Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-55597f9d44-5zjcf Total loading time: 1.583 Render date: 2022-08-17T08:00:40.644Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "useNewApi": true } hasContentIssue true

Chapter 13 - Ocular ultrasonography

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  21 March 2017

Graham Arthurs
Affiliation:
Maelor Hospital, Wrexham
Barry Nicholls
Affiliation:
Musgrove Park Hospital, Taunton
Get access
Type
Chapter
Information
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2000

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Bedi, DG, Gombos, DS, Ng, CS, Singh, S. Sonography of the eye. AJR: American Journal of Roentgenology 2006; 187: 1061–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fledelius, HC. Ultrasound in ophthalmology. Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology 1997; 23: 365–75.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Fielding, J. Ocular ultrasound. Clinical Radiology 1996; 51: 533–44.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Coleman, DJ, Silverman, RH, Rondeau, MJ, Lloyd, HO, Daly, S. Explaining the current role of high-frequency ultrasound in ophthalmic diagnosis. Expert Review of Ophthalmology 2006; 1: 6376.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lorente-Ramos, RM, Arman, JA, Munoz-Hernandez, A, Gomez, JM, de la Torre, SB. US of the eye made easy: a comprehensive how-to review with ophthalmoscopic correlation. Radiographics 2012; 32: E175200.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Malhotra, A, Minja, FJ, Crum, A, Burrowes, D. Ocular anatomy and cross-sectional imaging of the eye. Seminars in Ultrasound, CT, and MR 2011; 32: 213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Silverman, RH. High‐resolution ultrasound imaging of the eye: a review. Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology 2009; 37: 5467.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hayden, BC, Kelley, L, Singh, AD. Ophthalmic ultrasonography: theoretic and practical considerations. Ultrasound Clinics 2008; 3: 179–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lizzi, FL, Coleman, DJ. History of ophthalmic ultrasound. Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine 2004; 23: 1255–66.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hewick, SA, Fairhead, AC, Culy, JC, Atta, HR. A comparison of 10 MHz and 20 MHz ultrasound probes in imaging the eye and orbit. British Journal of Ophthalmology 2004; 88: 551–5.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Roth, KR, Gafni-Pappas, G. Unique method of ocular ultrasound using transparent dressings. Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011; 40: 658–60.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Silverman, RH, Ketterling, JA, Coleman, DJ. High-frequency ultrasonic imaging of the anterior segment using an annular array transducer. Ophthalmology 2007; 114: 816–22.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Silverman, RH, Cannata, J, Shung, KK, et al. 75 MHz ultrasound biomicroscopy of anterior segment of eye. Ultrasonic Imaging 2006; 28: 179–88.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Duck, FA. Hazards, risks and safety of diagnostic ultrasound. Medical Engineering and Physics 2008; 30: 1338–48.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Cucevic, V, Brown, AS, Foster, FS. Thermal assessment of 40-MHz pulsed Doppler ultrasound in human eye. Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology 2005; 31: 565–73.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Palte, HD, Gayer, S, Arrieta, E, et al. Are ultrasound-guided ophthalmic blocks injurious to the eye? A comparative rabbit model study of two ultrasound devices evaluating intraorbital thermal and structural changes. Anesthesia and Analgesia 2012; 115: 194201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Palte, HD, Gayer, S. Ultrasound investigation and the eye. Anesthesiology 2012; 117: 1396–7.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Waldron, RG. Ultrasound principles. Medscape 2012. http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1228447-overview (accessed June 27th, 2013).Google Scholar
Cusumano, A, Coleman, DJ, Silverman, RH, et al. Three-dimensional ultrasound imaging: clinical applications. Ophthalmology 1998; 105: 300–6.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Forte, R, Cennamo, G, Breve, MA. Three-dimensional ultrasound of ophthalmic pathologies. Ophthalmologica 2009; 223: 183–7.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Leo, M, Carmody, K. Sonography assessment of acute ocular pathology. Ultrasound Clinics 2011; 6: 227–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dudea, SM. Ultrasonography of the eye and orbit. Medical Ultrasonography 2011; 13: 171–4.Google ScholarPubMed
Pavlin, CJ, Simpson, E, Foster, FS. Ultrasound biomicroscopy. Ultrasound Clinics 2008; 3: 185–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rondeau, MJ, Barcsay, G, Silverman, RH, et al. Very high frequency ultrasound biometry of the anterior and posterior chamber diameter. Journal of Refractive Surgery 2004; 20: 454–64.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Aironi, V, Gandage, S. Pictorial essay: B-scan ultrasonography in ocular abnormalities. Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging 2009; 19: 109.Google ScholarPubMed
Vollmer, L, Sowka, J, Pizzimenti, J, Yu, X. Central corneal thickness measurements obtained with anterior segment spectral domain optical coherence tomography compared to ultrasound pachymetry in healthy subjects. Optometry 2012; 83: 167–72.Google ScholarPubMed
Al-Farhan, HM, Al-Otaibi, WM. Comparison of central corneal thickness measurements using ultrasound pachymetry, ultrasound biomicroscopy, and the Artemis-2 VHF scanner in normal eyes. Clinical Ophthalmology 2012; 6: 1037–43.Google ScholarPubMed
Miglior, S, Albe, E, Guareschi, M, et al. Intraobserver and interobserver reproducibility in the evaluation of ultrasonic pachymetry measurements of central corneal thickness. British Journal of Ophthalmology 2004; 88: 174–7.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Reinstein, DZ, Archer, TJ, Gobbe, M, Silverman, RH, Coleman, DJ. Epithelial thickness in the normal cornea: three-dimensional display with very high frequency ultrasound. Journal of Refractive Surgery 2008; 24: 571.Google Scholar
Sharma, N, Mannan, R, Jhanji, V, et al. Ultrasound biomicroscopy-guided assessment of acute corneal hydrops. Ophthalmology 2011; 118: 2166–71.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Osman, EA. The benefit of ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) in management of total Descemet’s membrane detachment after deep sclerectomy surgery. International Ophthalmology 2011; 31: 345–8.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dada, T, Gadia, R, Sharma, A, et al. Ultrasound biomicroscopy in glaucoma. Survey of Ophthalmology 2011; 56: 433–50.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Al-Farhan, HM, Almutairi, RN. Anterior segment biometry using ultrasound biomicroscopy and the Artemis-2 very high frequency ultrasound scanner. Clinical Ophthalmology 2013; 7: 141–7.Google ScholarPubMed
Ku, JY, Nongpiur, ME, Park, J, et al. Qualitative evaluation of the iris and ciliary body by ultrasound biomicroscopy in subjects with angle closure. Journal of Glaucoma 2014; 23: 583–8.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kumar, RS, Quek, D, Lee, KY, et al. Confirmation of the presence of uveal effusion in Asian eyes with primary angle closure glaucoma: an ultrasound biomicroscopy study. Archives of Ophthalmology 2008; 126: 1647.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Anteby, II, Blumenthal, EZ, Zamir, E, Waindim, P. The role of preoperative ultrasonography for patients with dense cataract: a retrospective study of 509 cases. Ophthalmic Surgery and Lasers 1998; 29: 114–18.Google ScholarPubMed
Salman, A, Parmar, P, Vanila, CG, Thomas, PA, Jesudasan, CA. Is ultrasonography essential before surgery in eyes with advanced cataracts? Journal of Postgraduate Medicine 2006; 52: 1922.Google ScholarPubMed
Shaikh, FU, Narsani, AK, Jatoi, SM, Shaikh, ZA. Preoperative posterior segment evaluation by ultrasonography in dense cataract. Pakistan Journal of Ophthalmology 2009; 25: 135–8.Google Scholar
Qureshi, MA, Laghari, K. Role of B-scan ultrasonography in pre-operative cataract patients. International Journal of Health Sciences 2010; 4: 31–7.Google ScholarPubMed
Tabatabaei, A, Kiarudi, MY, Ghassemi, F, et al. Evaluation of posterior lens capsule by 20-MHz ultrasound probe in traumatic cataract. American Journal of Ophthalmology 2012; 153: 51–4.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Nguyen, T-N, Mansour, M, Deschenes, J, Lindley, S. Visualization of posterior lens capsule integrity by 20-MHz ultrasound probe in ocular trauma. American Journal of Ophthalmology 2003; 136: 754–5.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Perry, LJ. The evaluation of patients with traumatic cataracts by ultrasound technologies. Seminars in Ophthalmology 2012; 27: 121–4.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kucukevcilioglu, M, Hurmeric, V, Ceylan, OM. Preoperative detection of posterior capsule tear with ultrasound biomicroscopy in traumatic cataract. Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery 2013; 39: 289–91.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Li, DJ, Wang, Nl, Chen, S, et al. Accuracy and repeatability of direct ciliary sulcus diameter measurements by full-scale 50-megahertz ultrasound biomicroscopy. Chinese Medical Journal (English edition) 2009; 122: 955–9.Google ScholarPubMed
Kumar, DA, Agarwal, A, Packialakshmi, S, Agarwal, A. In vivo analysis of glued intraocular lens position with ultrasound biomicroscopy. Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery 2013; 39: 1017–22.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Stachs, O, Schneider, H, Stave, J, Guthoff, R. Potentially accommodating intraocular lenses-an in vitro and in vivo study using three-dimensional high-frequency ultrasound. Journal of Refractive Surgery 2005; 21: 3745.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kohanim, S, Daniels, AB, Huynh, N, Eliott, D, Chodosh, J. Utility of ocular ultrasonography in diagnosing infectious endophthalmitis in patients with media opacities. Seminars in Ophthalmology 2012; 27: 242–5.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Rachitskaya, AV, Flynn, HW, Fisher, YL, Ayres, B. Correlation between baseline echographic features of endophthalmitis, microbiological isolates, and visual outcomes. Clinical Ophthalmology 2013; 7: 779–85.Google ScholarPubMed
Westafer, L, Nickels, LC, Flach, E, De Portu, G, Stead, LG. Role of bedside ultrasound in CMV retinitis: a case report. Case Reports in Emergency Medicine 2012; 2012: 13.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Deramo, VA, Shah, GK, Baumal, CR, et al. Ultrasound biomicroscopy as a tool for detecting and localizing occult foreign bodies after ocular trauma. Ophthalmology 1999; 106: 301–5.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bryden, F, Pyott, A, Bailey, M, McGhee, C. Real time ultrasound in the assessment of intraocular foreign bodies. Eye 1990; 4: 727–31.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Barash, D, Goldenberg-Cohen, N, Tzadok, D, et al. Ultrasound biomicroscopic detection of anterior ocular segment foreign body after trauma. American Journal of Ophthalmology 1998; 126: 197202.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Close, JK, Shiels, WE, Foster, JA, Powell, DA. Percutaneous ultrasound-guided intraorbital foreign body removal. Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2009; 25: 335–7.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Zvornicanin, J, Jusufovic, V, Cabric, E, et al. Significance of ultrasonography in evaluation of vitreo-retinal pathologies. Medicinski Arhiv 2012; 66: 318–20.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Scott, IU, Smiddy, WE, Feuer, WJ, Ehlies, FJ. The impact of echography on evaluation and management of posterior segment disorders. American Journal of Ophthalmology 2004; 137: 24–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Sen, K, Parihar, J, Saini, M, Moorthy, R. Conventional B-mode ultrasonography for evaluation of retinal disorders. Medical Journal Armed Forces India 2003; 59: 310–12.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Cabric, E, Salihefendic, N, Zildzic, M, Licanin, Z, Smajlovic, F. Early ultrasonographic diagnosis of retinal detachment: multidisciplinary approach and benefit. Medicinski Arhiv 2010; 64: 41–3.Google ScholarPubMed
Elia, J, Borger, R. Diagnosis of retinal detachment in the ED with ultrasonography. Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009; 37: 415–16.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Shinar, Z, Chan, L, Orlinsky, M. Use of ocular ultrasound for the evaluation of retinal detachment. Journal of emergency medicine 2011; 40: 53–7.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dawood, Z, Mirza, SA, Qadeer, A. Role of B-scan ultrasonography for posterior segment lesions. Journal of Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences 2008; 1: 712.Google Scholar
Ahmed, J, Shaikh, FF, Rizwan, A, Memon, MF. Evaluation of vitro-retinal pathologies using B-scan ultrasound. Pakistan Journal of Ophthalmology 2009; 25: 15.Google Scholar
Fisher, Y, Hanutsaha, P, Tong, S, et al. Three-dimensional ophthalmic contact Bscan ultrasonography of the posterior segment. Retina 1998; 18: 251–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bertolotto, M, Serafini, G, Sconfienza, LM, et al. The use of CEUS in the diagnosis of retinal/choroidal detachment and associated intraocular masses: preliminary investigation in patients with equivocal findings at conventional ultrasound. Ultraschall in der Medizin 2014; 35: 173–80.Google Scholar
Monteagudo, M, Domenech, C, Segura, T. Terson syndrome and ocular ultrasound. Neurologia (Spain) 2015; 30: 133–4.Google ScholarPubMed
Alcorta Toro, I, Agurto Rivera, R, Alex Papic, V, et al. Ultrasound findings in Terson’s syndrome: two case reports. Acta Clinica Croatica 2012; 51 (Suppl 1): 8790.Google ScholarPubMed
Shahbazi, S, Mokhtari-Dizaji, M, Mansori, MR. Noninvasive estimation of the ocular elastic modulus for age-related macular degeneration in the human eye using sequential ultrasound imaging. Ultrasonics 2012; 52: 208–14.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Detorakis, ET, Drakonaki, EE, Tsilimbaris, MK, Pallikaris, IG, Giarmenitis, S. Real-time ultrasound elastographic imaging of ocular and periocular tissues: a feasibility study. Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers and Imaging 2010; 41: 135–41.Google ScholarPubMed
Coleman, DJ, Silverman, RH, Chabi, A, et al. High-resolution ultrasonic imaging of the posterior segment. Ophthalmology 2004; 111: 1344–51.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lucena Dda, R, Ribeiro, JA, Folgosa, MS, Lucena Lda, R, Jorge, R. Ultrasonography-guided scleral buckle retinopexy and cryotherapy: case report. Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia 2009; 72: 243–6.Google ScholarPubMed
Williamson, TH, Harris, A. Color Doppler ultrasound imaging of the eye and orbit. Survey of Ophthalmology 1996; 40: 255–67.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Rosa, N, Cennamo, G, Breve, MA, De Ruggiero, P. Power Doppler ultrasonography in ocular and orbital diseases. Ophthalmologica 1998; 212 (Suppl 1): 99100.Google ScholarPubMed
Dimitrova, G, Kato, S. Color Doppler imaging of retinal diseases. Survey of Ophthalmology 2010; 55: 193214.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Baydar, S, Adapinar, B, Kebapci, N, Bal, C, Topbas, S. Colour Doppler ultrasound evaluation of orbital vessels in diabetic retinopathy. Australasian Radiology 2007; 51: 230–5.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Karami, M, Janghorbani, M, Dehghani, A, Khaksar, K, Kaviani, A. Orbital Doppler evaluation of blood flow velocities in patients with diabetic retinopathy. Review of Diabetic Studies 2012; 9: 104–11.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Sakalar, YB, Senturk, S, Yildirim, M, et al. Evaluation of retrobulbar blood flow by color Doppler ultrasonography after intravitreal ranibizumab injection in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration. Journal of Clinical Ultrasound 2013; 41: 32–7.Google ScholarPubMed
Popa, ED, Stănilă, A. Ocular blood flow assessment by color Doppler imaging in glaucoma. Acta medica transilvanica 2010; 2: 223–4.Google Scholar
Chiou, HJ, Chou, YH, Liu, CJ, et al. Evaluation of ocular arterial changes in glaucoma with color Doppler ultrasonography. Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine 1999; 18: 295302.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Wright, SA, O’Prey, FM, Hamilton, PK, et al. Colour Doppler ultrasound of the ocular circulation in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus identifies altered microcirculatory haemodynamics. Lupus 2009; 18: 950–7.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Silverman, RH, Kruse, DE, Coleman, DJ, Ferrara, KW. High-resolution ultrasonic imaging of blood flow in the anterior segment of the eye. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science 1999; 40: 1373–81.Google ScholarPubMed
Nenekidis, I, Geiser, M, Riva, C, et al. Blood flow measurements within optic nerve head during on-pump cardiovascular operations. A window to the brain? Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery 2011; 12: 718–22.Google ScholarPubMed
Blaivas, M, Theodoro, D, Sierzenski, PR. A study of bedside ocular ultrasonography in the emergency department. Academic Emergency Medicine 2002; 9: 791–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Frasure, SE, Saul, T, Lewiss, RE. Bedside ultrasound diagnosis of vitreous hemorrhage and traumatic lens dislocation. American Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013; 31: 1002 e12.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Nydam, T, Tanksley, S. Traumatic visual loss and a limitation of point-of-care ocular ultrasound: a case report. Journal of Special Operations Medicine 2013; 13: 55–7.Google Scholar
Yoonessi, R, Hussain, A, Jang, TB. Bedside ocular ultrasound for the detection of retinal detachment in the emergency department. Academic Emergency Medicine 2010; 17: 913–17.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Schott, ML, Pierog, JE, Williams, SR. Pitfalls in the use of ocular ultrasound for evaluation of acute vision loss. Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013; 44: 1136–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Fielding, JA. The assessment of ocular injury by ultrasound. Clinical Radiology 2004; 59: 301–12.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gay, DA, Ritchie, JV, Perry, JN, Horne, S. Ultrasound of penetrating ocular injury in a combat environment. Clinical Radiology 2013; 68: 82–4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Whitfield, DA, Portouw, SJ. Retinal detachment due to facial gunshot wound: the utility of ultrasonography in a medically austere environment. Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012; 42: 678–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chiao, L, Sharipov, S, Sargsyan, AE, et al. Ocular examination for trauma; clinical ultrasound aboard the International Space Station. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery 2005; 58: 885–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Harries, A, Shah, S, Teismann, N, Price, D, Nagdev, A. Ultrasound assessment of extraocular movements and pupillary light reflex in ocular trauma. American Journal of Emergency Medicine 2010; 28: 956–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Berinstein, DM, Gentile, RC, Sidoti, PA, et al. Ultrasound biomicroscopy in anterior ocular trauma. Ophthalmic Surgery and Lasers 1997; 28: 201–7.Google ScholarPubMed
Ozdal, MP, Mansour, M, Deschenes, J. Ultrasound biomicroscopic evaluation of the traumatized eyes. Eye 2003; 17: 467–72.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
McWhae, JA, Crichton, A, Rinke, M. Ultrasound biomicroscopy for the assessment of zonules after ocular trauma. Ophthalmology 2003; 110: 1340–3.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bhatt, D. Ultrasonography of ocular tumors. Indian Journal of Radiologic Imaging 2007; 17: 1516.Google Scholar
Finger, PT, Khoobehi, A, Ponce-Contreras, MR, Rocca, DD, Garcia, JP. Three dimensional ultrasound of retinoblastoma: initial experience. British Journal of Ophthalmology 2002; 86: 1136–8.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Vasquez, L, Giuliari, G, Halliday, W, et al. Ultrasound biomicroscopy in the management of retinoblastoma. Eye 2011; 25: 141–7.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Moulin, AP, Gaillard, MC, Balmer, A, Munier, FL. Ultrasound biomicroscopy evaluation of anterior extension in retinoblastoma: a clinicopathological study. British Journal of Ophthalmology 2012; 96: 337–40.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ayres, B, Brasil, OM, Klejnberg, C, et al. Ciliary body medulloepithelioma: clinical, ultrasound biomicroscopic and histopathologic correlation. Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology 2006; 34: 695–8.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Horgan, N, Shields, CL, Minzter, R, Shields, JA. Ultrasound biomicroscopy of eyelid lymphangioma in a child. Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus 2008; 45: 55–6.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Nair, AG, Kaliki, S, Ali, MJ, Naik, MN, Vemuganti, GK. Intraocular malignant melanoma of the choroid presenting as orbital cellulitis. International Ophthalmology 2014; 34: 647–50.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Romero, JM, Finger, PT, Rosen, RB, Iezzi, R. Three-dimensional ultrasound for the measurement of choroidal melanomas. Archives of Ophthalmology 2001; 119: 1275.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Yang, WL, Wei, WB, Li, DJ. Quantitative parameter character of choroidal melanoma in contrast-enhanced ultrasound. Chinese Medical Journal 2012; 125: 4440–4.Google ScholarPubMed
Yuan, JY, Zhang, JH, Tang, C, et al. Application of ultrasound contrast in identification and diagnosis of ocular spaceoccupying lesions. International Journal of Ophthalmology 2011; 4: 337–42.Google ScholarPubMed
Pineiro-Ces, A, Blanco-Teijeiro, MJ, Mera-Yanez, MP, Capeans-Tome, C. [Ultrasound diagnosis in vasoproliferative tumours of the ocular fundus]. Archivos de la Sociedad Espanola de Oftalmologia 2011; 86: 247–53.Google Scholar
Bajaj, MS, Aalok, L, Gupta, V, et al. Ultrasound biomicroscopic appearances of eyelid lesions at 50 MHz. Journal of Clinical Ultrasound 2007; 35: 424–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Al-Faky, YH. Anatomical utility of ultrasound biomicroscopy in the lacrimal drainage system. British Journal of Ophthalmology 2011; 95: 1446–50.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Velazquez-Martin, JP, Krema, H, Fulda, E, et al. Ultrasound biomicroscopy of the ciliary body in ocular/oculodermal melanocytosis. American Journal of Ophthalmology 2013; 155: 681–7, 687.e1-2.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Avitabile, T, Castiglione, F, Bonfiglio, V, et al. The role of ultrasound biomicroscopy in the diagnosis of temporal arteritis. Acta Clinica Croatica 2012; 51 (Suppl 1): 31–5.Google Scholar
Seceleanu, A, Pop, S, Preda, D, et al. Ultrasound features of lacrimal gland in Sjogren’s syndrome: case report. Acta Clinica Croatica 2012; 51 (Suppl 1): 135–40.Google ScholarPubMed
Secko, M, Romney, ML, Gullett, J. Sonographic diagnosis of a retro-orbital abscess. Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine 2012; 31: 1137–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Chang, SH, Papageorgiou, KI, Ang, M, King, AJ, Goldberg, RA. High-resolution ultrasound as an effective and practical tool to analyze eyebrow profile expansion in thyroid-associated periorbitopathy. Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2013; 29: 382–5.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dehghani, A, Giti, M, Akhlaghi, MR, Karami, M, Salehi, F. Ultrasonography in distinguishing optic neuritis from nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy. Advanced Biomedical Research 2012; 1: 3.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bojikian, KD, de Moura, CR, Tavares, IM, Leite, MT, Moron, AF. Fetal ocular measurements by three-dimensional ultrasound. Journal of AAPOS 2013; 17: 276–81.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Jafri, F, Runde, D, Saul, T, Lewiss, RE. An inexpensive and easy simulation model of ocular ultrasound that mimics normal anatomy as well as abnormal ophthalmologic conditions. Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine 2011; 30: 569–73.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Sargsyan, AE, Dulchavsky, AG, Adams, J, et al. Ultrasound detection of simulated intra-ocular foreign bodies by minimally trained personnel. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine 2008; 79: 5861.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Zeiler, FA, Unger, B, Kramer, AH, Kirkpatrick, AW, Gillman, LM. A unique model for ultrasound assessment of optic nerve sheath diameter. Canadian Journal of neurological Sciences 2013; 40: 225–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dietlein, TS, Engels, BF, Jacobi, PC, Krieglstein, GK. UBM-guided chamber angle surgery for glaucoma management: an experimental study. Eye 2003; 17: 340–5.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ghazi, NG, Richards, CP, Abazari, A. A modified ultrasound-guided surgical technique for the management of the uveal effusion syndrome in patients with normal axial length and scleral thickness. Retina 2013; 33: 1211–19.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Chang, MY, Kamrava, M, Demanes, DJ, et al. Intraoperative ultrasonography-guided positioning of iodine 125 plaque brachytherapy in the treatment of choroidal melanoma. Ophthalmology 2012; 119: 1073–7.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Orlandi, D, Sconfienza, LM, Lacelli, F, et al. Ultrasound-guided core-needle biopsy of extra-ocular orbital lesions. European Radiology 2013; 23: 1919–24.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Aptel, F, Lafon, C. Therapeutic applications of ultrasound in ophthalmology. International Journal of Hyperthermia 2012; 28: 405–18.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Aptel, F, Charrel, T, Lafon, C, et al. Miniaturized high-intensity focused ultrasound device in patients with glaucoma: a clinical pilot study. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science 2011; 52: 8747–53.Google ScholarPubMed
Abdallah, WF, Patel, H, Grant, EG, et al. Evaluation of ultrasound-assisted thrombolysis using custom liposomes in a model of retinal vein occlusion. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science 2012; 53: 6920–7.Google Scholar
Menz, MD, Oralkan, O, Khuri-Yakub, PT, Baccus, SA. Precise neural stimulation in the retina using focused ultrasound. Journal of Neuroscience 2013; 33: 4550–60.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Geeraerts, T, Launey, Y, Martin, L, et al. Ultrasonography of the optic nerve sheath may be useful for detecting raised intracranial pressure after severe brain injury. Intensive Care Medicine 2007; 33: 1704–11.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Garcia, JP, Garcia, PT, Rosen, RB, Finger, PT. A 3-dimensional ultrasound C-scan imaging technique for optic nerve measurements. Ophthalmology 2004; 111: 1238–43.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Garcia, J, Garcia, P, Rosen, RB, Finger, PT. Optic nerve measurements by 3D ultrasound-based coronal “C-scan” imaging. Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers and Imaging 2005; 36: 142–6.Google ScholarPubMed
Shah, S, Kimberly, H, Marill, K, Noble, VE. Ultrasound techniques to measure the optic nerve sheath: is a specialized probe necessary? Medical Science Monitor 2009; 15: MT63-8.Google ScholarPubMed
Kimberly, HH, Shah, S, Marill, K, Noble, V. Correlation of optic nerve sheath diameter with direct measurement of intracranial pressure. Academic Emergency Medicine 2008; 15: 201–4.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Cammarata, G, Ristagno, G, Cammarata, A, et al. Ocular ultrasound to detect intracranial hypertension in trauma patients. Journal of Trauma 2011; 71: 779–81.Google ScholarPubMed
Tayal, VS, Neulander, M, Norton, HJ, Foster, T, Saunders, T, Blaivas, M. Emergency department sonographic measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter to detect findings of increased intracranial pressure in adult head injury patients. Annals of Emergency Medicine 2007; 49: 508–14.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Goel, RS, Goyal, NK, Dharap, SB, Kumar, M, Gore, MA. Utility of optic nerve ultrasonography in head injury. Injury 2008; 39: 519–24.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Blaivas, M, Theodoro, D, Sierzenski, PR. Elevated intracranial pressure detected by bedside emergency ultrasonography of the optic nerve sheath. Academic Emergency Medicine 2003; 10: 376–81.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Tsung, JW, Blaivas, M, Cooper, A, Levick, NR. A rapid noninvasive method of detecting elevated intracranial pressure using bedside ocular ultrasound: application to 3 cases of head trauma in the pediatric emergency department. Pediatric Emergency Care 2005; 21: 94–8.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kim, YK, Seo, H, Yu, J, Hwang, GS. Noninvasive estimation of raised intracranial pressure using ocular ultrasonography in liver transplant recipients with acute liver failure – A report of two cases. Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 2013; 64: 451–5.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Qayyum, H, Ramlakhan, S. Can ocular ultrasound predict intracranial hypertension? A pilot diagnostic accuracy evaluation in a UK emergency department. European Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013; 20: 91–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dubourg, J, Javouhey, E, Geeraerts, T, Messerer, M, Kassai, B. Ultrasonography of optic nerve sheath diameter for detection of raised intracranial pressure: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Intensive Care Medicine 2011; 37: 1059–68.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Major, R, Girling, S, Boyle, A. Ultrasound measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter in patients with a clinical suspicion of raised intracranial pressure. Emergency Medicine Journal 2011; 28: 679–81.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Newman, W, Hollman, A, Dutton, G, Carachi, R. Measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter by ultrasound: a means of detecting acute raised intracranial pressure in hydrocephalus. British Journal of Ophthalmology 2002; 86: 1109–13.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Rajajee, V, Fletcher, JJ, Rochlen, LR, Jacobs, TL. Comparison of accuracy of optic nerve ultrasound for the detection of intracranial hypertension in the setting of acutely fluctuating vs stable intracranial pressure: post-hoc analysis of data from a prospective, blinded single center study. Critical Care 2012; 16: R79.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Silva, CT, Brockley, CR, Crum, A, Mandelstam, SA. Pediatric ocular sonography. Seminars in Ultrasound, CT, and MR 2011; 32: 1427.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Afshari, MA, Hart, L, Afshari, NA, Mukai, S. Ophthalmic ultrasonography in children. International Ophthalmology Clinics 2001; 41: 153–64.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Enriquez, G, Gil-Gibernau, J, Garriga, V, Ribes, I, Lucaya, J. Sonography of the eye in children: imaging findings. AJR: American Journal of Roentgenology 1995; 165: 935–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Danny, H, Jokl, K, Silverman, RH, et al. Is there a role for high-frequency ultrasonography in clinical staging of retinopathy of prematurity? Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus 2006; 43: 31–5.Google Scholar
Moragrega-Adame, E, Rodriguez-Reyes, A, Salcedo-Casillas, G, Velasco-Barona, C, Abraham-Marin, M. Choroidal melanoma in a 6-year-old female: ultrasonographic diagnosis. Acta Clinica Croatica 2012; 51 (Suppl 1): 103–6.Google Scholar
Paquette, LB, Miller, D, Jackson, HA, et al. In utero detection of retinoblastoma with fetal magnetic resonance and ultrasound: initial experience. AJP Reports 2012; 2: 5562.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Le, A, Hoehn, ME, Smith, ME, et al. Bedside sonographic measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter as a predictor of increased intracranial pressure in children. Annals of Emergency Medicine 2009; 53: 785–91.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Shuper, A, Snir, M, Barash, D, Yassur, Y, Mimouni, M. Ultrasonography of the optic nerves: clinical application in children with pseudotumor cerebri. Journal of Pediatrics 1997; 131: 734–40.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Benhamou, D, Ripart, J. Ultrasound-guided ophthalmic regional anesthesia: is it useful to see in the dark? Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine 2012; 37: 369–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gayer, S, Kumar, C. Ophthalmic regional anesthesia techniques. Minerva Anestesiologica 2008; 74: 2333.Google ScholarPubMed
Kumar, CM. Needle‐based blocks for the 21st century ophthalmology. Acta Ophthalmologica 2011; 89: 59.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gayer, S, Palte, H, Kumar, C. Real-time visualization of ultrasound-guided retrobulbar blockade: an imaging study. British Journal of Anaesthesia 2009; 102: 561–2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Beylacq, L, Penna, M, Nouette-Gaulain, K. Blocs en ophtalmologie revisités sous échographie: état actuel des données de la littérature en 2012. Qu’attendre de l’échoguidage a l’avenir? Presented at the convention: Évaluation et traitement de la douleur (SFAR) 2012.Google Scholar
Winder, S, Walker, S, Atta, H. Ultrasonic localization of anesthetic fluid in sub-Tenon’s, peribulbar, and retrobulbar techniques. Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery 1999; 25: 56–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Jaichandran, V. Ophthalmic regional anaesthesia: a review and update. Indian Journal of Anaesthesia 2013; 57: 713.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Jonas, JB, Hemmerling, TM, Sauder, G. Retrobulbar catheter anesthesia as a routine technique for retinal and vitreoretinal surgery. Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers and Imaging 2006; 37: 258–60.Google ScholarPubMed
Jonas, JB, Budde, WM, Dinkel, M, Hemmerling, TM. Indwelling temporary retrobulbar catheter for long-lasting titratable local anesthesia. Archives of Ophthalmology 2000; 118: 9961000.Google ScholarPubMed
Hemmerling, TM, Budde, WM, Koppert, W, Jonas, JB. Retrobulbar versus systemic application of morphine during titratable regional anesthesia via retrobulbar catheter in intraocular surgery. Anesthesia and Analgesia 2000; 91: 585–8.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Birch, AA, Evans, M, Redembo, E. The ultrasonic localization of retrobulbar needles during retrobulbar block. Survey of Anesthesiology 1995; 39: 389.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Luyet, C, Eichenberger, U, Moriggl, B, Remonda, L, Greif, R. Real-time visualization of ultrasound-guided retrobulbar blockade: an imaging study. British Journal of Anaesthesia 2008; 101: 855–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Morath, U, Luyet, C, Spadavecchia, C, Stoffel, MH, Hatch, GM. Ultrasound-guided retrobulbar nerve block in horses: a cadaveric study. Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia 2013; 40: 205–11.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Da Silva, S. Ultrasound-guided retrobulbar block is feasible and safe in patients undergoing vitrectomy surgery. Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine 2010; 161.Google Scholar
Chang, WM, Stetten, GD, Lobes, LA, Shelton, DM, Tamburo, RJ. Guidance of retrobulbar injection with real-time tomographic reflection. Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine 2002; 21: 1131–5.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Beylacq, L, Penna, M, Boutin, F, et al. Ultrasound-guided peribulbar block: first description of a technique on fresh human cadavers. 2011. Anesthesiology 2011. http://www.asaabstracts.com/strands/asaabstracts/abstract.htm;jsessionid=DBB146B33BAEE1DEBB4DF9A25BD2A4C3?year=2011&index=17&absnum=5102 (accessed September 5th, 2013).Google Scholar
Esquenazi, NI, Ferreira, J, Abimussi, C, et al. Ultrasound‐guided periconal blockade in rabbits. European Journal of Anaesthesiology 2013; 30: 117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Luyet, C, Eng, KT, Kertes, PJ, et al. Real-time evaluation of diffusion of the local anesthetic solution during peribulbar block using ultrasound imaging and clinical correlates of diffusion. Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine 2012; 37: 455–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kumar, C, McNeela, B. Ultrasonic localization of anaesthetic fluid using sub-Tenon’s cannulae of three different lengths. Eye 2003; 17: 1003–7.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed

Save book to Kindle

To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Available formats
×

Save book to Dropbox

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Available formats
×

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Available formats
×