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  • Print publication year: 2013
  • Online publication date: April 2013

Section 6. - Administration of psychiatric care

References

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6. LukensTW, WolfSJ, EdlowJA, et al. Clinical policy: critical issues in the diagnosis and management of the adult psychiatric patient in the emergency department. Ann Emerg Med 2006;47:79–99.

References

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12. President’s New Freedom Commission on Mental Health. Achieving the Promise: Transforming Mental Health Care in America. July 22, 2003.
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24. HawthorneWB, GreenEE, GilmerT, et al. A randomized trial of short term acute residential services for veterans. Psychiatr Serv 2005;56:1379–86.
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27. Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities. Behavioral Health Programs Descriptions. 2011. Available at: http://www.carf.org/WorkArea/DownloadAsset.aspx?id=23988 (Accessed September 28, 2011).
28. National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors Research Intitute, Inc. Proposed New HCPCS Procedure Codes for Mental Health Services [definitions]. Alexandria, VA: NASMHPD; 1996.
29. NAMI. Assertive Community Treatment: Investments Yield Outcomes. Fact sheet. September 2007. Available at: http://www.nami.org (Accessed September 16, 2011).

References

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4. American College of Emergency Physicians. ACEP Psychiatric and Substance Abuse Survey 2008. Available at: http://www.acep.org/uploadedFiles/ACEP/Advocacy/federal_issues/PsychiatricBoardingSummary.pdf (Accessed August 14, 2012).
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14. FishkindA.Agitation II: de-escalation of the aggressive patient and avoiding coercion. In: GlickRL, BerlinJS, FishkindAB, ZellerSL, (Eds.). Emergency Psychiatry: Principles and Practice. Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2008;125–36.
15. StefanS.Emergency Department Treatment of the Psychiatric Patient: Policy Issues and Legal Requirements. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; 2006.
16. AugusterferEF, CavanaghN.Telemental Health in the Emergency Room. American Telemedicine Association Annual Meeting 2007 Nashville, TN. Available at: http://www.atmeda.org/conf/2007/Presentations/Tuesday/GOVB/%201045%20Augusterfer%20Governor’s%20B%20Tue/Telemental%20Health%20in%20the%20Emergency%20Room.ppt (Accessed May 2008).
17. MitchellAM, GarandL, DeanD, PanzakG, TaylorM.Suicide assessment in hospital emergency departments: implications for patient satisfaction and compliance. Emerg Med 2005;27:302–12.
18. BaraffLJ, JanowiczN, AsarnowJW.Survey of California emergency departments about practices for management of suicidal patients and resources available for their care. Ann Emerg Med 2006;48; 452–8.
19. Screening for Mental Health. A Resource Guide for Implementing the Joint Commission 2007 Patient Safety Goals on Suicide. Available at: http://www.stopasuicide.com/downloads/sites/docs/Resource_Guide_Safety_Goals_2007.pdf (Accessed February 14, 2011).
20. HiltyDM, BourgeoisJA, NesbittTS, et al. Cost issues with telepsychiatry in the United States. Int Psychiatry 2004;3: 6–8.
21. JancaA, GillamD.Development and evaluation of an ICD-10 telepsychiatry training programme in Western Australia. J Telemed Telecare 2002;8:120–2.
22. California Healthcare Foundation. Telepsychiatry in the Emergency Department: Overview and Case Studies. Publication of the Abaris Group for the California Healthcare Foundation. Available at: http://www.chcf.org/publications/2009/12/telepsychiatry-in-the-emergency-department-overview-and-case-studies (Accessed December 2009).
23. MeltzerB.Telemedicine in emergency psychiatry. Psychiatr Serv 1997;48:1141–2.
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36. FishkindA, BerlinJ.Structure and function of psychiatric emergency services. In: GlickRL, BerlinJS, FishkindAB, ZellerSL, (Eds.). Emergency Psychiatry: Principles and Practice. Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2008;9–24.

References

1. ReevesWC, StrineTW, PrattLA, et al. Mental illness surveillance among adults in the United States. MMWR Surveill Summ 2011;60(Suppl 3):1–29.
2. ShahMN, JonesCMC, RichardsonTM, et al. Prevalence of depression and cognitive impairment in older adult emergency medical service patients. Prehosp Emerg Care 2011;15:4–11.
3. HoyleJD, WhiteLJ. Treatment of pediatric and adolescent mental health emergencies in the United States: current practices, models, barriers and potential solutions. Prehosp Emerg Care 2003;7:66–73.
4. GrangeJT, CorbettSW.Violence against emergency medical services personnel. Prehosp Emerg Care 2002;6:186–90.
5. CheneyPR, GossettL, Fullerton-GleasonL, et al. Relationship of restraint use, patient injury, and assaults on EMS personnel. Prehosp Emerg Care 2006;10:207–12.
6. ThomsenTW, SayahAJ, EcksteinM, et al. Emergency medical service providers and weapons in the prehospital setting. Prehosp Emerg Care 2000;4:209–16.
7. LeissJK, RatcliffeJM, LydenJT, et al. Blood exposure among paramedics: incidence rates from the national study to prevent blood exposure in paramedics. Ann Epidemiol 2006;16:720–5.
8. JenkinsWA.Scene safety: situational awareness saves lives. J Emerg Med Serv 2011;36:30–3.
9. AhlertB, (Ed.). Paramedic Practice Today: Above and Beyond, (1st Edition). St. Louis, MO: Mosby JEMS; 2010.
10. ReichJ.Behavioral emergencies. In: ConeDC, O’ConnorRE, FowlerRL, (Eds.). Emergency Medical Services: Clinical Practice and Systems Oversight, (4th Edition). Dubuque, IA. Kendall-Hunt; 2009.
11. TintinalliJE, McCoyM.Violent patients and the prehospital provider. Ann Emerg Med 1993;22:1635.
12. BriceJH, PiralloRG, RachtE, et al. Management of the violent patient. Prehosp Emerg Care 2003;7:48–55.
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15. VilkeGM, ChanTC, NeumanT.Patient restraint in EMS. Prehosp Emerg Care 2003;7:417–19.
16. ZunLS. A prospective study of the complication rate of use of patient restraint in the emergency department. J Emerg Med 2003;24:119–24.
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20. PasquierM, CarrinPN, VallottonL, YersinB.Electronic control device exposure: a review of morbity and mortality. Ann Emerg Med 2011;58:178–88.
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22. WeaverJ, BrinsfieldKH, DalphondD.Prehospital refusal-of-transport policies: adequate legal protection?Prehosp Emerg Care 2000;4:53–6.

References

1. SladeM, TaberD, ClarkeMM, et al. Best practices for the treatment of patients with mental and substance use illnesses in the emergency department. Dis Mon 2007;53:536–80.
2. SchumacherJA, GleasonSH, HollomanGH, McLeodWT. Using a single-item rating scale as a psychiatric behavioral management triage tool in the emergency department. J Emerg Nurs 2010;36:434–8.
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8. FernandesCMB, TanabeP, GilboyN, et al. Five-level triage: a report from the ACEP/ENA five-level triage task force. J Emerg Nurs 2005;31:39–50.
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14. DowneyLA, ZunLS.Comparison of Canadian Triage System to Australian Triage System for Psychiatric Patients. San Francisco, CA: American Psychiatric Association-Institute for Psychiatric Services; October, 2011.
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References

1.Special responsibilities of Medicare hospitals in emergency cases, 42 CFR 489.24 (a)(1)
2.Special responsibilities of Medicare hospitals in emergency cases, 42 CFR 489.24 (b)
3.Special responsibilities of Medicare hospitals in emergency cases, 42 CFR 489.24 (d)
4.Special responsibilities of Medicare hospitals in emergency cases, 42 CFR 489.24 (a)(1)(ii)
5.Special responsibilities of Medicare hospitals in emergency cases, 42 CFR 489.24 (e)
6.Special responsibilities of Medicare hospitals in emergency cases, 42 CFR 489.24 (e)(2)
7.Special responsibilities of Medicare hospitals in emergency cases, 42 CFR 489.24 (d)(3)
8.Special responsibilities of Medicare hospitals in emergency cases, 42 CFR 489.24 (f)
9.Special responsibilities of Medicare hospitals in emergency cases, 42 CFR 489.24 (d)(2)
10.Special responsibilities of Medicare hospitals in emergency cases, 42 CFR 489.24 (d)(4)
11.Special responsibilities of Medicare hospitals in emergency cases, 42 CFR 489.20(m)
12.State Operations Manual, Interpretive Guidelines for 42 CFR 489.20(m)
13.State Operations Manual (SOM), Interpretive Guidelines for 489.24(a)
14.Special responsibilities of Medicare hospitals in emergency cases, 42 CFR 489.24 (h)
15.Special responsibilities of Medicare hospitals in emergency cases, 42 CFR 489.24 (h)(3)
16.Special responsibilities of Medicare hospitals in emergency cases, 42 CFR 489.24 (g)
17.Special responsibilities of Medicare hospitals in emergency cases, 42 CFR 1003.103

References

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29. Cavender v. Sutter Lakeside Hospital. 2005 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 33766 (N.D.Ca. Sept. 6, 2005).
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33. In re LJMS, 844 SW2d 86 (Mo.App. 1992).
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References

1. Illinois Hospital Association. 2005 Emergency Department Utilization Survey. Naperville, IL: The Illinois Hospital Association; 2006.
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