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3 - The Late Period

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 March 2024

Jane L. Rowlandson
Affiliation:
King's College London
Roger S. Bagnall
Affiliation:
Institute for the Study of the Ancient World, New York
Dorothy J. Thompson
Affiliation:
Girton College, Cambridge
Jelle Bruning
Affiliation:
Rijksuniversiteit Leiden, The Netherlands
W. Graham Claytor
Affiliation:
Uniwersytet Warszawski, Poland
Jennifer Cromwell
Affiliation:
Manchester Metropolitan University
Christopher J. Eyre
Affiliation:
University of Liverpool
Brian P. Muhs
Affiliation:
University of Chicago
Sarah J. Pearce
Affiliation:
University of Southampton
Christopher J. Tuplin
Affiliation:
University of Liverpool
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Summary

Translated texts preserved on stone, papyrus, leather, and ostraca (pieces of broken pot) in Egyptian and Aramaic illustrate dependence and slavery from the Late Period of pharaonic Egypt, which included over a century of Persian rule. Despite army garrisons and immigrant officials, many earlier Egyptian practices continued. At the same time, under the Persians immigrants brought in practices of slavery from their homeland and, alongside their purchase and sale, the marking of slaves with their owners’ names became well-documented. The terminology of slavery and dependence in both Egyptian and Aramaic texts, new sources for the acquisition of slaves, the relationship of names to ethnicity, and ways in which slaves could gain their freedom are all topics raised in this chapter, as finally is the difficult question of discerning the experience of being a slave.

Type
Chapter
Information
Slavery and Dependence in Ancient Egypt
Sources in Translation
, pp. 119 - 175
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2024

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