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The Cambridge Companion to Einstein
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Book description

This volume is the first systematic presentation of the work of Albert Einstein, comprising fourteen essays by leading historians and philosophers of science that introduce readers to his work. Following an introduction that places Einstein's work in the context of his life and times, the book opens with essays on the papers of Einstein's 'miracle year', 1905, covering Brownian motion, light quanta, and special relativity, as well as his contributions to early quantum theory and the opposition to his light quantum hypothesis. Further essays relate Einstein's path to the general theory of relativity (1915) and the beginnings of two fields it spawned, relativistic cosmology and gravitational waves. Essays on Einstein's later years examine his unified field theory program and his critique of quantum mechanics. The closing essays explore the relation between Einstein's work and twentieth-century philosophy, as well as his political writings.

Reviews

'The Companion proves to be a landmark publication.'

Source: Isis

'The book is warmly recommended to every philosopher and historian of science, and to working scientists with an interest in Einstein.'

Source: Metascience

'… this is a very good presentation of Einstein’s contributions to science, philosophy and politics. Personal anecdotes are intermixed with his theories, providing a foundation for understanding the factors that affected his work. Although written to be accessible to a wide audience, Einstein’s theories require higher-level thinking and reasoning skills if one is to fully understand the principals discussed.'

Source: Reference Reviews

'An integrated history and philosophy of science approach, as exemplified in The Cambridge Companion to Einstein, points to a fruitful future for Einstein scholarship, as its subject is well placed to give us a uniquely insightful perspective on the history and philosophy of twentieth-century science.'

Jeroen van Dongen Source: Isis

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Contents

Bibliography

Note: Material from the Albert Einstein Archive at the Jewish National and University Library, Jerusalem, is quoted as AE xx–yyy, where xx is the reel and yyy the document number.

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CPAE 1. The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein. Vol. 1, The Early Years 1879–1902, ed. John Stachel, Robert Schulmann, David Cassidy, and Jürgen Renn. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1987.
CPAE 1E. The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein. Vol. 1, The Early Years, 1879–1902. English ed. translated by A. Beck, consultant Peter Havas. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1987.
CPAE 2. The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein. Vol. 2, The Swiss Years: Writings, 1900–1909, ed. John Stachel, Robert Schulmann, David C. Cassidy, and Jürgen Renn. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1989.
CPAE 2E. The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein. Vol. 2, The Swiss Years: Writings, 1900–1909. English trans. by Anna Beck, consultant Peter Havas. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1989.
CPAE 3. The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein. Vol. 3, The Swiss Years: Writings, 1909–1911, ed. Martin Klein, A. J. Kox, Jürgen Renn, and Robert Schulmann. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1993.
CPAE 3E. The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein. Vol. 3, The Swiss Years: Writings, 1909–1911. English trans. by Anna Beck, consultant Don Howard. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1993.
CPAE 4. The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein. Vol. 4, The Swiss Years: Writings, 1912–1914, ed. Martin Klein, A. J. Kox, Jürgen Renn, and Robert Schulmann. Princeton, NJ:Princeton University Press, 1995.
CPAE 4E. The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein. Vol. 4, The Swiss Years: Writings, 1912–1914. English trans. by Anna Beck, consultant Don Howard. Princeton, NJ:Princeton University Press, 1996.
CPAE 5. The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein. Vol. 5, The Swiss Years: Correspondence, 1902–1914, ed. Martin Klein, A. J. Kox, and Robert Schulmann. Princeton, NJ:Princeton University Press, 1993.
CPAE 5E. The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein. Vol. 5, The Swiss Years: Correspondence, 1902–1914. English trans. by Anna Beck, consultant Don Howard. Princeton, NJ:Princeton University Press, 1995.
CPAE 6. The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein. Vol. 6, The Berlin Years: Writings, 1914–1917, ed. A. J. Kox, Martin Klein, and Robert Schulmann. Princeton, NJ:Princeton University Press, 1996.
CPAE 6E. The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein. Vol. 6, The Berlin Years: Writings, 1914–1917. English trans. by Alfred Engel, consultant Engelbert Schücking. Princeton, NJ:Princeton University Press, 1997.
CPAE 7. The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein. Vol. 7, The Berlin Years: Writings, 1918–1921, ed. Michel Janssen, Robert Schulmann, József Illy, Christoph Lehner, and Diana Kormos Buchwald. Princeton, NJ:Princeton University Press, 2002.
CPAE 7E. The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein. Vol. 7, The Berlin Years: Writings, 1918–1921. English trans. by Alfred Engel, consultant Engelbert Schücking. Princeton, NJ:Princeton University Press, 2002.
CPAE 8. The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein. Vol. 8, The Berlin Years: Correspondence, 1914–1918 (Parts A and B), ed. Robert Schulmann, A. J. Kox, Michel Janssen, and József Illy. Princeton, NJ:Princeton University Press, 1998.
CPAE 8E. The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein. Vol. 8, The Berlin Years: Correspondence, 1914–1918 (Parts A and B). English trans. by Ann M. Hentschel, consultant Klaus Hentschel. Princeton, NJ:Princeton University Press, 1998.
CPAE 9. The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein. Vol. 9, The Berlin Years: Correspondence, January 1919–April 1920, ed. Diana Kormos Buchwald, Robert Schulmann, József Illy, Daniel J. Kennefick, and Tilman Sauer. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2004.
CPAE 9E. The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein. Vol. 9, The Berlin Years: Correspondence, January 1919–April 1920. English trans. by Ann M. Hentschel, consultant Klaus Hentschel. Princeton, NJ:Princeton University Press, 2004.
CPAE 10. The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein. Vol. 10, The Berlin Years: Correspondence, May–December 1920 and Supplementary Correspondence, 1909–1920, ed. Diana Kormos Buchwald, Tilman Sauer, Ze’ev Rosenkranz, József Illy, and Iris Virginia Holmes. Princeton, NJ:Princeton University Press, 2006.
CPAE 10E. The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein. Vol. 10, The Berlin Years: Correspondence, May–December 1920 and Supplementary Correspondence, 1909–1920. English trans. by Ann M. Hentschel, consultant Klaus Hentschel. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2006.
CPAE 11. The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein. Vol. 11, Cumulative Index, Bibliography, List of Correspondence, Chronology and Errata to Volumes 1–10. Compiled by A. J. Kox, Tilman Sauer, Diana Kormos Buchwald, Rudy Hirschmann, Osik Moses, Benjamin Aronin, and Jennifer Stolper. Princeton, NJ:Princeton University Press, 2009.
CPAE 12. The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein. Vol. 12, The Berlin Years: Correspondence, January–December 1921, ed. Diana Kormos Buchwald, Ze’ev Rosenkranz, Tilman Sauer, József Illy, and Virginia Iris Holmes. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2009.
CPAE 12E. The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein. Vol. 12, The Berlin Years: Correspondence, January–December 1921. English trans. by Ann M. Hentschel, consultant Klaus Hentschel. Princeton, NJ:Princeton University Press, 2009.
CPAE 13. The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein. Vol. 13, The Berlin Years: Writings & Correspondence, January 1922–March 1923, ed. Diana Kormos Buchwald, József Illy, Ze’ev Rosenkranz, and Tilman Sauer. Princeton, NJ:Princeton University Press, 2012.
CPAE 13E. The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein. Vol. 13, The Berlin Years: Writings & Correspondence, January 1922–March 1923. English trans. by Ann M. Hentschel and Osik Moses, consultant Klaus Hentschel. Princeton, NJ:Princeton University Press, 2012.
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DiSalle, Robert 1995. “Spacetime Theory as Physical Geometry.” Erkenntnis 42: 317–37.
DiSalle, Robert 2006. Understanding Space-Time: The Philosophical Development of Physics from Newton to Einstein. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
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Dorling, Jon. 1978. “Did Einstein Need General Relativity to Solve the Problem of Absolute Space? Or Had the Problem Already Been Solved by Special Relativity?British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 29: 311–23.
Dresden, Max. 1987. H. A. Kramers: Between Tradition and Revolution. Berlin: Springer.
Duane, William, and Hunt, Franklin L. 1915. “On X-Ray Wave Length.” Physical Review 6: 166–77.
Duhem, Pierre. 1906. La Théorie physique, son objet et sa structure. Paris: Chevalier & Rivière.
Duhem, Pierre 1908. Ziel und Struktur der physikalischen Theorien. Trans. of Duhem (1906) by Friedrich Adler, foreword by Ernst Mach. Leipzig:Barth.
Duhem, Pierre 1954. The Aim and Structure of Physical Theory. English trans. of 2nd ed. of Duhem (1906) by Philip P. Wiener, foreword by Louis de Broglie. Princeton, NJ:Princeton University Press.
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For Einstein’s works published in the period 1901–21 the short titles assigned to them in The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein are used. Unless noted otherwise, page numbers refer to the original publication.

Einstein, Albert. 1901. “Folgerungen aus den Capillaritätserscheinungen.” Annalen der Physik 4: 513–23. Reprinted in CPAE 2, Doc. 1.
Einstein, Albert 1902a. “Über die thermodynamische Theorie der Potentialdifferenz zwischen Metallen und vollständig dissociirten Lösungen ihrer Salze, und über eine elektrische Methode zur Erforschung der Molekularkräfte.” Annalen der Physik 8: 798–814. Reprinted in CPAE 2, Doc. 2.
Einstein, Albert 1902b. “Kinetische Theorie des Wärmegleichgewichtes und des zweiten Hauptsatzes der Thermodynamik.” Annalen der Physik 9: 417–33. Reprinted in CPAE 2, Doc. 3.
Einstein, Albert 1903. “Eine Theorie der Grundlagen der Thermodynamik.” Annalen der Physik 11: 170–87. Reprinted in CPAE 2, Doc. 4.
Einstein, Albert 1904. “Zur allgemeinen molekularen Theorie der Wärme.” Annalen der Physik 14: 354–62. Reprinted in CPAE 2, Doc. 5.
Einstein, Albert 1905i. “Über einen die Erzeugung und die Verwandlung des Lichtes betreffenden heuristischen Gesichtspunkt.” Annalen der Physik 17: 132–48. Reprinted in CPAE 2, Doc. 14.
Einstein, Albert 1905j. Eine neue Bestimmung der Moleküldimensionen: Inaugural-Dissertation zur Erlangung der philosophischen Doktorwürde der hohen Philosophischen Fakultät (Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Sektion) der Universität Zürich. Bern: Buchdruckerei K. J. Wyss. Reprinted in CPAE 2, Doc. 15.
Einstein, Albert 1905k. “Über die von der molekularkinetischen Theorie der Wärme geforderte Bewegung von in ruhenden Flüssigkeiten suspendierten Teilchen.” Annalen der Physik 17: 549–60. Reprinted in CPAE 2, Doc. 16.
Einstein, Albert 1905r. “Zur Elektrodynamik bewegter Körper.” Annalen der Physik 17: 891–921. Reprinted in CPAE 2, Doc. 23. English trans. in Einstein et al. (1952, 37–65).
Einstein, Albert 1905s. “Ist die Trägheit eines Körpers von seinem Energieinhalt abhängig?Annalen der Physik 18: 639–41. Reprinted in CPAE 2, Doc. 24.
Einstein, Albert 1906a. “Eine neue Bestimmung der Moleküldimensionen.” Annalen der Physik 19: 289–305. Reprinted in CPAE 2, Doc. 15.
Einstein, Albert 1906b. “Zur Theorie der Brownschen Bewegung.” Annalen der Physik 19: 371–81. Reprinted in CPAE 2, Doc. 32.
Einstein, Albert 1906d. “Zur Theorie der Lichterzeugung und Lichtabsorption.” Annalen der Physik 20: 199–206. Reprinted in CPAE 2, Doc. 34.
Einstein, Albert 1907a. “Die Plancksche Theorie der Strahlung und die Theorie der spezifischen Wärme.” Annalen der Physik 22: 180–90. Reprinted in CPAE 2, Doc. 38.
Einstein, Albert 1907b. “Über die Gültigkeitsgrenze des Satzes vom thermodynamischen Gleichgewicht und über die Möglichkeit einer neuen Bestimmung der Elementarquanta.” Annalen der Physik 22: 569–72. Reprinted in CPAE 2, Doc. 39.
Einstein, Albert 1907c. “Theoretische Bemerkungen über die Brownsche Bewegung.” Zeitschrift für Elektrochemie und angewandte physikalische Chemie 13: 41–2. Reprinted in CPAE 2, Doc. 40.
Einstein, Albert 1907j. “Über das Relativitätsprinzip und die aus demselben gezogenen Folgerungen.” Jahrbuch für Radioaktivität und Elektronik 4: 411–62. Reprinted in CPAE 2, Doc. 47.
Einstein, Albert 1908b. “Berichtigungen zu der Arbeit: ‘Über das Relativitätsprinzip und die aus demselben gezogenen Folgerungen.’” Jahrbuch der Radioaktivität und Elektronik 5: 98–9. Reprinted in CPAE 2, Doc. 49.
Einstein, Albert 1908c. “Elementare Theorie der Brownschen Bewegung.” Zeitschrift für Elektrochemie und angewandte physikalische Chemie 14: 235–9. Reprinted in CPAE 2, Doc. 50.
Einstein, Albert 1909b. “Zum gegenwärtigen Stand des Strahlungsproblems.” Physikalische Zeitschrift 10: 185–93. Reprinted in CPAE 2, Doc. 56.
Einstein, Albert 1909c. “Über die Entwicklung unserer Anschauungen über das Wesen und die Konstitution der Strahlung.” Physikalische Zeitschrift 10: 817–25. Reprinted in CPAE 2, Doc. 60.
Einstein, Albert 1910d. “Theorie der Opaleszenz von homogenen Flüssigkeiten und Flüssigkeitsgemischen in der Nähe des kritischen Zustandes.” Annalen der Physik 33: 1275–98. Reprinted in CPAE 3, Doc. 9.
Einstein, Albert 1911c. “Bemerkungen zu den P. Hertzschen Arbeiten: ‘Über die mechanischen Grundlagen der Thermodynamik.’” Annalen der Physik 34: 175–6. Reprinted in CPAE 3, Doc. 10.
Einstein, Albert 1911e. “Berichtigung zu meiner Arbeit: ‘Eine neue Bestimmung der Moleküldimensionen.’” Annalen der Physik 34: 591–2. Reprinted in CPAE 3, Doc. 15.
Einstein, Albert 1911h. “Über den Einfluß der Schwerkraft auf die Ausbreitung des Lichtes.” Annalen der Physik 35: 898–908. Reprinted in CPAE 3, Doc. 23. English trans. in Einstein et al. (1952, 99–108).
Einstein, Albert 1912a. “L’état actuel du problème des chaleurs spécifiques.” In Langevin and de Broglie (1912, 407–35). German trans.: Einstein (1914a).
Einstein, Albert 1912b. “Thermodynamische Begründung des photochemischen Äquivalenzgesetzes.” Annalen der Physik 35: 820–38. Reprinted in CPAE 4, Doc. 2.
Einstein, Albert 1912c. “Lichtgeschwindigkeit und Statik des Gravitationsfeldes.” Annalen der Physik 38: 355–69. Reprinted in CPAE 4, Doc. 3.
Einstein, Albert 1912d. “Zur Theorie des statischen Gravitationsfeldes.” Annalen der Physik 38: 443–58. Reprinted in CPAE 4, Doc. 4.
Einstein, Albert 1912e. “Gibt es eine Gravitationswirkung, die der elektrodynamischen Induktionswirkung analog ist?Vierteljahrsschrift für gerichtliche Medizin und öffentliches Sanitätswesen 44: 37–40. Reprinted in CPAE 4, Doc. 7.
Einstein, Albert 1912f. “Nachtrag zu meiner Arbeit: ‘Thermodynamische Bergründung des Photochemischen Äquivalentgesetzes.’”Annalen der Physik 38: 881–4. Reprinted in CPAE 4, Doc. 5.
Einstein, Albert 1912h. “Relativität und Gravitation. Erwiderung auf eine Bemerkung von M. Abraham.” Annalen der Physik 38: 1059–64. Reprinted in CPAE 4, Doc. 8.
Einstein, Albert 1913c. “Zum gegenwärtigen Stande des Gravitationsproblems.” Physikalische Zeitschrift 14: 1249–62. Reprinted in CPAE 4, Doc. 17.
Einstein, Albert 1914a. “Zum gegenwärtigen Stande des Problems der spezifischen Wärme.” In Eucken (1914, 330–52). Reprinted in CPAE 3, Doc. 26.
Einstein, Albert 1914d. “Bemerkungen.” Zeitschrift für Mathematik und Physik 62: 260–1. Reprinted in CPAE 4, Doc. 26.
Einstein, Albert 1914e. “Prinzipielles zur verallgemeinerten Relativitätstheorie.” Physikalische Zeitschrift 15: 176–80. Reprinted in CPAE 4, Doc. 25.
Einstein, Albert 1914k. “Antrittsrede.” Königlich Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin). Sitzungsberichte: 739–42. Reprinted in CPAE 6, Doc. 3.
Einstein, Albert 1914n. “Beiträge zur Quantentheorie.” Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft. Verhandlungen 16: 820–8. Reprinted in CPAE 6, Doc. 5.
Einstein, Albert 1914o. “Die formale Grundlage der allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie.” Königlich Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin). Sitzungsberichte: 1030–85. Reprinted in CPAE 6, Doc. 9.
Einstein, Albert 1915a. “Theoretische Atomistik.” In Die Kultur der Gegenwart: Ihre Entwicklung und ihre Ziele. Vol. 1, Part 3, Sec. 3, Physik, ed. Emil Warburg. Leipzig:Teubner, 251–63. Reprinted in CPAE 4, Doc. 20.
Einstein, Albert 1915c. “Experimenteller Nachweis der Ampèreschen Molekularströme.” Die Naturwissenschaften 3: 237–8. Reprinted in CPAE 6, Doc. 15.
Einstein, Albert 1915f. “Zur allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie.” Königlich Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin). Sitzungsberichte: 778–6. Reprinted in CPAE 6, Doc. 21.
Einstein, Albert 1915g. “Zur allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie (Nachtrag).” Königlich Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin). Sitzungsberichte: 799–801. Reprinted in CPAE 6, Doc. 22.
Einstein, Albert 1915h. “Erklärung der Perihelbewegung des Merkur aus der allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie.” Königlich Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin). Sitzungsberichte: 831–9. Reprinted in CPAE 6, Doc. 24.
Einstein, Albert 1915i. “Die Feldgleichungen der Gravitation.” Königlich Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin). Sitzungsberichte: 844–7. Reprinted in CPAE 6, Doc. 25.
Einstein, Albert 1916c. “Ernst Mach.” Physikalische Zeitschrift 17: 101–4. Reprinted in CPAE 6, Doc. 29. English trans. in Ernst Mach – A Deeper Look: Documents and New Perspectives, ed. John Blackmore. Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1992, 154–9.
Einstein, Albert 1916e. “Die Grundlage der allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie.” Annalen der Physik 49: 769–822. Reprinted in CPAE 6, Doc. 30. English trans. in Einstein et al. (1952, 111–64).
Einstein, Albert 1916g. “Näherungsweise Integration der Feldgleichungen der Gravitation.” Königlich Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin). Sitzungsberichte: 668–96. Reprinted in CPAE 6, Doc. 32.
Einstein, Albert 1916j. “Strahlungs-Emission und -Absorption nach der Quantentheorie.” Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft. Verhandlungen 18: 318–23. Reprinted in CPAE 6, Doc. 34.
Einstein, Albert 1916n. “Zur Quantentheorie der Strahlung.” Physikalische Gesellschaft Zürich. Mitteilungen 18: 47–62. Reprinted as Einstein (1917c). Reprinted in CPAE 6, Doc. 38.
Einstein, Albert 1916o. “Hamiltonsches Prinzip und allgemeine Relativitätstheorie.” Königlich Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin). Physikalisch-Mathematische Klasse. Sitzungsberichte: 1111–16. Reprinted in CPAE 6, Doc. 41.
Einstein, Albert 1917a. Über die spezielle und die allgemeine Relativitätstheorie (Gemeinverständlich). Braunschweig:Vieweg. Reprinted in CPAE 6, Doc. 42. English trans. in Einstein (1959).
Einstein, Albert 1917b. “Kosmologische Betrachtungen zur allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie.” Königlich Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin). Physikalisch-Mathematische Klasse. Sitzungsberichte: 142–52. Reprinted in CPAE 6, Doc. 43. English trans. in Einstein et al. (1952, 177–88).
Einstein, Albert 1917c. “Zur Quantentheorie der Strahlung.” Physikalische Zeitschrift 18: 121–8. Reprint of Einstein (1916n). English trans. in van der Waerden (1967, 63–77).
Einstein, Albert 1917h. “Der Angst-Traum.” Berliner Tageblatt. December 25, 1917, morning edition, 3rd supplement, 1. Reprinted in CPAE 6, Doc. 49.
Einstein, Albert 1918a. “Über Gravitationswellen.” Königlich Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin). Sitzungsberichte: 154–67. Reprinted in CPAE 7, Doc. 1.
Einstein, Albert 1918c. “Kritisches zu einer von Hrn. De Sitter gegebenen Lösung der Gravitationsgleichungen.” Königlich Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin). Physikalisch-Mathematische Klasse. Sitzungsberichte: 270–2. Reprinted in CPAE 7, Doc. 5.
Einstein, Albert 1918d. “Bemerkung zu Herrn Schrödinger’s Notiz ‘Über ein Lösungssystem der allgemein kovarianten Gravitationsgleichungen.’” Physikalische Zeitschrift 19: 165–6. Reprinted in CPAE 7, Doc. 3.
Einstein, Albert 1918e. “Prinzipielles zur allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie.” Annalen der Physik 55: 241–4. Reprinted in CPAE 7, Doc. 4.
Einstein, Albert 1918f. “Der Energiesatz in der allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie.” Königlich Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin). Physikalisch-Mathematische Klasse. Sitzungsberichte: 448–59. Reprinted in CPAE 7, Doc. 9.
Einstein, Albert 1918g. “Nachtrag.” Königlich Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin). Sitzungsberichte: 478. Reprinted in CPAE 7, Doc. 8.
Einstein, Albert 1918h. “Hermann Weyl, Raum – Zeit – Materie. Vorlesungen über allgemeine Relativitätstheorie. Berlin, Julius Springer, 1918.” Die Naturwissenschaften 6: 373. Reprinted in CPAE 7, Doc. 10.
Einstein, Albert 1918j. “Motive des Forschens.” In Zu Max Plancks sechzigstem Geburtstag, ed. Emil Warburg, Max von Laue, Arnold Sommerfeld, and Albert Einstein. Karlsruhe I. B.: C. F. Müller, 29–32. Reprinted in CPAE 7, Doc. 7. English trans. in Einstein (1954, 224–7).
Einstein, Albert 1918k. “Dialog über Einwände gegen die Relativitätstheorie.” Die Naturwissenschaften 6: 697–702. Reprinted in CPAE 7, Doc. 13.
Einstein, Albert 1919a. “Spielen Gravitationsfelder im Aufbau der materiellen Elementarteilchen eine wesentliche Rolle?” Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin). Sitzungsberichte: 349–56. Reprinted in CPAE 7, Doc. 17. English trans. in Einstein et al. (1952, 191–8).
Einstein, Albert 1919b. “Bemerkungen über periodische Schwankungen der Mondlänge, welche bisher nach der Newtonschen Mechanik nicht erklärbar schienen.” Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin). Physikalisch-Mathematische Klasse. Sitzungsberichte: 433–6. Reprinted in CPAE 7, Doc. 18.
Einstein, Albert 1919f. “Time, Space, and Gravitation.” The Times (London). November 28, 1919: 13–14. Reprinted in CPAE 7, Doc. 26.
Einstein, Albert 1919g. “Induktion und Deduktion in der Physik.” Berliner Tageblatt. December 25, 1919. Reprinted in CPAE 7, Doc. 28.
Einstein, Albert 1919h. “Die Zuwanderung aus dem Osten.” Berliner Tageblatt. December 30, 1919, morning edition, 2. Reprinted in CPAE 7, Doc. 29.
Einstein, Albert 1920f. “Meine Antwort. Über die anti-relativitätstheoretische G.m.b.H.” Berliner Tageblatt. August 27, 1920, morning edition. Reprinted in CPAE 7, Doc. 45.
Einstein, Albert 1920h. “A Confession.” Israelitisches Wochenblatt für die Schweiz, September 24, 1920, 10. Reprinted in CPAE 7, Doc. 37.
Einstein, Albert 1920j. Äther und Relativitätstheorie. Berlin: Springer. Reprinted in CPAE 7, Doc. 38. English trans. in Einstein (1983, 1–24).
Einstein, Albert 1920k. “Antwort auf die vorstehende Betrachtung [Reichenbächer 1920].” Die Naturwissenschaften 8: 1010–11. Reprinted in CPAE 7, Doc. 49.
Einstein, Albert 1921c. Geometrie und Erfahrung. Berlin: Springer. Reprinted in CPAE 7, Doc. 52. English trans. in Einstein (1954, 12–28).
Einstein, Albert 1921e. “Über eine naheliegende Ergänzung des Fundamentes der allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie.” Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin). Sitzungsberichte: 261–4. Reprinted in CPAE 7, Doc. 54.
Einstein, Albert 1921h. “Wie ich Zionist wurde.” Jüdische Rundschau. June 21, 1921, no. 49, 351–2. Reprinted in CPAE 7, Doc. 57.
Einstein, Albert 1922a. “Über ein den Elementarprozeß der Lichtemission betreffendes Experiment.” Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin). Sitzungsberichte: 882–3. Reprinted in CPAE 7, Doc. 68.
Einstein, Albert 1922c. Vier Vorlesungen über Relativitätstheorie. Braunschweig: Vieweg. Reprinted in CPAE 7, Doc. 71. English trans. of later edition: Einstein (1956a).
Einstein, Albert 1922d. “La Théorie de la Relativité.” Interventions sur la théorie de la Relativité par X. Leon, P. Langevin, J. Hadamard, A. Einstein, E. Cartan, P. Painleve, P. Levy, J. Perrin, J. Becquerel, L. Brunschvicg, E. Le Roy, H. Bergson, E. Meyerson, et H. Pieron. Bulletin de la Société Française de Philosophie, séance du 6 avril 1922 XVII: 91–113.
Einstein, Albert 1922e. “Bemerkung zu der Arbeit von A. Friedmann: ‘Über die Krümmung des Raumes.’” Zeitschrift für Physik 11: 326.
Einstein, Albert. 1922i. “In Memoriam Walther Rathenau.” Neue Rundschau 33: 815–16. Reprinted in CPAE 13, Doc. 317.
Einstein, Albert 1923a. “Zur allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie.” Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin). Physikalisch-Mathematische Klasse. Sitzungsberichte: 32–8.
Einstein, Albert 1923b. “Bemerkung zu meiner Arbeit ‘Zur allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie.’” Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin). Physikalisch-Mathematische Klasse. Sitzungsberichte: 76–7.
Einstein, Albert 1923c. “Zur affinen Feldtheorie.” Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin). Physikalisch-Mathematische Klasse. Sitzungsberichte: 137–40.
Einstein, Albert 1923d. “Bietet die Feldtheorie Möglichkeiten für die Lösung des Quantenproblems?” Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin). Physikalisch-Mathematische Klasse. Sitzungsberichte: 359–64.
Einstein, Albert 1923e. “The Theory of the Affine Field.” Nature 112: 448–9.
Einstein, Albert 1923f. “Grundgedanken und Probleme der Relativitätstheorie.” In Le Prix Nobel en 1921–1922. Stockholm: Imprimerie Royale. English trans. “Fundamental Ideas and Problems of the Theory of Relativity” in Nobel Foundation (1967, 482–90).
Einstein, Albert 1923g. “Notiz zu der Bemerkung zu der Arbeit von A. Friedmann ‘Über die Krümmung des Raumes.’” Zeitschrift für Physik 16: 228.
Einstein, Albert 1924a. “Quantentheorie des einatomigen idealen Gases.” Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin). Physikalisch-Mathematische Klasse. Sitzungsberichte: 261–7.
Einstein, Albert 1924b. “Elsbachs Buch: Kant und Einstein.” Deutsche Literaturzeitung 45: 1685–92.
Einstein, Albert 1924c. “Das Komptonsche Experiment: Ist die Wissenschaft um Ihrer Selbst Willen Da?” Berliner Tageblatt. April 20, 1924, 1. Beiblatt.
Einstein, Albert 1924d. “Review of J. Winternitz’s ‘Relativitätstheorie und Erkenntnislehre.’” Deutsche Literaturzeitung 149: 20–2.
Einstein, Albert 1925a. “Quantentheorie des einatomigen idealen Gases. Zweite Abhandlung.” Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin). Physikalisch-Mathematische Klasse. Sitzungsberichte: 3–14.
Einstein, Albert 1925b. “Zur Quantentheorie des idealen Gases.” Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin). Physikalisch-Mathematische Klasse. Sitzungsberichte: 18–25.
Einstein, Albert 1925c. “Nichteuklidische Geometrie und Physik.” Die Neue Rundschau 1: 16–20.
Einstein, Albert 1925d. “Einheitliche Feldtheorie von Gravitation und Elektrizität.” Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin). Physikalisch-Mathematische Klasse. Sitzungsberichte: 414–19.
Einstein, Albert 1927a. “Über die formale Beziehung des Riemannschen Krümmungstensors zu den Feldgleichungen der Gravitation.” Mathematische Annalen 97: 99–103.
Einstein, Albert 1927b. “Zu Kaluzas Theorie des Zusammenhangs von Gravitation und Elektrizität. Erste Mitteilung.” Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin). Physikalisch-Mathematische Klasse. Sitzungsberichte: 23–5.
Einstein, Albert 1927c. “Zu Kaluzas Theorie des Zusammenhangs von Gravitation und Elektrizität. Zweite Mitteilung.” Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin). Physikalisch-Mathematische Klasse. Sitzungsberichte: 26–30.
Einstein, Albert 1928a. “Riemanngeometrie mit Aufrechterhaltung des Begriffes des Fern-Parallelismus.” Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin). Physikalisch-Mathematische Klasse. Sitzungsberichte: 217–21.
Einstein, Albert 1928b. “Neue Möglichkeit für eine einheitliche Feldtheorie von Gravitation und Elektrizität.” Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin). Physikalisch-Mathematische Klasse. Sitzungsberichte: 224–7.
Einstein, Albert 1929. “The New Field Theory, II: The Structure of Space-Time.” The Times (London). February 5, 1929. Reprinted in The Observatory, no. 659 (April), 114–18.
Einstein, Albert 1931a. About Zionism, Speeches and Letters, ed. and trans. Leon Simon. New York: Macmillan.
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Stachel, John 1986b. “Einstein and the Quantum: Fifty Years of Struggle.” In From Quarks to Quasars: Philosophical Problems of Modern Physics, ed. Robert G. Colodny. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 349–85. Reprinted in Stachel (2002a, 367–403).
Stachel, John 1986c. “Eddington and Einstein.” In The Prism of Science, ed. Edna Ullmann-Margalit. Dordrecht:Reidel, 225–50. Reprinted in Stachel (2002a, 453–75).
Stachel, John 1987. “Einstein and Ether Drift Experiments.” Physics Today 40: 45–7. Reprinted in Stachel (2002a, 171–6).
Stachel, John 1989a. “The Rigidly Rotating Disk as the ‘Missing Link’ in the History of General Relativity.” In Howard and Stachel (1989, 48–62). Reprinted in Stachel (2002a, 245–61).