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  • Print publication year: 2015
  • Online publication date: February 2015

21 - Senegalese hip-hop

from Part III - Case studies

Further reading

Duran, Lucy, “Key to N’Dour: Roots of the Senegalese Star,” Popular Music 8/3 (1989): 275–284.
Herson, Ben, Magee McLvane, and Chris Moore, Democracy in Dakar, documentary film (Nomadic Wax, 2007). Available at
McLaughlin, Fiona, “‘In the Name of God I Will Sing Again, Mawdo Malik the Good’: Popular Music and the Senegalese Sufi Tariqas,” Journal of Religion in Africa 30/2 (2000): 191–207.
Neff, Ali Colleen, “‘In One, All’: Senegalese Women Freestyle Artists Unify the Global Ghetto,” Close to the Edge Dossier, Social Text Online (2011). Available at

Other media resources

Documentary film available at
Keyti, “100% Galsen,” in series, Redefinition: African Hip Hop, 2012.
NPR Daara J., “Senegalese Hip-Hop.” Available at
Xuman and Keyti, Journal Rappé. Available at, 2013.