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  • Print publication year: 2015
  • Online publication date: February 2015

Part III - Case studies

  • Edited by Justin A. Williams, University of Bristol
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • pp 221-326

Discography

Anarchy, Rob the World (R-Rated Records, RRR-1004, 2006).
Chikada Haruo (as President BPM), Heavy (BPM, BPM 28SL-12, 1987).
Darthreider, Super Dead (Da.Me.Records, DMRCD-061, 2012).
Dengaryū, Just (Mary Joy Recordings, 2008).
DJ Krush, Meisō (Sony Music, SRCS7752, 1995).
Infumiai Kumiai, Jangaru (P-Vine, PCD5852, 2003).
Itō Seikō, Mess/age (File Records, 23FR031D, 1989).
King Giddra, Sora kara no chikara (P-Vine, PCD4768, 1995).
Shingo Nishinari, Sprout (Libra Records, LIBCD-008, 2007).
Yellow Magic Orchestra, BGM (Alfa Records, 38XA-16, 1981).

Further reading

Fernandes, Sujatha, Close to the Edge: In Search of the Global Hip Hop Generation (New York: Verso, 2011).
Fernandes, Sujatha, Cuba Represent! Cuban Arts, State Power, and the Making of New Revolutionary Cultures (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2006).
Fernandes, Sujatha, “Fear of a Black Nation: Local Rappers, Transnational Crossings and State Power in Contemporary Cuba,” Anthropological Quarterly 76/4 (2003): 575–608.
Fernandes, Sujatha, “Made in Havana City: Rap Music, Space, and Racial Politics,” in Anke Birkenmaier and Esther Whitfield (eds.), Havana Beyond the Ruins: Cultural Mappings after 1989 (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2011), pp. 173–186.
Fernandez, Ariel, “¿Poesía Urbana? o la Nueva Trova de los Noventa,” El Caimán Barbudo 296 (2000): 4–14.
Fernandez, Ariel, “SBS. ¿Timba con Rap? El hip-hop de la pólemica,” Revista Salsa Cubana 5/17 (2002): 43–45.
Saunders, Tanya, “Black Thoughts, Black Activism: Cuban Underground Hip-hop and Afro-Latino Countercultures of Modernity,” Latin American Perspectives 39 (2012): 42–60.
West-Duran, Alan, “Rap’s Diasporic Dialogues: Cuba’s Redefinition of Blackness,” Journal of Popular Music Studies 16/1 (2004): 4–39.
Zurbano, Roberto, “¡El Rap Cubano!: Discursos Hambrientos de Realidad (Siete Notas de Viaje sobre el Hip-Hop Cubano en los Diez Años del Festival de Rap de la Habana),” Boletín de Música Cubana Alternativa (2004): 1.

Further reading

Duran, Lucy, “Key to N’Dour: Roots of the Senegalese Star,” Popular Music 8/3 (1989): 275–284.
Herson, Ben, Magee McLvane, and Chris Moore, Democracy in Dakar, documentary film (Nomadic Wax, 2007). Available at http://nomadicwax.com/democracyindakar/.
McLaughlin, Fiona, “‘In the Name of God I Will Sing Again, Mawdo Malik the Good’: Popular Music and the Senegalese Sufi Tariqas,” Journal of Religion in Africa 30/2 (2000): 191–207.
Neff, Ali Colleen, “‘In One, All’: Senegalese Women Freestyle Artists Unify the Global Ghetto,” Close to the Edge Dossier, Social Text Online (2011). Available at http://socialtextjournal.org/periscope_article/in_one_all_senegalese_women_freestyle_artists_unify_the_global_ghetto/.

Other media resources

Documentary film available at www.youtube.com/watch?v=cKhGLH3DygE.
Keyti, “100% Galsen,” in series, Redefinition: African Hip Hop, 2012.
NPR Daara J., “Senegalese Hip-Hop.” Available at www.npr.org/templates/transcript/transcript.php?storyId=4660446.2005.
Xuman and Keyti, Journal Rappé. Available at www.youtube.com/user/jtronline?feature=watch, 2013.

Discography

Daedelus, Live at Low End Theory (Alpha Pup Records APR022, 2008).
Dibiase, Machines Hate Me (Alpha Pup Records APR030, 2010).
Eprom, Metahuman (Rwina Records RWINALP001, 2012).
Flying Lotus, Cosmogramma (Warp Records WARPCD195, 2010).
Flying Lotus, Los Angeles (Warp Records WARPCD165, 2008).
J Dilla, Donuts (Stones Throw Records STH2126, 2006).
Jonwayne, Bowser (Alpha Pup Records APR036, 2011).
Knx, Anthology (Leaving Records LR026, 2013).
Madlib, The Beat Konducta, Vols. 1–2: Movie Scenes (Stones Throw Records STH2133, 2005).
Madlib, The Beat Konducta, Vols. 3–4: Beat Konducta in India (Stones Throw Records STH2177, 2007).
Madlib, The Beat Konducta, Vols. 5–6: A Tribute to J Dilla (Stones Throw Records STH2205, 2008).
MF Doom. Metal Fingers Presents: Special Herbs (The Box Set Vols. 0–9) (Nature Sounds NSD-120, 2006).
RasG., Brotha From Anotha Planet (Brainfeeder BFD002, 2009).
Samiyam, Sam Baker’s Album (Brainfeeder BFD022, 2011).
Shlohmo, Bad Vibes (Friends of Friends FOF109CD, 2011).
Teebs, Ardour (Brainfeeder BFD010, 2010).
Various Artists, TeamSupreme: Collection 1 (Alpha Pup Records APR, 2013).

Discography

Advanced Chemistry, Fremd im eigenen Land (MCD/MZEE. 12, 1992).
Cartel, Cartel (Mercury, CD, 1995).
Die Fantastischen Vier, Jetzt Geht’s Ab (Sony/Columbia. LP, 1991).
Falco, 3 (GiG Records, LP, 1985).
Fler, Fremd im Eigenen Land (Aggro Berlin/Universal, CD, 2008).
Sido, Maske (Aggro Berlin, CD, 2004).
The Sugarhill Gang, Rapper’s Delight (Sugar Hill Records Ltd./Metronome, 12, 1979).

Further reading

Alim, H. Samy, Awad Ibrahim, and Alastair Pennycook (eds.), Global Linguistic Flows (New York: Routledge, 2009).
Cheesman, Tom, “Talking ‘Kanak’: Zaimoğlu contra Leitkultur,” New German Critique (2004): 82–99.
Hoyler, Michael and Christoph Mager, “‘HipHop ist im Haus’: Cultural Policy, Community Centres, and the Making of Hip-hop Music in Germany,” Built Environment 31 (2005): 237–254.
Kallmeyer, Werner and Inken Keim, “Linguistic variation and the construction of social identity in a German-Turkish setting,” in Jannis Androutsopoulos and Alexandra Georgakopoulou (eds.), Discourse Constructions of Youth Identities (Amsterdam/Philadelphia: Benjamins, 2003), pp. 29–46.
Terkourafi, Marina (ed.), The Languages of Global Hip Hop (New York: Continuum International Publishing Group, 2010).

Selected albums released in 1988

2 Live Crew, Move Somthin’ (Luke Skyywalker Records XR-101).
Audio Two, What More Can I Say? (First Priority Music, Atlantic 7 90907–1).
Bass Patrol, Rock This Planet (Joey Boy Records JB-5020).
Big Daddy Kane, Long Live the Kane (Cold Chillin’ 9 25731–2).
Biz Markie, Goin’ Off (Cold Chillin’ 9 25675–2).
Boogie Down Productions, By All Means Necessary (Jive 1097–1-J).
DJ Cash Money and Marvelous, Where’s the Party At? (Sleeping Bag Records TLX-42016).
DJ Jazzy Jeff and the Fresh Prince, He’s the DJ, I’m the Rapper (Jive 1091–1-J).
Doug E. Fresh and The Get Fresh Crew, The World’s Greatest Entertainer (Reality F-9658).
Eazy-E, Eazy-Duz-It (Ruthless Records, Priority Records SL57100).
EricB and Rakim, Follow the Leader (UNI Records UNI-3).
EPMD, Strictly Business (Fresh Records LPRE-82006).
Ice-T, Power (Sire 9 25765–1).
Jungle Brothers, Straight Out the Jungle (Warlock Records WAR-2704).
JVC FORCE, Doin’ Damage (B-Boy Records BB 20–1000).
Kid ‘N Play, 2 Hype (Select Records SEL 21628).
King Tee, Act a Fool (Capitol Records C1 90544).
Lakim Shabazz, Pure Righteousness (Tuff City TUF LP 5557).
Marley Marl, In Control Volume 1 (Cold Chillin’ 92 57831).
Masters of Ceremony, Dynamite (4th and Broadway BWAY-4010).
MC Lyte, Lyte as a Rock (First Priority Music, Atlantic 7 90905–1).
MC Shan, Born To Be Wild (Cold Chillin’ 9 25797–2).
MC Shy D, Comin’ Correct in 88 (Luke Skyywalker Records XR-1005).
N.W.A., Straight Outta Compton (Ruthless Records, Priority Records SL 57102).
Public Enemy, It Takes a Nation of Millions to Hold us Back (Def Jam Recordings 527 358–1).
Rob Base and DJ E-Z Rock, It Takes Two (Profile Records PRO-1267).
RodneyO & Joe Cooley, Me and Joe (Egyptian Empire Records DMSR 00777).
Run-DMC, Tougher Than Leather (Profile Records PRO-1265).
Salt-N-Pepa, A Salt with a Deadly Pepa (Next Plateau Records Inc. PL 1011).
SchoollyD, Smoke Some Kill (Jive 1101–1-J).
Sir Mix-A-Lot, Swass (Nastymix Records NMR 70123–1).
Slick Rick, The Great Adventures of Slick Rick (Def Jam Recordings C 40513, FC 40513).
Stetsasonic, In Full Gear (Tommy Boy TBLP 1017).
Super Lover Cee and Casanova Rud, Girls I Got ’Em Locked (Elektra, DNA International Records 9–60807–1).
The 45 King, Master of the Game (Tuff City TUF LP 5553).
Too $hort, Life is…Too $hort (Dangerous Music 1149–1-J).
Tuff Crew, Danger Zone (Soo Deff Records, Warlock Records WAR-2705).
Ultramagnetic MCs, Critical Beatdown (Next Plateau Records Inc. PLCD 1013).

Further reading

Chang, Jeff, Can’t Stop Won’t Stop: A History of the Hip-Hop Generation (New York: St Martin’s Press, 2005).
Charnas, Dan, The Big Payback: The History of the Business of Hip-Hop (New York: New American Library, 2010).
Forman, Murray, The ’Hood Comes First: Race, Space, and Place in Rap and Hip-Hop, Music/Culture (Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 2002).
Katz, Mark, Groove Music: The Art and Culture of the Hip-Hop DJ (New York: Oxford University Press, 2012).
Rose, Tricia, Black Noise: Rap Music and Black Culture in Contemporary America (Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 1994).
Wang, Oliver, Classic Material: The Hip-Hop Album Guide (Toronto: ECW Press, 2003).