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  • Print publication year: 2013
  • Online publication date: August 2013

2 - African Muslim Slaves and Islam in Antebellum America

Further Reading

Austin, Allan D., African Muslims in Antebellum America: Transatlantic Stories and Spiritual Struggles (London, 1997).
Diouf, Sylviane A., Servants of Allah: Africans Enslaved in the Americas (New York, 1998).
GhaneaBassiri, Kambiz, A History of Islam in America (Cambridge, 2010).
Gomez, Michael A., Black Crescent: The Experience and Legacy of African Muslims in the Americas (New York, 2005).
Osman, Ghada, and Camille F. Forbes, “Representing the West in the Arabic Language: The Slave Narrative of Omar Ibn Said,” Journal of Islamic Studies 15:3 (2004): 331–343.
Turner, Richard Brent, Islam in the African-American Experience, 2nd ed. (Bloomington, 2003).