Skip to main content Accessibility help
  • Print publication year: 2012
  • Online publication date: May 2012

29 - Gastrointestinalbleeding

from Section 2 - Primary Complaints
Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

An Introduction to Clinical Emergency Medicine
  • Online ISBN: 9780511852091
  • Book DOI:
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to *


1. AndrewsCN, LevyA, FishmanM, et al. Intravenous proton pump inhibitors before endoscopy in bleeding peptic ulcer with high-risk stigmata: A multicentre comparative study. Can J Gastroenterol 2005;19(11):667–71.
2. ArabiY, Al KnawyB, BarkunAN, BardouM. Pro/con debate: Octreotide has an important role in the treatment of gastrointestinal bleeding of unknown origin? Crit Care 2006;10(4):218.
3. BonoMJ. Lower gastrointestinal tract bleeding. Emerg Med Clin North Am 1996;14:547.
4. ChenI-C, HungMS, ChiuTF, et al. Risk scoring systems to predict need for clinical intervention for patients with nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal tract bleeding. Am J Emerg Med 2007;25:774–9.
5. DasA, SoodN, HodginK, et al. Development of a triage protocol for patients presenting with gastrointestinal hemorrhage: A prospective cohort study. Crit Care 2008;12:R57.
6. JensenDM, PaceSC, SofferE, et al. Continuous infusion of pantoprazole versus ranitidine for prevention of ulcer rebleeding: A U.S. multicenter randomized, double-blind study. Am J Gastroenterol 2006 Sep;101(9):1991–9.
7. LauJ, SungJJ, LeeKK, et al. Effect of intravenous omeprazole on recurrent bleeding after endoscopic treatment of bleeding peptic ulcers. N Engl J Med 2000;343(5):310–6.
8. LinHJ, LoWC, ChengYC, PerngCL. Role of intravenous omeprazole in patients with high-risk peptic ulcer bleeding after successful endoscopic epinephrine injection: A prospective randomized comparative trial. Am J Gastroenterol 2006;101(3):500–5.
9. MasaokaT, SuzukiH, HoriS, et al. Blatchford scoring system is a useful scoring system for detecting patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding who do not need endoscopic intervention. J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2007;22:1404–8.
10. MarxJA (ed). Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice, 7th ed. Mosby, St. Louis, MO, 2010.
11. McGuirkTD, CoyleWJ. Upper gastrointestinal tract bleeding. Emerg Med Clin North Am 1996;14:523.
12. NevensF. Review article: A critical comparison of drug therapies in currently used therapeutic strategies for variceal haemorrhage. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2004;20 Suppl 3:18–22; discussion 23.
13. PeterDJ, DoughertyJM. Evaluation of the patient with gastrointestinal bleeding: An evidence based approach. Emerg Med Clin North Am 1999;17:239.
14. Talbot-SternJK. Gastrointestinal bleeding. Emerg Med Clin North Am 1996;14:173.
15. TaupinD. Admission risk markers for upper gastrointestinal bleeding: Can urgent endoscopy be avoided? J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2007;22:1404–8.
16. TintinalliJE (ed). Tintinalli's Emergency Medicine: A Comprehensive Study Guide, 7th ed. McGraw-Hill, New York, 2011.
17. WeiKL, TungSY, SheenCH, et al. Effect of oral esomeprazole on recurrent bleeding after endoscopic treatment of bleeding peptic ulcers. J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2007;22(1):43–6.
18. WittingM. “You wanna do what?!” Modern indications for nasogastric intubation. J Emerg Med 2007;33(1):61–64.
19. WolfsonAB. Harwood-Nuss' Clinical Practice of Emergency Medicine, 5th ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, PA, 2010.
20. YanBM, LeeSS. Emergency management of bleeding esophageal varices: Drugs, bands or sleep? Can J Gastroenterol 2006;20(3):165–70.
21. ZargarSA, JavidG, KhanBA, et al. Pantoprazole infusion as adjuvant therapy to endoscopic treatment in patients with peptic ulcer bleeding: Prospective randomized controlled trial. J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2006;21(4):716–21.