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  • Print publication year: 2014
  • Online publication date: November 2014

60 - Swallowing difficulties (dysphagia)


1. Lee BE, Kim GH. Globus pharyngeus; a review of its aetiology, diagnosis and treatment. World J Gastroenterol 2012; 18(20): 2462–2471.
2. Spechler SJ, Castell DO. Classification of oesophageal motility abnormalities. Gut 2001; 49: 145–151.
3. Prasad GA, Talley NJ, Romero Y, et al. Prevalence and predictive factors of eosinophilic esophagitis in patients presenting with dysphagia: a prospective study. Am J Gastroenterol 2007; 102: 2627.
4. Arora AS, Yamazaki K. Eosinophilic esophagitis: asthma of the oesophagus? Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2004; 2: 523–530.

Further reading

Cook IJ. Treatment of oropharyngeal dysphagia. Curr Treat Options Gastroenterol 2003; 6: 273–281.
Cook IJ. Diagnostic evaluation of dysphagia. Nat Clin Pract 2008; 7(5):1364–1370.
Kuo P, Holloway RH, Nguyen NQ. Current and future techniques in the evaluation of dysphagia. J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2012; 27: 873–881.
Lind CD. Dysphagia: evaluation and treatment. Gastroenterol Clin North Am 2003; 32(2): 553–575.
SIGN. Management of Patients with Stroke: Identification and Management of Dysphagia. SIGN Guideline 2010.