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2 - Salt Marsh Distribution, Vegetation, and Evolution

from Part I - Marsh Function

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  19 June 2021

Duncan M. FitzGerald
Boston University
Zoe J. Hughes
Boston University
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Salt marshes are common globally in low-lying coastal environments. Their geological settings and ecosystems vary widely by latitude and climatic settings (Chapman, 1960). Allen (2000) provides a comprehensive sketch of European salt marshes, while Rogers and Woodroffe (2014) give a recent summary of the subject. Woodwell et al. (1973) suggest that there are more than 38 million hectares (380,000 km2) of salt marshes worldwide, but specific delineation of distributions is incomplete, particularly in Asia, Africa, and South America. That area is greater than the total area of coastal American states from New Jersey to South Carolina. This chapter concentrates on the east coast of North America as containing examples of well-studied environments, with a few additional examples.

Salt Marshes
Function, Dynamics, and Stresses
, pp. 9 - 30
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2021

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