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  • Print publication year: 2019
  • Online publication date: October 2019

Chapter 8 - Ischemic Stroke Etiology and Secondary Prevention


In this chapter, we discuss mainly secondary prevention for stroke, although many of the measures, especially control of risk factors and lifestyle changes such as not smoking, controlling blood pressure, etc., are also important measures to avoid a first stroke.

Initially, we discuss a tailored diagnostic work-up, then general measures for secondary prevention of ischemic stroke, and finally recommendations for specific conditions that are associated with a high risk of recurrent stroke.