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  • Print publication year: 2011
  • Online publication date: February 2012

9 - Environmental science

Summary

The living biota has proved of use in environmental science, specifically in environmental impact assessment (EIA), in environmental monitoring, in bioremediation, and in recording anthropogenically mediated global change. Applications and case studies in EIA, environmental monitoring, bioremediation and anthropogenically mediated global change are discussed in Sections 9.1–9.4, respectively, below.

APPLICATIONS AND CASE STUDIES IN ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT

According to the UK Department of the Environment's definition, EIA is ‘a process by which information about the environmental effects of a project is collected, both by the developer and other sources, and taken into account by the relevant decision making body before a decision is given on whether the development should go ahead’ (Clift, in Harrison, 2001; Morris & Therivel, 2001; Wood, 2003; Jones, 2006; Spitz & Trudinger, 2009).

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