Published online by Cambridge University Press: 11 June 2021
The development of discourse markers is commonly believed to be a language-internal process. In this chapter it is demonstrated, however, that new discourse markers quite commonly also arise in situations of language contact. A range of borrowing processes are discussed, showing in particular that the borrowing process may extend across countries and continents. The Spanish discourse marker entonces "then, therefore, thus," for example, spread from Europe to Central and South America, Africa, and the Pacific Ocean area.