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  • Print publication year: 2017
  • Online publication date: April 2017

Transcription conventions


The following are some of the conventions used in data transcripts. Otherwise, refer to original source:

Language contrast Kinyarwanda French Other language

(.) Pause (with or without measured length)

[ Overlapping talk

((laughter)) Non-verbal action

(unclear) With or without transcriber's best guess

Bold Target element

Saucissons-yewe waje Recycle / restart

﹛first name﹜ Name omitted

Free English translation in a separate sequence after the original. Letters of the alphabet (A, B, C, etc.) are used for participants so as to preserve their anonymity; where appropriate, P, D and Ch specifically represent ‘patient’, ‘doctor’ and ‘child’, respectively.