Published online by Cambridge University Press: 18 August 2022
Human blockage causes temporal variations to radio channels when a mobile device is in motion and some plane waves constituting the radio channels are blocked by a human body. Even when two sides of communications are static, moving human bodies often shadow some plane waves, leading to time-varying radio channel responses. Shadowing of plane waves due to human bodies makes the shapes of the Doppler spectrum significantly different for the stationary and mobile links. The main task of modeling human blockages is therefore to choose reasonable properties of the blocking objects. This chapter covers human blockage models with different shapes and material properties of the blocking objects, with mathematical representations to estimate the shadowing losses in addition to free-space losses of a plane wave.
To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure email@example.com is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.
Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.
To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.
To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.