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8 - European Integration and the Leap into the Unknown

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  02 November 2023

Christina Boswell
Affiliation:
University of Edinburgh
Emile Chabal
Affiliation:
University of Edinburgh
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Summary

The 1980s and 1990s saw a phase of increasing intergovernmental cooperation between European countries, culminating in Schengen and EU cooperation on immigration. This sharply exposed the divergence of migration control across European countries, triggering both ‘learning effects’ as countries adapted domestic legislation on asylum and borders, and ‘compensatory effects’ to mitigate the loss of internal Schengen border controls. Yet rather than leading to convergence, national systems of internal migration control remained surprisingly enduring. The chapter shows how the persistence of these divergences made arrangements on Schengen and free movement vulnerable to political shocks such as the 2015 refugee crisis and Brexit.

Type
Chapter
Information
States of Ignorance
Governing Irregular Migrants in Western Europe
, pp. 214 - 242
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2023

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References

Primary Sources

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Secondary Sources

F1: government official with responsibilities both at the national and EU level, 23 November 2017.Google Scholar
F8: government political adviser, 5 March 2018.Google Scholar
F9: researcher, 7 March 2018.Google Scholar
F14: NGO official, 23 March 2018.Google Scholar
F15: government official, 16 April 2018.Google Scholar
F26: government official, 12 July 2018.Google Scholar
G2: politician, 30 January 2018.Google Scholar
G3: government official, 31 January 2018.Google Scholar
G8: government official, 21 February 2018.Google Scholar
G11: government official, 26 February 2018.Google Scholar
G18: government official, 21 March 2018.Google Scholar
UK1: government official, 28 March 2018.Google Scholar
UK2: government official, 27 November 2017.Google Scholar
UK3: government official, 28 November 2017.Google Scholar
UK4: government official, 12 December 2017.Google Scholar
UK6: researcher/NGO official, 14 December 2018.Google Scholar
UK8: government official, 9 February 2018.Google Scholar
UK9: government official, 23 March 2018.Google Scholar
UK13: government official, 13 April 2018.Google Scholar
UK16: government political adviser, 27 April 2018.Google Scholar
F1: government official with responsibilities both at the national and EU level, 23 November 2017.Google Scholar
F8: government political adviser, 5 March 2018.Google Scholar
F9: researcher, 7 March 2018.Google Scholar
F14: NGO official, 23 March 2018.Google Scholar
F15: government official, 16 April 2018.Google Scholar
F26: government official, 12 July 2018.Google Scholar
G2: politician, 30 January 2018.Google Scholar
G3: government official, 31 January 2018.Google Scholar
G8: government official, 21 February 2018.Google Scholar
G11: government official, 26 February 2018.Google Scholar
G18: government official, 21 March 2018.Google Scholar
UK1: government official, 28 March 2018.Google Scholar
UK2: government official, 27 November 2017.Google Scholar
UK3: government official, 28 November 2017.Google Scholar
UK4: government official, 12 December 2017.Google Scholar
UK6: researcher/NGO official, 14 December 2018.Google Scholar
UK8: government official, 9 February 2018.Google Scholar
UK9: government official, 23 March 2018.Google Scholar
UK13: government official, 13 April 2018.Google Scholar
UK16: government political adviser, 27 April 2018.Google Scholar

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