneider, W. J. (2008). Individual differences in emotion expression: Hierarchical structure and relations with psychological distress. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 27, 1045–1077.
Baumeister, R. F., Vohs, K. D., DeWall, C. N., & Zhang, L. (2007). How emotion shapes behavior: Feedback, anticipation, and reflection, rather than direct causation. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 11, 167–203.
Baumert, A., & Schmitt, M. (2016). Justice sensitivity. In Sabbagh, C. & Schmitt, M. (Eds.), Handbook of social justice theory and research (pp. 161–180). New York: Springer.
Bentham, J. (1789/1970). An introduction to the principles of morals and legislation. London: Athlone Press.
Bleidorn, W., Kandler, C., & Caspi, A. (2014). The behavioral genetics of personality development in adulthood: Classic, contemporary, and future trends. European Journal of Personality, 28, 244–255.
Bouchard, T. J. Jr. (2004). Genetic influence on human psychological traits. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 13, 148–151.
Brinker, J. K., & Dozois, D. J. A. (2008). Ruminative thought styles and depressed mood. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 65, 1–19.
Brunstein, J. C., Schultheiss, O. C., & Grässmann, R. (1998). Personal goals and emotional well-being: The moderating role of motive dispositions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75, 494–508.
Brunstein, J. C., Schultheiss, O. C., & Maier, G. W. (1999). The pursuit of personal goals: A motivational approach to well-being and life adjustment. In Brandtstädter, J. & Lerner, R. M. (Eds.), Action and self-development: Theory and research through the life span (pp. 169–196). New York: Sage.
Buss, D. M. (2009). How can evolutionary psychology successfully explain personality and individual Differences? Perspectives on Psychological Science, 4, 359–366.
Byrne, D. (1964). Repression-sensitization as a dimension of personality. In Maher, B. A. (Ed.), Progress in experimental personality research (Vol. 1, pp. 169–220). New York: Academic Press.
Cacioppo, J. T., Petty, R. E., & Feinstein, J. (1996). Dispositional differences in cognitive motivation: The life and times of individuals varying in need for cognition. Psychological Bulletin, 119, 197–253.
Carver, C. S. (2004). Negative affects deriving from the behavioral approach system. Emotion, 4, 3–22.
Carver, C. S. (2006). Approach, avoidance, and the self-regulation of affect and action. Motivation and Emotion, 30, 105–110.
Carver, C. S., & Connor-Smith, J. (2010). Personality and coping. Annual Review of Psychology, 61, 679–704.
Carver, C. S., Scheier, M. F., & Weintraub, J. G. (1989). Assessing coping strategies: A theoretically based approach. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 56, 267–283.
Cervone, D. (2005). Personality architecture: Within-person structures and processes. Annual Review of Psychology, 56, 423–452.
Cox, W. M., & Klinger, E. (2004). Handbook of motivational counseling. Chichester, UK: Wiley.
Damasio, A. R. (1994). Descartes’ error. New York: Avon.
Davis, M. H. (1983). The effects of dispositional empathy on emotional reactions and helping: A multidimensional approach. Journal of Personality, 51, 167–184.
Day, A. L., Therrien, D. L., & Carroll, S. A. (2005). Predicting psychological health: Assessing the incremental validity of emotional intelligence beyond personality, type A behaviour, and daily hassles. European Journal of Personality, 19, 519–536.
Deffenbacher, J. L., Oetting, E. R., Thwaites, G. A., Lynch, R. S., Baker, D. A., Stark, R. S., Thacker, S., & Eiswerth-Cox, L. (1996). State-trait anger theory and the utility of the trait anger scale. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 43, 131–148.
Deffenbacher, J. L., Stephens, A. N., & Sullman, M. J. M. (2016). Driving anger as a psychological construct: Twenty years of research using the Driving Anger Scale. Transportation Research, Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 42, 236–247.
Del Barrio, V., Aluja, A., & García, L. F. (2004). Relationship between empathy and the Big Five of personality traits in a sample of Spanish adolescents. Social Behavior and Personality, 32, 677–682.
DeYoung, C. G., Peterson, J. B., & Higgins, D. M. (2005). Sources of Openness/Intellect: Cognitive and neuropsychological correlates of the fifth factor of personality. Journal of Personality, 73, 825–858.
DeYoung, C. G., Quilty, L. C., & Peterson, J. B. (2007). Between facets and domains: 10 Aspects of the Big Five. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 93, 880–896.
Diener, E., Smith, H., & Fujita, F. (1995). The personality structure of affect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69, 130–141.
Durán, J. I., Reisenzein, R., & Fernández–Dols, J.-M. (2017). Coherence between emotions and facial expressions: A research synthesis. In Russell, J. A. & Fernández–Dols, J.-M. (Eds.), The science of facial expression (pp. 107–129). New York: Oxford University Press.
Elfenbein, H. A., & Eisenkraft, N. (2010). The relationship between displaying and perceiving nonverbal cues of affect: A meta-analysis to solve an old mystery. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 98, 301–318.
Ellsworth, P. C., & Scherer, K. R. (2003). Appraisal processes in emotion. In Davidson, R. J., Scherer, K. R. & Goldsmith, H. H. (Eds.), Handbook of Affective Sciences (pp. 572–595). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Emmons, R. A. (1986). Personal strivings: An approach to personality and subjective well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 1058–1068.
Emmons, R. A. (1996). Striving and feeling: Personal goals and subjective well-being. In Gollwitzer, P. M. & Bargh, J. A. (Eds.), The psychology of action: Linking cognition and motivation to behavior (pp. 313–337). New York: Guilford Press.
Endler, N. S., Speer, R. L., Johnson, J. M., & Flett, G. L. (2001). General self-efficacy and control in relation to anxiety and cognitive performance. Current Psychology: Developmental, Learning, Personality, Social, 20, 36–52.
Fletcher, G. J. O. (1993). The scientific credibility of commonsense psychology. In Craik, K. H., Hogan, R. & Wolde, R. N. (Eds.), Fifty years of personality psychology (pp. 251–268). New York: Springer Science and Media.
Flynn, J. J., Hollenstein, T., & Mackey, A. M. (2010). The effect of suppressing and not accepting emotions on depressive symptoms: Is suppression different for men and women? Personality and Individual Differences, 49, 582–586.
Frijda, N. H. (1986). The emotions. Cambridge,UK: Cambridge University Press.
Frijda, N. H. (1994). Emotions are functional, most of the time. In Ekman, P. & Davidson, R. J. (Eds.), The nature of emotion (pp. 112–136). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Gray, J. A. (1994). Three fundamental emotion systems. In Ekman, P. & Davidson, R. J. (Eds.), The nature of emotion (pp. 243–248). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Greifeneder, R., Bless, H., & Pham, M. T. (2011). When do people rely on affective and cognitive feelings in judgment? A review. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 15, 107–141.
Gross, J. J. (1998). The emerging field of emotion regulation: An integrative review. Review of General Psychology, 2, 271–299.
Gross, J. J. (2015). Emotion regulation: Current status and future prospects. Psychological Inquiry, 26, 1–26.
Gross, J. J., & John, O. P. (1997). Revealing feelings: Facets of emotional expressivity in self-reports, peer ratings, and behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72, 435–448.
Güsewell, A., & Ruch, W. (2012). Are only emotional strengths emotional? Character strengths and disposition to positive emotions. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being, 4, 218–239.
Hastings, M. E., Tangney, J. P., & Stuewig, J. (2008). Psychopathy and identification of facial expressions of emotion. Personality and Individual Differences, 44, 1474–1483.
Hildebrandt, A., Olderbak, S., & Wilhelm, O. (2015). Facial emotion expression, individual differences. In Wright, J. D. (Ed.), International encyclopedia of the social and behavioral sciences (Vol. 8, 2nd ed.) (pp. 667–675). Oxford, UK: Elsevier.
Higgins, E. T., Bond, R. N., Klein, R., & Strauman, T. (1986). Self-discrepancies and emotional vulnerability: How magnitude, accessibility, and type of discrepancy influence affect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 5–15.
Hudlicka, E. (2011). Guidelines for developing computational models of emotions. International Journal of Synthetic Emotions, 2, 26–79.
Izard, C. E., Libero, D. Z., Putnam, P., & Haynes, O. M. (1993). Stability of emotional experiences and their relations to traits of personality. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 64, 847–860.
Jensen-Campbell, L. A., Knack, J. M., Waldrip, A. M., & Campbell, S. D. (2007). Do Big Five personality traits associated with self-control influence the regulation of anger and aggression? Journal of Research in Personality, 41, 403–424.
John, O. P., & Gross, J. J. (2007). Individual differences in emotion regulation. In Gross, J. J. (Ed.), Handbook of emotion regulation (pp. 351–372). New York: Guilford Press.
John, O. P., & Srivastava, S. (1999). The Big Five trait taxonomy: History, measurement, and theoretical perspectives. In Pervin, L. A. & John, O. P. (Eds.), Handbook of personality: Theory and research (2nd ed., pp. 102–138). New York: Guilford Press.
Junge, M., & Reisenzein, R. (2013). Indirect scaling methods for testing quantitative emotion theories. Cognition and Emotion, 27, 1247–1275.
Kaiser, C. R., Major, B., & McCoy, S. K. (2004). Expectations about the future and the emotional consequences of perceiving prejudice. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 30, 173–184.
Krohne, H. W. (2003). Individual differences in emotional reactions and coping. In Davidson, R. J., Scherer, K. R. & Goldsmith, H. H. (Eds.), Handbook of affective science (pp. 698–725). New York: Oxford University Press.
Kubiak, T., Wiedig-Allison, M., Zgoriecki, S., & Weber, H. (2011). Habitual goals and strategies in anger regulation: The anger-related reactions and goals inventory (ARGI). Journal of Individual Differences, 32, 1–13.
Kuppens, P. (2005). Interpersonal determinants of trait anger: Low agreeableness, perceived low social esteem, and the amplifying role of the importance attached to social relationships. Personality and Individual Differences, 38, 13–23.
Kuppens, P. (2008). Individual differences in the relationship between pleasure and arousal. Journal of Research in Personality, 42, 1053–1059.
Kuppens, P., & Tong, E. M. W. (2010). An appraisal account of individual differences in emotional experience. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 4, 1138–1150.
Kuppens, P., Van Mechelen, I., Smits, D. J. M., De Boeck, P., & Ceulemans, J. L. (2009). Individual differences in patterns of appraisal and anger experience. Cognition and Emotion, 21, 689–713.
Larsen, R. J., & Ketelaar, T. (1991). Personality and susceptibility to positive and negative emotional states. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 61, 132–140.
Lazarus, R. S. (1991). Emotion and adaptation. New York: Oxford University Press.
Lazarus, R. S., & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, appraisal, and coping. New York: Springer.
Lazarus, R. S., Averill, J. R., & Opton, E. M. Jr. (1970). Toward a cognitive theory of emotion. In Arnold, M. B. (Ed.), Feelings and emotions (pp. 207–232). New York: Academic Press.
Leki, E. F., & Wilkowski, B. M. (2017). Trait anger, neuroticism, and the hostile reaction to provocation: Examining the hierarchical organization of affective traits in context. Motivation and Emotion, 41, 713–729.
Lerner, J. S., & Tiedens, L. Z. (2006). Portrait of the angry decision maker: How appraisal tendencies shape anger’s influence on cognition. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 19, 115–137.
Linden, W., Hogan, B. E., Rutledge, T., Chawla, A., Lenz, J. W., & Leung, D. (2003). There is more to anger coping than “in” or “out.” Emotion, 3, 12–29.
Lotz, C., & Sparfeldt, J. R. (2017). Does test anxiety increase as the exam draws near? Students’ state test anxiety recorded over the course of one semester. Personality and Individual Differences, 104, 397–400.
Lucas, R. E., & Fujita, F. (2000). Factors influencing the relation between extraversion and pleasant affect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 79, 1039–1056.
Luszczynska, A., Gutiérrez-Doña, B., & Schwarzer, R. (2005). General self-efficacy in various domains of human functioning: Evidence from five countries. International Journal of Psychology, 40, 80–89.
Lyubomirsky, S., & Tkach, C. (2004). The consequences of dysphoric rumination. In Papageorgiou, C. & Wells, A. (Eds.), Depressive rumination: Nature, theory and treatment (pp. 21–42). Chichester, UK: Wiley.
Marsella, S., Gratch, J., & Petta, P. (2010). Computational models of emotion. In Scherer, K., Bänziger, T. & Roesch, E. (Eds.), Blueprint for affective computing (pp. 21–46). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Mauss, I. B., & Robinson, M. D. (2009). Measures of emotion: A review. Cognition and Emotion, 23, 209–237.
Mayer, J. D., Roberts, R. D., & Barsade, S. G. (2008). Human abilities: Emotional intelligence. Annual Review of Psychology, 59, 507–536.
Mayer, J. D., Salovey, P., & Caruso, D. R. (2004). Emotional intelligence: Theory, findings, and implications. Psychological Inquiry, 15, 197–215.
McCrae, R. R. (2007). Aesthetic chills as a universal marker of openness to experience. Motivation and Emotion, 31, 5–11.
McCrae, R. R., & Costa, P. T. Jr. (1999). A five-factor theory of personality. In Pervin, L. A. & John, O. P. (Eds.), Handbook of personality: Theory and research (2nd ed., pp. 139–153). New York: Guilford Press.
McDougall, W. (1908/1960). An introduction to social psychology. London, UK: Methuen.
Meinong, A. (1894). Psychologisch-ethische Untersuchungen zur Werttheorie [Psychological-ethical investigations in value theory]. Graz, Austria: Leuschner & Lubensky.
Mischel, W., & Shoda, Y. (1995). A cognitive-affective system theory of personality: Reconceptualizing situations, dispositions, dynamics, and invariance in personality structure. Psychological Review, 102, 246–268.
Mischel, W., & Shoda, Y. (1998). Reconciling processing dynamics and personality dispositions. Annual Review of Psychology, 49, 229–258.
Mitchell, A. E., Dickens, G. L., & Picchioni, M. M. (2014). Facial emotion processing in borderline personality disorder: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Neuropsychology Review, 24, 166–184.
Mitchell, S. (1995). Function, fitness and disposition. Biology and Philosophy, 10, 39–54.
Mohiyeddini, C., & Schmitt, M. J. (1997). Sensitivity to befallen injustice and reactions to unfair treatment in a laboratory situation. Social Justice Research, 10, 333–353.
Moors, A., Ellsworth, P. C., Scherer, K. R., & Frijda, N. H. (2013). Appraisal theories of emotion: State of the art and future development. Emotion Review, 5, 119–124.
Murray, H. A. (1938). Explorations in personality. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Newell, A. (1973). You can’t play 20 questions with nature and win. In Chase, W. G. (Ed.), Visual information processing (pp. 283–308). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
Nolen-Hoeksema, S. (1991). Responses to depression and their effects on the duration of depressive episodes. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 100, 569–582.
Olatunji, B. O., Naragon-Gainey, K., & Wolitzky-Taylor, K. B. (2013). Specificity of rumination in anxiety and depression: A multimodal meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 20, 225–257.
Olderbak, S. G., Mokros, A., Nitschke, J., Habermeyer, E., & Wilhelm, O. (2018). Psychopathic men: Deficits in general mental ability, not emotion perception. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 127, 294–304.
Ortony, A., Clore, G. L., & Collins, A. (1988). The cognitive structure of emotions. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Parrott, W. G. (1993). Beyond hedonism: Motives for inhibiting good moods and for maintaining bad moods. In Wegner, D. M. & Pennebaker, J. W. (Eds.), Handbook of mental control (pp. 278–305). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Pekrun, R. (1988). Emotion, motivation und persönlichkeit [Emotion, motivation and personality]. München: Psychologie Verlags Union.
Peña-Sarrionandia, A., Mikolajczak, A., & Gross, J. J. (2015). Integrating emotion regulation and emotional intelligence traditions: A meta-analysis. Frontiers in Psychology, Educational Psychology, 6, 160.
Penke, L., Denissen, J. J. A., & Miller, G. F. (2007). The evolutionary genetics of personality. European Journal of Personality, 21, 549–587.
Peterson, C., & Seligman, M. E. P. (Eds.) (2004). Character strengths and virtues: A handbook and classification. New York: Oxford University Press.
Pfeiler, T. M., Weber, H., & Kubiak, T. (2018). Experiencing anger in a social interaction: The role of personality. Personality and Individual Differences, 132, 45–51.
Pretsch, J., Ehrhardt, N., Engl, L., Risch, B., Roth, J., Schumacher, S., & Schmitt, M. (2016). Injustice in school and students’ emotions, well-being, and behavior: A longitudinal study. Social Justice Research, 29, 119–138.
Price, C. (2006). Affect without object: Moods and objectless emotions. European Journal of Analytic Philosophy, 2, 49–68.
Pytlik Zillig, L. M., Hemenover, S. H., & Dienstbier, R. A. (2002). What do we assess when we assess a “Big Five” trait? A content analysis of the affective, behavioral, and cognitive (ABC) processes represented in Big Five personality inventories. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 28, 847–858.
Rafaeli, E., Rogers, G. M., & Revelle, W. (2007). Affective synchrony: Individual differences in mixed emotions. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33, 915–932.
Reisenzein, R. (1996). Emotional action generation. In Battmann, W. & Dutke, S. (Eds.), Processes of the molar regulation of behavior (pp. 151–165). Lengerich, Germany: Pabst Science Publishers.
Reisenzein, R. (2001). Appraisal processes conceptualized from a schema-theoretic perspective: Contributions to a process analysis of emotions. In Scherer, K. R., Schorr, A. & Johnstone, T. (Eds.), Appraisal processes in emotion: Theory, methods, research (pp. 187–201). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Reisenzein, R. (2007). What is a definition of emotion? And are emotions mental-behavioral processes? Social Science Information, 46, 424–428.
Reisenzein, R. (2009). Emotions as metarepresentational states of mind: Naturalizing the belief-desire theory of emotion. Cognitive Systems Research, 10, 6–20.
Reisenzein, R. (2012). What is an emotion in the belief-desire theory of emotion? In Paglieri, F., Tummolini, L., Falcone, R. & Miceli, M. (Eds.), The goals of cognition: Essays in honor of Cristiano Castelfranchi (pp. 181–211). London, UK: College Publications.
Reisenzein, R. (2015). On the universality of the attribution-affect model of helping. International Journal of Psychology, 50, 308–311.
Reisenzein, R. (2017). Cognitive theory of emotion. In Zeigler-Hill, V. & Shackleford, T. K. (Eds.), Encyclopedia of personality and individual differences (pp. 1–11). New York: Springer International Publishing.
Reisenzein, R., & Horstmann, G. (2018). Emotion. In Kiesel, A. & Spada, H. (Eds.), Lehrbuch Allgemeine Psychologie (4. Auflage, pp. 423–492). Bern, Switzerland: Huber.
Reisenzein, R., Hudlicka, E., Dastani, M., Gratch, J., Hindriks, K., Lorini, E., & Meyer, J.-J. C. (2013). Computational modeling of emotion: Toward improving the inter-and intradisciplinary exchange. IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing, 4, 246–266.
Reisenzein, R., Junge, M., Studtmann, M., & Huber, O. (2014). Observational approaches to the measurement of emotions. In Pekrun, R. & Linnenbrink-Garcia, L. (Eds.), International handbook of emotions in education (pp. 580–606). Philadelphia, PA: Taylor & Francis/Routledge.
Reisenzein, R., & Schimmack, U. (1999). Similarity judgments and covariations of affects: Findings and implications for affect structure research. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 25, 539–555.
Reisenzein, R., & Siemer, M. (2013). Stimmungen aus der Sicht der kognitiv-motivationalen Theorie der Emotion [Moods from the perspective of the cognitive-motivational theory of emotion]. In Reents, F. & Meyer-Sickendiek, B. (Eds.), Stimmung und Methode [Mood and method] (pp. 95–117). Tübingen, Germany: Mohr Siebeck.
Reisenzein, R., Meyer, W.-U., & Niepel, M. (2012). Surprise. In Ramachandran, V. S. (Ed.), Encyclopedia of human behavior (2nd ed., pp. 564–570). Oxford, UK: Elsevier.
Reisenzein, R., & Spielhofer, C. (1994). Subjectively salient dimensions of emotional appraisal. Motivation and Emotion, 18, 1–47.
Reiss, S. (2000). Who am I? The 16 basic desires that motivate our actions and define our personality. New York: Tarcher Putnam.
Revelle, W., & Wilt, J. (2016). The data box and within subject analyses: A comment on Nesselroade and Molenaa. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 51, 419–423.
Riggio, H. R., & Riggio, R. (2002). Emotional expressiveness, extraversion, and neuroticism: A meta-analysis. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 26, 195–218.
Roseman, I. J. (1979, September). Cognitive aspects of emotions and emotional behavior. Paper presented at the 87th Annual Convention of the APA, New York City.
Roseman, I. J., Antoniou, A. A., & Jose, P. E. (1996). Appraisal determinants of emotions: Constructing a more accurate and comprehensive theory. Cognition and Emotion, 10, 241–277.
Roseman, I. R., & Smith, C. A. (2001). Appraisal theory: Overview, assumptions, varieties, controversies. In Scherer, K. R., Schorr, A. & Johnstone, T. (Eds.), Appraisal processes in emotion: Theory, methods, research (pp. 3–19). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Ruch, W. (1997). State and trait cheerfulness and the induction of exhilaration: A FACS study. European Psychologist, 2, 328–341.
Rudolph, U., Roesch, S., Greitemeyer, T., & Weiner, B. (2004). A meta-analytic review of help giving and aggression from an attributional perspective: Contributions to a general theory of motivation. Cognition and Emotion, 18, 815–848.
Russell, J. A. (2003). Core affect and the psychological construction of emotion. Psychological Review, 110, 145–172.
Russell, J. A., & Carroll, J. M. (1999). On the bipolarity of positive and negative affect. Psychological Bulletin, 125, 3–30.
Salovey, P., & Mayer, J. D. (1990). Emotional intelligence. Imagination, Cognition and Personality, 9, 185–211.
Scheier, M. F., Carver, C. S., & Bridges, M. W. (2001). Optimism, pessimism, and psychological well-being. In Chang, E. C. (Ed.), Optimism and pessimism: Implications for theory, research, and practice (pp. 189–216). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Scherer, K. R. (2007). Componential emotion theory can inform models of emotional competence. In Matthews, G., Zeidner, M. & Roberts, R. (Eds.), Science of emotional intelligence: Knowns and unknowns (pp. 101–126). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Scherer, K. R. (1984). On the nature and function of emotion: A component process approach. In Scherer, K. R. & Ekman, P. (Eds.), Approaches to emotion (pp. 293–317). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Scherer, K. R. (2001). Appraisal considered as a process of multilevel sequential checking. In Scherer, K. R., Schorr, A. & Johnstone, T. (Eds.), Appraisal processes in emotion: Theory, methods, research (pp. 92–120). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Schimmack, U. (1997). Affect intensity: Separating intensity and frequency in repeatedly measured affect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 73, 1313–1329.
Schimmack, U. (2001). Pleasure, displeasure, and mixed feelings: Are semantic opposites mutually exclusive? Cognition and Emotion, 15, 81–97.
Schimmack, U. (2003). Affect measurement in experience sampling research. Journal of Happiness Studies, 4, 79–106.
Schimmack, U., Oishi, S., & Diener, E. (2002). Cultural influences on the relation between pleasant emotions and unpleasant emotions: Asian dialectic philosophies or individualism-collectivism? Cognition and Emotion, 16, 705–719.
Schmitt, M. (1996). Individual differences in sensitivity to befallen injustice. Personality and Individual Differences, 21, 3–20.
Schmukle, S. C., Egloff, B., & Burns, L. R. (2002). The relationship between positive and negative affect in the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule. Journal of Research in Personality, 36, 463–475.
Schutte, N., Malouff, J., Thorsteinsson, E., Bhullar, N., & Rooke, S. (2007). A meta-analytic investigation of the relationship between emotional intelligence and health. Personality and Individual Differences, 42, 921–933.
Schwarz, N., & Clore, G. L. (2007). Feelings and phenomenal experiences. In Kruglanski, A. W. & Higgins, E. T. (Eds.), Social psychology: Handbook of basic principles (2nd ed., pp. 385–407). New York: Guilford Press.
Schwarzer, R., & Jerusalem, M. (1995). Generalized Self-Efficacy scale. In Weinman, J., Wright, S. & Johnston, M. (Eds.), Measures in health psychology: A user’s portfolio. Causal and control beliefs (pp. 35–37). Windsor, UK: NFER-NELSON.
Schwarzer, R., & Jerusalem, M. (1999). Skalen zur Erfassung von Lehrer- und Schülermerkmalen [Scales for the assessment of teacher and student characteristics]. Berlin, Germany: Freie Universität Berlin.
Shand, A. F. (1914). The foundations of character. London: Macmillan.
Sheldon, K. M., Elliot, A. J., Kim, Y., & Kasser, T. (2001). What is satisfying about satisfying events? Testing 10 candidate psychological needs. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 80, 325–339.
Shiota, M. N., Keltner, D., & John, O. P. (2006). Positive emotion dispositions differentially associated with Big Five personality and attachment style. Journal of Positive Psychology, 1, 61–71.
Siemer, M. (2009). Mood experience: Implications of a dispositional theory of moods. Emotion Review, 1, 256–263.
Siemer, M. (2001). Mood-specific effects on appraisal and emotion judgments. Cognition & Emotion, 15, 453–485.
Simon, H. A. (1967). Motivational and emotional controls of cognition. Psychological Review, 74, 29–39.
Slovic, P., Peters, E., Finucane, M. L., & MacGregor, D. G. (2005). Affect, risk, and decision making. Health Psychology, 24, 35–40.
Smith, C. A., & Kirby, L. D. (2001). Toward delivering on the promise of appraisal theory. In Scherer, K. R., Schorr, A. & Johnstone, T. (Eds.), Appraisal processes in emotion: Theory, methods, research (pp. 121–138). New York: Oxford University Press.
Smith, T. W. (1992). Hostility and health: Status of a psychosomatic hypothesis. Health Psychology, 11, 139–150.
Smits, D. J. M., De Boeck, P., Kuppens, P., & van Mechelen, I. (2002). The structure of negative emotion scales: Generalization over contexts and comprehensiveness. European Journal of Personality, 16, 127–141.
Solberg Nes, L., & Segerstrom, S. C. (2006). Dispositional optimism and coping: A meta-analytic review. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 10, 235–251.
Spielberger, C. D. (1999). Manual for the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory-2. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.
Stark, R., Walter, B., Schienle, A., & Vaitl, D. (2005). Psychophysiological correlates of disgust and disgust sensitivity. Journal of Psychophysiology, 19, 50–60.
Stouten, J., De Cremer, D., & van Dijk, E. (2006). Violating equality in social dilemmas: Emotional and retributive reactions as a function of trust, attribution, and honesty. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 32, 894–906.
Symister, P., & Friend, R. (2003). The influence of social support and problematic support on optimism and depression in chronic illness: A prospective study evaluating self-esteem as a mediator. Health Psychology, 4, 249–288.
Tamir, M., Chiu, C.-Y., & Gross, J. E. (2007). Business or pleasure? Utilitarian versus hedonic considerations in emotion regulation. Emotion, 7, 546–554.
Tellegen, A. (1985). Structures of mood and personality and their relevance to assessing anxiety, with an emphasis on self-report. In Tuma, A. H. & Maser, J. D. (Eds.), Anxiety and the anxiety disorders (pp. 681–706). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Terracciano, A., McCrae, R. R., Hagemann, D., & Costa, P. T. Jr. (2003). Individual difference variables, affective differentiation, and the structures of affect. Journal of Personality, 71, 669–703.
Thomas, N., Baumert, A., & Schmitt, M. (2013). Moderators of the link between the perception of injustice and emotional reactions. In Mohiyeddini, C. (Ed.), Emotional relationships: Types, challenges and physical/mental health impacts (pp. 23–38). New York: Nova Publishers.
Thomsen, D. K. (2006). The association between rumination and negative affect: A review. Cognition and Emotion, 20, 1216–1235.
Tignor, S. M., & Colvin, C. R. (2017). The interpersonal adaptiveness of dispositional guilt and shame: A meta-analytic investigation. Journal of Personality, 85, 341–363.
Tong, E. M. W. (2010). Personality influences in appraisal-emotion relationships: The role of neuroticism. Journal of Personality, 78, 398–417.
Tooby, J., & Cosmides, L. (1990). On the universality of human nature and the uniqueness of the individual: The role of genetics and adaptation. Journal of Personality, 58, 17–67.
Vanderbeeken, R., & Weber, E. (2002). Dispositional explanations of behavior. Behavior and Philosophy, 30, 43–59.
Van Rooy, D. L., & Viswesvaran, C. (2004). Emotional intelligence: A meta-analytic investigation of predictive validity and nomological net. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 65, 71–95.
Watson, D., & Clark, L. A. (1992). On traits and temperament: General and specific factors of emotional experience and their relation to the Five-Factor Model. Journal of Personality, 60, 441–476.
Watson, D., & Clark, L. A. (1997). Measurement and mismeasurement of mood: Recurrent and emergent issues. Journal of Personality Assessment, 68, 267–296.
Watson, D., Clark, L. A., & Tellegen, A. (1988). Development and validation of brief measures of positive and negative affect: The PANAS scales. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 1063–1070.
Weber, H., & Wiedig-Allison, M. (2007). Sex differences in anger-related behaviour: Comparing expectancies to actual behaviour. Cognition and Emotion, 21, 1669–1698.
Weiner, B. (1995). Judgments of responsibility: A foundation for a theory of social conduct. New York: Guilford.
Wilkowski, B. M., & Robinson, M. D. (2008). The cognitive basis of trait anger and reactive aggression: An integrative analysis. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 12, 3–21.
Wilt, J., & Revelle, W. (2008). Extraversion. In Leary, M. & Hoyle, R. H. (Eds.), Handbook of individual differences in social behavior (pp. 27–45). New York: Guilford Press.
Wolpe, J., & Lang, P. J. (1964). A fear survey schedule for use in behavior therapy. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 2, 27–30.
Wrzus, C., & Roberts, B. W. (2017). Processes of personality development in adulthood: The TESSERA Framework. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 21, 253–277.
Zeidner, M. (2014). Anxiety in education. In Pekrun, R. & Linnenbrink-Garcia, L. (Eds.), International handbook of emotions in education (pp. 265–288). New York: Routledge.