Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 7
  • Print publication year: 2017
  • Online publication date: July 2017

10 - The Mars Dust Cycle

Ajello, J. M., Pang, K. D., Lane, A. L., Hord, C. W., Simmons, K. E., 1976. Mariner 9 ultraviolet spectrometer experiment – bright-limb observations of the lower atmosphere of Mars. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 33, 544552.
Anderson, E., Leovy, C., 1978. Mariner 9 television limb observations of dust and ice hazes on Mars. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 35, 723734.
Antoniadi, E. M., 1915. Report of the section for the observation of Mars, 1909. Mem. Br. Astron. Assoc. 20, 2592.
Antoniadi, E. M., 1930. La Planète Mars, 16591929, Herman et Cie, Paris. (Translated P. Moore, The Planet Mars, Keith Reid, Shaldon, Devon, UK, 1975).
Arvidson, R. E., Guinness, E. A., Moore, H. J., Tillman, J., Wall, S. D. 1983. Three Mars years – Viking Lander 1 imaging observations. Science, 222, 463468.
Arvidson, R. E., Anderson, R. C., Bartlett, P., et al., 2004. Localization and physical property experiments conducted by Opportunity at Meridiani Planum. Science, 306 (5702), 17301733.
Bagnold, R. A., 1936. The movement of desert sand. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series A, Mathematical and Physical Sciences, 157 (892), 594620.
Bagnold, R. A., 1937. The transport of sand by wind. The Geographical Journal 89(5), 409438.
Bagnold, R. A., 1941. The Physics of Blown Sand and Desert Dunes. London: Methuen, 265.
Bagnold, R. A., 1954. Experiments on a gravity-free dispersion of large solid spheres in a Newtonian fluid under shear. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series A, Mathematical and Physical Sciences, 225 (1160), 4963.
Bagnold, R. A., 1956. The flow of cohesionless grains in fluids, Proc. R. Soc. Lond., 249, 235297.
Balme, M., Greeley, R., 2006. Dust devils on Earth and Mars, Reviews of Geophysics, 44 (3).
Balme, M., Hagermann, A., 2006. Particle lifting at the soil-air interface by atmospheric pressure excursions in dust devils. Geophysical Research Letters, 33 (19).
Balme, M. R., Whelley, P. L., Greeley, R., 2003. Mars: dust devil track survey in Argyre Planitia and Hellas Basin. J. of Geophys. Res., 108, doi:10.1029/2003JE002096.
Barnes, J. R., Pollack, J. B., Haberle, R. M., et al., 1993. Mars atmospheric dynamics as simulated by the NASA AMES general circulation model. II – Transient baroclinic eddies. Journal of Geophysical Research, 98 (E2), 31253148.
Basu, S., Richardson, M. I., Wilson, R. J., 2004. Simulation of the Martian dust cycle with the GFDL Mars GCM. Journal of Geophysical Research, 109 (E11).
Basu, S., Wilson, J., Richardson, M., Ingersoll, A., 2006. Simulation of spontaneous and variable global dust storms with the GFDL Mars GCM. Journal of Geophysical Research, 111 (E9).
Baum, W. A., 1973. The International Planetary Patrol Program: an assessment of the first three years. Planetary and Space Science, 21 (9), 15111519.
Bell, J. F., Wolff, M. J., James, P. B., et al., 1997. Mars surface mineralogy from Hubble Space Telescope imaging during 1994–1995: observations, calibration, and initial results, Journal of Geophysical Research, 102 (E4), 91099124.
Biener, K. K., Geissler, P. E., McEwen, A. S., Leovy, C., 2002. Observations of Martian dust devils in MOC wide angle camera images. In 33th Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March 11–15, 2002, Houston, TX, abstract no. 2004.
Bonev, B. P., Hansen, G. B., Glenar, D. A., James, P. B., Bjorkman, J. E., 2008. Albedo models for the residual south polar cap on Mars: implications for the stability of the cap under near-perihelion global dust storm conditions, Planetary and Space Science, 56 (2), 181193.
Briggs, G. A., Baum, W. A., Barnes, J., 1979. Viking Orbiter imaging observations of dust in the Martian atmosphere, Journal of Geophysical Research, 84 (10), 27952820.
Cantor, B. A., 2007. MOC observations of the 2001 Mars planet-encircling dust storm, Icarus, 186 (1), 6096.
Cantor, B. A., James, P. B., Caplinger, M., Wolff, M. J., 2001. Martian dust storms: 1999 Mars Orbiter Camera observations, Journal of Geophysical Research, 106 (E10), 2365323688.
Cantor, B. A., Malin, M., Edgett, K. S., 2002. Multiyear Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) observations of repeated Martian weather phenomena during the northern summer season, Journal of Geophysical Research (Planets), 107 (E3), doi:10.1029/2001JE001588.
Cantor, B. A., Kanak, K. M., Edgett, K. S., 2006. Mars Orbiter Camera observations of Martian dust devils and their tracks (September 1997 to January 2006) and evaluation of theoretical vortex models, Journal of Geophysical Research, 111 (E12), doi:10.1029/2006JE002700
Cantor, B. A., Malin, M. C., Wolff, M. J., et al., 2008. Observations of the Martian atmosphere by MRO-MARCI, an overview of 1 Mars year. In Third International Workshop on The Mars Atmosphere: Modeling and Observations, November 10–13, 2008, Williamsburg, Virginia. LPI Contribution No. 1447, 9075.
Cantor, B. A., James, P. B., Calvin, W. M., 2010. MARCI and MOC observations of the atmosphere and surface cap in the north polar region of Mars, Icarus, 208 (1), 6181.
Capen, C. F., Martin, L. J., 1971. The developing stages of the Martian yellow storm of 1971, Lowell Observatory Bulletin No. 157, VII, 20, 211216.
Chassefiere, E., Blamont, J. E., Krasnopolsky, V. A., et al., 1992. Vertical structure and size distributions of Martian aerosols from solar occultation measurements, Icarus, 97 (1), 4669.
Chepil, W. S., Woodruff, N. P., 1963. The physics of wind erosion and its control, Advances in Agronomy, 15, 211302.
Cheremisin, A. A., Vassilyev, Y. V., Horvath, H., 2005. Gravito-photophoresis and aerosol stratification in the atmosphere, J. Aerosol Sci., 36, 12771299.
Choi, D. S., Dundas, C. M., 2011. Measurements of Martian dust devils winds with HiRISE. Geophysical Research Letters, 38 (24), doi:10.1029/2011GL049806.
Christensen, P. R., 1982. Martian dust mantling and surface composition – interpretation of thermophysical properties, Journal of Geophysical Research, 87, 99859998.
Christensen, P. R., 1986a. The spatial distribution of rocks on Mars, Icarus 68, 217238.
Christensen, P. R., 1986b. Regional dust deposits on Mars – physical properties, age, and history, Journal of Geophysical Research, 91, 35333545.
Christensen, P. R., 1988. Global albedo variations on Mars – implications for active aeolian transport, deposition, and erosion, Journal of Geophysical Research, 93, 76117624.
Christensen, P. R., Bandfield, J. L., Hamilton, V. E., et al., 2001. The Mars Global Surveyor Thermal Emission Spectrometer experiment: investigation description and surface science results, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 2382323871.
Clancy, R. T., Sandor, B. J., Wolff, M. J., et al., 2000. An intercomparison of ground-based millimeter, MGS TES, and Viking atmospheric temperature measurements: seasonal and interannual variability of temperatures and dust loading in the global Mars atmosphere, Journal of Geophysical Research, 105 (E4), 95539572.
Clancy, R. T., Wolff, M. J., Christensen, P. R., 2003. Mars aerosol studies with the MGS TES emission phase function observations: optical depths, particle sizes, and ice cloud types versus latitude and solar longitude. J. of Geophys. Res. 108, doi:10.1029/2003JE002058.
Clancy, R. T., Wolff, M. J., Whitney, B. A., et al., 2010. Extension of atmospheric dust loading to high altitudes during the 2001 Mars dust storm: MGS TES limb observations. Icarus, 207 (1), 98109.
Colaprete, A., Toon, O. B., 2003. Carbon dioxide clouds in an early dense Martian atmosphere, Journal of Geophysical Research (Planets), 108 (E4), doi:10.1029/2002JE001967.
Colaïtis, A., Spiga, A., Hourdin, F., et al., 2013. A thermal plume model for the Martian convective boundary layer, Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118 (7), 14681487.
Colburn, D. S., Pollack, J. B., Haberle, R. M., 1989. Diurnal variations in optical depth at Mars, Icarus 79, 159189.
Conrath, B. J., 1975. Thermal structure of the Martian atmosphere during the dissipation of the dust storm of 1971, Icarus, 24, 3646.
Cushing, G. E., Titus, T. N., Christensen, P. R., 2005. THEMIS VIS and IR observations of a high-altitude Martian dust devil, Geophysical Research Letters, 32 (23), doi:10.1029/2005GL024478.
Desch, S. J., Cuzzi, J. N., 2000. The generation of lightning in the solar nebula, Icarus, 143, 87105.
Dickinson, C., Komguem, L., Whiteway, J. A., et al., 2011. Lidar atmospheric measurements on Mars and Earth. Planetary and Space Science, 59 (10), 942951.
Dlugach, Z. M., Korablev, O. I., Morozhenko, A. V., et al., 2003. Physical properties of dust in the Martian atmosphere: analysis of contradictions and possible ways of their resolution, Solar System Research, 37 (1), 119.
Douglass, A. E., 1899. Mars, January 1899. Popular Astronomy, 7, 113117.
Drube, L., Leer, K. Goetz, W., et al., 2010. Magnetic and optical properties of airborne dust and settling rates of dust at the Phoenix landing site. J. Geophys. Res. 115, E00E23. doi:10.1029/ 2009JE003419
Ellehoj, M. D., Gunnlaugsson, H. P., Taylor, P. A., et al., 2010. Convective vortices and dust devils at the Phoenix Mars mission landing site. J. Geophys. Res., 115, E00E16. doi:10.1029/ 2009JE003413.
Farrell, W. M., Marshall, J. R., Cummer, S. A., Delory, G. T., Desch, M. D., 2006. A model of the ULF magnetic and electric field generated from a dust devil, Journal of Geophysical Research, 111 (E11). doi:10.1029/2006JE002689.
Fedorova, A., Korablev, O., Bertaux, J.-L., et al., 2009. Solar infrared occultations by the SPICAM experiment on Mars Express: simultaneous observations of H2O, CO2 and aerosol vertical distribution. Icarus 200 (1), 96117.
Fenton, L. K., Pearl, J. C., Martin, T. Z., 1997. Mapping Mariner 9 Dust Opacities, Icarus, 130 (1), 115124.
Ferri, F., Smith, P. H., Lemmon, M., Rennó, N. O., 2003. Dust devils as observed by Mars Pathfinder, Journal of Geophysical Research, 108 (E12), doi:10.1029/2000JE001421.
Fisher, J. A., Richardson, M. I., Newman, C. E., et al., 2005. A survey of Martian dust devil activity using Mars Global Surveyor Mars Orbiter Camera images, Journal of Geophysical Research, 110 (E3), doi:10.1029/2003JE002165.
Flynn, G. J., 1992. The Contribution of Meteoritic Material to the Dust and Aerosols in the Atmosphere of Mars, Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 23, 371.
Forget, F., Hourdin, F., Fournier, R., et al., 1999. Improved general circulation models of the Martian atmosphere from the surface to above 80 km, Journal of Geophysical Research, 104 (E10), 2415524176.
Fouchet, T., Bèzard, B., Drossart, P., et al., 2006. OMEGA limb observations of the Martian dust and atmospheric composition. Second Workshop on Mars Atmosphere Modelling and Observations, February 27–March 3, Granada, Spain, 223.
Gheynani, B. T., Taylor, P. A., 2011. Large eddy simulation of typical dust devil-like vortices in highly convective Martian boundary layers at the Phoenix Lander site, Planetary and Space Science, 59 (1), 4350.
Gierasch, P. J., Goody, R. M., 1972. The effect of dust on the temperature of the Martian atmosphere, Journal of Atmospheric Science, 29, 400402.
Gierasch, P. J., Goody, R. M., 1973. A model of a Martian great dust storm, Journal of Atmospheric Science, 30, 169179.
Gierasch, P. J., Thomas, P., French, R., Veverka, J., 1979. Spiral clouds on Mars: a new atmospheric phenomenon. Geophys, Res. Lett. 6, 405408.
Goetz, W., Bertelsen, P., Binau, C. S., et al., 2005. Nature, 436 (7047), 6265.
Golombek, M. P., Grant, J. A., Crumpler, L. S., et al., 2006. Erosion rates at the Mars Exploration Rover landing sites and long-term climate change on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research, 111 (E12), doi:10.1029/2006JE002754.
Grassi, D., Ignatiev, N. I., Zasova, L. V., et al., 2005. Methods for the analysis of data from the Planetary Fourier Spectrometer on the Mars Express Mission, Planetary and Space Science, 53 (10), 10171034.
Greeley, R., 1979. Silt clay aggregates on Mars, J. Geophys. Res., 84, 62486254.
Greeley, R., Iversen, J. D., 1985. Wind as a geological process on Earth, Mars, Venus and Titan, Cambridge Planetary Science Series, Vol. 4. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Greeley, R., Iversen, J. D., 1987. Measurements of wind friction speeds over lava surfaces and assessment of sediment transport. Geophysical Research Letters, 14 (9), 925928.
Greeley, R., Leach, R., 1978. A preliminary assessment of the effects of electrostatics on aeolian processes, in Reports of Planetary Geology Program, 1978–1979, NASA TM-79729, 236237.
Greeley, R., Leach, R., 1979. “Steam” injection of dust on Mars: laboratory simulation, in Reports of Planetary Geology Program, 1978–1979, NASA TM-80339, 304307.
Greeley, R., Skypeck, A., Pollack, J. B., 1993. Martian aeolian features and deposits – comparisons with general circulation model results, Journal of Geophysical Research, 98 (E2) 31833196.
Greeley, R., Wilson, G., Coquilla, R., White, B., Haberle, R., 2000. Windblown dust on Mars: laboratory simulations of flux as a function of surface roughness, Planetary and Space Science, 48 (12–14), 13491355.
Greeley, R., Arvidson, R., Bell, J. F., et al., 2005. Martian variable features: new insight from the Mars Express Orbiter and the Mars Exploration Rover Spirit. J. Geophys. Res. 110, E06002, doi:10.1029/ 2005JE002403.
Greeley, R., Arvidson, R. E., Bartlett, P. W., et al., 2006a. Gusev Crater: wind-related features and processes observed by the Mars Exploration Rover, Spirit. J. Geophys. Res. 111, E02S09, doi:10.1029/2005JE002491.
Greeley, R., Whelley, P. L., Arvidson, R. E., et al., 2006b. Active dust devils in Gusev Crater, Mars: observations from the Mars Exploration Rover, Spirit. J. Geophys. Res. 111, E12S09, doi:10.1029/2006JE002743.
Greeley, R., Waller, D. A., Cabrol, N. A., et al., 2010. Gusev Crater, Mars: observations of three dust devil seasons, Journal of Geophysical Research, 115 (E8), doi:10.1029/2010JE003608.
Greybush, S. J., Wilson, R. J., Hoffman, R. N., et al., 2012. Ensemble Kalman filter data assimilation of Thermal Emission Spectrometer temperature retrievals into a Mars GCM, Journal of Geophysical Research, 117 (E11), doi:10.1029/2012JE004097
Gu, Z., Wei, W., Zhao, Y., 2010. An overview of surface conditions in numerical simulations of dust devils and the consequent near-surface air flow fields, Aerosol and Air Quality Research, 10, 272281.
Guinness, E. A., Arvidson, R. E., Gehret, D. C., Bolef, L. K., 1979. Color changes at the Viking landing sites over the course of a Mars year, Journal of Geophysical Research, 84, 83558364.
Guinness, E. A., Leff, C. E., Arvidson, R. E., 1982. Two Mars years of surface changes seen at the Viking Landing sites, Journal of Geophysical Research, 87, 1005110058.
Guzewich, S. D., Toigo, A. D., Richardson, M. I., et al., 2013a. The impact of a realistic vertical dust distribution on the simulation of the Martian general circulation, Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118 (5) 980993.
Guzewich, S. D., Talaat, E. R., Toigo, A. D., Waugh, D. W., McConnochie, T. H., 2013b. High-altitude dust layers on Mars: observations with the Thermal Emission Spectrometer, J. Geophys. Res. Planets, 118, 11771194, doi:10.1002/jgre.20076.
Guzewich, S. D., Wilson, R. J., McConnochie, T. H., et al., 2014. Thermal tides during the 2001 Martian global-scale dust storm. Journal of Geophysical Research, 119(3), doi:10.1002/2013JE004502.
Haberle, R. M., Leovy, C. B., Pollack, J. B., 1982. Some effects of global dust storms on the atmospheric circulation of Mars. Icarus, 50, 322367.
Haberle, R. M., Pollack, J. B., Barnes, J. R., et al., 1993. Mars atmospheric dynamics as simulated by the NASA AMES general circulation model. I – The zonal-mean circulation, Journal of Geophysical Research, 98 (E2), 30933123.
Haberle, R. M., Murphy, J. R., Schaeffer, J., 2003. Orbital change experiments with a Mars general circulation model, Icarus, 161 (1), 6689.
Haberle, R. M., Gómez-Elvira, J., Torre Juárez, M., et al., 2014. Preliminary interpretation of the REMS pressure data from the first 100 sols of the MSL mission. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 119 (3), 440453.
Hamilton, V. E., McSween, H. Y., Hapke, B., 2005. Mineralogy of Martian atmospheric dust inferred from thermal infrared spectra of aerosols, Journal of Geophysical Research, 110, E12, doi:10.1029/2005JE002501.
Hanel, R., Conrath, B., Hovis, W., et al., 1972. Investigation of the Martian environment by infrared spectroscopy on Mariner 9, Icarus, 17, 423.
Hansen, J. E., Travis, L. D., 1974. Light scattering in planetary atmospheres, Space Science Reviews, 16, 527610.
Hartmann, W. K., Price, M. J., 1974. Mars: clearing of the 1971 dust storm, Icarus, 21, 28.
Hayne, P. O., Paige, D. A., Schofield, J. T., et al., 2012. Carbon dioxide snow clouds on Mars: south polar winter observations by the Mars Climate Sounder, Journal of Geophysical Research, 117 (E8).
Heavens, N. G., Richardson, M. I., Kleinböhl, A., et al., 2011a. The vertical distribution of dust in the Martian atmosphere during northern spring and summer: observations by the Mars Climate Sounder and analysis of zonal average vertical dust profiles, Journal of Geophysical Research, 116 (E4), doi:10.1029/2010JE003691.
Heavens, N. G., Richardson, M. I., Kleinböhl, A., et al. 2011b. Vertical distribution of dust in the Martian atmosphere during northern spring and summer: high-altitude tropical dust maximum at northern summer solstice, Journal of Geophysical Research, 116 (E1).
Heavens, N. G., Johnson, M. S., Abdou, W. A., et al., 2014. Seasonal and diurnal variability of detached dust layers in the tropical Martian atmosphere. Journal of Geophysical Research, 119(8), doi:10.1002/2014JE004619.
Herr, K. C., Forney, P. B., Pimentel, G. C., 1998. Mariner Mars 6/7 Infrared Spectrometers: lab simulation of Mars spectra, in 29th Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March 16–20, 1998, Houston, TX, abstract no. 1518.
Hess, S., 1973. Martian winds and dust clouds, Planetary and Space Science, 21 (9), 15491557.
Hinson, D. P., Wang, H., 2010. Further observations of regional dust storms and baroclinic eddies in the northern hemisphere of Mars, Icarus, 206 (1), 290305.
Hollingsworth, J. L., Kahre, M. A., 2010. Extratropical cyclones, frontal waves, and Mars dust: modeling and considerations. Geophys. Res. Letters, 37, doi:10.1029/2010GL044262.
Hollingsworth, J. L., Haberle, R. M., Barnes, J. R., et al., 1996. Orographic control of storm zones on Mars, Nature, 380 (6573), 413416.
Hourdin, F., Le Van, P., Forget, F., Talagrand, O., 1993. Meteorological Variability and the Annual Surface Pressure Cycle on Mars, Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 50 (21), 36253640.
Hourdin, F., Forget, F., Talagrand, O., 1995. The sensitivity of the Martian surface pressure and atmospheric mass budget to various parameters: a comparison between numerical simulations and Viking observations, Journal of Geophysical Research, 100 (E3), 55015523.
Hu, R., Cahoy, K., Zuber, M. T., 2012. Mars atmospheric CO2 condensation above the north and south poles as revealed by radio occultation, climate sounder, and laser ranging observations, Journal of Geophysical Research, 117 (E7).
Huguenin, R. L., Clifford, S. M., 1979. Mars: origin of the global dust storms. Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society, 11, 578.
Hunt, G. E., James, P. B, 1979. Martian extratropical cyclones, Nature, v278, 531532.
Inada, A., Richardson, M. I., McConnochie, T. H., et al., 2007. High-resolution atmospheric observations by the Mars Odyssey Thermal Emission Imaging System, Icarus, 192 (2), 378395.
Jakosky, B. M., 1986. On the thermal properties of Martian fines, Icarus, 66, 117124.
James, P. B., 1985. Martian local dust storms, Recent advances in planetary meteorology. Cambridge and New York, Cambridge University Press, 8599.
James, P. B., Hollingsworth, J. L., Wolff, M. J., Lee, S. W., 1999. North Polar Dust Storms in Early Spring on Mars, Icarus, 138 (1), 6473.
Jaquin, F., Gierasch, P., Kahn, R., 1986. The vertical structure of limb hazes in the Martian atmosphere, Icarus, 68, 442461.
Jianjun, Q., Yan, M., Dong, G., et al., 2004. Wind tunnel simulation experiment and investigation on the electrification of sandstorms, Sci. China, Ser. D, 47, 529539.
Johnson, D. W., Harteck, P., Reeves, R. R., 1975. Dust injection into the Martian atmosphere, Icarus, 26, 441443.
Johnson, J. R., Grundy, W. M., Lemmon, M. T., 2003. Dust deposition at the Mars Pathfinder landing site: observations and modeling of visible/near-infrared spectra, Icarus, 163 (2), 330346, doi:10.1016/S0019-1035(03)00084-8.
Joshi, M. M., Lewis, S. R., Read, P. L., Catling, D. C., 1995. Western boundary currents in the Martian atmosphere: numerical simulations and observational evidence, Journal of Geophysical Research, 100 (E3), 54855500.
Joshi, M. M., Haberle, R. M., Barnes, J. R., Murphy, J. R., Schaeffer, J., 1997. Low-level jets in the NASA Ames Mars general circulation model, Journal of Geophysical Research, 102 (E3), 65116524.
Kahanpää, H., de la Torre Juarez, M., Moores, J., et al., 2013. EGU General Assembly 2013, held 7–12 April, 2013 in Vienna, Austria, id. EGU2013–9455.
Kahn, R. A., Martin, T. Z., Zurek, R. W., Lee, S. W., 1992. The Martian dust cycle, in Mars, ed. Kieffer, H. et al., Univ. Arizona Press, Tucson, 10171053.
Kahre, M. A., Haberle, R. M., 2010. Mars CO2 cycle: effects of airborne dust and polar cap ice emissivity, Icarus, 207 (2), 648653
Kahre, M. A., Murphy, J. R., Haberle, R. M., Montmessin, F., Schaeffer, J., 2005. Simulating the Martian dust cycle with a finite surface dust reservoir, Geophysical Research Letters, 32 (20), doi:10.1029/2005GL023495.
Kahre, M. A., Murphy, J. R., Haberle, R. M., 2006. Modeling the Martian dust cycle and surface dust reservoirs with the NASA Ames general circulation model. J. of Geophys. Res. 111. doi:10.1029/2005JE002588
Kahre, M. A., Hollingsworth, J. L., Haberle, R. M., Murphy, J. R., 2008. Investigations of the variability of dust particle sizes in the Martian atmosphere using the NASA Ames General Circulation Model. Icarus, 195, 576597.
Kahre, M. A., Wilson, R. J., Hollingsworth, J. L., Haberle, R. M., 2010. Using Assimilation Techniques To Model Mars’ Dust Cycle With The NASA Ames And NOAA/GFDL Mars General Circulation Models, American Astronomical Society, DPS meeting #42, #30.19, Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society, 42, 1031.
Kahre, M. A., Hollingsworth, J. L., Haberle, R. M., Montmessin, F., 2011. Coupling Mars’ dust and water cycles: effects on dust lifting vigor, spatial extent and seasonality, The Fourth International Workshop on the Mars Atmosphere: Modelling and Observation, 8–11 February, 2011, Paris, France, 143146.
Kahre, M. A., Hollingsworth, J. L., Haberle, R. M., Wilson, R. J., 2015. Coupling the Mars dust and water cycles: the importance of radiative-dynamic feedbacks during northern hemisphere summer, Icarus, 260, 477–480.
Kass, D. M., Kleinböhl, A., McCleese, D. J., Schofield, J. T. and Smith, M. D., 2016. Interannual similarity in the Martian atmosphere during the dust storm season. Geophysical Research Letters, 43(12), 61116118.
Kaufmann, E., Kömle, N. I., Kargl, G., 2006. Laboratory simulation experiments on the solid-state greenhouse effect in planetary ices, Icarus, 185 (1), 274286.
Kavulich, M. J., Szunyogh, I., Gyarmati, G., Wilson, R. J., 2013. Local dynamics of baroclinic waves in the Martian atmosphere, J. Atmos. Sci., 70, 34153447.
Kieffer, H. H., 2007. Cold jets in the Martian polar caps, Journal of Geophysical Research, 112 (E8), doi:10.1029/2006JE002816.
Kieffer, H. H., Martin, T. Z., Peterfreund, A. R., Jakosky, B. M., Miner, E. D., Palluconi, F. D., 1977. Thermal and albedo mapping of Mars during the Viking primary mission, Journal of Geophysical Research, 82, 42494291.
Kinch, K. M., Sohl-Dickstein, J., Bell, J. F., et al., 2007. Dust deposition on the Mars Exploration Rover Panoramic Camera (Pancam) calibration targets, Journal of Geophysical Research, 112 (E6), doi:10.1029/2006JE002807.
Kjelgaard, J. F., Chandler, D. G., Saxton, K. E., 2004. Evidence for direct suspension of loessial soils on the Columbia Plateau, Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 29 (2), 221236.
Kok, J. F., 2010. An improved parameterization of wind-blown sand flux on Mars that includes the effect of hysteresis, Geophysical Research Letters, 37 (12), doi:10.1029/2010GL043646.
Kok, J. F., Rennó, N. O., 2006. Enhancement of the emission of mineral dust aerosols by electric forces, Geophysical Research Letters, 33 (19).
Komguem, L., Whiteway, J. A., Dickinson, C., Daly, M., Lemmon, M. T., 2013. Phoenix LIDAR measurements of Mars atmospheric dust, Icarus, 223(2), 649653.
Kuiper, G. P., 1957. Visual Observations of Mars, 1956, Astrophysical Journal, 125, 307.
Kuroda, T., Medvedev, A. S., Hartogh, P., Takahashi, M., 2008. Semiannual oscillations in the atmosphere of Mars, Geophysical Research Letters, 35 (23), doi:10.1029/2008GL036061.
Landis, G. A., Jenkins, P. P., 2000. Measurement of the settling rate of atmospheric dust on Mars by the MAE instrument on Mars Pathfinder, Journal of Geophysical Research, 105 (E1), 18551858.
Lecacheux, J., Drossart, P., Buil, C., et al., 1991. CCD images of Mars with the 1 m reflector atop Pic-du-Midi, Proceedings of Colloquium on Phobos-Mars Mission, Paris, France, Oct. 23–27, 1989, A91-29558 11-91. Planetary and Space Science, 39, 273279.
Lee, S. W., 1987. Regional sources and sinks of dust on Mars: Viking observations of Cerberus, SOLIS Planum and Syrtis Major, in Lunar and Planetary Inst., MECA Symposium on Mars: Evolution of its Climate and Atmosphere, 7172.
Lemmon, M. T., Wolff, M. J., Smith, M. D., et al., 2004. Atmospheric Imaging Results from the Mars Exploration Rovers: Spirit and Opportunity, Science, 306 (5702), 17531756, doi:10.1126/science.1104474.
Lemmon, M. T., Wolff, M. J., Bell, J. F., et al., 2014. Dust aerosol, clouds, and the atmospheric optical depth record over 5 Mars years of the Mars Exploration Rover mission. Icarus, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2014.03.029
Leovy, C. B., 1981. Observations of Martian tides over two annual cycles. J. Atmos. Sci., 38, 3039.
Leovy, C., Mintz, Y., 1969. Numerical simulation of the atmospheric circulation and climate of Mars, Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 26 (6), 11671190.
Leovy, C. B., Smith, B. A., Young, A. T., Leighton, R. B., 1971, Mariner Mars 1969: atmospheric results, Journal of Geophysical Research, 76, 297312.
Leovy, C. B., Zurek, R. W., Pollack, J. B., 1973. Mechanisms for Mars dust storms, Journal of Atmospheric Science, 30, 749762.
Lewis, S. R., Collins, M., Read, P. L., et al., 1999. A climate database for Mars, Journal of Geophysical Research, 104 (E10), 2417724194.
Lewis, S. R., Read, P. L., Conrath, B. J., Pearl, J. C., Smith, M. D., 2007. Assimilation of thermal emission spectrometer atmospheric data during the Mars Global Surveyor aerobraking period, Icarus, 192 (2), 327347.
Lian, Y., Richardson, M. I., Newman, C. E., et al., 2012. The Ashima/MIT Mars GCM and argon in the Martian atmosphere, ICARUS, 218, 10431070, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2012.02.012
Liu, J., Richardson, M. I., Wilson, R. J., 2003. An assessment of the global, seasonal, and interannual spacecraft record of Martian climate in the thermal infrared, Journal of Geophysical Research, 108 (E8), doi:10.1029/2002JE001921.
Loosmore, G. A., and Hunt, J. R., 2000. Dust resuspension without saltation, J. Geophys. Res. 105, 2066320672.
Lorenz, R. D., Lunine, J. I., Grier, J. A., and Fisher, M. A., 1995. Prediction of aeolian features on planets: application to Titan paleoclimatology, Journal of Geophysical Research, 100 (E12), 2637726386.
Lu, H., Raupach, M. R., and Richards, K. S. (2005), Modeling entrainment of sedimentary particles by wind and water: a generalized approach, J. Geophys. Res., 110, D24114, doi:10.1029/2005JD006418.
Määttänen, A., Vehkamäki, H., Lauri, A., et al., 2005. Nucleation studies in the Martian atmosphere, Journal of Geophysical Research, 110 (E2), doi:10.1029/2004JE002308.
Määttänen, A., Fouchet, T., Forni, O., et al., 2009. A study of the properties of a local dust storm with Mars Express OMEGA and PFS data, Icarus, 201 (2), 504516.
Macpherson, T., Nickling, W. G., Gillies, J. A. and Etyemezian, V., 2008. Dust emissions from undisturbed and disturbed supply-limited desert surfaces. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, 113 (F2) doi:10.1029/2007JF000800.
Madeleine, J.-B., Forget, F., Millour, E., Montabone, L., Wolff, M. J., 2011. Revisiting the radiative impact of dust on Mars using the LMD global climate model, Journal of Geophysical Research, 116 (E11), doi:10.1029/2011JE003855.
Madeleine, J.-B., Forget, F., Millour, E., Navarro, T., Spiga, A., 2012. The influence of radiatively active water ice clouds on the Martian climate, Geophysical Research Letters, 39 (23), doi:10.1029/2012GL053564.
Malin, M. C., Edgett, K. S., 2001. Mars Global Surveyor Mars Orbiter Camera: interplanetary cruise through primary mission, Journal of Geophysical Research, 106 (E10) 2342923570.
Malin, M. C., Calvin, W. M., Cantor, B. A., et al., 2008. Climate, weather, and north polar observations from the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter Mars Color Imager, Icarus, 194 (2), 501512.
Malin, M. C., Edgett, K. S., Cantor, B. A., et al., 2010. An overview of the 1985–2006 Mars Orbiter Camera science investigation, International Journal of Mars Science and Exploration, 4, 160.
Martin, L. J., 1974a. The major Martian dust storms of 1971 and 1973. Icarus, 23, 108115.
Martin, L. J., 1974b. The major Martian yellow storm of 1971. Icarus, 22 (2), 175188.
Martin, L. J., Zurek, R. W., 1993. An analysis of the history of dust activity on Mars, Journal of Geophysical Research, 98 (E2) 32213246.
Martin, T. Z., 1986. Thermal infrared opacity of the Mars atmosphere, Icarus, 66, 221.
Martínez-Alvarado, O., Montabone, L., Lewis, S. R., Moroz, I. M., Read, P. L. 2009. Transient teleconnection event at the onset of a planet-encircling dust storm on Mars, Annales Geophysicae, 27 (9), 36633676.
McCleese, D. J., Heavens, N. G., Schofield, J. T., et al., 2010. Structure and dynamics of the Martian lower and middle atmosphere as observed by the Mars Climate Sounder: seasonal variations in zonal mean temperature, dust, and water ice aerosols, Journal of Geophysical Research, 115 (E12), doi:10.1029/2010JE003677.
McConnochie, T. M., Smith, M. D., 2008. Vertically resolved aerosol climatology from the Mars Global Surveyor Thermal Emission Spectrometer (MGS-TES) limb sounding. In Third International Workshop on the Mars Atmosphere: Modeling and Observations, Williamsburg, Virginia.
McKim, R. J., 1999. Meeting contribution: recent views of Mars, Journal of the British Astronomical Association, 109 (5), 287.
McLaughlin, D. B., 1954. Interpretation of some Martian features, Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 66 (391), 161.
Merrison, J., Jensen, J., Kinch, K., Mugford, R., Nørnberg, P., 2004. The electrical properties of Mars analogue dust, Planetary and Space Science, 52 (4), 279290.
Merrison, J. P., Gunnlaugsson, H. P., Nørnberg, P., Jensen, A. E., Rasmussen, K. R., 2007. Determination of the wind induced detachment threshold for granular material on Mars using wind tunnel simulations, Icarus, 191 (2), 568580.
Metzger, S. M., Johnson, J. R., Carr, J. R., Parker, T. J., Lemmon, M., 1999. Dust devil vortices seen by the Mars Pathfinder Camera. Geophys. Res. L. 26, 27812784, doi:10.1029/1999GL008341.
Metzger, S. M., Carr, J. R., Johnson, J. R., Parker, T. J., Lemmon, M. T., 2000. Techniques for identifying dust devils in Mars Pathfinder images, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 38 (2), 870876, doi:10.1109/36.842015.
Michaels, T. I., 2006. Numerical modeling of Mars dust devils: albedo track generation, Geophysical Research Letters, 33 (19), doi:10.1029/2006GL026268
Michaels, T. I., Rafkin, S. C. R., 2004. Large-eddy simulation of atmospheric convection on Mars, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 130 (599), 12511274.
Michaels, T. I., Colaprete, A., Rafkin, S. C. R. (2006), Significant vertical water transport by mountain-induced circulations on Mars, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L16201, doi:10.1029/2006GL026562.
Michelangeli, D. V., Toon, O. B., Haberle, R. M., Pollack, J. B., 1993. Numerical simulations of the formation and evolution of water ice clouds in the Martian atmosphere, Icarus, 102 (2), 261285.
Milam, K. A., Stockstill, K. R., Moersch, J. E., et al., 2003. THEMIS characterization of the MER Gusev Crater landing site, Journal of Geophysical Research, 108 (E12), doi:10.1029/2002JE002023.
Miyamoto, S., 1957. The Great Yellow Cloud and the Atmosphere of Mars: Report of Visual Observations During the 1956 Opposition. Contribution 7.1, Inst. of Astrophys. and Kwasan Obs., Univ. of Kyoto, Japan.
Montabone, L., Lewis, S. R., Read, P. L., 2005. Interannual variability of Martian dust storms in assimilation of several years of Mars global surveyor observations, Advances in Space Research, 36 (11) 21462155.
Montabone, L., Lewis, S. R., Read, P. L., Hinson, D. P., 2006. Validation of Martian meteorological data assimilation for MGS/TES using radio occultation measurements, Icarus, 185 (1), 113132.
Montabone, L., Martinez-Alvarado, O., Lewis, S. R., Read, P. L., Wilson, R. J., 2008. Teleconnection in the Martian atmosphere during the 2001 planet-encircling dust storm, in Third International Workshop on The Mars Atmosphere: Modeling and Observations, held November 10–13, 2008 in Williamsburg, Virginia. LPI Contribution No. 1447, 9077.
Montabone, L., Lemmon, M. T., Smith, M. D., et al., 2011. Reconciling dust opacity datasets and building multi-annual dust scenarios for Mars atmospheric models, in The Fourth International Workshop on the Mars Atmosphere: Modelling and Observation, 8–11 February, 2011, Paris, France, 103105.
Montabone, L., Forget, F., Millour, E., et al., 2015. Eight-year climatology of dust on Mars, Icarus, 251, 6595.
Montmessin, F., Rannou, P., Cabane, M., 2002. New insights into Martian dust distribution and water-ice cloud microphysics, Journal of Geophysical Research (Planets), 107, E6, 41, CiteID 5037, doi:10.1029/2001JE001520.
Montmessin, F., Forget, F., Rannou, P., Cabane, M., Haberle, R. M., 2004. Origin and role of water ice clouds in the Martian water cycle as inferred from a general circulation model, Journal of Geophysical Research, 109 (E10), doi:10.1029/2004JE002284.
Montmessin, F., Quémerais, E., Bertaux, J. L., et al., 2006. Stellar occultations at UV wavelengths by the SPICAM instrument: retrieval and analysis of Martian haze profiles, Journal of Geophysical Research, 111, (E9), doi:10.1029/2005JE002662.
Moores, J., Lemmon, M. T. Kahanpää, H., et al., 2014. Observational evidence of a shallow planetary boundary layer in northern Gale Crater, Mars as seen by the Navcam instrument onboard the Mars Science Laboratory Rover. Icarus, 249, 129142.
Mulholland, D. P., Read, P. L., Lewis, S. R., 2013. Simulating the interannual variability of major dust storms on Mars using variable lifting thresholds, Icarus, 223 (1), 344358.
Murphy, J. R., 1999. The Martian atmospheric dust cycle: insights from numerical model simulations, in The Fifth International Conference on Mars, July 19–24, 1999, Pasadena, California, abstract no. 6087.
Murphy, J. R., Nelli, S., 2002. Mars Pathfinder convective vortices: frequency of occurrence, Geophysical Research Letters, 29 (23), doi:10.1029/2002GL015214.
Murphy, J. R., Toon, O. B., Haberle, R. M., Pollack, J. B., 1990. Numerical simulations of the decay of Martian global dust storms, Journal of Geophysical Research, 95 (30), 1462914648.
Murphy, J. R., Haberle, R. M., Toon, O. B., Pollack, J. B., 1993. Martian global dust storms – zonally symmetric numerical simulations including size-dependent particle transport, Journal of Geophysical Research, 98 (E2), 31973220.
Murphy, J. R., Pollack, J. B., Haberle, R. M., et al., 1995. Three-dimensional numerical simulation of Martian global dust storms, Journal of Geophysical Research, 100 (E12), 2635726376.
Navarro, T., Madeleine, J.-B., Forget, F., et al., 2014. Global climate modeling of the Martian water cycle with improved microphysics and radiatively active water ice clouds, Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, doi:10.1002/2013JE004550.
Neakrase, L. D. V., Greeley, R., 2010a. Dust devil sediment flux on Earth and Mars: laboratory simulations, Icarus, 206 (1), 306318.
Neakrase, L. D. V., Greeley, R., 2010b. Dust devils in the laboratory: effect of surface roughness on vortex dynamics, Journal of Geophysical Research, 115 (E5), 10.1029/2009JE003465.
Newman, C. E., Richardson, M. I., 2015. The impact of surface dust source exhaustion on the Martian dust cycle, dust storms and interannual variability, as simulated by the MarsWRF General Circulation Model, Icarus, 257, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2015.03.030.
Newman, C. E., Lewis, S. R., Read, P. L., Forget, F., 2002a. Modeling the Martian dust cycle 2. Multiannual radiatively active dust transport simulations, Journal of Geophysical Research (Planets), 107 (E12), doi:10.1029/2002JE001920.
Newman, C. E., Lewis, S. R., Read, P. L., Forget, F., 2002b. Modeling the Martian dust cycle, 1. Representations of dust transport processes, Journal of Geophysical Research (Planets), 107 (E12), doi:10.1029/2002JE001910.
Newman, C. E., Lewis, S. R., Read, P. L., 2005. The atmospheric circulation and dust activity in different orbital epochs on Mars. Icarus, 174, 135160.
Niederdörfer, E., 1933. Messungen des Wärmeumsatzes über schneebedecktem Boden, Meteorol. Z., 50, 201208.
Noble, J., Wilson, R. J., Haberle, R. M., et al. 2011. Comparison of TES FFSM eddies and MOC storms, MY 24–26, in The Fourth International Workshop on the Mars Atmosphere: Modelling and Observation, 8–11 February, 2011, Paris, France, 125128.
Ockert-Bell, M. E., Bell, J. F., Pollack, J. B., McKay, C. P., Forget, F., 1997. Absorption and scattering properties of the Martian dust in the solar wavelengths, Journal of Geophysical Research, 102 (E4), 90399050.
Ogohara, K., Satomura, T., 2008. Northward movement of Martian dust localized in the region of the Hellas Basin, Geophysical Research Letters, 35 (13).
Owen, P. R., 1964. Saltation of uniform grains in air, Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 20, 225242.
Pankine, A. A., Ingersoll, A. P., 2002. Interannual Variability of Martian Global Dust Storms. Simulations with a Low-Order Model of the General Circulation. Icarus, 155 (2), 299323.
Pankine, A. A., Ingersoll, A. P., 2004. Interannual variability of Mars global dust storms: an example of self-organized criticality? Icarus, 170 (2), 514518.
Piqueux, S., Byrne, S., Richardson, M. I., 2003. Sublimation of Mars’s southern seasonal CO2 ice cap and the formation of spiders, Journal of Geophysical Research, 108 (E8), doi:10.1029/2002JE002007.
Pleskot, L. K., Miner, E. D., 1981. Time variability of Martian bolometric albedo, Icarus, 45, 179201.
Pollack, J. B., Colburn, D., Kahn, R., et al., 1977. Properties of aerosols in the Martian atmosphere, as inferred from Viking Lander imaging data, Journal of Geophysical Research, 82, 44794496.
Pollack, J. B., Colburn, D. S., Flasar, F. M., et al., 1979. Properties and effects of dust particles suspended in the Martian atmosphere. J. of Geophys. Res. 84, 29292945.
Pollack, J. B., Haberle, R. M., Schaeffer, J., Lee, H., 1990. Simulations of the general circulation of the Martian atmosphere. I – Polar processes. J. of Geophys. Res. 95, 14471473.
Pollack, J. B., Haberle, R. M., Murphy, J. R., Schaeffer, J., Lee, H., 1993. Simulations of the general circulation of the Martian atmosphere. II – Seasonal pressure variations, Journal of Geophysical Research, 98 (E2), 31493181.
Portyankina, G., Pommerol, A., Aye, K.-M., Hansen, C. J., Thomas, N., 2012. Polygonal cracks in the seasonal semi-translucent CO2 ice layer in Martian polar areas, Journal of Geophysical Research, 117 (E2), doi:10.1029/2011JE003917.
Prandtl, L., 1935. The mechanics of viscous fluids. In Durand, W.F (ed.) Aerodynamic Theory III. Berlin: Springer.
Rafkin, S. C. R., 2009. A positive radiative-dynamic feedback mechanism for the maintenance and growth of Martian dust storms, Journal of Geophysical Research, 114 (E1), doi:10.1029/2008JE003217.
Rafkin, S. C. R., 2012. The potential importance of non-local, deep transport on the energetics, momentum, chemistry, and aerosol distributions in the atmospheres of Earth, Mars, and Titan. Planetary and Space Science, 60 (1), 147154.
Rafkin, S. C. R., Haberle, R. M., Michaels, T. I., 2001. The Mars Regional Atmospheric Modeling System: model description and selected simulations, Icarus, 151 (2), 228256.
Rafkin, S. C. R., Sta. Maria, M. R. V., Michaels, T. I., 2002. Simulation of the atmospheric thermal circulation of a Martian volcano using a mesoscale numerical model, Nature, 419 (6908), 697699.
Rannou, P., Perrier, S., Bertaux, J.-L., et al., 2006. Dust and cloud detection at the Mars limb with UV scattered sunlight with SPICAM, Journal of Geophysical Research, 111 (E9), doi:10.1029/2006JE002693.
Read, P. L., Montabone, L., Mulholland, D. P., et al., 2011. Midwinter suppression of baroclinic storm activity on Mars: observations and models, The Fourth International Workshop on the Mars Atmosphere: Modelling and Observation, 8–11 February, 2011, Paris, France, 133135.
Reiss, D., Zanetti, M., Neukum, G., 2011. Multitemporal observations of identical active dust devils on Mars with the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) and Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC), Icarus, 215 (1), 358369.
Rennó, N. O., Burkett, M. L., Larkin, M. P., 1998. A simple thermodynamical theory for dust devils, Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 55 (21), 32443252.
Rennó, N. O., Wong, A.-S., Atreya, S. K., de Pater, I., Roos-Serote, M., 2003. Electrical discharges and broadband radio emission by Martian dust devils and dust storms, Geophysical Research Letters, 30 (22), doi:10.1029/2003GL017879.
Rennó, N. O., Abreu, V. J., Koch, J., et al., 2004. MATADOR 2002: a pilot field experiment on convective plumes and dust devils, Journal of Geophysical Research, 109 (E7), doi:10.1029/2003JE002219.
Richardson, M. I., Wilson, R. J., 2002. Investigation of the nature and stability of the Martian seasonal water cycle with a general circulation model, Journal of Geophysical Research (Planets), 107 (E5), doi:10.1029/2001JE001536.
Ringrose, T. J., Towner, M. C., Zarnecki, J. C., 2003. Convective vortices on Mars: a reanalysis of Viking Lander 2 meteorological data, sols 1–60, Icarus, 163 (1), 7887.
Ringrose, T. J., Patel, M. R., Towner, M. C., et al., 2007. The meteorological signatures of dust devils on Mars, Planetary and Space Science, 55 (14), 21512163.
Rodin, A. V., Clancy, R. T., Wilson, R. J., 1999a. Dynamical properties of Mars water ice clouds and their interactions with atmospheric dust and radiation, Advances in Space Research, 23 (9), 15771585.
Rodin, A. V., Wilson, R. J., Clancy, R. T., Richardson, M. I., 1999b. The coupled roles of dust and water ice clouds in the Mars aphelion season, in The Fifth International Conference on Mars, July 19–24, 1999, Pasadena, California, abstract no. 6235.
Roney, J. A., White, B. R., 2004. Definition and measurement of dust aeolian thresholds, Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, 109 (F1), doi:10.1029/2003JF000061.
Rossow, W. B., 1978. Cloud microphysics – analysis of the clouds of Earth, Venus, Mars, and Jupiter, Icarus, 36, 150.
Rover Team, 1997. Characterization of the Martian surface deposits by the Mars Pathfinder rover, Sojourner, Science, 278 (5344), 17651768.
Ruff, S. W., Christensen, P. R., 2002. Bright and dark regions on Mars: particle size and mineralogical characteristics based on Thermal Emission Spectrometer data, Journal of Geophysical Research (Planets), 107 (E12), doi:10.1029/2001JE001580.
Ruijgrok, W., Davidson, C. I., Nicholson, K. W., 1995. Dry deposition of particles, Tellus, 47B, 587601.
Ryan, J. A., Lucich, R. D., 1983. Possible dust devils – vortices on Mars, Journal of Geophysical Research, 88, 1100511011.
Ryan, J. A., Sharman, R. D., 1981. Two major dust storms, one year apart: comparison of Viking data, Journal of Geophysical Research, 86, 32473254.
Sagan, C., Bagnold, R. A., 1975. Fluid transport on Earth and aeolian transport on Mars. Icarus, 26. 209218.
Sagan, C., Pollack, J. B., 1969. Windblown dust on Mars, Nature, 223 (5208), 791794.
Sagan, C., Veverka, J., Fox, P., et al., 1972. Variable features on Mars: preliminary Mariner 9 television results, Icarus, 17, 346.
Sagan, C., Veverka, J., Fox, P., et al., 1973. Variable features on Mars, 2, Mariner 9 global results, Journal of Geophysical Research, 78 (20), 41634196.
Schmidt, D. S., Schmidt, R. A., Dent, J. D., 1998. Electrostatic force on saltating sand, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 89979001.
Schofield, J. T., Barnes, J. R., Crisp, D., et al., 1997. The Mars Pathfinder atmospheric structure investigation/meteorology, Science, 278 (5344), 1752.
Shao, Y., Raupach, M. R., Findlater, P. A., 1993. Effect of saltation bombardment on the entrainment of dust by wind, Journal of Geophysical Research, 98 (D7), 1271912726.
Siili, T., Haberle, R. M., Murphy, J. R., Savijärvi, H., 1999. Modelling of the combined late-winter ice cap edge and slope winds in Mars Hellas and Argyre regions. Planetary and Space Science, 47, 8–9, 951970.
Sinclair, P. C., 1969. General characteristics of dust devils, Journal of Applied Meteorology, 8 (1), 3245.
Sinclair, P. C., 1973. The lower structure of dust devils, Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 30 (8), 15991619.
Slinn, S. A., Slinn, W. G. N., 1980. Predictions for particle deposition on natural waters, Atmospheric Environment, 14, 10131016.
Slipher, E. C., 1962. Mars – The Photographic Story. Northland Press, Flagstaff, AZ.
Smith, M. D., 2004. Interannual variability in TES atmospheric observations of Mars during 1999–2003, Icarus, 167 (1), 148165.
Smith, M. D., 2008. Spacecraft Observations of the Martian atmosphere, Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 36, 191219.
Smith, M. D., 2009. THEMIS observations of Mars aerosol optical depth from 2002–2008, Icarus, 202 (2), 444452.
Smith, M. D., Conrath, B. J., Pearl, J. C., Christensen, P. R., 2002. Note: Thermal Emission Spectrometer observations of Martian planet-encircling dust storm 2001A, Icarus, 157 (1), 259263.
Smith, M. D., Wolff, M. J., Spanovich, N., et al., 2006. One Martian year of atmospheric observations using MER Mini-TES, Journal of Geophysical Research, 111 (E12), doi:10.1029/2006JE002770.
Smith, M. D., Wolff, M. J., Clancy, R. T., Kleinböhl, A., Murchie, S. L., 2013. Vertical distribution of dust and water ice aerosols from CRISM limb-geometry observations, Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118 (2), 321334.
Smith, P. H., Lemmon, M., 1999. Opacity of the Martian atmosphere measured by the Imager for Mars Pathfinder, Journal of Geophysical Research, 104 (E4), 89758986, doi:10.1029/1998JE900017.
Smith, P.H., Bell III, J. F., Bridges, N. T., et al., 1997. Results from the Mars Pathfinder Camera. Science, 278, 17581765, doi:10.1126/science.278.5344.1758.
Snyder, C. W., Moroz, V. I., 1992. Spacecraft exploration of Mars, in Mars, ed. Kieffer, H. et al., Univ. Arizona Press, Tucson, 71119.
Spiga, A., Forget, F., 2009. A new model to simulate the Martian mesoscale and microscale atmospheric circulation: validation and first results, Journal of Geophysical Research, 114 (E2).
Spiga, A., Faure, J., Madeleine, J.-B., Määttänen, A., Forget, F., 2013. Rocket dust storms and detached dust layers in the Martian atmosphere, Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118 (4), 746767.
Stanzel, C., Pätzold, M., Greeley, R., Hauber, E., Neukum, G., 2006. Dust devils on Mars observed by the High Resolution Stereo Camera, Geophysical Research Letters, 33 (11), doi:10.1029/2006GL025816.
Stanzel, C., Pätzold, M., Williams, D. A., et al., 2008. Dust devil speeds, directions of motion and general characteristics observed by the Mars Express High Resolution Stereo Camera, Icarus, 197 (1), 3951.
Stella, P., Ewell, R., Hoskin, J., 2005, Design and performance of the MER (Mars Exploration Rovers) solar arrays, Proc. IEEE Photovoltaic Spec. Conf., 31, 626630.
Stow, C. D., 1969. Dust and Sand Storm Electrification, Weather, 24 (4), 134144.
Strausberg, M. J., Wang, H., Richardson, M. I., Ewald, S. P., Toigo, A. D., 2005. Observations of the initiation and evolution of the 2001 Mars global dust storm, Journal of Geophysical Research, 110 (E2).
Szwast, M. A., Richardson, M. I., Vasavada, A. R., 2006. Surface dust redistribution on Mars as observed by the Mars Global Surveyor and Viking Orbiters, Journal of Geophysical Research, 111 (E11), doi:10.1029/2005JE002485.
Takahashi, Y. O., Fujiwara, H., Fukunishi, H., et al., 2003. Topographically induced north–south asymmetry of the meridional circulation in the Martian atmosphere, Journal of Geophysical Research (Planets), 108 (E3), doi:10.1029/2001JE001638.
Thomas, N., Hansen, C. J., Portyankina, G., Russell, P. S., 2010. HiRISE observations of gas sublimation-driven activity in Mars’ southern polar regions: II. Surficial deposits and their origins, Icarus, 205 (1), 296310.
Thomas, P. C., Gierasch, P., 1985. Dust devils on Mars, Science, 230, 175177.
Thomas, P. C., Veverka, J., Gineris, D., Wong, L., 1984. Dust streaks on Mars, Icarus, 60, 161179.
Thorpe, T. E., 1979. A history of Mars atmospheric opacity in the southern hemisphere during the Viking extended mission, Journal of Geophysical Research, 84, 66636683.
Tillman, J. E., 1988. Mars global atmospheric oscillations – annually synchronized, transient normal-mode oscillations and the triggering of global dust storms, Journal of Geophysical Research, 93, 94339451.
Toigo, A. D., Richardson, M. I., Wilson, R. J., Wang, H., Ingersoll, A. P., 2002. A first look at dust lifting and dust storms near the south pole of Mars with a mesoscale model, Journal of Geophysical Research (Planets), 107 (E7), doi:10.1029/2001JE001592.
Toigo, A. D., Richardson, M. I., Ewald, S. P., Gierasch, P. J., 2003. Numerical simulation of Martian dust devils, Journal of Geophysical Research Planets, 108 (E6), doi:10.1029/2002JE002002.
Toon, O. B., Pollack, J. B., Sagan, C., 1977. Physical properties of the particles composing the Martian dust storm of 1971–1972, Icarus, 30, 663696.
Towner, M. C., 2009. Characteristics of large Martian dust devils using Mars Odyssey Thermal Emission Imaging System visual and infrared images, Journal of Geophysical Research, 114 (E2), doi:10.1029/2008JE003220.
Tyler, D., Barnes, J. R., 2013. Mesoscale modeling of the circulation in the Gale Crater region: an investigation into the complex forcing of convective boundary layer depths, Mars, 5877. doi:10.1555/mars.2013.0003.
Veverka, J., Sagan, C., Quam, L., Tucker, R., Eross, B., 1974. Variable features on Mars III: comparison of Mariner 1969 and Mariner 1971 photography, Icarus, 21, 317.
Vincendon, M., Langevin, Y., Poulet, F., et al., 2009. Yearly and seasonal variations of low albedo surfaces on Mars in the OMEGA/MEx dataset: constraints on aerosols properties and dust deposits, Icarus, 200 (2), 395405.
Wang, H., 2007. Dust storms originating in the northern hemisphere during the third mapping year of Mars Global Surveyor, Icarus, 189 (2), 325343.
Wang, H., Fisher, J. A., 2009. North polar frontal clouds and dust storms on Mars during spring and summer, Icarus, 204 (1), 103113.
Wang, H., Richardson, M. I., 2015. The origin, evolution, and trajectory of large dust storms on Mars during Mars Years 24–30 (1999–2011), Icarus, 251, 112–127.
Wang, H., Richardson, M. I., Wilson, R. J., et al., 2003. Cyclones, tides, and the origin of a cross-equatorial dust storm on Mars, Geophysical Research Letters, 30 (9), doi:10.1029/2002GL016828.
Wang, H., Zurek, R. W., Richardson, M. I., 2005. Relationship between frontal dust storms and transient eddy activity in the northern hemisphere of Mars as observed by Mars Global Surveyor, Journal of Geophysical Research, 110 (E7), doi:10.1029/2005JE002423.
Wang, H., Richardson, M. I., Toigo, A. D., Newman, C. E., 2013. Zonal wavenumber three traveling waves in the northern hemisphere of Mars simulated with a general circulation model, Icarus, 223 (2), 654676.
Wells, E. N., Veverka, J., Thomas, P., 1984. Mars – experimental study of albedo changes caused by dust fallout, Icarus 58, 331338.
Westphal, D. L., Toon, O. B., Carlson, T. N., 1987. A two-dimensional numerical investigation of the dynamics and microphysics of Saharan dust storms, Journal of Geophysical Research, 92, 30273049.
White, B. R., 1979. Soil transport by winds on Mars, J. Geophys. Res., 84(B9), 46434651, doi:10.1029/JB084iB09p04643.
White, B. R., Lacchia, B. M., Greeley, R., Leach, R. N., 1997. Aeolian behavior of dust in a simulated Martian environment, Journal of Geophysical Research, 102 (E11), 2562925640.
Whiteway, J. A., Komguem, L., Dickinson, C., et al., 2009. Mars water-ice clouds and precipitation, Science, 325 (5936), 68.
Williams, D. A., Greeley, R., Neukum, G., et al., 2004. Seeing Mars with new eyes: latest results from the High Resolution Stereo Camera on Mars Express, Geol. Soc. Am. Abstr. Programs, 36(5), 21.
Wilson, R. J., 1997. Dust transport in the Martian atmosphere as simulated by a general circulation model, Advances in Space Research, 19 (8), 12901290.
Wilson, R. J., 2012. Martian dust storms, thermal tides, and the Hadley circulation, in Comparative Climatology of Terrestrial Planets, held June 25–28, 2012, Boulder, CO. LPI Contribution No. 1675, id.8069.
Wilson, R. J., Hamilton, K., 1996. Comprehensive model simulation of thermal tides in the Martian atmosphere, Journal of Atmospheric Science, 53 (9), 12901326.
Wilson, R. J., Kahre, M. A., 2009. The role of spatially variable surface dust in GCM simulations of the Martian dust cycle. In Mars Dust Cycle Workshop, held September 15–17, 2009, Moffett Field, CA. 108112. http://spacescience.arc.nasa.gov/mars-climate-modeling-group/documents/mars_dust_cycle_workshop_abstracts.pdf.
Wilson, R. J., Hinson, D., Smith, M. D., 2006. GCM simulations of transient eddies and frontal systems in the Martian atmosphere, Second Workshop on Mars Atmosphere Modelling and Observations, February 27–March 3, 2006, Granada, Spain, 154.
Wilson, R. J., Neumann, G. A., Smith, M. D., 2007. Diurnal variation and radiative influence of Martian water ice clouds, Geophysical Research Letters, 34 (2), doi:10.1029/2006GL027976.
Wilson, R. J., Haberle, R. M., Noble, J., et al., 2008a. Simulation of the 2001 planet-encircling dust storm with the NASA/NOAA Mars general circulation model. In Third International Workshop on the Mars Atmosphere: Modeling and Observations, Williamsburg, Virginia.
Wilson, R. J., Lewis, S. R., Montabone, L., 2008b. Thermal tides in an assimilation of three years of Thermal Emission Spectrometer data from Mars Global Surveyor. In Third International Workshop on the Mars Atmosphere: Modeling and Observations, Williamsburg, Virginia.
Wolff, M. J., Smith, M. D., Clancy, R. T., et al., 2006. Constraints on dust aerosols from the Mars Exploration Rovers using MGS overflights and Mini-TES, Journal of Geophysical Research, 111 (E12), doi:10.1029/2006JE002786.
Wolff, M. J., Smith, M. D., Clancy, R. T., et al., 2009. Wavelength dependence of dust aerosol single scattering albedo as observed by the Compact Reconnaissance Imaging Spectrometer. J. of Geophys. Res. 114, doi:10.1029/2009JE003350.
Wolff, M. J., Clancy, R. T., Smith, M. D., et al., 2011. Deriving vertical profiles of aerosol sizes from TES, American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2011, abstract #P24A-09.
Wurm, G., Krauss, O., 2006. Dust eruptions by photophoresis and solid state greenhouse effects, Physical Review Letters, 96 (13), 134301.
Wurm, G., Teiser, J., Reiss, D., 2008. Greenhouse and thermophoretic effects in dust layers: the missing link for lifting of dust on Mars, Geophysical Research Letters, 35 (10), doi:10.1029/2008GL033799.
Zalucha, A. M., Plumb, R. A., Wilson, R. J., 2010. An analysis of the effect of topography on the Martian Hadley cells, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 67 (3), 673693.
Zasova, L., Formisano, V., Moroz, V., et al, 2005. Water clouds and dust aerosols observations with PFS MEX at Mars, Planetary and Space Science, 53 (10), 10651077.
Zhang, H.-F., Wang, T., Qu, J.-J., Yan, M.-H., 2004. An experimental and observational study on the electric effect of sandstorms, Chin. J. Geophys., 47, 5360.
Zhang, L., Gong, S., Padro, J., Barrie, L. (2001). A size-segregated particle dry deposition scheme for an atmospheric aerosol module. Atmos. Environ. 35: 549560.
Zurek, R. W., Martin, L. J., 1993. Interannual variability of planet-encircling dust storms on Mars, Journal of Geophysical Research, 98 (E2), 32473259.
Zurek, R. W., Barnes, J. R., Haberle, R. M., et al., 1992. Dynamics of the atmosphere of Mars, in Mars, ed. Kieffer, H. et al., Univ. Arizona Press, Tucson, 835933.