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  • Print publication year: 2009
  • Online publication date: August 2010

96. - Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)1–12

from Part Two - Anesthetic-Related Critical Events and Information


1. Knaudt PR, Conner KM, Weisler RH, Churchill LE, Davidson JR. Alternative therapy use by psychiatric outpatients. J Nerv Ment Dis, Nov 1999;187(11):692–5.
2. American Psychiatric Association. Indications for electroconvulsive therapy. Am J Psychiatry, 2000;157:1.
3. American Psychiatric Association. The Practice of Electroconvulsive Therapy: Recommendations for Treatment Training, and Privileging, 2nd ed. Washington, DC: Author, 2001.
4. Abrams R. The mortality Rate with ECT. Convuls Ther, Sep 1997;13(3):125–7.
5. Fleisher, LA, Beckman, JA, Brown, KA, et al. ACC/AHA 2007 guidelines on perioperative cardiovascular evaluation and care for noncardiac surgery: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines.
6. Larson, G, Swartz, C, Abrams, R. Duration of ECT-induced tachycardia as a measure of seizure length. Am J Psychiatry, 1984;14:1269.
7. Abrams, R. Electroconvulsive Therapy, 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.
8. Daniel, WF, Crovitz, HF. Autobiographical amnesia with ECT: An analysis of the roles of stimulus wave form, electrode placement, stimulus energy, and seizure length. Biol Psychiatry, 1983;18:121.
9. Martin, M, Figiel, G, Mattingly, G, et al. ECT-induced interictal delirium in patients with a history of CVA. J Geriatr Pyschiatry Neurol, 1992;5:149.
10. Miller RD, Fleisher LA, Johns RA, et al. Anesthesia, 6th ed. New York: Churchill Livingstone, 2005, pp 2654–6.
11. Decina, P, Malitz, S, Sackeim, HA, et al. Cardiac arrest during ECT modified beta-adrenergic blockade. Am J Psychiatry, 1984;141:298.
12. Hines RL, Marschall KE. Stoelting’s Anesthesia and Co-Existing Disease, 5th ed. Philadelphia: Churchill Livingstone, 2008, chapter 22.