Skip to main content Accessibility help
Hostname: page-component-55597f9d44-ssw5r Total loading time: 2.745 Render date: 2022-08-16T03:24:53.596Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "useNewApi": true } hasContentIssue true

Section 3 - Beyond Services: What Would a Recovery-Supporting and Wellbeing-Targeted Society Look Like?

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  31 March 2017

Mike Slade
King's College London
Lindsay Oades
University of Melbourne
Aaron Jarden
Auckland University of Technology
Get access


Image of the first page of this content. For PDF version, please use the ‘Save PDF’ preceeding this image.'
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2017

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)


Au, J., & Karacaoglu, G. (2015). Using the living standards framework: Update and policy examples. New Zealand Sociology, 30(3), 2740.Google Scholar
Commonwealth Government of Australia (2013). National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Plan 2013–2023. Available at
Cotterell, G., & Crothers, C. (2011). Social indicators and social reporting in New Zealand, and the potential contribution of the Family Whānau and Wellbeing Project. Social Policy Journal of New Zealand, 37, 119.Google Scholar
Crothers, C. (2015). Putting social flesh on economic bones: Sociological comments on Dalziel and Saunders. New Zealand Sociology, 30(3), 8598.Google Scholar
Crothers, C., von Randow, M., & Cotterell, G. (2013). Measuring changes in family wellbeing in New Zealand 1981 to 2006. New Zealand Sociology, 28(3), 237254.Google Scholar
Dalziel, P., & Saunders, C. (2014). Wellbeing economics: Future directions for New Zealand. Wellington, New Zealand: Bridget Williams Books.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Disabato, D. J., Goodman, F. R., Kashdan, T. B., Short, J. L., & Jarden, A. (2015, September 7). Different types of well-being? A cross-cultural examination of hedonic and eudaimonic well-being. Psychological Assessment. doi:10.1037/pas0000209Google Scholar
Duncan, G. (2015). Economy, society and well-being: A response to Dalziel and Saunders. New Zealand Sociology, 30(3), 5667.Google Scholar
Durie, M. (2005). Race and ethnicity in public policy. Does it work? Social Policy Journal of New Zealand, 24(1), 111.Google Scholar
Easton, B. (2015). Income and wellbeing. New Zealand Sociology, 30(3), 99111.Google Scholar
Families Commission (2009). Pacific families now and in the future: Changing Pacific households. Report No. 1/09. Available at
Grahame, T., & Marston, G. (2012). Welfare-to-work policies and the experience of employed single mothers on income support in Australia: Where are the benefits? Australian Social Work, 65(1), 7386.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Haigh, F., Harris, E., Chok, H., Baum, F., Harris-Roxas, B., Kemp, L., et al. (2013). Characteristics of health impact assessments reported in Australia and New Zealand 2005–2009. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 37(6), 534546.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Health Workforce Australia (2014). Leadership for the sustainability of the health system, Part 4: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health leadership, a key informant interview report. Available at
Hone, L., Jarden, A., & Schofield, G. (2014a). Psychometric properties of the Flourishing Scale in a New Zealand sample. Social Indicators Research, 119(2), 10311042.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hone, L., Jarden, A., Schofield, G. M., & Duncan, S. (2014b). Measuring flourishing: The impact of operational definitions on the prevalence of high levels of wellbeing. International Journal of Wellbeing, 4(1), 6290. doi:10.5502/ijw.v4i1.1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Horner, J., & Ameratunga, S. (2012). Monitoring immigrant health and wellbeing in New Zealand: Addressing the tyranny of misleading averages. Australian Health Review, 36, 390393. doi:10.1071/AH11134.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hudson, S., & Thomson, G. (2011). Policymakers and the example of smoking to children: A qualitative study. Tobacco Induced Diseases, 9(1), 18.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hyslop, B., & Tomson, G. (2009). Smoke-free outdoor areas without the smoke-police: The New Zealand local authority experience. New Zealand Medical Journal, 122(1303), 6779.Google Scholar
Jarden, A., MacKay, L., White, K., Schofield, G., Duncan, S., Williden, M., et al. (2013). The Sovereign New Zealand Wellbeing Index. Psychology Aotearoa, 5(1), 2227.Google Scholar
Lawrence, D., Johnson, S., Hafekost, J., Boterhoven De Haan, K., Sawyer, M., Ainley, J., et al. (2015). The mental health of children and adolescents. Report on the second Australian Child and Adolescent Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing. Canberra, Australia: Department of Health.
Layton, N., & Steel, E. (2015). “An environment built to include rather than exclude me”: Creating inclusive environments for human well-being. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 12, 1114611162. doi:10.3390/ijerph120911146.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Maclennan, B., Kypri, K., Langley, J., & Room, R. (2012). Public sentiment towards alcohol and local governmental alcohol policies in New Zealand. International Journal of Drug Policy, 23, 4553.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McGeorge, P. (2012). The life cycle, achievements and transformation of the New Zealand Mental Health Commission: Opportunities and risks. Mental Health Review Journal, 17(4), 187198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mental Health Commission (2012). Blueprint II: How things need to be. Wellington, New Zealand: Mental Health Commission.
Ministry of Social Development (2010). The social report. Wellington, New Zealand: Ministry of Social Development.PubMed
Ministry of Social Development (2015a). Family wellbeing guidelines. Wellington, New Zealand: Ministry of Social Development.PubMed
Ministry of Social Development (2015b). Towards wellbeing: Service specifications. Wellington, New Zealand: Ministry of Social Development.
Morrison, P. (2011). Local expressions of subjective well-being: The New Zealand experience. Regional Studies, 45(8), 10391058.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
OECD (2013). OECD guidelines on measuring subjective well-being. OECD Publishing. doi:10.1787/9789264191655-en.
Paradies, Y., Harris, R., & Anderson, I. (2008). The impact of racism on indigenous health in Australia and Aotearoa: Towards a research agenda. Discussion paper No. 4, Cooperative Research Centre for Aboriginal Health, Darwin.
Public Health Advisory Committee (2010). The best start in life: Achieving effective action on child health and wellbeing. Wellington, New Zealand: Ministry of Health.
Rouch, G., Thomson, G., Wilson, N., Hudson, S., Edwards, R., Gifford, H., et al. (2010). Public, private and personal: Qualitative research on policymakers’ opinions on smokefree interventions to protect children in ‘private’ spaces. BMC Public Health, 10(797), 110.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ruha, M., & Barns, M. (2012). Working well on employee wellbeing. Employment Today. Available at
Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2001). On happiness and human potentials: A review of research on hedonic and eudaimonic well-being. Annual Review of Psychology, 52, 141166. doi:10.1146/annurev.psych.52.1.141.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Seaford, C. (2011). Time to legislate for the good life. Nature, 477, 532533.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Shepherd, M., Kool, B., Ameratunga, S., Bland, V., Hassall, I., Chambers, J., et al. (2013). Preventing child unintentional injury deaths: Prioritising the response to the New Zealand child and adolescent injury report card. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 37(5), 470474.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Signal, L., Langford, B., Quigley, R., & Ward, M. (2006). Strengthening health, wellbeing and equity: Embedding policy-level HIA in New Zealand. Social Policy Journal of New Zealand, 29, 1731.Google Scholar
Steptoe, A., Deaton, A., & Stone, A. (2015). Subjective wellbeing, health, and ageing. Lancet, 385, 640648.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Tilley, C., Hills, A., Bruce, C., & Meyers, N. (2002). Communication, information and well-being for Australians with physical disabilities. Disability and Rehabilitation, 24(9), 503510. doi:10.1080/09638280110105286.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Trollor, J., & Ching, A. (2014). Accessible mental health services for people with an intellectual disability: A guide for providers. Department of Developmental Disability Neuropsychiatry. Available at
Ussher, S., & Walker, P. (2015). Making what matters count: Embedding well-being in public policy and discourse. Paper presented at the 2015 New Zealand Association of Economists (NZAE) Conference, Wellington, New Zealand.
von Randow, M., Cotterell, G., McTaggart, S., Sua'ali'i-Sauni, T., Davis, P., & Patrick, D. (2009). Pacific families now and in the future: Changing Pacific household composition and wellbeing, 1981–2006. Wellington, New Zealand: Families Commission.Google Scholar
Whiteford, H., & Groves, A. (2009). Policy implications of the 2007 Australian national survey of mental health and wellbeing. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 43, 644651.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Witten, K., Kearns, R., & Carroll, P. (2015). Urban inclusion as wellbeing: Exploring children's accounts of confronting diversity on inner city streets. Social Science and Medicine, 133, 349357.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Adams, T., Bezner, J., & Steinhart, M. (1997). The conceptualisation and measurement of perceived wellness: Integrating balance across and within dimensions. American Journal of Health Promotion, 11, 208218.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Albee, G. W. (1982). Preventing psychopathology and promoting human potential. American Psychologist, 37, 1043-1057.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Anderson, J., Huppert, F., & Rose, G. (1993). Normality, deviance and minor psychiatric morbidity in the community: A population-based approach to General Health Questionnaire data in the Health and Lifestyle Survey. Psychological Medicine, 23, 475485.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bech, P. O. L., Kjoller, M., & Rasmussen, N. K. (2003). Measuring well-being rather than the absence of distress symptoms: A comparison of the SF-36 Mental Health subscale and the WHO-Five Well-Being Scale. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 2(2), 8591.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Begley, S. (2008). Train your mind, change your brain: How a new science reveals our extraordinary potential to transform ourselves. New York, NY: Random House.Google Scholar
Bock, C., Jarczok, M. N., & Litaker, D. (2014). Community-based efforts to promote physical activity: A systematic review of interventions considering mode of delivery, study quality and population subgroups. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 17, 276282.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Brickman, P., Coates, D., & Janoff-Bulman, R. (1978). Lottery winners and accident victims: Is happiness relative?” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 36(8), 917927.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Chief Medical Officer (England) (2014). Annual Report of the Chief Medical Officer 2013. Public Mental Health Priorities: Investing in the evidence [online]. Available at
Crawford, M. J., Robotham, D., Thana, L., Patterson, S., Weaver, T., Barber, R., et al. (2011). Selecting outcome measures in mental health: The views of service users. Journal of Mental Health, 20(4), 336346.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
de Vibe, M., Bjørndal, A., Tipton, E., Hammerstrøm, K., & Kowalski, K. (2012). Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) for improving health, quality of life, and social functioning in adults. Campbell Systematic Reviews 3(01). Available at Scholar
Diener, E., Emmons, R. A., Larsen, R. J., & Griffin, S. (1985). The Satisfaction with Life Scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 49, 7175.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Diener, E., Wirtz, D., Tov, W., Kim-Prieto, C., Choi, D-W., Oishi, S., et al. (2010). New well-being measures: Short scales to assess flourishing and positive and negative feelings. Social Indicators Research, 97, 143156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eight Upanishads, Vols. 1 and 2 (2004). Gambhirananda, Swami (Transl.), Commentary by Shankaracharya. Kolkata, India: Advaita Ashrama.Google Scholar
Ekmund, P., Davidson, R. J., Ricard, M., & Callance, B. A. (2005). Buddhist and psychological perspectives on emotions and wellbeing. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 14, 5963.Google Scholar
Goldberg, D., & Williams, P. (1988). A user's guide to the General Health Questionnaire. Windsor, UK: NFER-Nelson.Google Scholar
Goodman, R. (1997). The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire: A research note. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 38, 581586.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Goodman, A., & Goodman, R. (2011). Population mean scores predict child mental disorder rates: Validation SDQ prevalence estimators in Britain. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 52, 100108.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gudmunsdottir, D. (2013). The impact of economic crisis on happiness. Social Indicators Research, 110(3), 10831101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hill, E. M., Griffiths, F. E., & House, T. (2015). Spreading of healthy mood in adolescent social networks. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 282, 1180. doi:10.1098/rspb.2015.1180.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
HM Government (England) (2011). No health without mental health: A cross-government mental health outcomes strategy for people of all ages [online]. Available at
Hone, L., Jarden, A., Schofield, G. M., & Duncan, S. (2014). Measuring flourishing: The impact of operational definitions on the prevalence of high levels of wellbeing. International Journal of Wellbeing, 4(1), 6290. doi:10.5502/ijw.v4i1.1. Available at Scholar
Hu, Y., Stewart-Brown, S., Twigg, L., & Weich, S. (2007). Can the 12-item General Health Questionnaire be used to measure positive mental health? Psychological Medicine, 37(7), 10051014.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Huppert, F. A., & Whittington, J. E. (2003). Evidence for the independence of positive and negative well-being: Implications for quality of life assessment. British Journal of Health Psychology, 8(1), 107122.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Jahoda, M. (1958). Current concepts of positive mental health. New York, NY: Basic Books.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Keyes, C. L. M. (2002). The mental health continuum: From languishing to flourishing in life. Journal of Health and Social Research, 43(2), 207222.Google ScholarPubMed
Keyes, C. L. M. (2005). Mental illness and/or mental health? Investigating axioms of the complete state model of health. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73(3), 539548.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lamers, S. M. A., Westerhof, G. J., Bohlmeijer, E. T., ten Kooster, P. M., & Keyes, C. L. M. (2011). Evaluating the psychometric properties of the Mental Health Continuum – Short Form (MHC-SF). Journal of Clinical Psychology, 67, 99110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Newnham, E. A., Hooke, G. R., & Page, A. C. (2010). Monitoring treatment response and outcomes using the World Health Organization's Wellbeing Index in psychiatric care. Journal of Affective Disorders, 122(1), 133–8.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Office for National Statistics (2011). Measuring national well-being: National statistician’s reflections on the national debate on measuring national well-being. London ONS. Available at
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (2013). How’s life? Measuring well-being. OECD.
Parks, A. C., & Schueller, S. M. (Eds.) (2014). The Wiley-Blackwell handbook of positive psychological interventions. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rashid, T. (2016). Positive psychotherapy. In Slade, M., Oades, L., and Jarden, A. (Eds.), Wellbeing Recovery and Mental Health. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. (2001). On happiness and human potentials: A review of research on hedonic and eudaimonic well-being. Annual Review of Psychology, 52, 141166. doi:10.1146/annurev.psych.52.1.141.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ryff, C. D. (1989). Happiness is everything; or is it? Explorations on the meaning of psychological wellbeing. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57, 10691081.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ryff, C. D., & Keyes, C. L. M. (1995). The structure of psychological well-being revisited. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69, 719727.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Salovey, P., & Sluyter, J. D. (1997). Emotional development and emotional intelligence. New York, NY: Basic Books.Google Scholar
Seligman, M. E. P. (2002). Authentic happiness: Using the new positive psychology to realise your potential for lasting fulfilment. New York, NY: The Free Press.Google Scholar
Spence, G. B. (2015). Workplace wellbeing programs: If you build it they may NOT come … because it’s not what they really need! International Journal of Wellbeing, 5(2), 109124. doi:10.5502/ijw.v5i2.7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stewart-Brown, S. (2005). Interpersonal relationships and the origins of mental health. Journal of Public Mental Health, 4(1), 2428.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stewart-Brown, S., Samaraweera, P. C., Taggart, F., & Stranges, S. (2015). Socio-economic gradients and mental health: Implications for public health. British Journal of Psychiatry, 206, 461465.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stewart-Brown, S., & Schrader-McMillan, A. (2011). Parenting for mental health: What does the evidence say we need to do? Report of Workpackage 2 of the DataPrev project. Health Promotion International, 1(26), i1028. Available at Scholar
Stiglitz, J. E., Sen, A., & Fitoussi, J. P., (2009). Measurement of economic and social progress revisited. University of Columbia IEC OFCE Working Paper 2009–33. Available at
Stranges, S., Samaraweera, P. C., Taggart, F., Kandala, N.-B., & Stewart-Brown, S. (2014). Major health-related behaviours and mental well-being in the general population: The Health Survey for England. BMJ Open 4:e005878. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2014–005878.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Tennant, R., Hiller, L., Fishwick, R., Platt, S., Joseph, S., Weich, S., et al. (2007). The Warwick–Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale (WEMWBS): Development and UK validation. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 5(63). doi:10.1186/1477–7525-5-63.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Trousselard, M., Steiler, D., Dutheil, F., Claverie, D., Canini, F., Naughton, G., et al. (2015). Validation of the French Warwick–Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale (WEMWBS) in both non-clinical and clinical populations. Manuscript submitted for publication.
Tudor, K. (1996). Mental health promotion: Paradigms and practices. London, UK: Routledge.Google Scholar
UK Government Office for Science (2008). Mental capital and well-being: Making the most of ourselves in the 21st century [online]. Available at
UNICEF (2007). Child poverty in perspective: An overview of child well-being in rich countries. Innocenti Report Card 7, Innocenti Research Centre, Florence, Italy.
Veerman, J. L., Dowrick, C., Ayuso-Mateos, J. L., Dunn, G., & Barendregt, J. J. (2009). Population prevalence of depression and mean Beck Depression Inventory score. British Journal of Psychiatry, 195, 516519.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Warburton, D. E. R., Nicol, C. W., & Bredin, S. S. D. (2006). Health benefits of physical activity: The evidence. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 174(6), 801809. doi:10.1503/cmaj.051351.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Watson, D., Clarke, A., & Tellegen, A. (1988). Development and validation of brief measures of positive and negative affect: The PANAS Scales. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54(6), 10631079.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Weare, K., & Nind, M. (2011). Mental health promotion and problem prevention in schools: What does the evidence say? Health Promotion International, 26(Suppl 1), i2969. doi:10.1093/heapro/dar075.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Weich, S., Brugha, T. L., King, M., McManus, S., Bebbington, P. L., et al. (2011). Mental well-being and mental illness: Findings from the adult psychiatric morbidity survey for England 2007. British Journal of Psychiatry, 199, 2328.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
World Health Organisation (2004). Promoting mental health concepts, emerging evidence and practice. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO.
World Health Organisation (2014). Mental health: A state of well-being. Available at
Blackman, T., and Harvey, J. (2001). Housing renewal and mental health: A case study. Journal of Mental Health, 10, 571583.Google Scholar
Boorman, S. (2009). NHS health and wellbeing. Final report. London: Department of Health.Google Scholar
Coid, J., Yang, M., Roberts, A., Ullrich, S., Moran, P., & Bebbington, P. (2006). Violence and psychiatric morbidity in the national household population of Britain: Public health implications. British Journal of Psychiatry, 189, 1219.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Cooke, A., and Coggins, T. (2005). Neighborhood well-being in Lewisham: The development of a mental well-being impact assessment and indicator toolkit. Journal of Public Mental Health, 4(2), 2331.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cooke, A., Friedli, L., Coggins, T., Edmonds, N., Michaelson, J., et al. (2011). Mental Well-Being Impact Assessment: A Toolkit for Wellbeing (3rd ed.), London: National MWIA Collaborative. Available at Scholar
Deacon, L., Carlin, H., Spalding, J., Giles, S., Stansfield, J., & Hughes, S. (2009). North West mental well-being survey. Liverpool, UK: North West Public Health Observatory.Google Scholar
Design Council (2005). Eleven lessons for managing design in eleven global brands. Available at
DoH (2014). Five year forward view. Available at
Fagg, J., & Curtis, S. et al. (2006). Psychological distress among adolescents and its relationship to individual, family and area characteristics in East London. Social Science & Medicine, 63(3).CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Fergusson, D., Horwood, J., & Ridder, E. M. (2005). Show me the child at seven: The consequences of conduct problems in childhood psychology for psychosocial functioning in adulthood. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 46(8), 837849. [An influential longitudinal study demonstrating the long-term impact of early behavioural problems in young children.]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Foresight Mental Capital and Wellbeing Project (2008). Final project report. London: The Government Office for Science.PubMed
Harvey, S., Joyce, S., Tan, L., Johnson, A., Nguyen, H., Modini, M., et al. (2014). Developing a mentally healthy workplace: A review of the literature. Australian Government National Mental Health Commission, pp. 17.
Health and Safety Executive (2010). Statistics 2009/10. Available at
Huppert, F. A., (2008). Psychological well-being: Evidence regarding its causes and consequences. Foresight State-of-Science Review: SR-X2. Government Office for Science.
Huxley, P., Rogers, A., Thomas, R., Robson, B., Evans, S., & Stordy, J. (2001). Urban regeneration and mental health. Health Variations, 7, 89.Google Scholar
Huxley, P., Rogers, A., Evans, S., et al. (2001). Evaluating the impact of a locality based social policy intervention on mental health. London: ESRCl.Google Scholar
Joint Commissioning Panel for Mental Health (2013). Guidance for commissioning public mental health services. Available at
Keyes, C. L. M., Dhingra, S. S., & Simoes, E. J. (2010). Change in level of positive mental health as a predictor of future risk of mental illness. American Journal of Public Health, 100(12), 23662371.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
King, S., (2014). How effective is mental well-being impact assessment? A Briefing Paper by The Tavistock Institute of Human Relations. In progress.
Lyubomirsky, S., King, L. A., & Diener, E. (2005). The benefits of frequent positive affect: Does happiness lead to success. Psychological Bulletin, 131, 803855.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Marmot Review (2010). Fair society, healthy lives: Strategic review of health inequalities in England post-2010. London, UK: The Marmot Review. Available at
NHS Information Centre (2011). Health survey for England – 2010. Well-being, health and work.
NICE (2008). Promoting children's social and emotional well-being in primary education. London, UK: NICE.
NICE (2009a). Promoting mental well-being at work: NICE public health guidance 22. Available at
NICE (2009b). Promoting young people's social and emotional wellbeing in secondary education. London, UK: NICE.
Ritchie, J., Spencer, L., & O’Connor, W. (2003). Carrying out qualitative analysis. In Richie, J., & Lewis, J. (Eds.), Qualitative Research Practice: A Guide for Social Science Students and Researchers (231). London, UK: Sage.Google Scholar
Sanne, B., Mykletun, A., Dahl, A. A., Moen, B. E., & Tell, G. S. (2005). Testing the job demand–control–support model with anxiety and depression as outcomes: The Hordaland Health Study. Occupational Medicine (London), 55, 463473.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
WHO (2014). Mental health: Strengthening our response. Fact Sheet 220. Available at
Wright, T. A., & Cropanzano, R. (2000). Psychological well-being and job satisfaction as predictors of job performance. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 5, 8494.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Wright, T. A., Cropanzano, R., & Bonett, D. G. (2007). The moderating role of employee positive well being on the relationship between job satisfaction and job performance. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 12, 93104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
ACARA (2012). The shape of the Australian curriculum: Civics and citizenship. Available at
August, G. J., Realmuto, G. M., Hektner, J. M., & Bloomquist, M. L. (2001). An integrated components preventive intervention for aggressive elementary school children: The early risers program. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 69(4), 614626. Available at ScholarPubMed
Beauchemin, J., Hutchins, T. L., & Patterson, F. (2008). Mindfulness meditation may lessen anxiety, promote social skills, and improve academic performance among adolescents with learning disabilities. Complementary Health Practice Review, 13(1), 3445. doi:10.1177/1533210107311624.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Beck, J. S. (1995). Cognitive therapy: Basics and beyond. New York, NY: Guilford.Google Scholar
Berkowitz, M. W., & Bier, M. C. (2005). What works in character education: A research-driven guide for educators. Washington, DC. Available at Scholar
Broderick, P. C. (2013). Learning to breathe: A mindfulness curriculum for adolescents to coordinate emotion regulation, attention, and performance. Oakland, CA: New Harbinger.Google Scholar
Broderick, P. C., & Metz, S. (2009). Learning to BREATHE: A pilot trial of a mindfulness curriculum for adolescents. Advances in School Mental Health Promotion, 2(1), 3546.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brown, K. W., & Ryan, R. M. (2003). The benefits of being present: Mindfulness and its role in psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84(4), 822848. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.84.4.822.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brunwasser, S. M., Gillham, J. E., & Kim, E. S. (2009). A meta-analytic review of the Penn Resiliency Program’s effect on depressive symptoms. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 77(6), 10421054. doi:10.1037/a0017671.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Brunzell, T., Stokes, H., & Waters, L., (2016a). Trauma-informed classrooms and flexible learning: Strengthening regulatory abilities and the readiness to learn. International Journal of Youth and Family Studies, 7, 218239.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brunzell, T., Stokes, H., & Waters, L. (2016b). Trauma-informed positive education: Using positive psychology to repair and strengthen vulnerable students. Contemporary School Psychology, 20, 6383.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brunzell, T., Waters, L., & Stokes, H. (2015). Teaching with strengths in trauma-affected students: A new approach to healing and growth in the classroom. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry: The Community Magazine, 85, 39.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Campion, J., & Rocco, S. (2009). Minding the mind: The effects and potential of a school-based meditation programme for mental health promotion. Advances in School Mental Health Promotion, 2(1), 4755. doi:10.1080/1754730X.2009.9715697.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
CASEL (2014a). Outcomes associated with the five competencies. Available at
CASEL (2014b). Social and emotional learning core competencies. Available at
CASEL (2015). Social and emotional learning core competencies. Available at
Cavell, T. A., Elledge, L. C., Malcolm, K. T., Faith, M. A., & Hughes, J. N. (2009). Relationship quality and the mentoring of aggressive, high-risk children. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 38(2), 185–98. doi:10.1080/15374410802698420.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Cavell, T. A., & Hughes, J. N. (2000). Secondary prevention as context for assessing change processes in aggressive children. Journal of School Psychology, 38(3), 199235. doi:10.1016/S0022-4405(99)00040-0.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cogan, J. J., & Morris, P. (2001). The development of civics values: An overview. International Journal of Educational Research, 35(1), 19. doi:10.1016/S0883-0355(01)00002-7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Costa, A. L., & Kallick, B. (2009). Habits of mind across the curriculum: Practical and creative strategies for teachers. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.Google Scholar
Cowen, E. L., Wyman, P. A., Work, W. C., & Iker, M. R. (1995). A preventive intervention for enhancing resilience among highly stressed urban children. The Journal of Primary Prevention, 15(3), 247–60. doi:10.1007/BF02197474.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dadds, M. R., Spence, S. H., Holland, D. E., Barrett, P. M., & Laurens, K. R. (1997). Prevention and early intervention for anxiety disorders: A controlled trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 65(4), 627635.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Damasio, A. R. (1996). The somatic marker hypothesis and the possible functions of the prefrontal cortex. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences, 351(1346), 1413–20. doi:10.1098/rstb.1996.0125.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dix, K. L., Slee, P. T., Lawson, M. J., & Keeves, J. P. (2012). Implementation quality of whole-school mental health promotion and students’ academic performance. Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 17(1), 4551. doi:10.1111/j.1475-3588.2011.00608.x.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Duckworth, A. L., Quinn, P. D., & Seligman, M. E. P. (2009). Positive predictors of teacher effectiveness. Journal of Positive Psychology, 4(6), 540547. doi:10.1080/17439760903157232.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Durlak, J. A., Weissberg, R. P., Dymnicki, A. B., Taylor, R. D., & Schellinger, K. B. (2011). The impact of enhancing students’ social and emotional learning: A meta-analysis of school-based universal interventions. Child Development, 82(1), 405432.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Education Review Office (2013). Well-being for success: Draft evaluation indicators for student well-being. Available at
Elledge, L. C., Cavell, T. A., Ogle, N. T., & Newgent, R. A. (2010). School-based mentoring as selective prevention for bullied children: A preliminary test. Journal of Primary Prevention, 31(3), 171–87. doi:10.1007/s10935-010-0215-7.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Firth, N., Frydenberg, E., Steeg, C., & Bond, L. (2013). Coping successfully with dyslexia: An initial study of an inclusive school-based resilience programme. Dyslexia (Chichester, England), 19(2), 113–30. doi:10.1002/dys.1453.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Flook, L., Smalley, S. L., Kitil, M. J., Galla, B. M., Kaiser-Greenland, S., Locke, J., et al. (2010). Effects of mindful awareness practices on executive functions in elementary school children. Journal of Applied School Psychology, 26(1), 7095. doi:10.1080/15377900903379125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fox Eades, J. (2006). Classroom tales: Using storytelling to build emotional, social and academic skills across the primary curriculum. London, UK: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.Google Scholar
Fredrickson, B. L. (2001). The role of positive emotions in positive psychology. The broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions. American Psychologist, 56(3), 218226.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Fredrickson, B. L. (2004). The broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, 359(1449), 13671378. doi:10.1098/rstb.2004.1512.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Fredrickson, B. L. (2009). Positivity: Top-notch research reveals the upward spiral that will change your life. New York, NY: Three Rivers Press.Google Scholar
Gross, J. J. (2002). Emotion regulation: Affective, cognitive, and social consequences. Psychophysiology, 39(3), 281–91. doi:10.1017.S0048577201393198.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hagelskamp, C., Brackett, M. A., Rivers, S. E., & Salovey, P. (2013). Improving classroom quality with the RULER approach to social and emotional learning: Proximal and distal outcomes. American Journal of Community Psychology, 51(3–4), 114. doi:10.1007/s10464-013-9570-x.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hassmén, P., Koivula, N., & Uutela, A. (2000). Physical exercise and psychological well-being: A population study in Finland. Preventive Medicine, 30(1), 1725. doi:10.1006/pmed.1999.0597.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hattie, J. (2009). Visible learning: A synthesis of over 800 meta-analyses relating to achievement. Abingdon, UK: Routledge.Google Scholar
Hektner, J. M., August, G. J., & Realmuto, G. M. (2003). Effects of pairing aggressive and nonaggressive children in strategic peer affiliation. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 31(4), 399412. Available at ScholarPubMed
Huppert, F. A., & Johnson, D. M. (2010). A controlled trial of mindfulness training in schools: The importance of practice for an impact on well-being. Journal of Positive Psychology, 5(4), 264274. doi:10.1080/17439761003794148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Immordino-Yang, M. H., & Damasio, A. (2007). We feel, therefore we learn: The relevance of affective and social neuroscience to education. Mind, Brain, and Education, 1(1), 310. doi:10.1111/j.1751-228X.2007.00004.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jensen, E. (2008). Brain-based learning: The new paradigm of teaching. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.Google Scholar
Jordans, M. J. D., Komproe, I. H., Tol, W. A., Kohrt, B. A., Luitel, N. P., Macy, R. D., et al. (2010). Evaluation of a classroom-based psychosocial intervention in conflict-affected Nepal: A cluster randomized controlled trial. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, 51(7), 818–26. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2010.02209.x.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kabat-Zinn, J. (1990). Full catastrophe living. New York, NY: Dell.Google Scholar
Kabat-Zinn, J. (1994). Wherever you go, there you are. New York, NY: Hyperion.Google Scholar
Kabat-Zinn, J. (2003). Mindfulness-based interventions in context: Past, present, and future. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 10(2), 144156. doi:10.1093/clipsy/bpg016.Google Scholar
Kam, C.-M., Greenberg, M. T., & Kusche, C. A. (2004). Sustained effects of the PATHS curriculum on the social and psychological adjustment of children in special education. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 12(2), 6678. doi:10.1177/10634266040120020101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kavanagh, J., Oliver, S., Lorenc, T., Caird, J., Tucker, H., Harden, A., et al. (2009). School-based cognitive-behavioural interventions: A systematic review of effects and inequalities. Health Sociology Review, 18, 6178. doi:10.5172/hesr.18.1.61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kern, M. L., Waters, L., Adler, A., & White, M. (2014). Assessing employee well-being in schools using a multifaceted approach: Associations with physical health, life satisfaction, and professional thriving. Psychology, 05(06), 500513. doi:10.4236/psych.2014.56060.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Keyes, C. L. M., & Lopez, S. J. (2002). Toward a science of mental health: Positive directions in diagnosis and interventions. In Snyder, C. R. & Lopez, S. J. (Eds.), Handbook of Positive Psychology (pp. 4559). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Kraag, G., Zeegers, M. P., Kok, G., Hosman, C., & Abu-Saad, H. H. (2006). School programs targeting stress management in children and adolescents: A meta-analysis. Journal of School Psychology, 44(6), 449472. doi:10.1016/j.jsp.2006.07.001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kuyken, W., Weare, K., Ukoumunne, O. C., Vicary, R., Motton, N., Burnett, R., et al. (2013). Effectiveness of the Mindfulness in Schools Programme: Non-randomised controlled feasibility study. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 203(2), 126–31. doi:10.1192/bjp.bp.113.126649.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lerner, J. V, Phelps, E., Forman, Y. E., & Bowers, E. P. (2009). Positive youth development. In Handbook of Adolescent Psychology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. doi:10.1002/9780470479193.adlpsy001016.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Linnenbrink, E. A., & Pintrich, P. R. (2002). Motivation as an enabler for academic success. School Psychology Review, 31(3), 313327.Google Scholar
Louis, M. R., & Sutton, R. I. (1991). Switching cognitive gears: From habits of mind to active thinking. Human Relations, 44(1), 5576. doi:10.1177/001872679104400104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lovat, T., Toomey, R., Dally, K., & Clement, N. (2009). Project to test and measure the impact of values education on student effects and school ambience. Canberra, Australia. Available at Scholar
Madden, W., Green, S., & Grant, A. (2011). A pilot study evaluating strengths-based coaching for primary school students: Enhancing engagement and hope. International Coaching Psychology Review, 6(1), 7183.Google Scholar
Meyer, D. K., & Turner, J. C. (2006). Re-conceptualizing emotion and motivation to learn in classroom contexts. Educational Psychology Review, 18(4), 377390. doi:10.1007/s10648-006-9032-1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nielsen, T. W. (2005). Values education through thinking, feeling and doing. Social Educator, 23(2), 3948.Google Scholar
Nielsen, T. W. (2010). Towards pedagogy of giving for well-being and social engagement. In Lovat, T. & Toomey, R. (Eds.), International Research Handbook on Values Education and Student Well-Being (pp. 617630). New York, NY: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Noble, T., & McGrath, H. (2008). A scoping study on student well-being. Canberra, Australia: Department of Education.Google Scholar
Pekrun, R., Goetz, T., Titz, W., & Perry, R. P. (2002). Academic emotions in students’ self-regulated learning and achievement: A program of qualitative and quantitative research. Educational Psychologist, 37(2), 91105. doi:10.1207/S15326985EP3702_4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pintrich, P. R., & de Groot, E. V. (1990). Motivational and self-regulated learning components of classroom academic performance. Journal of Educational Psychology, 82(1), 3340.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pintrich, P. R., & Zusho, A. (2002). The development of academic self-regulation: The role of cognitive and motivational factors. In Wigfield, A., & Eccles, J. (Eds.), Development of Achievement Motivation (pp. 249284). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rand, K. L. (2009). Hope and optimism: Latent structures and influences on grade expectancy and academic performance. Journal of Personality, 77(1), 231260. doi:10.1111/j.1467-6494.2008.00544.x.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Rosaen, C., & Benn, R. (2006). The experience of transcendental meditation in middle school students: A qualitative report. Explore (New York, N.Y.), 2(5), 422425. doi:10.1016/j.explore.2006.06.001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rusk, R. D., & Waters, L. (2015). A psycho-social system approach to well-being: Empirically deriving the Five Domains of Positive Functioning. Journal of Positive Psychology, 10(2), 141152. doi:10.1080/17439760.2014.920409.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rusk, R. D, & Waters, L. E. (2013). Tracing the size, reach, impact, and breadth of positive psychology. Journal of Positive Psychology, 8(3), 207221. doi:10.1080/17439760.2013.777766.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2001). On happiness and human potentials: A review of research on hedonic and eudaimonic well-being. Annual Review of Psychology, 52, 141166.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Schachter, S., & Singer, J. (1962). Cognitive, social, and physiological determinants of emotional state. Psychological Review, 69(5), 379399.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Schnitzer, G., Andries, C., & Lebeer, J. (2007). Usefulness of cognitive intervention programmes for socio-emotional and behaviour problems in children with learning disabilities. Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs, 7(3), 161171. doi:10.1111/j.1471-3802.2007.00093.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schonert-Reichl, K. A., & Lawlor, M. S. (2010). The effects of a mindfulness-based education program on pre- and early adolescents’ well-being and social and emotional competence. Mindfulness, 1(3), 137151. doi:10.1007/s12671-010-0011-8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sedlmeier, P., Eberth, J., Schwarz, M., Zimmermann, D., Haarig, F., Jaeger, S., et al. (2012). The psychological effects of meditation: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 138(6), 11391171. doi:10.1037/a0028168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Seider, S., Gilbert, J. K., Novick, S., & Gomez, J. (2013). The role of moral and performance character strengths in predicting achievement and conduct among urban middle school students. Teachers College Record, 115(8), 134.Google Scholar
Seligman, M. E. P., Ernst, R. M., Gillham, J., Reivich, K., & Linkins, M. (2009). Positive education: Positive psychology and classroom interventions. Oxford Review of Education, 35(3), 293311. doi:10.1080/03054980902934563.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sklad, M., Diekstra, R., De Ritter, M., Ben, J., & Gravesteijn, C. (2012). Effectiveness of school-based universal social, emotional, and behavioral programs: Do they enhance students’ development in the area of skill, behavior, and adjustment? Psychology in the Schools, 49(9), 892909. doi:10.1002/pits.21641.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Slone, M., & Shoshani, A. (2008). Efficacy of a school-based primary prevention program for coping with exposure to political violence. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 32(4), 348358. doi:10.1177/0165025408090976.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Snyder, C. R. (2002). Hope theory: Rainbows in the mind. Psychological Inquiry, 13(4), 249275.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Steiner, N. E., Sidhu, T. K., Pop, P. G., Frenette, E. C., & Perrin, E. C. (2013). Yoga in an urban school for children with emotional and behavioral disorders: A feasibility study. Journal of Child & Family Studies, 22(6), 815826.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Suldo, S., Thalji, A., & Ferron, J. (2011). Longitudinal academic outcomes predicted by early adolescents’ subjective well-being, psychopathology, and mental health status yielded from a dual factor model. Journal of Positive Psychology, 6(1), 1730. doi:10.1080/17439760.2010.536774.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Waters, L. (2011). A review of school-based positive psychology interventions. Australian Educational and Developmental Psychologist, 28(2), 7590. doi:10.1375/aedp.28.2.75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Waters, L. (2014). Balancing the curriculum: Teaching gratitude, hope and resilience. In A Love of Ideas (pp. 117124). Sydney, Australia: Future Leaders. Available at Scholar
Waters, L, Barsky, A., Ridd, A., & Allen, K. (2015). Contemplative education: A systematic, evidence-based review of the effect of meditation interventions in schools. Educational Psychology Review, 27, 103134. doi:10.1007/s10648-014-9258-2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Waters, L., & Stokes, H. (2015). Positive education for school leaders: Exploring the effects of emotion-gratitude and action-gratitude. Australian Educational and Developmental Psychologist, 32, 122. doi:10.1017/edp.2015.1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
WHO (1986). Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion. Health Promotion International, 1(4), 405. doi:10.1093/heapro/1.4.405.CrossRefPubMed
WHO (2000). The world health report 2000: Health systems: Improving performance. Available at
Wierenga, A., & Wyn, J. (2011). Generic Youth Development Framework: A discussion document for Department of Defence. Youth Research Centre, Melbourne Graduate School of Education, University of Melbourne.Google Scholar
Wolmer, L., Hamiel, D., Barchas, J. D., Slone, M., & Laor, N. (2011a). Teacher-delivered resilience-focused intervention in schools with traumatized children following the second Lebanon War. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 24(3), 309–16. doi:10.1002/jts.20638.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Wolmer, L., Hamiel, D., & Laor, N. (2011b). Preventing children’s posttraumatic stress after disaster with teacher-based intervention: A controlled study. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 50(4), 340348. doi:10.1016/j.jaac.2011.01.002.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Zimmerman, B. J. (2000). Attainment of self-regulation: A social cognitive perspective. In Boekaerts, M., Pintrich, P., & Zeidner, M. (Eds.), Handbook of Self-Regulation, Research, and Applications (pp. 1339). Orlando, FL: Academic Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Baumeister, R. F., Bratslavsky, E., Finkenauer, C., & Vohs, K. D. (2001). Bad is stronger than good. Review of General Psychology, 5(4), 323370.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Baumeister, R., & Tierney, J. (2011). Willpower: Rediscovering the greatest human strength. London, UK: Penguin.Google Scholar
Blimling, G. (1989). A meta-analysis of the influence of college residence halls on academic performance. Journal of College Student Development, 30(4), 298308.Google Scholar
Blimling, G. (1993). The influence of college residence halls on students. In Smart, J. (Ed.), Higher Education: Handbook of Theory and Research 9 (pp. 248307). New York, NY: AgathonPress.Google Scholar
Brunwasser, S. M., Gillham, J. E., & Kim, E. S. (2009). A meta-analytic review of the Penn Resiliency Program’s effect on depressive symptoms. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 77(6), 10421054. doi:10.1037/a0017671.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bowen, W. G., Chingos, M. W., & Mcpherson, M. S. 2009. Crossing the finish line: Completing college at America's public universities. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Cameron, K. S. (2008). Positive leadership: Strategies for extraordinary performance. San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.Google Scholar
Cameron, K., Dutton, J. E., & Quinn, R. E. (Eds.) (2003). Positive organizational scholarship: Foundations of a new discjpline. San Francisco, CA: Berrett–Koehler Publishers.Google Scholar
Cook, A., Friedli, L., Coggins, T., Edmonds, N., Michaelson, J., O’Hara, K., et al. (2011). Mental wellbeing impact assessment: A toolkit for well-being, 3rd ed. London, UK: National MWIA Collaborative.Google Scholar
Durlak, J. A., Weissberg, R. P., Dymnicki, A. B., Taylor, R. D., & Schellinger, K. B. (2011). The impact of enhancing students’ social and emotional learning: A meta-analysis of school-based universal interventions. Child Development, 82(1), 405432.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Foresight Mental Capital and Wellbeing Project (2008). Final project report. The Government Office for Science, London.
Govinji, R., & Linley, P. A. (2007). Strengths use, self-concordance, and wellbeing: Implications for strengths coaching and coaching psychologists. International Coaching Psychology Review, 2(2), 143153.Google Scholar
Green, L. S., Robinson, P., & Oades, L. G. (2012). Positive psychology and coaching psychology in schools. In van Nieuwerburgh, C. (Ed.), Coaching in Education (pp. 115132). London, UK: Karnac.Google Scholar
Green, L. S., Oades, L. G., & Grant, A. M. (2006). Cognitive-behavioural, solution-focused life coaching: Enhancing goal striving, well-being and hope. Journal of Positive Psychology, 1(3), 142149. Available at Scholar
Jungert, T., Alm, F., & Thornberg, R. (2014). Motives for becoming a teacher and their relations to academic engagement and dropout among student teachers. Journal of Education for Teaching, 40(2), 173185.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lee, W., & Reeve, J. (2012). Teachers’ estimates of their students’ motivation and engagement: Being in synch with students. Educational Psychology: An International Journal of Experimental Educational Psychology, 32(6), 727747.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Linley, P. A. (2008). Average to A+: Realising strengths in yourself and others. Coventry, UK: CAPP Press.Google Scholar
Linley, P. A., Garcea, N., Hill, J., Minhas, G., Trenier, E., & Willars, J. (2010). Strengthspotting in coaching: Conceptualisation and development of the Strengthspotting Scale. International Coaching Psychology Review, 5(2), 165176.Google Scholar
Madden, W., Green, S., & Grant, A. (2011). A pilot study evaluating strengths-based coaching for primary school students: Enhancing engagement and hope. International Coaching Psychology Review, 6(1), 7183.Google Scholar
NEF (2011). Five ways to wellbeing: New application, new ways of thinking. London, UK: New Economics Foundation/NHS Confederation.
Oades, L. G., Crowe, T. P., & Nguyen, M. (2009). Leadership coaching transforming mental health systems from the inside out: The Collaborative Recovery Model as person-centred strengths based coaching psychology. International Coaching Psychology Review, 4(1), 6475.Google Scholar
Oades, L. G., Deane, F. P., & Anderson, J. (2012). Peer support in a mental health context. In King, R., Lloyd, C., Meehan, T., Deane, F. P., & Kavanagh, D. (Eds.), Handbook of Psychosocial Rehabilitation: Practitioner Toolbox. Oxford, UK: Wiley.Google Scholar
Oades, L. G., & Passmore, J. (2014). Positive psychology coaching, in Passmore, J. (Ed.), Mastery in Coaching: A Complete Psychological Toolkit for Advanced Coaching (pp. 1540). London, UK: KoganPage.Google Scholar
Oades, L. G., Robinson, P., Green, S., & Spence, G. (2011). Towards a positive university. Journal of Positive Psychology, 6(6), 432439.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Parameswaran, A., & Bowers, J. (2014). Student residences: From housing to education, Journal of Further and Higher Education, 38(1), 5774. doi:10.1080/0309877X.2012.699515.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pascarella, E., Terenzini, P., & Blimling, G. (1994). The impact of residential life on students. In Schroeder, C., & Mable, P. (Eds.), Realizing the Educational Potential of Residence Halls (pp. 2252). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass Publishers.Google Scholar
Peterson, C., & Seligman, M. E. P. (2004). Character strengths and virtues: A handbook and classification. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Proctor, C., Maltby, J., & Linley, P. A. (2011). Strengths use as a predictor of wellbeing and health-related quality of life. Journal of Happiness Studies, 12(1), 153169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Proctor, C., Tsukayama, E., Wood, A. M., Maltby, J., Fox Eades, J., & Linley, P. A. (2011). Strengths gym: The impact of a character strengths-based intervention on the life satisfaction and wellbeing of adolescents. Journal of Positive Psychology, 6(5), 377388.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rusk, R. D., & Waters, L. (2015). A psycho-social system approach to well-being: Empirically deriving the five domains of positive functioning. Journal of Positive Psychology, 10(2), 141152. doi:10.1080/17439760.2014.920409.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Salmela-Aro, K., & Upadyaya, K. (2014). School burnout and engagement in the context of demands–resources model. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 84, 137151.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Seligman, M. E. P., Ernst, R. M., Gillham, J., Reivich, K., & Linkins, M. (2009). Positive education: Positive psychology and classroom interventions. Oxford Review of Education, 35(3), 293311. doi:10.1080/03054980902934563.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Williams, V., Oades, L. G., Deane, F. P., Crowe, T. P., & Ciarrochi, J. (2013). Improving implementation of evidence-based practice in mental health service delivery: Protocol for a cluster randomised quasi-experimental investigation of staff-focused values interventions. Implementation Science, 8, doi:10.1186/1748-5908-8-75.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Constanza, R., Fisher, B., Ali, S., Beer, C., Bond, L., Boumans, R., et al. (2008). An integrative approach to quality of life measurement, research, and policy. S.A.P.I.EN.S, 1.1. Available at Scholar
Cox, K. R. (1972). Man, location and behavior: An introduction to human geography. New York, NY: John Wiley and Sons.Google Scholar
Detwyler, T. R., & Marcus, M. G. (1972). Urbanization and environment in perspective. In Detwyler, T. R., & Marcus, M. G. (Eds.), Urbanization and Environment(pp. 326). Belmont, CA: Duxbury Press, 326.Google Scholar
Diener, E. (2000). Subjective well-being: The science of happiness and a proposal for a national index. American Psychologist, 55.(1), 34-43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
DIT (2011). State of Australian cities 2011. Canberra, Australia, DIT.
Epstein, J. M. (2006). Generative social science. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Fernandez, L. E., Brown, D. G., Marans, R. W., & Nassauer, J. I. (2005). Characterizing location preferences in an exurban population: Implications for agent-based modelling. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 32, 799820.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gregory, D., Johnston, R., & Pratt, G. (2009). Quality of life. In Dictionary of Human Geography (5th ed.). Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar
Holloway, A., & Wajzer, C. (2008). Improving city performance through benchmarking. In Proceedings of the International Cities Town Centres & Communities Society Conference. SGS Economics and Planning/Australia.
Kim, J. H., Pagliara, F., & Preston, J. (2005). The intention to move and residential location choice behaviour. Urban Studies, 42, 16211636.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Li, J., & Walker, J. L. (2007). Latent lifestyle preferences and household location decisions. Journal of Geographical Systems, 9(1), 77101.Google Scholar
Lindberg, E., Hartig, T., Garvill, J., & Garling, T. (1992). Residential-location preferences across the life span. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 12, 187198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Louviere, J. J., & Meyer, R. J. (2008). Formal choice models of informal choices: What choice modeling research can (and can’t) learn from behavioral theory. In Malhotra, N. K. (Ed.), Review of Marketing Research, Vol 4 (pp. 332). New York, NY: M. E. Sharpe.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lupi, T. (2013). Making room for people: Choice, voice and liveability in residential places. Journal of Housing and the Built Environment, 28(2), 413414.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Marans, R. W., & Stimson, R. J. (Eds.) (2011). Investigating quality of urban life. Theory, methods and empirical research, Social Indicators Research Series, Vol. 45. Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Moore, D., Dray, A., Green, R., Hudson, S., Jenkinson, R., Siokou, C., et al. (2009). Extending drug ethno-epidemiology using agent-based modelling. Addiction, 104(12), 19911997.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
MSEWPC (2010). Demographic Change and Liveability Panel Report, an appendix to A Sustainable Population for Australia issues paper. Canberra, Australia: MSEWPC.
Newman, P., Giles-Corti, B., & Falconer, R. (2010). Is practice aligned with the principles? Implementing new urbanism in Perth, Western Australia. Transport Policy, 17(5), 287294.Google Scholar
OECD (2013). How’s Life? 2013: Measuring Well-Being. doi:10.1787/9789264201392-en.
O’Sullivan, A. (2009). Urban economics (seventh ed.). Singapore: McGraw-Hill International Edition.Google Scholar
Pacione, M. (2003). Urban environmental quality and human wellbeing: A social geographical perspective. Landscape and Urban Planning, 65, 1930.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Perez, P., Huynh, N., Cao, V. L., Wickramasuriya, R., & Berryman, M. (2014). TransMob: An agent based simulation of transport demand and residential mobility in South East Sydney. In Miguel Quesada, F. J., Amblard, F., Barceló, J. A., Madella, M., Agirre, C., & Ahrweiler, P. (Eds.), Advances in Computational Social Science and Social Simulation. Barcelona: AutònomaUniversity of Barcelona. Available at Scholar
QUT Institute for Sustainable Resources (2010). High-density liveability guide. Available at
Salvini, P., & Miller, E. J. (2005). ILUTE: An operational prototype of a comprehensive microsimulation model of urban systems. Networks and Spatial Economics, 5, 217234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stiglitz, J. E., Sen, A., and Fitoussi, J. P. (2009). Mismeasuring our lives: Why GDP doesn't add up. Commission on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress, The New Press.Google Scholar
Stolper, D. (2011). My city: The people's verdict. Sydney, Australia: The Property Council of Australia.Google Scholar
Thomas, J. A., Walton, D., & Lamb, S. (2011). The influence of simulated home and neighbourhood densification on perceived liveability. Social Indicators Research, 104(2), 253269.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tippet, G. (2005). Suburban dreaming. The Age, August 20, 2005.
VCEC (2008). A state of liveability: An inquiry into enhancing Victoria's liveability. Melbourne, Australia: Victorian Competition and Efficiency Commission.
Waddell, P., & Ulfarsson, G. F. (2004). Introduction to urban simulation: Design and development of operational models. In Button, K. J., Stopher, P., Heynes, K. E., & Hensher, D. A. (Eds.), Handbook in Transport, Volume 5: Transport Geography and Spatial Systems (pp. 203236). Pergamon Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wagner, P., & Wegener, M. (2007). Urban land use, transport and environment models: Experiences with an integrated microscopic approach. disP, 170(3), 4556.Google Scholar
Wong, G. K. M. (2002). A conceptual model of the household’s housing decision-making process: The economic perspective. Review of Urban & Regional Development Studies, 14, 217234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Woolcock, G. (2009). Measuring up? Assessing the liveability of Australian cities. In Manginn, P., & Jones, R. (Eds.), State of Australian Cities, National Conference. Canberra, Australia: PromacoConventions.Google Scholar
Arnetz, B., & Blomkvist, V. (2007). Leadership, mental health, and organizational efficacy in health care organizations. Psychosocial predictors of healthy organizational development based on prospective data from four different organizations. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 76(4), 242248. doi:10.1159/000101503.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bakker, A. B., Hakanen, J. J., Demerouti, E., & Xanthopoulou, D. (2007). Job resources boost work engagement, particularly when job demands are high. Journal of Educational Psychology, 99(2), 274284.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Biron, C., Karanika-Murray, M., & Cooper, C. (2012). Organizational interventions for stress and well-being – an overview. In Biron, C., Karanika-Murray, M., & Cooper, C. L. (Eds.), Improving Organizational Interventions for Stress and Well-Being: Addressing Process and Context (pp. 2138). London, UK: Routledge/Psychology Press.Google Scholar
Black, C. (2008). Working for a healthier tomorrow: Dame Carol Black’s review of the health of Britain’s working age population. Norwich, UK: The Stationery Office.Google Scholar
Butterworth, P., Leach, L. S., Strazdins, L., Olesen, S. C., Rodgers, B., & Broom, D. H. (2011). The psychosocial quality of work determines whether employment has benefits for mental health: Results from a longitudinal national household panel survey. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 68(11), 806812. doi:10.1136/oem.2010.059030.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Cameron, K. S. (2008). Positive leadership: Strategies for extraordinary performance. San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler.Google Scholar
Cameron, K. S., Dutton, J., & Quinn, R. (2003). Positive organizational scholarship. San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler.Google Scholar
Cotton, P., & Hart, P. M. (2003). Occupational wellbeing and performance: A review of organisational health literature. Australian Psychologist, 38(2), 118127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
de Lange, A. H., Taris, T. W., Kompier, M. A., Houtman, I. L., & Bongers, P. M. (2003). “The very best of the millennium”: Longitudinal research and the demand-control-(support) model. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 8(4), 282305. doi:10.1037/1076-8998.8.4.282.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dewe, P., & Kompier, M. (2008). Foresight Mental Capital and Wellbeing Project. Wellbeing and work: Future Challenges. The Government Office for Science, London, UK.
Diener, E. (2000). Subjective well-being. The science of happiness and a proposal for a national index. American Psychologist, 55, 3443.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
European Agency for Health and Safety at Work (2002). European Week 2002: Preventing psychosocial risks at work. Accessed 10 March 2010. Available at
Gable, S. L., & Haidt, J. (2005). What (and why) is positive psychology? Review of General Psychology, 9, 103110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hilton, M., Whiteford, H. A., Sheridan, J., Cleary, C., Chant, D., Wang, P., et al. (2008). The prevalence of psychological distress in employees and associated occupational risk factors. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 50(7), 746757.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Holmgren, K., Love, J., Mardby, A. C., & Hensing, G. (2014). Remain in work–What work-related factors are associated with sustainable work attendance: A general population-based study of women and men. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 56(3), 235242. doi:10.1097/jom.0000000000000096.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Huppert, F. A. (2005). Positive mental health in individuals and populations. In Huppert, F., Baylis, N., & Keverne, B. (Eds.), The Science of Well-Being (pp. 307340). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Huppert, F. A. (2009). Psychological well-being: Evidence regarding its causes and consequences. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being, 1(2), 137164.Google Scholar
Huppert, F. A., & So, T. C. (2009). What percentage of people in Europe are flourishing and what characterises them? Prepared for the OECD/ ISQOLS meeting “Measuring subjective well-being: an opportunity for NGSs?” Cambridge University.
Karasek, R., & Theorell, T. (1990). Stress, productivity and reconstruction of working life. New York, NY: Basic Books.Google Scholar
Keyes, C. L. M. (2002). The mental health continuum: From languishing to flourishing in life. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 43(2), 207222.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Keyes, C. L. M. (2005). Mental illness and/or mental health? Investigating axioms of the complete state model of health. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73, 539548.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
LaMontagne, A. D., & Keegel, T. (2009). Work environments as a determinant of health. In Keleher, H., & MacDougall, C. (Eds.), Understanding Health: A Determinants Approach (2nd ed., pp. 201217). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
LaMontagne, A. D., Keegel, T., Louie, A. M., & Ostry, A. (2010a). Job stress as a preventable upstream determinant of common mental disorders: A review for practitioners and policy-makers. Advances in Mental Health, 9(1), 1735.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
LaMontagne, A. D., Keegel, T., Louie, A. M., Ostry, A., & Landsbergis, P. A. (2007a). A systematic review of the job stress intervention evaluation literature: 1990–2005. International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, 13(3), 268280.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
LaMontagne, A. D., Keegel, T., & Vallance, D. A. (2007b). Protecting and promoting mental health in the workplace: Developing a systems approach to job stress. Health Promotion Journal of Australia, 18(3), 221228.Google ScholarPubMed
LaMontagne, A. D., Keegel, T., Vallance, D. A., Ostry, A., & Wolfe, R. (2008). Job strain – Attributable depression in a sample of working Australians: Assessing the contribution to health inequalities. BMC Public Health, 8(181), 19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
LaMontagne, A. D., Martin, A., Page, K. M., Reavley, N. J., Noblet, A. J., Milner, A. J., et al. (2014). Workplace mental health: Developing an integrated intervention approach. BMC Psychiatry, 14, 131-144.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
LaMontagne, A. D., Sanderson, K., & Cocker, F. (2010b). Estimating the Economic Benefits of Eliminating Job Strain as a Risk Factor for Depression (37 pp.). Available at
LaMontagne, A. D., Sanderson, K., & Cocker, F. (2010b). Estimating the economic benefits of eliminating job strain as a risk factor for depression (abstract). Australasian Epidemiologist, 17(2), 93.Google Scholar
Leka, S., Jain, A., Zwetsloot, G., & Cox, T. (2010). Policy-level interventions and work-related psychosocial risk management in the European Union. Work and Stress, 24(3), 298307.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lindberg, P., Josephson, M., Alfredsson, L., & Vingard, E. (2006). Promoting excellent work ability and preventing poor work ability: The same determinants? Results from the Swedish HAKuL study. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 63(2), 113120. doi:10.1136/oem.2005.022129.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lohela, M., Bjorklund, C., Vingard, E., Hagberg, J., & Jensen, I. (2009). Does a change in psychosocial work factors lead to a change in employee health? Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 51(2), 195203. doi:10.1097/JOM.0b013e318192bd2c.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lowe, G. S., Schellenberg, G., & Shannon, H. S. (2003). Correlates of employees’ perceptions of a healthy work environment. American Journal of Health Promotion, 17(6), 390399.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lyubomirsky, S., King, L., & Diener, E. (2005). The benefits of frequent positive effect: Does happiness lead to success? Psychological Bulletin, 131, 803835.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Macik-Frey, M., Quick, J. C., & Cooper, C. L. (2008). Authentic leadership as a pathway to positive health. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 29, 16.Google Scholar
Macik-Frey, M., Quick, J. C., & Nelson, D. L. (2007). Advances in occupational health: From a stressful beginning to a positive future. Journal of Management, 33(6), 809840.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Macik-Frey, M., Quick, J. D., Quick, J. C., & Nelson, D. L. (2009). Occupational health psychology: From preventative medicine to psychologically healthy workplace. In Antoniou, A. G., Cooper, C. L., Chrousos, G. P., Spielberger, C. D., & Eysenck, M. W. (Eds.), Handbook of Managerial Behavior and Occupational Health (pp. 319). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing.Google Scholar
Michie, S., & Williams, S. (2003). Reducing work related psychological ill health and sickness absence: A systematic literature review. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 60, 39.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Page, K. M., LaMontagne, A. D., Louie, A. M., Ostry, A. S., Shaw, A, & Shoveller, J. A. (2013). Stakeholder perceptions of job stress in an industrialized country: Implications for policy and practice. Journal of Public Health Policy, 13, 115. doi:10.1057/jphp.2013.24.Google Scholar
Page, K. M., Milner, A. J., Tchernitskaia, I., & LaMontagne, A. D. (2014). Thriving Workplaces Report. Available at
Page, K. M., & Vella-Brodrick, D. A. (2010). The Working for Wellness Program: Evaluation of an evidence-based employee well-being program using RCT. Paper presented at the European Academy of Occupational Health Psychology Conference, Rome, Italy.
Quick, J. C., Macik-Frey, M., & Cooper, C. L. (2007). Managerial dimensions of organizational health: The healthy leader at work. Journal of Management Studies, 44(2), 189205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Quick, J. C., & Quick, J. D. (2004). Healthy, happy, productive work: A leadership challenge. Organizational Dynamics, 33(4), 329337.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Richman, L. S., Kubzansky, L., Maselko, J., Kawachi, I., Choo, P., & Bauer, M. (2005). Positive emotion and health: Going beyond the negative. Health Psycholology, 24(4), 422429.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Rugulies, R., Bultmann, U., Aust, B., & Burr, H. (2006). Psychosocial work environment and incidence of severe depressive symptoms: Prospective findings from a 5-year follow-up of the Danish work environment cohort study. American Journal of Epidemiology, 163(10), 877887. doi:10.1093/aje/kwj119.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2000). Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development, and well-being. American Psychologist, 55(1), 6878.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ryff, C. D. (1989). Happiness is everything, or is it? Explorations on the meaning of psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57(6), 10691081.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sanderson, K., & Andrews, G. (2006). Common mental disorders in the workforce: Recent findings from descriptive and social epidemiology. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 51(2), 6375.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Schaufeli, W. B. (2004). The future of occupational health psychology. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 53(4), 502517.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stansfeld, S., & Candy, B. (2006). Psychosocial work environment and mental health – A meta-analytic review. Scandinavian Journal of Work and Environmental Health, 32(6), 443462.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Vella-Brodrick, D. A., & Page, K. M. (2009). Positive leadership: Accentuating and cultivating human resources. In Sarros, J. (Ed.), Contemporary Perspectives on Leadership: Focus and Meaning for Ambiguous Times. (pp. 107140). Prahran, Australia: Tilde University Press.Google Scholar
Waddell, G., & Burton, A. K. (2006). Is work good for your health and well being? London, UK: The Stationary Office.Google Scholar
WHO (2005). Promoting mental health: Concepts, emerging evidence, practice. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization, Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse.
WHO (2008). The global burden of disease: 2004 update. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization.
Wright, T. A., & Quick, J. C. (2009). The emerging positive agenda in organizations: Greater than a trickle but not yet a deluge. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 30, 147159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ainsworth, M. D. S., Blehar, M. C., Waters, E., & Wall, S. (1978). Patterns of attachment: A psychological study of the strange situation. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
Amato, P. R. (2010). Research on divorce: Continuing trends and new developments. Journal of Marriage and Family, 72, 650666.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Anthony, W. A. (1993). Recovery from mental illness: The guiding vision of the mental health service system in the 1990s. Psychosocial Rehabilitation Journal, 16, 1123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Assor, A., Roth, G., & Deci, E. L. (2004). The emotional costs of parents’ conditional regard: A self-determination theory analysis. Journal of Personality, 72, 4788.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Aunola, K., & Nurmi, J.-E. (2005). The role of parenting styles in children’s problem behavior. Child Development, 76, 11441159.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Barber, B. K. (1996). Parental psychological control: Revisiting a neglected construct. Child Development, 67, 32963319.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Baumrind, D. (1966). Effects of authoritative parental control on child behavior. Child Development, 37, 887907.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Baumrind, D. (1971). Current patterns of parental authority. Developmental Psychology, 4, 1103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Baumrind, D. (1991). Parenting styles and adolescent development. In Brooks-Gunn, J., Lerner, R., & Petersen, A. C. (Eds.), The Encyclopedia on Adolescence (pp. 746758). New York, NY: Garland.Google Scholar
Bebes, A., Samarova, V., Shilo, G., & Diamond, G. M. (2015). Parental acceptance, parental psychological control and psychological symptoms among sexual minority adolescents. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 24, 882890.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bowlby, J. (1969). Attachment and loss: Vol. 1. Attachment. New York, NY: Basic Books.Google Scholar
Bowlby, J. (1973). Attachment and loss: Vol. 2. Separation: Anxiety and anger. New York, NY: Basic Books.Google Scholar
Bowlby, J. (1980). Attachment and loss: Vol. 3. Loss: Sadness and depression. New York, NY: Basic Books.Google Scholar
Breitborde, N. J. K., Kleinlein, P., & Srihari, V. H. (2012). Self-determination and first-episode psychosis: Associations with symptomatology, social and vocational functioning, and quality of life. Schizophrenia Research, 137, 132136.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bronfenbrenner, U. (1986). Ecology of the family as a context for human development: Research perspectives. Developmental Psychology, 22, 723742.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bugental, D. B., & Grusec, J. E. (2006). Socialization processes. In Eisenberg, N. (Vol. Ed.) & Damon, W., & Lerner, R. L. (Series Eds.), Handbook of Child Psychology: Social, Emotional and Personality Development (Vol. 3, pp. 366428). New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
Calafat, A., García, F., Juan, M., Becoña, E., & Fernández-Hermida, J. R. (2014). Which parenting style is more protective against adolescent substance use? Evidence within the European context. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 138, 185192.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Carter, J. C., & Kelly, A. C. (2015). Autonomous and controlled motivation for eating disorders treatment: Baseline predictors and relationship to treatment outcome. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 54, 7690.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Chorpita, B. F., & Barlow, D. H. (1998). The development of anxiety: The role of control in the early environment. Psychological Bulletin, 124, 321.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Coulson, J. C., Oades, L. G., & Stoyles, G. J. (2012). Parents’ subjective sense of calling in childrearing: Measurement, development and initial findings. Journal of Positive Psychology, 7, 8394.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Curran, T., Hill, A. P., & Niemiec, C. P. (2013). A conditional process model of children’s behavioral engagement and behavioral disaffection in sport based on self-determination theory. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 35, 3043.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Darcy, A. M., Katz, S., Fitzpatrick, K. K., Forsberg, S., Utzinger, L., & Lock, J. (2010). All better? How former anorexia nervosa patients define recovery and engaged in treatment. European Eating Disorders Review, 18, 260270.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2000). The “what” and “why” of goal pursuits: Human needs and the self-determination of behavior. Psychological Inquiry, 11, 227268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2008). Facilitating optimal motivation and psychological well-being across life’s domains. Canadian Psychology, 49, 1423.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Farholm, A., Halvari, H., Niemiec, C. P., Williams, G. C., & Deci, E. L. (2015). Changes in return to work among patients in vocational rehabilitation: A self-determination theory perspective. Unpublished manuscript, Buskerud and Vestfold University College, Hønefoss, Norway.
Feeney, J. A., & Noller, P. (1990). Attachment style as a predictor of adult romantic relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 58, 281291.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fletcher, R. J., Feeman, E., Garfield, C., & Vimpani, G. (2011). The effects of early paternal depression on children’s development. Medical Journal of Australia, 195, 685689.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ginott, H. G. (1965). Between parent and child: New solutions to old problems. New York, NY: Macmillan.Google Scholar
Goldberg, J. S., & Carlson, M. J. (2014). Parents’ relationship quality and children’s behavior in stable married and cohabiting families. Journal of Marriage and Family, 76, 762777.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gray, M. R., & Steinberg, L. (1999). Unpacking authoritative parenting: Reassessing a multidimensional construct. Journal of Marriage and Family, 61, 574587.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Grolnick, W. S. (2003). The psychology of parental control: How well-meant parenting backfires. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
Grolnick, W., Frodi, A., & Bridges, L. (1984). Maternal control styles and the mastery motivation of one-year-olds. Infant Mental Health Journal, 5, 7282.3.0.CO;2-O>CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Grolnick, W. S., & Pomerantz, E. M. (2009). Issues and challenges in studying parental control: Toward a new conceptualization. Child Development Perspectives, 3, 165170.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hayes, L. J., Goodman, S. H., & Carlson, E. (2013). Maternal antenatal depression and infant disorganized attachment at 12 months. Attachment and Human Development, 15, 133153.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Joussemet, M., Landry, R., & Koestner, R. (2008). A self-determination theory perspective on parenting. Canadian Psychology, 49, 194200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Joussemet, M., Mageau, G. A., & Koestner, R. (2014). Promoting optimal parenting and children’s mental health: A preliminary evaluation of the How-to Parenting Program. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 23, 949964.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kohn, A. (2014). The myth of the spoiled child: Challenging the conventional wisdom about children and parenting. Boston, MA: Da Capo Press.Google Scholar
Kuppens, S., Laurent, L., Heyvaert, M., & Onghena, P. (2013). Associations between parental psychological control and relational aggression in children and adolescents: A multilevel and sequential meta-analysis. Developmental Psychology, 49, 16971712.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lamborn, S. D., Mounts, N. S., Steinberg, L., & Dornbusch, S. M. (1991). Patterns of competence and adjustment among adolescents from authoritative, authoritarian, indulgent, and neglectful families. Child Development, 62, 10491065.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Landry, R., Whipple, N., Mageau, G., Joussemet, M., Koestner, R., DiDio, L., et al. (2008). Trust in organismic development, autonomy support, and adaptation among mothers and their children. Motivation and Emotion, 32, 173188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lewis, C. C. (1981). The effects of parental firm control: A reinterpretation of findings. Psychological Bulletin, 90, 547563.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Maccoby, E. E., & Martin, J. (1983). Socialization in the context of the family: Parent–child interaction. In Mussen, P. H. (Series Ed.) & Hetherington, E. M. (Vol. Ed.), Handbook of child psychology: Vol. 4. Socialization, personality, and social development (pp. 1-101). New York, NY: Wiley.Google Scholar
Masten, A. S., & Shaffer, A. (2006). How families matter in child development: Reflections from research on risk and resilience. In Clarke-Stewart, A., & Dunn, J. (Eds.), Families Count: Effects on Child and Adolescent Development (pp. 525). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Matte-Gagné, C., Bernier, A., & Lalonde, G. (2015). Stability in maternal autonomy support and child executive functioning. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 24, 26102619.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Milevsky, A., Schlechter, M., Netter, S., & Keehn, D. (2007). Maternal and paternal parenting styles in adolescents: Associations with self-esteem, depression and life-satisfaction. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 16, 3947.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Moullin, S., Waldfogel, J., & Washbrook, E. (2014). Baby bonds: Parenting, attachment and a secure base for children. London, UK: The Sutton Trust. Available at Scholar
Murray, S. L., Holmes, J. G., Aloni, M., Pinkus, R. T., Derrick, J. L., & Leder, S. (2009). Commitment insurance: Compensating for the autonomy costs of interdependence in close relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 97, 256278.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Nelson, S. K., Della Porta, M. D., Bao, K. J., Lee, H. C., Choi, I., & Lyubomirsky, S. (2015). ‘It’s up to you’: Experimentally manipulated autonomy support for prosocial behavior improves well-being in two cultures over six weeks. Journal of Positive Psychology.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Niemiec, C. P., Lynch, M. F., Vansteenkiste, M., Bernstein, J., Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2006). The antecedents and consequences of autonomous self-regulation for college: A self-determination theory perspective on socialization. Journal of Adolescence, 29, 761775.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Niemiec, C. P., & Ryan, R. M. (2013). What makes for a life well lived? Autonomy and its relation to full functioning and organismic wellness. In David, S. A., Boniwell, I., & Ayers, A. C. (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Happiness (pp. 214226). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Niemiec, C. P., Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2010). Self-determination theory and the relation of autonomy to self-regulatory processes and personality development. In Hoyle, R. H. (Ed.), Handbook of personality and self-regulation (pp. 169191). Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Niemiec, C. P., Soenens, B., & Vansteenkiste, M. (2014). Is relatedness enough? On the importance of need support in different types of social experiences. In Weinstein, N. (Ed.), Human Motivation and Interpersonal Relationships: Theory, Research and Applications (pp. 7796). Dordrecht, the Netherlands: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
O’Connor, T. G., Heron, J., Golding, J., Beveridge, M., & Glover, V. (2002). Maternal antenatal anxiety and children’s behavioural/emotional problems at 4 years: Report from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. British Journal of Psychiatry, 180, 502508.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Oudekerk, B. A., Allen, J. P., Hessel, E. T., & Molloy, L. E. (2015). The cascading development of autonomy and relatedness from adolescence to adulthood. Child Development, 86, 472485.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Padilla-Walker, L. M., Fraser, A. M., & Harper, J. M. (2012). Walking the walk: The moderating role of proactive parenting on adolescents’ value-congruent behaviors. Journal of Adolescence, 35, 11411152.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Peterson, A. C., & Taylor, B. (1980). The biological approach to adolescence: Biological change and psychological adaptation. In Adelson, J. (Ed.), Handbook of Adolescent Psychology (pp. 117155). New York, NY: Wiley.Google Scholar
Pettit, G. S., Laird, R. D., Dodge, K. A., Bates, J. E., & Criss, M. M. (2001). Antecedents and behavior-problem outcomes of parental monitoring and psychological control in early adolescence. Child Development, 72, 583598.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Raeburn, T., Schmied, V., Hungerford, C., & Cleary, M. (2015). Self-determination theory: A framework for clubhouse psychosocial rehabilitation research. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 36, 145151.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Roesler, T. A., & McKenzie, N. (1994). Effects of childhood trauma on psychological functioning in adults sexually abused as children. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 182, 145150.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Roth, G., Assor, A., Niemiec, C. P., Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2009). The emotional and academic consequences of parental conditional regard: Comparing conditional positive regard, conditional negative regard, and autonomy support as parenting practices. Developmental Psychology, 45, 11191142.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Rutter, M. (1987). Psychosocial resilience and protective mechanisms. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 57, 316331.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2000). Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development, and well-being. American Psychologist, 55, 6878.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2006). Self-regulation and the problem of human autonomy: Does psychology need choice, self-determination, and will? Journal of Personality, 74, 15571585.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Shek, D. T. (2007). A longitudinal study of perceived parental psychological control and psychological well-being in Chinese adolescents in Hong Kong. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 63, 122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Soenens, B., & Vansteenkiste, M. (2010). A theoretical upgrade of the concept of parental psychological control: Proposing new insights on the basis of self-determination theory. Developmental Review, 30, 7499.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Soenens, B., Vansteenkiste, M., & Niemiec, C. P. (2009a). Should parental prohibition of adolescents’ peer relationships be prohibited? Personal Relationships, 16, 507530.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Soenens, B., Vansteenkiste, M., & Sierens, E. (2009b). How are parental psychological control and autonomy-support related? A cluster-analytic approach. Journal of Marriage and Family, 71, 187202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Steinberg, L., Lamborn, S. D., Dornbusch, S. M., & Darling, N. (1992). Impact of parenting practices on adolescent achievement: Authoritative parenting, school involvement, and encouragement to succeed. Child Development, 63, 12661281.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Trinkner, R., Cohn, E. S., Rebellon, C. J., & Van Gundy, K. (2012). Don’t trust anyone over 30: Parental legitimacy as a mediator between parenting style and changes in delinquent behavior over time. Journal of Adolescence, 35, 119132.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Vaillant, G. E. (2012). Triumphs of experience: The men of the Harvard Grant Study. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
van IJzendoorn, M. (1995). Adult attachment representations, parental responsiveness, and infant attachment: A meta-analysis on the predictive validity of the Adult Attachment Interview. Psychological Bulletin, 117, 387403.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Van Petegem, S., Soenens, B., Vansteenkiste, M., & Beyers, W. (2015). Rebels with a cause? Adolescent defiance from the perspective of reactance theory and self-determination theory. Child Development, 86, 903918.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Vansteenkiste, M., Niemiec, C. P., & Soenens, B. (2010). The development of the five mini-theories of self-determination theory: An historical overview, emerging trends, and future directions. In Urdan, T. C., & Karabenick, S. A. (Eds.), Advances in Motivation and Achievement, v. 16A – The Decade Ahead: Theoretical Perspectives on Motivation and Achievement (pp. 105165). London, UK: Emerald Group Publishing Limited.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Vansteenkiste, M., Soenens, B., Van Petegem, S., & Duriez, B. (2014). Longitudinal associations between adolescent perceived degree and style of parental prohibition and internalization and defiance. Developmental Psychology, 50, 229236.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Waldfogel, J., Craigie, T. A., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (2010). Fragile families and child wellbeing. Future of Children, 20, 87112.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Warner, R. (2004). Recovery from schizophrenia: Psychiatry and political economy. London, UK: Routledge.Google Scholar
Werner, E. E. (2005). What can we learn about resilience from large-scale longitudinal studies? In Goldstein, S., & Brooks, R. B. (Eds.), Handbook of resilience in children (pp. 91105). New York, NY: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Williams, G. C., Patrick, H., Niemiec, C. P., Ryan, R. M., Deci, E. L., & Lavigne, H. M. (2011). The Smoker’s Health Project: A self-determination theory intervention to facilitate maintenance of tobacco abstinence. Contemporary Clinical Trials, 32, 535543.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Aked, J., Marks, N., Cordon, C., & Thompson, S. (2011). Five ways to wellbeing: New applications, new ways of thinking. Centre for Well-Being, NEF (the New Economic Foundation).Google Scholar
Alvesson, M. (1994). Critical theory and consumer marketing. Scandinavian Journal of Management, 10(3), 291313.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
AMA (American Marketing Association) (2013). Definition of marketing. Available at
Aristotle (1980). The Nicomachean Ethics. Translated with an Introduction by Ross, D. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Baumeister, R., Bratslavsky, E., Finkeneauer, C., & Vohs, K. D. (2001). Bad is stronger than good. Review of General Psychology, 5(4), 323370.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bertalanffy, L. von (1968). General Systems Theory. New York, NY: George Braziller.Google Scholar
Crawshaw, P. (2012). Governing at a distance: Social marketing and the (bio) politics of responsibility. Social Science and Medicine, 75(1), 200207.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Church, A. T., Katigbak, M. S., Locke, K. D., Zhang, H., Shen, J., Vargas-Flores, J. de J., et al. (2013). Need satisfaction and well-being: Testing self-determination theory in eight cultures. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 44(4), 507534.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Della, L. J., DeJoy, D. M., & Lance, C. E. (2009). Explaining fruit and vegetable intake using a consumer marketing tool. Health Education and Behaviour, 36(5), 895914.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Department of Health (2008). Healthy foundations: A segmentation model. London, UK: The Stationery Office.
Dholakia, R. R., & Dholakia, N. (2001). Social marketing and development. In Bloom, P., and Gundlach, G. (Eds.), Handbook of Marketing and Society (pp. 486505). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dibb, S., & Simkin, L. (2009). Implementation rules to bridge the theory/practice divide in market segmentation. Journal of Marketing Management, 25(3), 375396.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eagle, L., Dahl, S., Hill, S., Bird, S., Spotswood, F., & Tapp, A. (2013). Social Marketing. London, UK: Pearson.Google ScholarPubMed
Forgeard, M., Jayawickreme, E., Kern, M., & Seligman, M. (2011). Doing the right thing: Measuring wellbeing for public policy. International Journal of Wellbeing, 1(1), 79106.Google Scholar
Fredrickson, B. L., (2001). The role of positive emotions in positive psychology: The broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions. American Psychologist, 56(3), 218226.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
French, J. (2010). STELa Social Marketing Planning Model. Available at
French, J. (2011). Business as unusual: The contribution of social marketing to government policy making and strategy development. In Hastings, G., Angus, K., and Bryant, C. (Eds.), The Sage Handbook of Social Marketing (pp. 359374). London, UK: Sage.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
French, J., & Gordon, R. (2015). Strategic social marketing. London, UK: Sage.Google Scholar
French, J., & Russell-Bennett, R. (2015). A hierarchical model of social marketing. Journal of Social Marketing, 5(2), 139159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gaffney, M. (2011). Flourishing: How to achieve a deeper sense of wellbeing, meaning and purpose – Even when facing adversity. London, UK: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
Gleeson-White, J. (2014). Six capitals: The revolution capitalism has to have – Or can accountants save the planet? Sydney, Australia: Allen & Unwin.Google Scholar
Gordon, R. (2011). Critical social marketing: Definition, application and domain. Journal of Social Marketing, 1(2), 8299.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gordon, R. (2012). Re-thinking and re-tooling the social marketing mix. Australasian Marketing Journal, 20(2), 122126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gordon, R. (2013). Unlocking the potential of upstream social marketing. European Journal of Marketing, 47(9), 15251547.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gordon, R., Butler, K., Magee, C., Waitt, G., & Cooper, P. (2015). Using value theory for segmentation in social marketing. World Social Marketing Conference, Sydney.
Gordon, R., & Gurrieri, L. (2014). Towards a reflexive turn: Social marketing assemblages. Journal of Social Marketing, 4(3), 261278.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gordon, R., McDermott, L., Stead, M., & Angus, K. (2006). The effectiveness of social marketing interventions for health improvement: What’s the evidence? Public Health, 120(12), 11331139.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Green, L., & Kreuter, M. (2005). Health promotion planning: An educational and ecological approach (fourth ed.). Mountain View, CA: Mayfield Publishers.Google Scholar
Hackley, C. (2009). Parallel universes and disciplinary space: The bifurcation of managerialism and social science in marketing studies. Journal of Marketing Management, 25(7/8), 643659.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Halpern, D., Bates, C., & Beales, G. (2003). Personal responsibility and behaviour change. London, UK: Prime Minister’s Strategy Unit, Cabinet Office.Google Scholar
Hastings, G., & Domegan, C. (2014). Social marketing: From tunes to symphonies (second ed.). London, UK: Routledge.Google Scholar
Hastings, G., Stead, M., & Webb, J. (2004). Fear appeals in social marketing: Strategic and ethical reasons for concern. Psychology and Marketing, 21(11), 961986.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Holbrook, M. B. (2006). Consumption experience, customer value, and subjective personal introspection: An illustrative photographic essay. Journal of Business Research, 59(6), 714725.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
iSMA, ESMA, & AASM (International Social Marketing Association, European Social Marketing Association and Australian Association of Social Marketing) (2013). Consensus definition of social marketing. Available at
Kraut, Richard (2007). What is good and why: The ethics of well-being. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kraut, Richard (2014). Aristotle’s ethics. In Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy, available at Scholar
Kotler, P., & Zaltman, G. (1971). Social marketing: An approach to planned social change. Journal of Marketing, 35(3), 312.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kotler, P. (2015). Confronting capitalism: Real solutions for a troubled economy. New York, NY: Amacom.Google Scholar
Langford, R., & Panter-Brick, C. (2013). A health equity critique of social marketing: When interventions have impact but insufficient reach. Social Science and Medicine, 83, 133141.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lee, N., & Kotler, P. (2011). Social marketing: Influencing behaviours for good. New York, NY: Sage.Google Scholar
Lefebvre, R. C. (2012). Transformative social marketing. Journal of Social Marketing, 2(2), 118129.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lewin, K. (1946). Action research and minority problems. Journal of Social Issues, 2(4), 3446.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mahajan, V., & Jain, A. K. (1978). An approach to normative segmentation. Journal of Marketing Research, 15(3), 338345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Marques, S. C., Pais-Ribeiro, J. L., & Lopez, S. J. (2011). The role of positive psychology constructs in predicting mental health and academic achievement in children and adolescents: A two-year longitudinal study. Journal of Happiness Studies, 12(6), 10491062. doi:10.1007/s10902-010-9244-4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Marr, A. (2012). A history of the world. London, UK: Macmillan.Google Scholar
Nussbaum, M., & Glover, J. (Eds.) (1995). Women, culture and development: A study of human capabilities. Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
OECD (2013). OECD guidelines on measuring subjective well-being. Paris, France: OECD Publishing.PubMed
Oxford English Dictionary (2013). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.PubMed
O’Sullivan, G.A., Yonkler, J.A., Morgan, W., & Merritt, A.P. (2003). A Field Guide to Designing a Health Communication Strategy. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health/Centre for Communication Programs.Google Scholar
Peattie, S., & Peattie, K. (2003). Ready to fly solo: Reducing social marketing’s dependence on commercial marketing theory. Marketing Theory, 3(3), 365385.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Porter, M. E. (1985). Competitive Advantage: Creating and Sustaining Superior Performance. New York, NY: The Free Press.Google Scholar
Roe, L., Hunt, P., Bradshaw, H., & Rayner, M. (1997). Health Promotion Effectiveness Reviews 6: Health Promotion Interventions to Promote Healthy Eating in the General Population: A Review. London, UK: Health Education Authority.Google Scholar
Russell-Bennett, R., Wood, M., & Previte, J. (2013). Fresh ideas: Services thinking for social marketing. Journal of Social Marketing, 3(3), 223238.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ryff, C. D., (1989). Happiness is everything, or is it? Explorations on the meaning of psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57(6), 10691081.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sandström, S., Edvardsson, B., Kristensson, P., & Magnusson, P. (2008). Value in use through service experience. Managing Service Quality, 18(2), 112126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schuster, L., Drennan, J., & N. Lings, I. (2013). Consumer acceptance of m-wellbeing services: A social marketing perspective. European Journal of Marketing, 47(9), 14391457.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Seligman, M.E.P. (2011). Flourish: A visionary understanding of happiness and wellbeing. New York, NY: Free PressGoogle Scholar
Smith, A., & O’Sullivan, T. (2012). Environmentally responsible behaviour in the workplace: An internal social marketing approach. Journal of Marketing Management, 28(3–4), 469493.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Spotswood, F., French, J., Tapp, A., & Stead, M. (2012). Some reasonable but uncomfortable questions about social marketing. Journal of Social Marketing, 2(3), 163175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Spotswood, F., & Tapp, A. (2013). Beyond persuasion: A cultural perspective of behaviour. Journal of Social Marketing, 3(3), 275294.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stead, M., Arnott, L., & Dempsey, E. (2013). Healthy heroes, magic meals, and a visiting alien: Community-led assets based social marketing. Social Marketing Quarterly, 19(1), 2639.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stead, M., Gordon, R., Angus, K., & McDermott, L. (2007). A systematic review of social marketing effectiveness. Health Education, 107(2), 126140.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tadajewski, M., & Brownlie, D. (2008). Critical marketing: A limit attitude. In Tadajewski, M., & Brownlie, D. (Eds.), Critical Marketing: Issues in Contemporary Marketing (pp. 128). London, UK: John Wiley.Google Scholar
Tapp, A., & Spotswood, F. (2013). From the 4Ps to COM-SM: reconfiguring the social marketing mix. Journal of Social Marketing, 3(3), 206222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Trout, J., & Rivkin, S. (1996). The new positioning: The latest on the world’s #1 business strategy. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
Weinstein, A. (2004). Handbook of market segmentation. New York, NY: The Haworth Press.Google Scholar
WHO (World Health Organization) (2012). Communication for behavioural impact (COMBI): A toolkit for behavioural and social communication in outbreak response. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO. Available at
Zainuddin, N., & Gordon, R. (2014). Social marketing, value, and behaviour: Some important considerations. Paper presented at the International Social Marketing Conference, Frankston.
Zainuddin, N., Previte, J., & Russell-Bennett, R. (2011). A social marketing approach to value creation in a well-women’s health service. Journal of Marketing Management, 27(3–4), 361385.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zainuddin, N., Russell-Bennett, R., & Previte, J. (2013). The value of health and wellbeing: An empirical model of value creation in social marketing. European Journal of Marketing, 47(9), 15041524.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bartnik, E., & Chalmers, R. (2007). It’s about more than the money: Local area coordination supporting people with disabilities. Changing Relationships in the Provision of Social Care, 49, 1938.Google Scholar
Berlin, I. (1990). Four essays on liberty. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Boyle, D., & Harris, M. (2009). The challenge of co-production. London, UK: New Economics Foundation.Google Scholar
Bradley, P., & Willson, A. (2014). Achieving prudent healthcare in NHS Wales (revised). Cardiff, UK: Public Health Wales.Google Scholar
Chinman, M., George, P., Dougherty, R., Daniels, A., Ghose, S., Swift, A., et al. (2014). Peer support services for individuals with serious mental illnesses: Assessing the evidence. Psychiatric Services, 65, 429441.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Cooke, A., Basset, T., Bentall, R., Boyle, M., Cupitt, C., Dillon, J., et al. (2014). Understanding psychosis and schizophrenia. London, UK: British Psychological Society.Google Scholar
Corker, E., Hamilton, S., Henderson, C., Weeks, C., Pinfold, V., Rose, D., et al. (2013). Experiences of discrimination among people using mental health services in England 2008–2011. British Journal of Psychiatry, Suppl. 55, s58s63.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Cummins, J., & Miller, C. (2007). Co-production, social capital and service effectiveness. London, UK: OPM.Google Scholar
Davidson, L., Bellamy, C., Guy, K., & Miller, R. (2012). Peer support among persons with severe mental illnesses: A review of evidence and experience. World Psychiatry, 11, 123128.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Davidson, L., Rakfeldt, J., & Strauss, J. (2010). The roots of the recovery movement in psychiatry. Chichester, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Diener, E. (2009). Assessing well-being: The collected works of Ed Diener. Dordrecht, the Netherlands: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Diener, E., Lucas, R. E., Schimmack, U., & Helliwell, J. F. (2009). Well-being for public policy. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gillard, S., Gibson, S., Holley, J., & Lucock, M. (2015). Developing a change model for peer worker interventions in mental health services: A qualitative research study. Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences, 24, 435445.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gleeson-White, J. (2014). Six capitals; The revolution capitalism has to have – Or can accountants save the planet? Sydney, Australia: Allen & Unwin.Google Scholar
Helliwell, J. F. (2006). Well-being, social capital and public policy: What’s new? Economic Journal, 116(510), C34C45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Henderson, C., Noblett, J., Parke, H., Clement, S., Caffrey, A., Gale-Grant, O., et al. (2014). Mental health-related stigma in health care and mental health-care settings. Lancet Psychiatry, 1, 467482.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Layard, R. (2005). Happiness: Lessons from a new science. London, UK: Penguin.Google Scholar
Lloyd-Evans, B., Mayo-Wilson, E., Harrison, B., Istead, H., Brown, E., Pilling, S., et al. (2014). A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials of peer support for people with severe mental illness. BMC Psychiatry, 14, 39.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Loubens, P. (2007). Villa family: Providing care for the elderly in rural France. Besançon, France: Ages & Vie.Google Scholar
Miyamoto, Y., & Sono, T. (2012). Lessons from peer support among individuals with mental health difficulties: A review of the literature. Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health, 8, 2229.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Needham, C. (2009). Co-production: An emerging evidence base for adult social care transformation. London, UK: Social Care Institute for Excellence.Google Scholar
Pitt, V., Lowe, D., Hill, S., Prictor, M., Hetrick, S. E., Ryan, R., et al. (2013). Consumer-providers of care for adult clients of statutory mental health services. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, March 28;(3):CD004807.
Read, J., & Bentall, R. (2012). Negative childhood experiences and mental health: Theoretical, clinical and primary prevention implications. British Journal of Psychiatry, 200, 8991.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Roffey, S. (2008). Emotional literacy and the ecology of school wellbeing. Educational and Child Psychology, 25, 2, 2939.Google Scholar
Seligman, M. E. P., Railton, P., Baumeister, R. F., & Sripada, C. (2013). Navigating into the future or driven by the past. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 8, 119141.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Seyfang, G. (2004). Time banks: Rewarding community self-help in the inner city? Community Development Journal, 39, 6271.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Shepherd, G., Boardman, J., & Burns, M. (2010). Implementing recovery. A methodology for organisation change. London, UK: Sainsbury Centre for Mental Health.Google Scholar
Slade, M. (2010). Mental illness and well-being: The central importance of positive psychology and recovery approaches. BMC Health Services Research, 10, 26.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Slade, M., Amering, M., Farkas, M., Hamilton, B., O’Hagan, M., Panther, G., et al. (2014). Uses and abuses of recovery: Implementing recovery-oriented practices in mental health systems. World Psychiatry, 13, 1220.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Slade, M., & Longden, E. (2015). The empirical evidence about mental health and recovery: How likely, how long, what helps? Melbourne, Australia: MI Fellowship.Google Scholar
Stiglitz, J. E., Sen, A., & Fitoussi, J. P. (Eds.) (2009). Report by the Commission on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress. Paris, France: Commission on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress.Google Scholar
Sunderland, K. (2013). Guidelines for the practice and training of peer support. Ottawa, Ontario: Mental Health Commission of Canada.Google Scholar
The Evidence Centre (2015). Peer support. What is it and does it work? London, UK: Nesta.PubMed
Thornicroft, G. (2011). Physical health disparities and mental illness: The scandal of premature mortality. British Journal of Psychiatry, 199, 441442.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Thornicroft, G., Brohan, E., Rose, D., Sartorius, N., Leese, M., & Group, I. S. (2009). Global pattern of experienced and anticipated discrimination against people with schizophrenia: A cross-sectional survey. Lancet, 9661, 408415.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Trachtenberg, M., Parsonage, M., Shepherd, G., & Boardman, J. (2013). Peer support in mental health care: Is it good value for money? London, UK: Centre for Mental Health.Google Scholar
Walker, G., & Bryant, W. (2013). Peer support in adult mental health services: A metasynthesis of qualitative findings. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 36, 2834.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed