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  • Print publication year: 2010
  • Online publication date: January 2011

Section 3 - Psychopharmacologic, behavioral, and psychotherapeutic approaches

References

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9. Nishimori M, Kulich, RJ, Carwood CM, et al. Successful and unsuccessful outcomes with long-term opioid therapy: A survey of physicians’ opinions. J Palliat Med 2006; 9: 50–5.
10. Turk DC, Okifuji A. What factors affect physicians’ decisions to prescribe opioids from chronic noncancer pain patients? Clin J Pain 1997; 13: 330–6.
11. Ballantyne JC, Mao J. Opioid therapy for chronic pain. N Engl J Med 2003; 349: 1943–53.
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13. Chou R, Ballantyne JC, Fanciullo GJ, Fine PG. Research gaps on use of opioids for chronic noncancer pain: findings from a review of the evidence for an American Pain Society and American Academy of Pain Medicine Clinical Practice Guideline. J Pain 2009; 10: 147–59.
14. Kalso E, Edwards JE, Moore RA, McQuay HJ. Opioids in chronic non-cancer pan: A systemic review of efficacy and safety. Pain 2004; 112: 372–80.
15. Moore RA, McQuay HJ. Prevalence of opioid adverse events in chronic non-malignant pain: Systematic review of randomized trials of oral opioids. Arthritis Res Ther 2005; 7: 46–51.
16. Martell BA, O ’ Connor PG, Kerns RD, et al. Systematic review: Opioid treatment for chronic back pain: prevalence, efficacy and associated with addiction. Ann Intern Med 2007; 146: 116–27.
17. Furlan AD, Sandoval JA, Mailis-Gagnon A, Tunks E. Opioids for chronic noncancer pain: A meta-analysis of effectiveness and side effects. CMAJ 2006; 174: 1589–94.
18. Chou R, Clark E, Helfand M. Comparative efficacy and safety of long-acting oral opioids for chronic non-cancer pain: A systematic review. J Pain Symptom Manage 2003; 26: 1026–48.
19. Chu LF, Clark DJ, Angst MS. Opioid tolerance and hyperalgesia in chronic pain patients after one month of oral morphine therapy: A preliminary prospective study. J Pain. 2006; 7: 43–8.
20. Baron MJ, McDonald PW. Significant pain reduction in chronic pain patients after detoxification from high-dose opioids. J Opioid Manag 2006; 2: 277–82.
21. Rome JD, Towsnend CO, Bruce BK, et al. Chronic noncancer pain rehabilitation with opioid withdrawal: Comparison of treatment outcomes based on opioid use status at admission. Mayo Clin Proc 2004; 79: 759–68.
22. Townsend CO, Hooten WM, Bruce, BK, et al. Pain rehabilitation with opioid withdrawal: Longitudinal study of treatment outcomes for chronic noncancer pain. J Pain 2007; 8: S41.
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24. Hooten WM, Townsend CO, Sletten CD, Bruce BK, Rome JD. Treatment outcomes after multidisciplinary pain rehabilitation with analgesic medication withdrawal for patients with fibromyalgia. Pain Med 2007; 8: 8–16.
25. National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA). Under the Counter: The Diversion and Abuse of Controlled Prescription Drugs in the US (New York, NY: Columbia University, 2005).
26. Passik SD, Kirsh KL. Identifying and treating patients with drug abuse problems. In Psycholocial Aspects of Pain: A Handbook for Health Care Providers, Progress in Pain Research and Management, Vol. 27, eds. R.H. Dworkin W.S. Breitbart (Seattle, WA: IASP Press, 2004) pp. 465–78.
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28. Bruce BK, Townsend CO, Hooten WM, Rome JD, Moon JS, Swanson JW. Chronic pain rehabilitation in chronic headache disorders. Current Neurol Neurosci Rep 2008; 8: 94–9.
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30. Kerns RD, Otis JD, Wise EA. Treating families of chronic pain patients: Application of a cognitive-behavioral transactional model. In Psychological Approaches to Pain Management: A practitioner’s handbook, 2nd edn., eds. DC Turk RJ Gatchel (New York: Guilford Press, 2002) pp. 256–75.
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References

1. Gallagher RM, Verma S. Mood and anxiety disorders in chronic pain. In Psychosocial and Psychiatric Aspects of Pain: A Handbook for Health Care Providers, eds. R Dworkin and W Brieghtbart. Progress in Pain Research and Management, Vol. 27. (Seattle: IASP Press, 2004).
2. Dohrenwend B, Marbach J, Raphael K, Gallagher RM. Why is depression co-morbid with chronic facial pain? A family study test of alternative hypotheses. Pain 1999; 83: 183–92.
3. Fishbain D, Bruns D, Disorbio M, Lewis J. Risk for five forms of suicidality in acute pain patients and chronic pain patients vs. pain-free community controls. Pain Med 2009; 10: 1095–105.
4. Fishbain D, Bruns D, Disorbio M, Lewis J. Correlates of self-reported violent ideation against physicians in acute- and chronic-pain patients. Pain Med 2009; 10: 573–85.
5. Gallagher R. Opioids in chronic pain management: Navigating the clinical and regulatory challenges. J Fam Prac 2004; 53: S23–32.
6. Goldenbaum DM, Christopher M, Gallagher RM, et al. Physicians charged with opioid analgesic-prescribing offenses. Pain Med 2008; 9: 737–47.
7. Fishman SM, Papazian JS, Gonzalez S, Riches PS, Gilson A. Regulating opioid prescribing through prescription monitoring programs: Balancing drug diversion and treatment of pain. Pain Med 2004; 5: 309–24.
8. Fishman SM. Opioid-based multimodal care of patients with chronic pain: Improving effectiveness and mitigating risks. Pain Med 2009; 10: S49–52.
9. Wilsey BL, Fishman SM, Casamalhuapa C, Gupta A. Documenting and improving opioid treatment: The prescription opioid documentation and surveillance (PODS) System. Pain Med 2009; 10: 866–77.
10. Fishman SM, Mahajan G, Jung SW, Wilsey BL. The trilateral opioid contract. Bridging the pain clinic and the primary care physician through the opioid contract. J Pain Symptom Manage 2002; 24: 335–44.
11. Wiedemer N, Harden P, Arndt R, Gallagher R. Effects of a structured opioid therapy program, using treatment agreements, urine drug screens, and consultation, on primary care practice. Pain Med 2007; 8: 573–84.
12. Banja J. Empathy in the physician’s pain practice: benefits, barriers and recommendations. Pain Med 2006; 7: 265–75.
13. Gallagher RM. Empathy: A timeless skill for the pain medicine toolbox. Pain Med 7: 213–14.
14. Gallagher RM. Pain medicine and primary care: A community solution to pain as a public health problem. Med Clin North Amer 1999; 83: 555–85.
15. Fishman S, Gallagher RM, Carr D, Sullivan L. The case for pain medicine as a medical specialty. Pain Med 2004; 5: 281–6.
16. Gallagher RM, Fishman S. Pain medicine: history, emergence as a medical specialty, and evolution of the multidisciplinary approach. In Cousins and Bridenbaugh’s Neural Blockade, 4th edn, eds. MJ Cousins, PO Bridenbaugh, D Carr and T Horlocker. (Baltimore: Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, 2008).
17. Follett K, Dubois MY. Program requirements for GME in pain medicine released for the first time. Pain Med 2008; 9: 471–2.
18. Backonja MM, Irving G, Argoff C. Rational multidrug therapy in the treatment of neuropathic pain. Curr Pain Headache Rep 2006; 10: 34–8.
19. Gallagher RM. Management of neuropathic pain: Translating mechanistic advances and evidence-based research into clinical practice. Clin J Pain 2006; 22(S1): S2–S8.
20. Gallagher RM. Rational integration of pharmacologic, behavioral, and rehabilitation strategies in the treatment of chronic pain. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2005;84 (S3): S64–76.
21. Costigan M, Woolf CJ. Pain: Molecular mechanisms. J Pain 2000; 1(3 Suppl): 35–44.
22. Woolf CJ. Dissecting out mechanisms responsible for peripheral neuropathic pain: Implications for diagnosis and therapy. Life Sci 2004; 74: 2605–10.
23. Farrar JT, Young JP Jr, LaMoreaux L, Werth JL, Poole RM. Clinical importance of changes in chronic pain intensity measured on an 11-point numerical pain rating scale. Pain 2001; 94: 149–58.
24. Tirado CF, Gallagher RM. The diagnosis and treatment of anxiety disorders in chronic spinal pain. In Interventional Spine: An algorithmic approach, eds. CW Slipman, R Derby, FA Simeone, TG Mayer. (Philadelphia: Saunders, 2007), pp. 171–183.
25. Armon C, Argoff CE, Samuels J, Backonja M. Assessment: Use of epidural steroid injections to treat radicular lumbosacral pain. Neurology 2007; 68: 723–9.
26. Krames E. Interventional pain medicine. Med Clin North Amer 1999; 83: 555–85.
27. Gallagher RM, Rosenthal L. Chronic pain and opiates: Balancing pain control and risks in long-term opioid treatment. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2008; 89(3 Suppl 1): S77–82.
28. Bloodworth D. Issues in opioid management. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2005; 84(3 Suppl): S42–55.
29. Eisenberg E, McNicol ED, Carr DB. Efficacy and safety of opioid agonists in the treatment of neuropathic pain of nonmalignant origin: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. JAMA 2005; 293: 3043–52.
30. Martell BA, OConnor PG, Kerns RD, et al. Systematic review: Opioid treatment for chronic back pain: prevalence, efficacy, and association with addiction. Ann Intern Med 2007; 146: 116–27.
31. Chou R, Fanciullo GJ, Fine PG, et al. Clinical guidelines for the use of chronic opioid therapy in chronic noncancer pain. J Pain 2009: 10: 113–30.
32. Ballantyne JC, Mao J. Opioid therapy for chronic pain. New Eng J Med 2003; 349: 1943–53.
33. Mao J. Opioid-induced abnormal pain sensitivity: Implications in clinical opioid therapy. Pain 2002; 100: 213–17.
34. Simonnet G. Opioids: From analgesia to anti-hyperalgesia? Pain 2005; 118: 8–9.
35. Vanderah TW, Ossipov MH, Lai J, Malan Jr TP, Porreca, F Mechanisms of opioid-induced pain and antinociceptive tolerance: Descending facilitation and spinal dynorphin. Pain 2001; 92: 5–9
36. Celerier E, Rivat C, Jun Y, et al. Long-lasting hyperalgesia induced by fentanyl in rats: Preventative effect of ketamine. Anesthesiology 2000; 92: 465–72.
37. Gourlay DL, Heit HA, Almahrezi A. Universal precautions in pain medicine: A rational approach to the treatment of chronic pain. Pain Med 2005; 6: 107.
38. Passik SD, Kirsch KL, Casper D. Addiction-related assessment tools and pain management: Instruments for screening, treatment planning, and monitoring compliance. Pain Med 2008; 9(S2): S145–S166.
39. Meghani S, Wiedemer N, Becker W, Gracely E, Gallagher RM. Predictors of resolution of aberrant drug behavior in chronic pain patients treated in a structured opioid risk management program. Pain Med 2009; 10: 858–65.
40. Fishbain D. Polypharmacy treatment approaches to the psychiatric and somatic comorbidities found in patients with chronic pain. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2005; 84(3 Suppl): S56–63.
41. Ener J, Meglathery SB, Van Decker WA, Gallagher RM. Complications of serotonergic medications. Pain Med 2003; 4: 63–74.
42. Fishman SM, Wilsey B, Mahajan G, Molina P. Methadone reincarnated: Novel clinical applications with related concerns. Pain Med 2002; 3: 339–48.
43. Wilsey M, Fishman SM, Ogden C, Tsodikov A, Bertakis KD. Chronic pain management in the emergency department: A survey of attitudes and beliefs. Pain Med 2008; 9: 1073–180.
44. Raphael KG, Marbach JJ. When did your pain start? Reliability of self-reported age of onset of facial pain. Clin J Pain; 1997; 13: 352–9.

References

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