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  • Print publication year: 2019
  • Online publication date: August 2019

Chapter 2 - History of Exploration of Mars


Mars has attracted study ever since its motions were first apparent to ancient skywatchers. Summaries of early observations and ideas are listed in, e.g., Collins, 1971; Hartmann and Raper, 1974; Moore, 1977; Kieffer et al., 1992a; Martin et al., 1992; Sheehan, 1996; Morton, 2002. Hubbard (2011) gives an interesting example of the planning of Mars missions.