Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
  • Print publication year: 1992
  • Online publication date: March 2008

8d - Panhellenic Cults and Panhellenic Poets

from 8 - Greek culture, religion and society in the fifth century b.c.

Summary

Many of the innumerable ancient Greek festivals included athletic and cultural contests. The four Panhellenic game festivals namely, the Olympian, Pythian, Isthmian and Nemean, were in origin very different in size and significance from each other. The Olympic Games, which were held in honour of Zeus, seem to have acquired a wider importance quite early in the Archaic period. The Pythian Games at Delphi began as a purely musical event. The Isthmian and Nemean Games also took their classical form in the early sixth century. The gods in whose honour these festivals were held were panhellenic deities, and in gathering at their sanctuaries the Greeks felt very strongly the bonds of a common religion and culture. The poems of Pindar and Bacchylides demonstrate in another important way the unifying force of these great festivals, in that so many of them were composed for Sicilian patrons.
Carli, E. Aristofaneela sofistica (Pubblicazioni dellá Facoltà di Lettere e Filosofia dell'Università di Milano LVII). Florence, 1971
Athletics in Ancient Greece. Ancient Olympia and the Olympic Games. Athens. 1976 (published under the supervision of Yalouris, N. )
Aupert, P. Fouilles de Delphes, II: Topographie et Architecture. Le stade. Paris, 1979
Barrett, W. S.Bacchylides, Asine, and Apollo Pythaieus’, Hermes 82 (1954)
Bölte, F.Kleonai’, Pauly-Wissowa-Kroll-Mittelhaus, Real-Encyclopädie der klassischen Altertumswissenschaft. Stuttgart, 1893– II (1922)
Bowie, E. L.Early Greek elegy, symposium, and public festival’, Journal of Hellenic Studies 106 (1986)
Bowra, C. M.Euripides’ epinician for Alcibiades’, Historia 9 (1960). Oxford, 1970)
Bowra, C. M.Xenophanes and the Olympian games’, in Problems in Greek Poetry. Oxford, 1953
Bowra, C. M. Greek Lyric Poetry. 2nd edn. Oxford, 1961
Brelich, A. Guerre, agoni e culti nella Grecia arcaica (Antiquitas 1.7). Bonn, 1961
Broneer, O. , Isthmia, I. Temple of Poseidon. Princeton, 1971
Courby, M. F. Fouilles de Delphes, II. I: La terrasse du temple. Paris, 1927
Dahrendorf, R.In praise of Thrasymachus’, Essays in the Theory of Society. Stanford, 1968
de Ste Croix, G. E. M. The Origins of the Peloponnesian War. London, 1972
Mühll, P.Der Anlass zur zweiten Pythie Pindars’, Mus. Helv. 15 (1958)
Dunbabin, T. J. The Western Greeks, Oxford, 1948
Ebert, J. Griechische Epigramme auf Sieger an gymnischen und hippischen Agonen (Abh. Sächs. Ak. Wiss. Phil.-Hist. Kl. 63.2). Berlin, 1972
Elliott, R. T. The Acharnians of Aristophanes. Oxford, 1914
Feaver, D. D.Historical development in the priesthoods of Athens’, Yale Classical Studies 15 (1957)
Finley, M. I. and Pleket, H. W. The Olympic Games: the First Thousand Years. London, 1976
Forrest, W. G.AristophanesAcharnians', Phoenix 17 (1963)
Foucart, P. Les mystères d'Eleusis. Paris, 1914
Graf, F. Eleusis und die orphische Dichtung Athens in vorhellenistischer Zeit. Berlin, 1974
Henrichs, A.The atheism of Prodicus’, Cronache Erculanese 6 (1976)
Herington, C. J. Athena Parthenos and Athena Polias. Manchester, 1955
Hill, B. H. The Temple of Zeus at Nemea. Princeton, 1966
Huxley, G. Pindar's Vision of the Past. Belfast, 1975
Jannoray, J. Fouilles de Delphes, II: Topographic et Architecture. Le gymnase. Paris, 1953
Jeffery, L. H. Archaic Greece. London, 1976
Kutsch, F. Attische Heilgötter und Heilheroen (RGVV 12.3). Giessen, 1913
Lattimore, R.Aeschylus on the defeat of Xerxes’, in Classical Studies in Honor of W. A. Oldfather. Urbana, 1943
Lefkowitz, M. R. ΤΩ ΚΑΙ ΕΓΩ: the first person in Pindar’, Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 67 (1963)
Linders, T. Studies in the Treasure Records of Artemis Brauronia found in Athens. Stockholm, 1972
Macleod, C. W.Politics and the Oresteia ’, Journal of Hellenic Studies 102 (1982)
Mallwitz, A. Olympia und seine Bauten. Munich, 1972
Mallwitz, A. X. Bericht über die Ausgrabungen in Olympia. Berlin, 1981
Mansfeld, J.The chronology of Anaxagoras' Athenian period and the date of his trial’, Mnemosyne ser. 4, 32 (1979)
Mikalson, J. D.Religion in the Attic demes’, American Journal of Philology 98 (1977)
Miller, S. G. and Miller, S. G.Excavations at Nemea’, (1973–4 and following years), Hesperia. 44 (1975)
Miller, S. G. Review of 18, American Journal of Archaeology 85 (1981)
Mommsen, A. Feste der Stadt Athen im Altertum. Leipzig, 1898
Mullen, W. Choreia: Pindar and Dance. Princeton, 1982
Orlandos, A. K. Τἂ ὑλικὰ δομης των ἀρχαίων ‘Ελλήνων. 2 vols. Athens, 1955–8. (French transl. by Hadjimichali, V. , Les materiaux de construction et la technique architectural des anciens grecs 1–11. Paris
Pouilloux, J. Rechercbes sur l'histoire et les cultes de Thasos 1 (Etudes thasiennes 3). Paris, 1954
Romano, D. G.An early stadium at Nemea’, Hesperia. 46 (1977)
Rosenmeyer, T. The Art of Aeschylus. Berkeley-Los Angeles, 1982
Rotroff, S. I.An anonymous hero in the Athenian Agora’, Hesperia. 47 (1978)
Roux, G. L'Amphictionie, Delphes et le Temple d'Apollon au IVe siècle. Lyons, 1979
Seidensticker, B.Das Satyrspiel’, in J 95,
Sutton, D. The Greek Satyr Play. Meisenheim am Glan, 1980
Swoboda, H.Elis’, Pauly-Wissowa-Kroll-Mittelhaus, Real-Encyclopädie der klassischen Altertumswissenschaft. Stuttgart, 1893– 5 (1905)
Weiler, I. Der Sport bei den Völkern der alten Welt. Darmstadt, 1981