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The Cambridge Companion to Roman Law
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Book description

This book reflects the wide range of current scholarship on Roman law. The essays, newly commissioned for this volume, cover the sources of evidence for classical Roman law, the elements of private law, as well as criminal and public law, and the second life of Roman law in Byzantium, in civil and canon law, and in political discourse from AD 1100 to the present. Roman law nowadays is studied in many different ways, which is reflected in the diversity of approaches in the essays. Some focus on how the law evolved in ancient Rome, others on its place in the daily life of the Roman citizen, still others on how Roman legal concepts and doctrines have been deployed through the ages. All of them are responses to one and the same thing: the sheer intellectual vitality of Roman law, which has secured its place as a central element in the intellectual tradition and history of the West.


‘A sophisticated and informative journey through a fascinating intellectual landscape: Roman law, private and public, in its ancient context and beyond, beautifully explained to lawyers and historians.’

Dario Mantovani - Università degli Studi di Pavia, Italy

‘The Cambridge Companion to Roman Law is an indispensable survey of the enormous field of Roman law, focusing not just on the substance of the law, but also on the process of its creation, its enforcement in the Roman world, and its subsequent influence on later legal systems.’

Dennis Kehoe - Tulane University, Louisiana

‘This book is a good companion for a long journey, from the formation of Roman law through its reconstruction in the Middle Ages to its continuing influence in the modern world. The authors present Roman law authoritatively and from a range of perspectives, examining its doctrines, its development, and its intellectual and economic roots.’

James Gordley - Tulane University, Louisiana

'It is rare to read a book on Roman law which is difficult to put down, but this is such a book … [It] has much to offer both the general reader and the professional lawyer or classicist.'

Source: Classics for All Reviews (

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Page 1 of 2

  • 1 - Introduction
    pp 3-8
  • 6 - Writing in Roman Legal Contexts
    pp 85-96

Page 1 of 2


I. Principal Roman Sources

This section lists only the principal sources of Roman law in their main modern editions, together with translations into English (if any).

Gaius, Institutes

(a) Editions

Gai Institutiones. Edited by E. Seckel and B. Kübler, Stuttgart, 1935.
Gai Institutiones. Editio minor. Edited by M. David. Leiden, 1948.
Gai Institutiones. Editio maior. Includes commentary. Books I and II, edited by M. David and H. L. W. Nelson; Leiden, 1954–68; Book III, edited by H. L. W. Nelson and U. Manthe; Berlin, 1992–2007; Book IV has yet to appear.

(b) Translations

Zulueta, F. de, editor. The Institutes of Gaius. Includes commentary. 2 vols. Oxford, 1946–53.
Gordon, W. M. and O. F. Robinson, editors. The Institutes of Gaius. London, 1988.

Codex Theodosianus

(a) Edition

Codex Theodosianus. Edited by T. Mommsen and P. Meyer. Berlin, 1962.

(b) Translation

Pharr, C.The Theodosian Code and Novels and the Sirmondian Constitutions. Princeton, 1952.

Corpus iuris civilis

(a) Editions

Corpus iuris civilis. Volume 1: Institutiones. Edited by P. Krueger; Digesta. Editio minor, edited by T. Mommsen and P. Krueger. Berlin, 1954.
Corpus iuris civilis. Volume 2: Codex Iustinianus. Edited by P. Krueger. Berlin, 1954.
Corpus iuris civilis. Volume 3: Novellae. Edited by R. Schoell and G. Kroll. Berlin, 1954.
Digesta. Editio maior. 2 vols. Edited by T. Mommsen. Berlin, 1868–70.
Codex Iustinianus. Editio maior. Edited by P. Krueger. Berlin, 1877.

(b) Translations

Thomas, J. A. C., editor. The Institutes of Justinian. Amsterdam, 1975.
Birks, P. and G. McLeod, editors. Justinian’s Institutes. London, 1987.
Watson, A., editor. The Digest of Justinian. 4 vols. Philadelphia, 1985 (including the text of Mommsen’s editio maior); 2 vols. Philadephia, 1997 (English translation only).


Basilicorum libri LX. Series A: Textus. 8 volumes. Series B: Scholia. 9 volumes. Edited by H. J. Scheltema, D. Holwerda, and N. van der Wal. Groningen – The Hague, 1953–88.

II. Early Modern Authors

Accursius, Volumen. Lyon,1558.
Accursius, Codicis Iustiniani ex repetita praelectione libri novem priores. Lyon, 1560.
Accursius, Digestum vetus. Pandectarum iuris civilis tomus primus. Lyon, 1560.
Azo, Azonis lectura super codicem. Hugolini apparatus in tres libros. Corpus Glossatorum Juris Civilis III. Turin,1966.
Azo, Azonis summa super codicem. Instituta. Extraordinaria. Corpus Glossatorum Juris Civilis II. Turin, 1966.
Baldus de Ubaldis, Baldi Ubaldi Perusini … Consiliorum, sive responsorum volumen primum. Venice, 1575.
Bartolus de Sassoferrato, Bartoli a Sassoferrato in primam partem codicis commentaria. Turin, 1574.
Bartolus de Sassoferrato, Bartoli a Sassoferrato in secundam digesti novi partem commentaria. Turin, 1574.
Bartolus de Sassoferrato, De Guelphis et Gebellinis, De regimine civitatis in Quaglioni, D., editor, Politica e diritto nel trecento italiano. Florence, 1983.
Iacobus de Arena, Commentarii in universum ius civile. Opera iuridica rariora XVI. Bologna, 1971.
Iacobus de Ravanis, Lectura super codice. Opera iuridica rariora I. Bologna, 1967.
Iohannes de Blanosco, De actionibus tractatus clarissimorum … iurisconsultorum II. Lyon, 1596.
Marinus de Caramanico, Proemium glossatoris in constitutiones regni Siciliae in F. Calasso, I glossatori e la teoria della sovranità. 3rd edn. Milan, 1957, 179–205.
Odofredus de Denariis, Lectura super digesto veteri. Opera iuridica rariora II 1. Bologna, 1967.
Paulus Castrensis, Pauli de Castro prima super digesto veteri. Lyon, 1538.
Paulus Castrensis, Consiliorum sive responsorum … Pauli Castrensis volumen secundum. Turin, 1580.
Placentinus, Placentini summa codicis. Turin, 1962.
Raynerius de Forlivio, Repetitionum seu commentariorum in varia iurisconsultorum responsa volumen primum, 63va–72ra. Lyon, 1553.

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